We have already seen that Sayyidina Ibrahim AlahisSalam had many children, but the most known of them were two brothers both great Prophets and Messengers Sayyidina Isma’il and Sayyidina Ishaq AlahisSalam. The elder who was truly the Zabeeh was Isma’il, the first born of Sayyidina Ibrahim , from his wife Hajarah AlahisSalam.

Those who say that Ishaq that was the Zabeeh borrow from the traditions of the Banu Isra’il who have tampered with facts and interpolated the Torah and Injil.

Sayyidina Isma’il AlaihisSalam was born when Sayyidina Ibrahim was eighty-six years old and Ishaq AlahisSalam when he was more than a hundred years old. By all accounts, therefore, Isma’il AlahisSalam was the eldest son and the Zabeeh, and the only son at the time of sacrifice.

He was the one whom his father took alongwith his mother to the mountains of Makkah known as Faran and left them there all alone with a bare amount of water and food. In doing so, he had placed reliance in Allah Who is the Best of the Protectors. He is the One Who suffices.

And mention in the Book Isma’il. Surely, he was true to his promise, and he was a Messenger, a Prophet. And he enjoined upon his household the Salah and Zakah, and he was with his Lord an approved one. (Manyam, 19:54-55)

Allah has described him with many beautiful qualities and He made him His Prophet and Messenger.

The genealogists tell us that Sayyidina Isma’il AlaihisSalam store was the first one to ride a horse. Until then horses were not domesticated so he tamed them and rode them. Abdullah Ibn Umar Radiallahu anhoo has narrated a Hadith:

The Messenger of Allahﷺ said, “Take up horse riding and pursue it for it is the legacy of your father, Isma’il.”

He was the first one to speak eloquent Arabic. He learnt it from the Arab Al-Aaribah who had stayed with him and his mother at Makkah – of the

The one offered in sacrifice.

tribes of Jurhum, Al-Amaleeq, and the people of Yaman. The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid that the first one to open his tongue to eloquent Arabic was Isma’il started while he was fourteen years old.

We have stated earlier in discussing the events in the life of Sayyidina Ibrahim AlahisSalam that when he grew up he married a woman of Al-Amaleeq. However, his father commarded him to divorce her, so he did so. He then married another women and his father commanded him to retain her, so he carried on with her. She was of the Jurhum tribe. It is said that she was his third wife. She gave birth to twelve sons.

Sayyidina Isma’il AlaihisSalam was the Messenger of Allah to the people of that area and those around it, the tribes of Jurham, Al-‘Amaleeq and the people of Yaman. May blessings of Allah and peace be on him.

When death was near he left a will for his brother, Sayyidina Ishaq AlahisSalam and he gave, his daughter, Nasmah, in marriage to ‘Al-‘Ays’, son of Sayyidina Ishaq AlahisSalam. Their children were known as Banu Asfar, after the yellow tinge in Al-‘Ays.

The Prophet of Allah, Sayyidina Isma’il AlaihisSalam was buried within the area Al-Hijr, next to his mother, Sayyidah Hajarah AlaihisSalam. He died at the age of 137 years.

All the Arabs of Al -Hijaz are descended from his sons, Nabit and Qayzar.

Surah Fajr Tafseer

This Surah, like many other Meccan Suras, contains short, meaningful, awakening verses with abundant warnings.There are several oaths mentioned in the first part of the Surah that have no precedent and are primarily for warning the transgressors about the divine punishment.

Another part of this Surah points to some of the ancient rebellious nations, such as the ‘Ad and Thamood people; and also to Pharaoh. The transgressor, and the divine punishment that destroyed them, which is a lesson for all arrogant powers so that they may take careful account of their situation.In the next part of the Surah, which relates to the previous parts, Man’s trial is mentioned and his neglect, in doing good deeds, is very sharply criticized.In the last part of the Surah the discussion is about the Hereafter and the fate of the sinners and unbelievers, and presents a contrast in regard to the great rewards that the believers will receive; those whose souls are at rest.

The Virtue of Studying Surah Fajr

Regarding the virtue of studying this Surah, a tradition from the Prophet (S) says:“Allah forgives the mistakes of whoever recites, Surah Fajr, on the’Ten Nights’,(i.e., the first ten nights of Zul-Hajj), and it will become a light on Dooms Day for the one who recites it at other times ((of the year)”.

Also, a tradition from Imam Sadiq (as) says:“Recite Surah Fajr, which is Husain-ibn-Ali’s Surah, in your prayers, whether they be obligatory or optional. He who recites it will be with him (Husain ibn Ali) at the same place in Heaven on the Day of Judgement”.

this Surah as Husain-ibn-Ali’s Surah may be for the reason that the clear example of the‘serene soul’
as mentioned at the end of the Surah, is Husain-ibn-Ali (as), as the idea has also been cited from Imam Sadiq (as) about the same verses.Or, perhaps, it is for the same reason that one of the commentaries about the ‘Ten Nights’ means the first ten nights of Muharram, (the first month of the Muslim new year), which is closely relevant to Husain-ibn-Ali (as)

Waqia Hazrat Suleman AlaihisSalam aur ek Parinda (JAZA WA FAZA)

🌺••» JAZA WA FAZA «••🌹
🌺Hazrat Suleman Alaihi Salam Ke Zamane May Ek Shaks Ne Ek Khubsurat Khushnuma (Bolne Wala) Parinda Kharida! Use Jab Pinjre May Daala To Ek Dusra Parinda Udta Hua Us Pinjre Ke Paas Aaya Aur Apni Zabaan May Kuch Bolker Chaldiya! 
🌺Uske Baad Us Qaidi Parinde Ne Pinjre May Bolna Bandh Kerdiya Aur Bilkul Chuppi Saadh Li! Maalik Ne Yeh Dekha To Hazrat Suleman Alaihi Salam Ke Paas Faryaad Leker Pahucha! Hazrat Suleman Alaihi Salam Ne Wo Pinjra Mangwaya Aur Parinde Se Farmaya Ki Tumahre Maalik Ne Tumeh Keemat Deker Kharida Hain Uska Tumper Haq Hain, Tumne Bolna Kyon Bandh Kiya? 
🌺Parinde Ne Jawab Diya, Huzoor Isse Keh Dijiye Ki Wo Mera Khayal Chhod De! Main Jabtak Pinjre May Hoon Kabhi Na Bolunga! Farmaya Kyon? Usne Kaha, Huzoor Main Watan Aur Aulaad Ki Mohabbat May Rota Tha Ki, Ek Mera Bhai Parinda Mujhse Aaker Kaha, Nadaan, Jaza Wa Faza Chhod Do Warna Umr Bhar Pinjre May Hi Qaid Rahega! Sabr Wa Sukoot (Khamosh Rehna) Ikhtiyar Ker, To Fir Dekho Tum Aazaad Hote Ho Ki Nahi?
🌺Suleman Alaihi Salam Ne Us Shaks Se Uska Jawab Bayaan Kiya To Us Shaks Ne Kaha, Huzoor! To Fir Aazaad Kerdijiye! Maine To Ise Khushnumayi Keliye Kharida Tha!
🌺Chunanche, Suleman Alaihi Salam Ne Apni Girah Se Uski Keemat Deker Us Parinde Ko Aazaad Kerdiya!

(Roohul Bayaan Jild-1, Pg-77)

🌺Jaza Wa Faza Aur Rona-Dhona, Ranj Wa Malaal, Aur Sabr Wa Shukr Moajib-A-Najaat Hain! 
🌺Mushkil Wa Musibat Ke Waqt Kabhi Girya Aur Wavela Aur Na-Shukri Ka Izhaar Nahi Karna Chahiye, Balki Khuda Ki Raza Per Razi Rehker Sabr Wa Shukr Se Kaam Lena Chahiye!