This Surah, like many other Meccan Suras, contains short, meaningful, awakening verses with abundant warnings.There are several oaths mentioned in the first part of the Surah that have no precedent and are primarily for warning the transgressors about the divine punishment.
Another part of this Surah points to some of the ancient rebellious nations, such as the ‘Ad and Thamood people; and also to Pharaoh. The transgressor, and the divine punishment that destroyed them, which is a lesson for all arrogant powers so that they may take careful account of their situation.In the next part of the Surah, which relates to the previous parts, Man’s trial is mentioned and his neglect, in doing good deeds, is very sharply criticized.In the last part of the Surah the discussion is about the Hereafter and the fate of the sinners and unbelievers, and presents a contrast in regard to the great rewards that the believers will receive; those whose souls are at rest.
The Virtue of Studying Surah Fajr
Regarding the virtue of studying this Surah, a tradition from the Prophet (S) says:“Allah forgives the mistakes of whoever recites, Surah Fajr, on the’Ten Nights’,(i.e., the first ten nights of Zul-Hajj), and it will become a light on Dooms Day for the one who recites it at other times ((of the year)”.
Also, a tradition from Imam Sadiq (as) says:“Recite Surah Fajr, which is Husain-ibn-Ali’s Surah, in your prayers, whether they be obligatory or optional. He who recites it will be with him (Husain ibn Ali) at the same place in Heaven on the Day of Judgement”.
this Surah as Husain-ibn-Ali’s Surah may be for the reason that the clear example of the‘serene soul’
as mentioned at the end of the Surah, is Husain-ibn-Ali (as), as the idea has also been cited from Imam Sadiq (as) about the same verses.Or, perhaps, it is for the same reason that one of the commentaries about the ‘Ten Nights’ means the first ten nights of Muharram, (the first month of the Muslim new year), which is closely relevant to Husain-ibn-Ali (as)