What is Al Quran?
The Glorious Quran is the word of Almighty Allah which was revealed upon the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) through Angel Gabriel (Peace be upon him) over a period of 23 years. The Quran is the most exalted books of the books sent by Almighty Allah and is a guidance for the entire mankind. It contains 114 chapters and approximately 6666 verses which explain the power of Allah, guidance for humanity and the historical events.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) taught the Quran to more than 100,000 Sahaba (Companions) and from amongst them approximately 10,000 Sahaba were Huffaaz (Memorizers) of the Glorious Quran.
Format of Al Quran
1. It contains 114 chapters (in arabic : Surah) and each chapter has been named
2. It has approximately 6666 verses (in arabic : Ayah) (Number varies as per the scholars calculation)
3. It has been divided as 30 Juz which approximately in equal length for convenience in reading to complete in a month
4. It is also divided into seven approximately equal parts, called Manzil for it to be recited in a week.
5. Al Quran chapters are classified as Makki and Madani. Makki suras are those chapters revealed before the hijrah, i.e. pilgrimage of the Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him) from Makkah to Madina. Madani suras are revealed after the hijrah.
6. The chapter arrangement is thus not connected to the sequence of revelation.
7. Each chapter except the ninth starts with the Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim – an Arabic phrase meaning “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful”. There are, however, still 114 occurrences of the bismillah in the Quran, due to its presence in verse 27:30 as the opening of Solomon’s letter to the Queen of Sheba.
Purity & Safety of Al Quran
1. Muslims believe that Al Quran is 100% words of Allah Almighty. There are no human words mixed in Al Quran as in the other religious scriptures.
2. Al Quran will not change time to time or groups to groups as in other religions. The same Al Quran is used worldwide from it’s inception to now by all Muslims without any changes in it’s original text in Arabic.
3. Al Quran has been translated in various languages worldwide by different scholars. In each translated language, the words chosen by translators might vary, but the meaning will never differ.
4. There is no room for doubt in the Holy Quran and no person can even make one Surah (Chapter) equivalent to the Surah of the Holy Quran. It is essential to bring Imaan (Belief) on every word in the Quran and to refute even one word in the Quran is Kufr (Disbelief).
5. Neither scribal mistakes nor scientific errors could be found in Al Quran. None could prove that Al Quran contradicts with established scientific facts until today. Rather Al Quran was the base and source for many of the scientific facts.
Allah Almighty says in Al Quran:
“Assuredly, We alone have revealed this Glorious Admonition (the Qur’an), and surely We alone will guard it.”
Chapter 15 : Verse 9
As Almighty promised, last 1400 years HE protects this glorious Al Quran from various enemies of Islam.
Disciplines to be followed for Al Quran
It is compulsory to respect and honour the Glorious Quran. Disrespecting Al Quran is Kufr (Disbelief)
1. The Holy Quran cannot be touched or recited without compulsory bath in case if you are unclean. That is, having sexual intercourse, orgasmic discharge (e.g. semen), Women having their menstrual cycle, giving birth and death by natural causes will make a person to have a compulsory bath. Until having a compulsory bath, the book of holy words of Allah Almighty should not be touched or recited.
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful
The general rule is that it is obligatory to have ablution when touching or reciting from the Quran. However, some scholars have made a concession if this would cause hardship and a person uses caution not to get any impurities or filth on the Quran.
The great majority of scholars maintain that it is an obligation to have ablution (wudu) before touching or reciting from the Quran. The basis of this ruling is the statement of Allah Amighty:
إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ فِي كِتَابٍ مَّكْنُونٍ لَّا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ
Verily, it is a noble Quran in a protected Book. None touch it but the purified.
Surat al-Waqi’ah 56:77-79
Scholars derived from these verses that a Muslim should have ablution before touching the Quran. However, there is a disagreement of interpretation over whether this is referring to believers touching the Quran or to the angels touching the Preserved Tablet (al-lawh al-mahfuzh) on which is written the destiny of all things.
Ibn Kathir reported:
عن ابن عباس لاَّ يَمَسُّهُ إِلاَّ ٱلْمُطَهَّرُونَ قال الكتاب الذي في السماء و عن ابن عباس لاَّ يَمَسُّهُ إِلاَّ ٱلْمُطَهَّرُونَ يعني الملائكة
Ibn Abbas said concerning the verse, “None touch it except the purified,” that this refers to the Book in the heavens and “the purified” refers to the angels.
Source: Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr 56:79
This is as Allah said in another verse:
فِي صُحُفٍ مُّكَرَّمَةٍ مَّرْفُوعَةٍ مُّطَهَّرَةٍ بِأَيْدِي سَفَرَةٍ
In noble records, exalted and purified, in the hands of angelic messengers.
Surat ‘Abasa 80:13-15
Nonetheless, it can be inferred from the verses that it is at least highly recommended to have ablution when touching the Quran.
The scholars also use a prophetic narration to support the obligation to have ablution before touching the Quran.
Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
لَا يَمَسَّ الْقُرْآنَ إِلَّا طَاهِرٌ
None should touch the Quran unless they are pure.
Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 13217, Grade: Hasan (fair)
Although this tradition is not at the highest levels of authenticity in terms of its chain of authorities, it has still been acted upon by many scholars and it was the general practice of the people of Medina. They said not only should someone without ablution not touch the Quran, but also neither a menstruating woman or a person with greater impurtiy in need of a ritual bath (ghusl).
Ibn Abdul Barr reported:
وقال الشافعي والأوزاعي وأبو ثور وأحمد لا يمس المصحف الجنب ولا الحائض ولا غير المتوضئ
Ash-Shafi’ee, Al-Awza’i, Abu Thawr, and Ahmad said the scripture (mushaf) should not be touched by a person with greater impurity (junub), nor a menstruating woman, nor a person without ablution.
Source: al-Istidhkār 2/372
Imam Malik was particularly strict on this point, saying that the prohibition is based not only on protecting the Quran from impurities but that it exists in itself as a matter of respect for the Quran.
Imam Malik said:
وَلَا يَحْمِلُ أَحَدٌ الْمُصْحَفَ بِعِلَاقَتِهِ وَلَا عَلَى وِسَادَةٍ إِلَّا وَهُوَ طَاهِرٌ وَلَوْ جَازَ ذَلِكَ لَحُمِلَ فِي خَبِيئَتِهِ وَلَمْ يُكْرَهْ ذَلِكَ لِأَنْ يَكُونَ فِي يَدَيْ الَّذِي يَحْمِلُهُ شَيْءٌ يُدَنِّسُ بِهِ الْمُصْحَفَ وَلَكِنْ إِنَّمَا كُرِهَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَحْمِلُهُ وَهُوَ غَيْرُ طَاهِرٍ إِكْرَامًا لِلْقُرْآنِ وَتَعْظِيمًا لَهُ
No one should carry the Quran by its strap or on a cushion unless he is pure. If it were permissible to do so, it would also have been permissible to carry it in its cover. This is not because there is something on the hands of the one who carries it by which the Quran will be soiled, but rather it is disapproved for someone to carry it without being pure out of respect and honor for the Quran.
Source: al-Muwaṭṭa 236
Indeed, the majority of scholars have taken this view and this is the safest opinion and the best in terms of piety and respect for the Quran. However, some scholars allowed touching the Quran in a state of minor impurity (hadath), without ablution, for the statement of the Prophet (ṣ), “unless with purification,” can be interpreted as linguistically what is pure, that his hands are clean of impurity, rather than its technical legal meaning.
وَأَمَّا الْمُحْدِثُ حَدَثًا أَصْغَرَ فَذَهَبَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالشَّعْبِيُّ وَالضَّحَّاكُ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ وَالْمُؤَيَّدُ بِاَللَّهِ وَالْهَادَوِيَّةُ وَقَاضِي الْقُضَاةِ وَدَاوُد إلَى أَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ لَهُ مَسُّ الْمُصْحَفِ وَقَالَ الْقَاسِمُ وَأَكْثَرُ الْفُقَهَاءِ وَالْإِمَامُ يَحْيَى لَا يَجُوزُ
Regarding the one in a state of minor impurity, it has been narrated from Ibn Abbas, Ash-Sha’bi, Ad-Dahhak, Zaid ibn Ali, Dawud and others that it is permissible to touch the copy of the Quran. However, Al-Qasim, Imam Yahya, and the majority of jurists say it is not permissible.
Source: Nayl al-Awṭār 1/262
Therefore, if it will cause hardship for a Muslim to have complete ablution before touching the Quran, then there may be a concession to touch it in this specific case. Care should be taken not to get anything impure on the Quran. Yet the general rule is that a Muslim should have complete ablution before touching it.
2. Also Al Quran should not be touched without the Ablution (Wudhu), however, Al Quran can be recited even without the ablution.
3. When a page of Al Quran tears or becomes old, then it should be wrapped in a clean piece of material and buried in buried in a remote location or kept somewhere safe. This will save the words of Allah Almighty from trampling or misusing.
4. One should not face his feet or back towards Al Quran. One should also not sit higher than the Quran, since these are all acts of disrespect.
5. One should not keep Al Quran in the land but should be placed in the higher place in their home. (Such as Cupboard)
6. Reciting the Quran in a loud voice in a huge gathering is disallowed. The Quran should be recited softly in a gathering where many people are reciting the Quran. When the Quran is being recited aloud, it is compulsory for all those present to listen attentively.
7. One should cover his awrat (Intimate parts) when reciting the Al Quran. It is Sunnah to cover the head while reading holy Quran.
8. It is Sunnah to recite “A’uzubillahi minas shaitanir rajeem – I seek protection from Allah against the Devil and Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim – In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful” before reading the verses of Al Quran.
Blessings of Al Quran
1. Reading the holy Quran is great Ibaadah (Worship) and looking at Al Quran, kissing it and touching it all are means for great blessings and rewards.
2. For each letter you will get 10 rewards.
It has been mentioned in Al Hadith:
The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.”
(Book – Tirmidhi)
3. To be a Hafiz of the Holy Quran (Al Quran Memorizer) is a very great gift and an act worthy of great blessing, but to learn the Quran and then to allow it to be forgotten is a great sin.
It has been mentioned in Al Hadith:
Narrated: Ali ibn Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him)
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: ‘Whoever reads the Quran and memorizes it, Allah will admit him to Paradise and allow him to intercede for ten of his family members who all deserved to enter Hell.’”
(Book – Sunan Ibn Majah)
4. Further much more rewards and blessings are there for those reading the words of Allah Almighty such as Al Quran will intercede for those people in the day of Judgement, their knowledge will increase, status will increase, they will be considered as best of the people, the reciter will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels and the status in Paradise will increase.
5. When confronted with a problem, turn to the Holy Quran. All your problems will be solved with great swiftness.
6. Learn the Holy Quran and teach it. This is the true teaching of Islam.
The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:
“The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.
(Book – Sahih al Bukhari)
7. The Holy Quran is Cure and Sustenance.
QURAN PAK (AUDIO)
001. Al-Fatihah :
|3||Ali ‘Imran (Madni)||200|
|26||Surah Ash-Shuaraa (Makki)||227|
|27||Surah An-Naml (Makki)||93|
|28||Surah Al-Qasas (Makki)||88|
|29||Surah Al-Ankabut (Makki)||69|
|30||Surah Ar-Rum (Makki)||60|
|31||Surah Luqman (Makki)||34|
|32||Surah As-Sajda (Makki)||30|
|33||Surah Al-Ahzab (Madani)||73|
|34||Surah Saba (Makki)||54|
|35||Surah Fatir (Makki)||45|
|36||Surah Yasin (Makki)||83|
|37||Surah As-Saffat (Makki)||182|
|38||Surah Sad (Makki)||88|
|39||Surah Az-Zumar (Makki)||75|
|40||Surah Al-Mumin (Makki)||85|
|41||Surah Ha-Mim (Makki)||54|
|42||Surah Ash-Shura (Makki)||53|
|43||Surah Az-Zukhruf (Makki)||89|
|44||Surah Ad-Dukhan (Makki)||59|
|45||Surah Al-Jathiya (Makki)||37|
|46||Surah Al-Ahqaf (Makki)||35|
|47||Surah Muhammad (Madni)||38|
|48||Surah Al-Fath (Madni)||29|
|49||Surah Al-Hujurat (Madni)||18|
|50||Surah Qaaf (Makki)||45|
|51||Surah Az-Zariyat (Makki)||60|
|52||Surah At-Tur (Makki)||49|
|53||Surah An-Najm (Makki)||62|
|54||Surah Al-Qamar (Makki)||55|
|55||Surah Al-Rahman (Madni)||78|
|56||Surah Al-Waqi’a (Makki)||96|
|57||Surah Al-Hadid (Madni)||29|
|58||Surah Al-Mujadila (Madni)||22|
|59||Surah Al-Hashr (Madni)||24|
|60||Surah Al-Mumtahana (Madni)||13|
|61||Surah As-Saff (Madni)||14|
|62||Surah Al-Jumu’ah (Madni)||11|
|63||Surah Al-Munafiqun (Madni)||11|
|64||Surah At-Tagabun (Madni)||18|
|65||Surah At-Talaq (Madni)||12|
|66||Surah At-Tahrim (Madni)||12|
|67||Surah Al-Mulk (Makki)||30|
|68||Surah Al-Qalam (Makki)||52|
|69||Surah Al-Haqqa (Makki)||52|
|70||Surah Al-Ma’arij (Makki)||44|
|71||Surah Noah (Makki)||28|
|72||Surah Al-Jinn (Makki)||28|
|73||Surah Al-Muzzammil (Makki)||20|
|74||Surah Al-Muddathth (Makki)||56|
|75||Surah Al-Qiyamat (Makki)||40|
|76||Surah Ad-Dahr (Madni)||31|
|77||Surah Al-Mursalat (Makki)||50|
|78||Surah An-Nabaa (Makki)||40|
|79||Surah An-Naziat (Makki)||46|
|80||Surah Abasa (Makki)||42|
|81||Surah At-Takwir (Makki)||29|
|82||Surah Al-Infitar (Makki)||19|
|83||Surah Al-Mutaffife (Makki)||36|
|84||Surah Al-Inshiqaq (Makki)||25|
|85||Surah Al-Buruj (Makki)||22|
|86||Surah At-Tariq (Makki)||17|
|87||Surah Al-Ala (Makki)||19|
|88||Surah Al-Gashiya (Makki)||26|
|89||Surah Al-Fajr (Makki)||30|
|90||Surah Al-Balad (Makki)||20|
|91||Surah Ash-Shams (Makki)||15|
|92||Surah Al-Lail (Makki)||21|
|93||Surah Adh-Dhuha (Makki)||11|
|94||Surah Al-Sharh (Makki)||8|
|95||Surah At Tin (Makki)||8|
|96||Surah Al-Alaq (Makki)||19|
|97||Surah Al-Qadr (Makki)||5|
|98||Surah Al-Baiyina (Madni)||8|
|99||Surah Al-Zalzalah (Madni)||8|
|100||Surah Al-Adiyat (Makki)||11|
|101||Surah Al-Qaria (Makki)||11|
|102||Surah At-Takathur (Makki)||8|
|103||Surah Al-Asr (Makki)||3|
|104||Surah Al-Humaza (Makki)||9|
|105||Surah Al-Fil (Makki)||5|
|106||Surah Quraish (Makki)||4|
|107||Surah Al-Maun (Makki)||7|
|108||Surah Kausar (Makki)||3|
|109||Surah Al-Kafirun (Makki)||6|
|110||Surah An-Nasr (Madni)||3|
|111||Surah Al-Lahab (Makki)||5|
|112||Surah Al-Ikhlas (Makki)||4|
|113||Surah Al-Falaq (Makki)||5|
|114||Surah An-Nas (Makki)||6|