Shah Wajihuddin Alvi, also known as Haider Ali Saani, was an Islamic scholar and Sufi in the Shattari tradition.
He was born in Champaner, Gujarat in the last decade of 15th century. He later moved to Ahmedabad where he received an education in Islamic studies. He taught Quranic studies, Islamic law, mathematics and logic for sixty-five years. He was initially a follower of the Qadiri Sufi tradition, but upon meeting Mohammed Ghaus Gwaliori he joined the Shattari Sufi tradition. Under his leadership, Ahmedabad became a major centre of Islamic studies, attracting students from all over India. Many of his disciples became prominent figures, including Syed Sibghatallah al-Barwaji, who moved to Medina and established the Shattari tradition in Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Abdul Qadir, who settled in Ujjain, and Sheikh Abu Turab, who moved to Lahore. Wajihuddin wrote more than 200 books on various subjects.
Death and burial
He died in 1580 CE. He is buried in a memorial tomb in Khanpur, Ahmedabad, that was built by his disciple Syed Murtuza Khan Bukhari, the eleventh (1606–1609) governor of Ahmedabad during the reign of Jahangir.
LINEAGE OF ALVI MEANS WHO ARE DESCENDANTS OF HAZRAT IMAM HASSAN (R.A) AND HAZRAT IMAM HUSSAIN (R.A)
SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI WAS BORN ON FRIDAY MUHARRAM 22 , 910AH /5 JULY 1504AD AT CHAMPANER GUJARAT
SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI’S REAL NAME WAS SAIYED AHMAD BUT HE BECAME KNOWN WITH HIS TITLE SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN
HI CLAIMED DESCENT SAIYED KABIRUDDIN
SAIYED KABIRUDDIN CAME TO GUJARAT FROM MADINA SHARIF DURING THE REGION OF MUZAFFAR SHAH AND SETTLED AT PATDI
SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN’S FATHER NAME WAS SAIYED NASRULLAH
SAIYED NASRULLAH WAS APPOINTED AS THE QAZI BY THE SULTAN OF THE GUJARAT AND SULTAN GAVE A PLACE TO SAIYED NASRULLAH NEAR HIS HOUSE TO LIVE
DURING HIS EARLY AGE TILL SEVEN YEARS HE LIVED AT CHAMPANER WITH HIS FATHER AND RECEIVED HIS EARLY EDUCATION FROM HIM
HE MEMORIZE THE ENTIRE QUR’AN AT AN EARLY AGE
SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI TOOK THE DIFFERENT TEACHINGS FROM THE AGE OF 5 YEARS TO 33 YEARS
AT THE AGE OF 15 YEARS HE WROTE A BOOK HASHIYA ZARIRI
IT WAS DUE TO THE EFFORTS OF SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI THAT THE SHATTARI SILSILA STRUCK ROOTS IN THE SOIL OF GUJARAT
HE WAS ONE OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED SCHOLAR OF INDIA DURING 16TH CENTURY
HIS MADARSA WAS AT AHMEDABAD
THE NAME OF MADARSA WAS MADRASSA ALIYA ALVIYA WHICH WAS STARTED IN THE YEAR OF 934AH 1528AD SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI BUILT THE MADARSA ON HIS OWN PLACE
THE SUBJECTS WHICH WERE TAUGHT IN MADARSA WERE QUR’AN, HADITH, FIQHA, PHILOSOPHY, LOGIC, MATHEMATICS, MEDICINE, ASTRONOMY, ASTROLOGY, GRAMMAR AND PROSODY ETC DUE TO THIS MANY COURSES PEOPLE CAME FROM GUJARAT SAURASHTRA DAKHAN AND ALL OVER INDIA AND AS WELL AS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN RECEIVED MYSTIC TRAINING ALSO FROM CHISTIYA AND MAGRIBIYA SILSILA FROM HIS FATHER
HE VISITED SHAH QAZAN CHISTI AND LIVED IN HIS KHANQAH FOR SOME TIME IN ORDER TO RECEIVE MYSTIC TRAINING
WHEN QAZAN CHISTI DIED SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI GUJARATI RECEIVED MYSTIC TRAINING OF SOHARWARDI SILSILA FROM HIS UNCLE MIA BADRUDIN ABDUL QASIM SOHARWARDI, SHAIKH NAJMUDDIN SOHARWARDI AND SAIYYED KABIRUDDIN MAHJJUB
BESIDE MADARSA HE USED TO WRITE FATWA
HE APPOINTED SCHOLARS TO DEAL WITH SMALL MATTERS BUT IN HUGE HE HIM SELF USED TO WRITE HIM SELF
THE WORK OF ISSUING FATWA BECAME MORE HEAVY WHEN THE GOVERNMENT BEGAN TO APPROACH HIM FOR RELIGIOUS DECREES
WHEN SHAIKH MUHAMMAD GHAUS GWALIOR CAME TO GUJARAT SHAIKH ALI MUTTAQI ISSUED A FATWA AGAINST HIM , SULTAN MUHAMMAD REFER THE FATWA TO SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI GUJARATI FOR HIS OPINION
IN SPITE OF ALL THE POPULARITY AND RESPECT SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN WAS ALWAYS IN A SEARCH OF A SPIRITUAL TEACHER
THE CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WHICH HE HAD JOINED THE DISCIPLINE OF SHAIKH MUHAMMAD GHAUS HAVE ALREADY BEEN DISCUSSED IN EARLIER POST
HE WROTE ESSAYS ON PARTICULAR SUBJECTS EXPLAINING THE FIQH WHEN EVER THERE WAS CONTROVERSY
HE WROTE HUNDREDS OF MARGINS
ON THE SUBJECT OF HADITH ALONE HE WROTE 35 BOOK LETS
IN THE BOOK OF MAULANA AZAD BILGRAMI MENTIONED IN HIS BOOK MA ASIR UL-KIRAM THAT HAZRAT SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN WROTE 197 BOOK BUT ACCORDING TO RESEARCH OF KHULASATUL WAJHI THERE MORE THAN 200 BOOK
WE HAVE GOT A HUGE LIST OF BOOKS OF HAZRAT SHAH WAJHIUDDIN ALVI GUJRATI
HIS BOOKS ARE TAUGHT IN THE UNIVERSITY OF AL-AZHAR UNIVERSITY OF EGYPT
HE WAS ALSO A POET AND USED TO WRITE POEM RELATED TO TASAWWUF
HE USED TO LIVE VERY SIMPLE LIFE
HE USED TO PUT ON ROUGH AND CHEAP CLOTH AND NEVER ASKED FOR MATERIAL COMFORT
IN THE MATTER OF UN ASKED CHARITY HE USED TO DISTRIBUTE IT AMONG THE NEEDY PEOPLE
HIS TARIQA INCLUDED ALL THE FOUR TARIQA WHICH HE RECEIVED FROM HIS SPIRITUAL MASTER
THOUGH HE WAS ALLOWED TO PRACTICE AND TEACH ALL OF THEM HE CONCENTRATED ON SHATTARI SILSILA
HE HAD MAINTAINED GOOD RELATIONS WITH SULTAN KINGS ULMA’S AND AS WELL AS NON MUSLIM
HE DIED ON 29 MUHARRAM 998AH 1589AD AT THE
HE WAS BURIED IN THE MADARSA WHERE HE USED TO TEACH
HE LEFT BEHIND NINE SONS AND TWO DAUGHTERS 1 ABDULLAH HUSSEINI 2 SHAH HAMID 3 SHAH MUHAMMAD 4 SHAIKH ABDUL HAQ 5 SHAH HAIDER 6 SHAH GALIB 7 SHAH HAMIDULLAH 8 SHAH ABDUL SAQUR 9 SHAH GHAZANFARAND TWO DAUGHTERS RAZI PARSE 2 UMMATUL HABIBA
INSHALLAH NOW IN OUR FURTHER POST WE WOULD DISCUSS ABOUT SON AND DAUGHTER OF SHAH WAJHIUDDIN GUJARATI AND THE DISCIPLES OF SHAIKH WAJIHUDDIN ALVI GUJARATI
Hazrat Wajiuddin Shattari Alvi (R.A) was an Islamic scholar and Sufi of Shattari tradition. Born in Champaner, he moved to Ahmedabad where he received and later imparted knowledge in Islamic studies. He was initiated in Shattari tradition by Hazrat Mohammed Ghaus Gwaliori (R.A). He died in Ahmedabad in 1580 CE (988 H.)
According to the Khadims and Followers of the Sufi Saint, Hazrat Wajiuddin Shattari Alvi (R.A) has his origin to the city of Hadr Maut in Yemen but His beautiful mausoleum was built by one of his follower, Syed Murtuza Khan Bukhari, the eleventh (1606-1609) governor of Ahmedabad during reign of Jahangir.
Hazrat Wajiuddin Shattari Alvi (R.A) is said to be one of the leading Scholars of the era in India and his name and fame was spread as far as Baghdad
In vicinity of this shrine there is small water well around 2 feet deep. This well water is gushing out for generations from unknown source. Followers have faith that this water has miraculous properties blessed by Haider Ali Saani and is used by them as spiritual Blessings.
There is also a widely known belief that Children who have Speech defects and who stammer are also miraculously cured at the Shrine.
The Shrine also has a very old mosque which belongs to the Mughal period of Shahjahan.