Quran and Modern Science:PULSARS

1- By the heavens and The Knocker.
2- How will you comprehend what the The Knocker is?
3- It’s a piercing star.
86- At-Tariq The Knocker, 1-3

The word “Tariq” stems from the root “TaRaQa” meaning “knocking, striking.” In many translations of the Quran this word was taken
for a name and left untranslated. The word may also mean “to pulsate” like a beating heart, from which the word “pulsar” is derived,
denoting an object that is far away in space, and like a star produces a
regular radio signal.


In 1967 Jocellyn Bell accidentally stumbled on a gravity time warp a
million times greater than that produced by the sun. The object she
detected was emitting regular pulses. These pulses were reminiscent of
heart-beats. At the time, such a pulsating object was not known to
exist in space. At first, it was concluded that these signals might well
have been propagated by intelligent beings, inhabitants of other planets. Invitation cards were printed, the media were notified and a seminar was arranged. LGM (Little Green Men) signified that intelligent
creatures had been detected and were contacted by radio signals. Not
long after, the source of the signals in question was discovered: it was
a spinning neutron star, an object whose velocity was incommensurably great. The neutron star had another name: “pulsar.” Bell’s dis-covery failed to establish contact with the inhabitants of space, but she
had found pulsars. The words “pulsar” and “pulsating” seem to
accord with the word Tariq of the Quran, which means “knocker.”


In the second verse of the sura, The Knocker, we read: “How will
you comprehend what The Knocker is?” A spoonful of matter taken
from a pulsar would weigh one billion tons. Were we to depose a small
particle of it on earth, the particle would pierce it and end up in its
center. Just think of it, a spoonful of any matter on earth hardly
weighing more than a few grams! This shows how difficult it is to conceive of a pulsar. A pulsar is produced by the compression of stars a
couple of times bigger than the sun. The diameter of a pulsar can be
about 15-20 km. Were we to compress our world in a like manner, we
would have a sphere of 100 meters of diameter. It takes the earth 24
hours to rotate around its own axis, whereas the pulsar rotates around
its own axis many times per second; all these things show how difficult it is to comprehend this striking, pulsating star.


Some have tried to identify the star mentioned in the verse and have
claimed it to be a certain celestial body, like Saturn or Venus. Mustafa
Mlivo, who claims these assumptions are not correct and that “Tariq”
is none other than a pulsar, says the following:
Characteristics of the celestial object mentioned in 86:1-3 are:
1- It pulsates (knocks);
2- It is a star;
3- It penetrates, pierces, drills.
None of the solar system planets meets all those criteria because:
A- None of the planets produces pulsations that give the
impression of knocking, beating.
B- None of them is a star. They are cold celestial bodies.

C- None of them produces such an intensive radiation.
As one can see, the Quran had already mentioned a star that was
to be discovered. This star was indeed discovered, but in the year
1970. Since the concept of a “pulsating star” could not be imagined
at that time, it was rendered in translation as it stood, i.e., “Tariq,”
the meaning of it being explained in footnotes, in dictionaries and
The Quran whose every sentence, every word is based on the finest
of meanings, wherein lie hidden realms still to be discovered. The
more we study the Quran, the more we are enlightened, the more we

The Prophet’s ﷺ Plans to spread the Message of Islam beyond Arabia

Late in the sixth year A.H., on his return from Hudaibiyah, the Prophetﷺ decided to send messages to the kings beyond Arabia calling them to Islam. In order to authenticate the credentials of his messengers, a silver seal was made in which were engraved the words: “Muhammadﷺ the Messenger of Allâh”

Messengers were chosen on the basis of their experience and knowledge, and sent on their responsibilities in Muharram in the year 7 A.H., a few days before heading for Khaibar.

(1) Letter to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Negus, king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), whose name was Ashamah bin Al-Abjar, received the Prophet’sﷺ message, dispatched by Amr bin Umaiyah Ad-Damri , which At-Tabari referred to either late in the sixth year or early in the seventh year A.H. Deep scrutiny into the letter shows that it was not the one sent after the Hudaibiyah event. Wording of the letter rather indicates that it was sent to that king when Ja’far and his companions emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) during the Makkan period. One of its sentences read: “I have dispatched my cousin, Ja’far with a group of Muslims, to you. Do be generous towards them and do not oppress them.” Al-Baihaqi. on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, gave the following narration of the Prophet’sﷺ letter sent to Negus.

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhart 2/872-873. (2) Rahmatul-lil-‘Alamin 1/171.

Dr. Hameedullah (Paris), a reliable verifier, has presented a version of the above letter disclosed only a short time ago and identical to Ibn Al-Qaiyim’s narration. Dr. Hameedullah exerted painstaking effort and used all means of modern technology to verify the text of the letter, which reads as follows: “In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. From Muhammadﷺ, the Messenger of Allâh, to Negus, king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Peace be upon him who follows true guidance. To proceed: I praise Allâh, there is no God but He, the Sovereign, the Holy. the Source of peace, the Giver of peace, the Guardian of faith, the Preserver of safety. I bear witness that Jesus, the son of Mary, is the spirit of Allâh and His Word which He cast into Mary, the virgin, the good, the pure, so that she conceived Jesus. So, she conceived him from Allâh’s spirit and breathing as He created Adam by His Hand. I call you to Allâh Alone with no associate and to His obedience and to follow me, and to believe in that which

came to me, for I am the Messenger of Allâh. I invite you and your men to Allâh, the Glorious, the All-Mighty. I hereby bear witness that I have communicated my message and advice. I invite you to listen and accept my advice. Peace be upon him who follows true guidance.

When ‘Amr bin Umaiyah Ad-Damri delivered the letter to Negus, the latter took the parchment and placed it on his eye, descended to the floor, confessed his faith in Islam and wrote the following reply to the Prophetﷺ “In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. From Negus Ashamah to Muhammadﷺ, the Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon you. O Prophet of Allâhl And mercy and blessing from Allâh beside Whom there is no God. I have received your letter in which you have mentioned about Jesus, and by the Lord of heaven and earth, Jesus is not more than what you say. We fully acknowledge that with which you have been sent to us and we have entertained your cousin and his companions. I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allâh, true and confirming (those who have gone before you), I pledge to you through your cousin and surrender myself through him to the Lord of the worlds. The Prophet ﷺasked Negus to send Ja’far and his companions – the emigrants to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). back home. They came back to see the Prophetﷺ in Khaibar. Negus later died in Rajab 9 AH., shortly after the Invasion of Tabuk. The Prophet ﷺannounced his death and observed prayer in absentia for him.

(2)Letter to the King of Egypt, called Muqawqis

The Prophet ﷺ wrote to Juraij bin Matta, called Muqawqis, the King of Egypt and Alexandria . Hatib bin Abi Balta’ah who was chosen to communicate the message, requested a meeting with Muqawqis before conveying the contents of the letter. He addressed Egypt’s ruler saying: “There used to be someone before you who had acquired the status of the supreme lord, so Allâh punished him and made an example of him in the Hereafter and in this life; therefore, take warning and never set a bad example to others.” Muqawqis answered: “We are in no position to give up our religion except for a better one.” Hatib resumed: “We invite you to embrace Islam, which will suffice you all what you may lose. Our Prophetﷺ has called people to profess this Faith, the Quraish and the Jews stood against him as bitter enemies, whereas Christians stood closest to his Call. Upon my life, Moses’ news about Jesus is identical to the latter’s good tidings about the advent of Muhammadﷺ; likewise, this invitation of ours to you to embrace Islam is similar to your invitation to the People of Torah to accept the New Testament. Once a Prophet rises in a nation, he is eligible for positive response; hence you are subject to the same Divine Law. Bear in mind that we have not come to advice against you from the

religion of Jesus but rather requesting you to adhere to its principles.” Muqawqis meditated over the contents of the letter deeply and said: “I have come to the conviction that this Prophet proposes nothing repulsive: he is neither a straying magician nor a lying soothsayer. He bears the true manifest seeds of Prophethood, and so I will consider the affair deeply.” He took the parchment and ordered that it be kept in an ivory casket. He called a scribe to write the following reply in Arabic: “In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. From Muqawqis to Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah, Peace be upon you. I have read your letter and understood its contents, and what you are calling for. I already know that the coming of a Prophet is still due, but I used to believe he would be born in Syria. I am sending you as presents two maids, who come from noble Coptic families; clothing and a steed for riding on. Peace be upon you.” It is noteworthy that Muqawqis did not avail himself of this priceless opportunity and he did not embrace Islam. The presents were accepted: Mariyah, Radiallahu anhoo stayed with the Nabi Pakﷺ and gave birth to his son Ibrahim; the other, Sirin. was given to Hassan bin Thabit Al-Ansari Radiallahu anhoo. The steed’s name was Duldul.

(3)Letter to Chosroes, Emperor of Persia

Abdullah bin Hudhafah As-Sahmi Radiallahu anhoo was chosen to carry the letter. He carried it to the governor of Bahrain, but we do not know as yet if the latter dispatched it to Chosroes by one of his men or chose ‘Abdullah himself. The proud king was filled into anger by the style of the letter as the name of the Prophet ﷺ had been put above his own name. He tore the letter into shreds and forthwith dictated a command to his governor in Yemen to send a couple of troopers to arrest the Prophetﷺ and bring him to his presence. The governor, Badhan by name, immediately sent two men to Madinah for the purpose. As soon as the men reached Madinah, the Prophetﷺ was informed by a Divine Revelation that Pervez, the emperor of Persia, had been murdered by his son. The Prophet disclosed to them the news and they were stunned. He added asking them to tell their new king that Islam would prevail everywhere and exceed the kingdom of Chosroes himself. They hurried back to Badhan and communicated to him what they heard. Meanwhile, Sherweh, the new king sent a letter to Badhan confirming the news and ordering him to stop any procedures as regards the Prophetﷺ mention till further notice. Badhan, together with the Persians in Yemen, went into the folds of Islam, and gladly signified his adhesion to the Prophetﷺ.

(4)The Envoy to Caesar, King of Rome

Dihyah bin Khalifah Al-Kalbi Radiallahu anhoo was ordered to hand over the letter to the governor of Busra, who would in turn, send it to Caesar. Incidentally, Abu Sufyan bin Harb, who by that time had not embraced Islam, was summoned to the court and Heraclius asked him many questions about Nabi Pakﷺ and the religion which he preached. The testimony which this open enemy of the Prophetﷺ gave regarding the personal excellence of the Prophet’sﷺ character and the good that Islam was doing the human race, left Heraclius wonder-struck. Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas Radiallahu anhoo narrated that Heraclius sent for Abu Sufyan and his companions, who happened to be trading in Ash-Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan). he came to Iliya’ (Baitul-Maqdis). That was during the truce that had been concluded between the polytheists of Quraish and Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ Heraclius, seated among his chiefs of staff,

asked, “Who amongst you is the nearest relative to the man who claims to be a Prophetﷺ?” Abu Sufyan said: “I replied: ‘I am the nearest relative to him from amongst the group.’ So they made me sit in front of him and made my companions sit behind me. Then he called upon his translator and said (to him). ‘Tell them (ie. Abu Sufyan’s companions) that I am going to ask him (i.e.. Abu Sufyan) regarding that men who claims to be a Prophetﷺ. So if he tells a lie, they should contradict him (instantly).’ By Allâh had I not been afraid that my companions would consider me a liar, I would have told lies,” Abu Sufyan later said. Abu Sufyan’s testimony went as follows: “Muhammadﷺ descends from a noble family. No one of his family happened to assume kingship. His followers are those considered weak, with numbers ever growing. He neither tells lies nor betrays others, we fight him and he fights us but with alternate victory. He bids people to worship Allâh Alone with no associate, and abandon our fathers’ beliefs. He orders us to observe prayer, honesty, and abstinence: and to maintain strong family ties.” “Heraclius, on hearing this testimony, turned to his translator ordering him to communicate to us his impression which revealed full confidence in the truthfulness of Muhammad’sﷺ Prophethood: ‘I fully realize that Prophets come from noble families; he does not have any previous example of Prophethood. Since none of his ancestors was a king, we cannot then claim that he is a man trying to reclaim his father’s kingdom. So long as he does not tell lies regarding people, he is for the more reason, immune to telling lies as regards Allâh. Concerning his followers being those considered weak with numbers ever growing, that is the case with Faith until it is complete. I have understood that no instance of apostasy has as yet appeared among his followers, and this points to the bliss of Faith that finds its place in the human heart. Betrayal, as I see, is alien to him because real Prophets hold themselves from betrayal. You said he orders worship of Allâh with no associates, observance of prayer, honesty and abstinence, and prohibition of paganism, if this is true, he will soon rule the place beneath my feet. I have already known that a Prophet must arise but it has

The Prophet’s Plans to spread the Message of Islam beyond Arabia never occurred to me that he will be an Arab from among you. If I was sure. I would be faithful to him: I might hope to meet him, and if I were with him. I would wash his feet. Heraclius then requested that the Prophet’s ﷺletter be read. The observations of the emperor and finally the definite and clear-cut exposition of the Islamic message could not but create a tense atmosphere amongst the clergy present at the court. They were ordered to leave.” Abu Sufyan said. “While coming out, I said to my companions, The matter of Ibn Abi Kabshah (i.e., Muhammad ﷺhas become so prominent that even the king of Banu Al-Asfar (i.e. the Romans) is afraid of him.’ So I continued to believe that Allâh’s Messenger would be victorious, till Allâh made me embrace Islam.” The king did not embrace Islam for it was differently ordained. However, the Muslim envoy was returned to Madinah with the felicitations of the emperor. On his way back to Madinah, Dihyah Al-Kalbi was intercepted by people from the Judham tribe in Husma, who looted the presents sent to the Prophet ﷺ a Zaid bin Harithah at the head of five hundred men was dispatched to that spot, he inflicted heavy losses on those people and captured 1000 camels. 5000 of their cattle and a hundred women and boys. One of the chiefs of Judham who had embraced Islam, filed a complaint with the Prophetﷺ , who gave a positive response to the former’s protest, and ordered that all the spoils and captives be returned. Most of the authors about the battles of the Prophetﷺ say that this event occurred before Al-Hudaibiyah, but it is an obvious mistake since he sent the letter to Heraclius after Al-Hudaibiyah. This is why Ibn Al-Qaiyim said. “It was after Al-Hudaibiyah without a doubt.”

(5)Letter to Mundhir bin Sawa, Governor of Bahrain

The Prophet dispatched Al-‘Ala’ bin Al-Hadrami to the

governor of Bahrain, carrying a letter inviting him to embrace Islam In reply. Al-Mundhir bin Sawa wrote the following letter: “Allâh’s Messenger! I read your letter, which you wrote to the people of Bahrain extending to them an invitation to Islam. Islam appealed to some of them and they entered the fold of Islam, while others did not find it appealing. In my country, there live Magians and Jews, and therefore you may inform me of the treatment to be extended to them.”

The Prophet ﷺwrote the following letter in reply to his: “In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. From Muhammad,ﷺ Messenger of Allâh, to Mundhir bin Sawa. Peace be on you! I praise Allâh with no associate, and I bear witness that Muhammadﷺ is Messenger. Thereafter, I remind you of Allâh the Mighty and the Glorious. Whoever accepts admonition, does it for his own good. Whoever follows my messengers and acts in accordance with their guidance, he in fact accepts my advice. My messengers have highly praised your behavior. You shall continue in your present office. Give the new Muslims full chance to preach their religion. I accept your recommendation regarding the people of Bahrain, and I pardon the offences of the offenders; therefore, you may also forgive them. Of the people of Bahrain whoever wants to go on in their Jewish or Magian faith, should be made to pay Jizyah (head tax).”(!]

(6)Letter to Haudhah bin ‘Ali, Governor of Yamamah

The envoy chosen was Sulait bin ‘Amr Al-‘Amiri Radiallahu anhoo who after communicating his message, carried back the following reply to the Prophetﷺ “The Faith, to which you invite me, is very good. I am a famous orator and poet, the Arabs highly respect me and I hold a position among them. If you include me in your government, I am prepared to follow you.” The governor then bestowed a reward on Sulait Radiallahu anhoo and presented him with clothes made of Hajar fabric. Of course, he put all those presents before the Prophetﷺ

The Prophetﷺ did not accept Haudhah’s demand. He usually turned down such authoritative tone, and would say that the whole matter was in the Hand of Allâh, Who gave His land to whoever He desired. Gabriel AlaihisSalam later came with the Revelation that Haudhah had died. The Prophet ﷺ in the context of his comment on this news, said:

“As for Yamamah, from it will come a liar claiming prophethood after me, but he shall be killed.” When someone asked who would kill him, he replied: “You and your companions.” And it occurred as he said.

(7)Letter to Al-Harith bin Abi Shimr Al-Ghassani, King of Damascus

” Shuja’ bin Wahb Radiallahu anhoo had the honor of taking the letter to Harith,

who upon hearing the letter read in his audience, was madly infuriated and uttered: “Who dares to dispose me of my country, I’ll fight him (the Prophet ﷺ),” and arrogantly rejec-ed the Prophet’sﷺ invitation to the fold of Islam.”

(8) Letter to the King of Oman, Jaifer, and his Brother ‘Abd bin Al-Julandai

‘Amr bin Al-‘Ashe, Radiallahu anhoo who was chosen to carry the letter, narrated the following story that happened before he was admitted into the audience of Jaifer: “When I arrived in Oman I contacted ‘Abd, who was known to be more mild-tempered than his brother, the following dialogue took place between him and me: ‘Amr: I am the messenger of Allâh’s Prophetﷺ coming to see both, you and your brother. , ‘Abd: You have to see my brother and read to him the letter you are carrying. He is my senior in both age and kingship. Incidentally, what is the purpose of your mission? ‘Amr: We invite to believe in Allâh Alone with no associate, to discard any other deities and testify to the Messengership of Muhammadﷺ

Abd: O ‘Amr! You come from a noble family, but first of all, tell me what was your father’s attitude concerning this Faith? You know, we used to follow his steps. ‘Amr: Death overtook him before believing in Muhammad’sﷺ mission; I wish now he had embraced Islam and had faith in it before his death. I myself had adopted the same attitude until Allâh guided me towards Islam. ‘Abd: When did you embrace Islam? ‘Amr: When I was in the court of the Negus, who also entered Islam. ‘Abd: What was the reaction of his people? ‘Amr: They approved of him and followed his steps. ‘Abd: The bishops and monks also? ‘Amr: They did the same. ‘Abd: Beware ‘Amr of lying, for this soon disgraces a person than any other thing. ‘Amr: I never tell lies; moreover, our religion never allows it. ‘Abd: Has Heraclius been informed that the Negus accepted Islam? ‘Amr: Yes, of course. ‘Abd: How did you happen to know that? ‘Amr: The Negus used to pay land tax to Heraclius, but when the former embraced Islam, he swore he would discontinue that tax. When this news reached Heraclius, his brother Al-Yannaq advised him to take action against Negus but he refused and added that he himself would do the same if he were not greedy of his kingship. ‘Abd: What does your Prophet ﷺorder you to do? ‘Amr: He orders us to obey Allâh the All-Mighty and the AllGlorious, to be pious and maintain good ties with family kin: he forbids aggression, adultery, disobedience, wine, idolatry and devotion to the cross. ‘Abd: Fair words and fair beliefs are those you are calling for. I wish my brother would follow me to believe in Muhammadﷺ and

profess his religion, but my brother is too greedy of his kingship to become a subordinate, ‘Amr: Should your brother surrender himself to Islam, the Prophet ﷺ would give him authority over his people and take alms tax from the wealthy people to be given to the needy. ‘Abd: That is fair behavior. But what is this alms tax you have mentioned? ‘Amr: It is a Divine commandment that alms tax be taken from the well-to-do people who have surplus wealth and be distributed to the poor

‘Abd: I doubt if this can work among our people.” ‘Amr stayed for some days to be admitted into Jaifer’s court until he was finally granted this permit

. He said: “He asked me to hand him the letter to read it. After that he asked me how the Quraish had reacted and I answered: ‘They had followed him, some out of their own freewill and others overpowered by military fighting. Now, people have chosen Islam in preference to other creeds, and have realized through their mental insight that they had been straying in darkness. None, except you, is now out of the domain of Islam, so I advise you to embrace Islam so that you can provide security to yourself and your country.’ Here, he asked me to call on him the following day. The following day he showed some unwillingness in receiving me but his brother, ‘Abd, interceded and I was given the chance to see him again, but this time he addressed me in a threatening arrogant tone. However, after a private talk with his brother and reconsidering the whole situation, both brothers embraced Islam and proved to be true to Islam that had begun to make its way into this new area. The context of this story reveals that this letter was sent at a much later date than the others, most likely after the conquest of Makkah.

Through these letters, the Prophet ﷺ managed to communicate his Message to most of the kings at that time: some believed, while others remained obstinate and persisted in their disbelief. However, the idea of embracing Islam, and the advent of a new Prophet preoccupied all of them.


Among the great things that happened in the life of Sayyidina Ibrahim is the story of the people of Lut AlahisSalam and the severe indignation they suffered.

Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam was the son of Haran bin Tarih or Tarikh who was Aazar as stated earlier. He was thus the son of Sayyidina Ibrahim’s AlaihisSalam brother.

Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam migrated from the place of Sayyidina Ibrahim AlahisSalam at his command and with his permission to Sadum the main city of that region. It covered a large expanse and had suburbs and townships. But, its people were the most immoral of people, the most disbelieving and evil, and the worst of them in behaviour and manner. They committed highway robbery and practiced indecency even in their assemblies. They had innovated an immoral act which was unknown before them and that was homosexuality in place of natural tendency of human beings between man and woman.

Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam invited them to worship Allah, the One, Who has no partner. He forbade them from the unlawful, evil and detestable ways. But they persisted in their sinful activities and disbelief. So, Allah punished them severely and made them an example for all people, and a lesson for them. They are mentioned in many verses of Holy Qur’an.

These people are mentioned also in Surah Hud, Al-Hijr. Ash-Shuara, An-Naml, Al-Ankabut, As-Saffat, Az-Zariyat and Al-Qamar.

The gist of the text of these chapters is that Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam did not get positive response from even one of these people when he invited them to worship Allah, the One, without associating anyone with Him. He asked them to shun their evil practices. Not only that, they refused to listen to him but they went so far as to resolve to expel their Prophet from among them. Allah helped his Prophet and his family and evacuated them except his wife as we will see later on.

Apart from homosexuality, these people were also guilty of robbery on the highways, cheating friends and indecency in their meeting places. They were like cattle or worse than that. They were unrepentant and unmindful of the past, present and future. They challenged Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam to bring upon them the punishment. They dared him to do so if he was truthful. (al-Ankabut, 29:29)

Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam made his supplication to Allah and asked Him to help him. In answer to his supplication Allah sent His angels to punish them. As we have seen in the story of Sayyidina Ibrahim that, the angels came to these people after visiting Sayyidina Ibrahim first. Apart from giving him glad tidings of a son they had informed him of their mission to the people of Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam. He had protested that Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam was among them.

When the angels came to Sayyidina Lut it still they were disguised as

handsome youths. As we have seen in the life story of Sayyidina Ibrahim AlahisSalam that they were Jibril, Mika’il and Israfil AlaihisSalam Their aim was to try these people and establish a reason for punishing them. Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam took them as his guests when they arrived there at the time of sunset before anyone else could receive them. He was under the impression that they were human beings. He was very much worried on their account and tried to ward them off but they did not leave him. They were commanded not to punish the people until their Prophet testified against them.

According to Suddi, when the angels came to him it was noon time. At the river they met a daughter of Prophet Lut AlahisSalam it who was drawing water for her home. He had two daughters. They asked the girl, “O lass, is there a rest house?” she retorted, “O yes! House for you! But, do not enter the town until I come back,” fearing her people for them. She hurried to her father and exclaimed, “Father! Two young men wish to see you at the gate of the city, ° 1 have never seen anyone as beautiful as them. Don’t leave them to be ill-treated by your people!” So he brought them home without anyone espying them, for his people had prohibited him from hosting male guests who were to be left to them. Only the people of his house had known about the guests but his wife went out and informed the people that Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam had guests. His people came to him hurriedly.

They had been known to behave shamefully before, so he pleaded with them not to disgrace him before his guests. But, they reminded him that they had forbidden him from receiving guests.

These are my daughters, if you would be doing. (Al-Hijr, 15:71) The young girls of the community whom “you may marry”. But, they were unmoved and unwilling to give up their ways.

He called them towards their wives or they could have recourse to marriage if they had no wives. He called the girls his daughters because a Prophet is like a father to his people as is found in a Hadith. The Qur’an also tells us

The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves and his wives are (as) their mother. (Al-Ahzab, 33:6) It is wrong to say that he offered his daughters to them as the people of the Book Prophet Luts barricaded himself behind the closed door but when he found the task of holding them back formidable, he said,

“Would that I had power against you, or might have some strong support for refuge.” (Hud, 11:80)

The angels then let it be known who they were. Jibril still went out to them and hit them with part of his wing so they lost their eyes completely. There was no sign of their eyes and they returned to their places with the support of the walls, threatening the Messenger of the Compassionate and remarking, “Tomorrow will be ours and he will learn a lesson!”

That angel then turned to Sayyidina Lut and directed him to go away from the city in the last part of the night with his family. And when they hear the sound of punishment;

“let not any of you turn round”.

(Hud, 11:81)

excepting your wife. (Hud, 11:81) That is, ” go away from the city with your family excepting your wife.” Or, it could mean “and let not any of you turn excepting your wife for when she turns she will be inflicted with the same punishment.” But the first meaning is nearer the context. The name of the wife of Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam according to Suhayli, was Waliha and the wife of Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was Waligha.

When Sayyidina Lut AlahisSalam left his house with his family and they were just his two daughters, no one followed them. It is said that his wife left with them, but Allah knows best. When they had gone out of the country and the sun had risen, the decree of Allah was fulfilled with a severe punishment to those

people never to be averted.

It is said that Jibril uprooted the city from its foundations they were seven in all. It is said that they were all four hundred or four thousand peoples and there were animals of sorts. Jibril’s seen lifted them as high as the borders of the sky so the angels heard the crowing of the cocks and the barking of the dogs. He then turned them upside down so the top side became the bottom. Those who were present there were punished in this manner but those who were away were also punished and stones that rained from above were marked with their names too.

As for the wife of Prophet Lut AlahisSalam, it is said that she stayed behind with her people and it is also said that she went with her husband and two daughters, but when she heard the sound of the punishment and dropping down of her city she turned back to her people disobeying the old and new commands of her Lord. As she turned, a stone hit her smashing her head and consigning her to her people. She had been on their religion and had spied on Lut AlahisSalam for them concerning his guests.