Story of Hud AlaihisSalam

He was Hūd bin Shalikh bin Arfakhshaz bin Sam bin Nuh AlaihisSalam It is also said that Hūd was ‘Aabir bin Shalikh bin Arfakhshaz bin Sam bin Nūh . It is said too that he was Hud bin ‘Abdullah bin Ribah Al-Jarwad bin ‘Aad bin ‘Aws bin Irām bin Sam bin Nuh started. This is what Ibn Jarir has said.

They were from the tribe named ‘Aad bin ‘Aws bin Sām bin Nüh. They were people of the desert who lived between ‘Ummāh and Hadarmawt. They lived in large tents with pillars. The Qurān has called them ‘Aad Irām and they were ‘Aad, the first.

Ibn Hibbān has transmitted a Hadith narrated by Abu Zarr in which the Prophets and Messengers are mentioned. The Nabi Pakﷺ said, “Four of them were Arab – Hud, Salih, Shu’ayb and your Prophet, О Abu Zarr”.

It is said that Hüd AlaihisSalam was the first to speak Arabic while Ibn Munabbih claimed that his father was the first to speak Arabic. And there are other opinions too.

The Arabs before Ismā’il started were called Al-Arab Aaribahay Well well. There were numerous tribes of this classification. ‘Aad, Thamūd, Jurhum, Tasm, Jadis, Umaym; Madyan, ‘Imlāq, Jāsim, Qahtān, Banū Yaqtan and others.

The ‘Aad were the first people to worship idols after the flood of Sayyidina Nuh see, they were ‘Aad, the first.They had three idols, Sanad, Samud and Hor.

So, Allah sent to them His Prophet Sayyidina Hud who invited them to the Path of Allah as He has said after mentioning the people of Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam

And to ‘Aad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said, “O my people, worship Allah, you have no god other than He. Will you not then fear Him.

(Al-A’raf. 7:65)

But, as we see in the following verses of this Surah the chiefs of his people argued with him and called him a liar. He kept assuring them that he was a Messenger of Allah and a trustworthy adviser for them but they were not prepared to forsake that which their forefathers worshiped. They paid no heed even when Hud reminded them of the fate of past people, and of Allah’s bounties. Rather, they challenged him to hasten punishment on them. So they were punished.Their story is reiterated in Surah Ash-Shu’ara, and their Prophet Sayyidina Hud tries to persuade them

In Surah Fussilat their arrogant declaration is recalled. “Who is mightier than we in power?” They forgot that Allah Who created them was mightier than them in power. Allah sent on them a furious wind and made them taste a chastisement of humiliation in this life. The chastisement of the Hereafter would be more degrading and they will find no help.

The Quran asks the Holy Prophet in Surah Ahqaf, to repeat the story of the brother of ‘Aad when he warned the people in the sandhills, as warners had passed away before him and after him. But it tells us that the warnings were futile. When a sudden cloud advanced towards them, they said that it was a rain-bearing cloud. Sayyidina Hud AlaihisSalam however, pointed out to them that it was not what they thought but it was what they had been seeking wind wherein was a painful punishment. Then there was nothing left of them but their empty dwelling places.

The Qurān recalls them in Surah Az-Zariyat, and Al-Qamor, and tells us that Allah sent on them a wind which “plucked people away as if they were trunks of uprooted palm-threes”. (54:20)

Surah al-Haqqah, tells us that the wind raged over them for seven nights and eight days without interruption. These people are mentioned again in Surah al – Fajr.

The ‘Aad are mentioned in the Qurān in Surah Al-Tawbah, Ibrahi. Al-Furqan, Al-‘Ankabut, Sad and Qaf.

We have already said that the Aad were the first people after the flood to worship idols. This is borne out in the Quran in Surah Al-A’raf, verse 46 Some scholars differ and say that the people of Thamud were the innovators of the torskap after the Flood. They rely on verse 41 of Surah Al-Mu’minen, for their opinion. They say that the people of Salih were destroyed by the blast, not the ‘Aad who were annihilated by a furious wind. But, cannot rule out punishment in both forms. Thus, there remains no dispuse that the people of ‘Aad preceded the people of Thamud.

The ‘Aad Iram were ‘Aad the First. They believed that the city Iram, a ar of gold and silver, revolves from country to country, but that is a wrong belis There is no argument for that.But, that was the first indication of punishment. They had been waiting for rain and were happy that rain bearing clouds had appeared.

The people of Aad were an ancient tribe of Saudi Arabia. Their city was known as Iram. The tribe was popular for its cleverness and physical strength and therefore, they are also called giants.

They were so strong and intelligent that they could carve mountains and use it as their homes. They had created mansions supported by beautiful and strong pillars. 

Hud and his people lived in the Yemeni province of Hadramawt. This region is at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, in an area of curved sand hills.

According to narrations, the people of Aad were so big they could uproot trees with their bare hands, they were giants, very big, strong and also very clever. The world has never seen any human being like them.

On this, the people of Aad started feeling proud of themselves. They started to wonder about themselves and forgot about Allah. 

Their abundant money and power made the people of Aad feel that they did not need Allah: fools they were! Moving away from Allah let them to the wrong paths

Hud was sent to an Arab tribe called ‘Ad, who were related to and ancestors of another Arab tribe known as Thamud. Both tribes were reported to be descendants of the Prophet Nuh (Noah). The ‘Ad were a powerful nation in their day, primarily due to their location at the southern end of the African/Arabian trade routes. They were unusually tall, used irrigation for farming, and built large fortresses.

But that was a terrible wind and the first to recognise it was Mahd, a woman among the ‘Aad. She yelled on knowing what it was and fell unconscious. When she regained consciousness, she related what she had seen. The wind lasted seven nights and eight days. None of the ‘Aad survived.

The wind was so ferocious that it raised a man and then dropped him back on the ground on his head which smashed into pieces and the body stood upside down like the stump of an uprooted tree. Some people take the words of Surah Al-Qamar, to mean that it was an inauspicious day and they apply the meaning to Wednesday when this event took place although the Qurān says that because of the punishment it was regarded as inauspicious for the people of ‘Aad. It is not a universal and perpetual application, because in verse 16 of Surah Fussilat, all the eight days are called inauspicious. The wind completely lacked beneficial effect. The Hadith in Muslim and Bukhari narrated by Ibn *Abbas makes it clear.

The Messenger of Allah said, “I was granted victory with As-Saba, and the ‘Aad were destroyed by Ad-Dubur, (the westerly wind).Bukhari, Hadith No. 1035.

The wind was so severe and it followed them wherever they went whether into caves of mountains or their solid castles. It got them out and destroyed them. Their strong houses and fortified castles were wrecked over them. Just as they felt safe and secure in them and with their strength and used to boast, Who is mightier than we?” Allah made it clear to them who was stronger in might and overpowering – it was the strong wind. It was followed by sparks and fire.

The Hadith in Sahih Muslim throws light on this subject. It is narrated by

.رضي الله تعالی عنها Sayyidah Ayshah

The Nabi Pakﷺ made this supplication when a stormy wind blew:

“O Allah, I ask You for the good of it, and the good in it, and the good with which it is sent. And I seek Your protection from its evil, and the evil in it and the evil with which it is sent.”

Then, when they saw it as a sudden cloud advancing towards their valleys; they said, ‘This is a cloud bringing us rain. This Hadith is narrated through another chain of narrators too. (Sayyidah ‘Ayshah said, “Whenever the Nabi Pakﷺ saw clouds or winds he would show deep concern. I said to him, O Messenger of Allah, when people see clouds they feel happy for it might bring them rain…” He said: “O Ayshah, what is the guarantee that it will not bring punishment… some people were punished but they supposed that the clouds would bring rain.

Maqam e Hud AlaihisSalam

His grave is variously said to be in Yemen, Damascus, etc. And Allah knows the best.

Hadith Mein Hikmat ka ghar hoon Ali uska darwaza

Sayyidinā ʻAlī Karrama Allāhu Waj·hahu Al-karīm Kā Ẕikre Jamīl

سیدنا علی کرم اﷲ وجھہ الکریم کا ذکرِ جمیل

٢٨۔ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اﷲ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اﷲِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ : أَنَا دَارُ الْحِکْمَةِ وَعَليٌّ بَابُهَا. رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَأَبُوْ نُعَيْمٍ.

’’حضرت علی رضی اللہ عنہ سے مروی ہے کہ حضورنبی اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم نے فرمایا: میں حکمت کا گھر ہوں اور علی اس کا دروازہ ہے۔‘‘

  • “Ḥaz̤rat ʻAlī raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu se marwī hai ki Ḥuz̤ūr Nabīye Akram ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihi wa-sallam ne farmāyā: maiṅ ḥikmat kā ghar hūṅ aur ʻAlī us kā darwāzā hai.” Is ḥadīs̲ ko imām Tirmiḏẖī, Aḥmad aur Abū Nuʻaym ne riwāyat kiyā hai.
    [Aḳhrajah al-Tirmiḏẖī fī al-Sunan, kitāb al-manākib, bāb manāqibi ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhumā, 05/637, al-raqm: 3723,

Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal fī Faḍā’il al-ṣaḥābah, 02/634, al-raqm: 1081,

Abū Nuʻaym fī Ḥilyaṫ al-awliya’, 01/64,

al-Ḳhaṭīb al-Baġhdādī fī Tārīḳh Baġhdād, 11/203,

Ṭāhir al-Qādrī fī Ḥusnu al-maʻāb fī Ḏh̲ikri Abī Turāb karrama Allāhu waj·hahu al-Karīm,/39, al-raqm: 28.]
〰〰

Some Important Information About Hazrat NUH AlaihisSalam

Nuh AlaihisSalam Shajrah

Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was the son of Lamik bin Matushalkh bin Khunukh-he was Idris E. bin Yard bin Mahlabeel bin Qinan bin Anush bin Shith bin Aadam, Abu Al-Bashr AlaihisSalam. He was born a hundred and twenty-six years after the death of Sayyidina Aadam mentioned by Ibn Jarir and others.

The period between Adam AlaihisSalam and Nuh AlaihisSalam

The history as narrated by the People of the book places a hundred and forty-six years between the death of Aadam AlahisSalam and birth of Nuh .

According to Al-Hafiz Abu Hatim bin Hibban in his Sahih, there were ten centuries between them. Abu Umamah has narrated the Hadith someone asked:

“O messenger of Allah, was Aadam a Prophet?” “Yes, he was, and Allah spoke to him.” The man asked again, “Then, how many years were there between him and Nuh?” He said “Ten centuries!” This Hadith meet the conditions of Muslim. Bukhari has narrated a Hadith on the authority of Ibn Abbas Between Aadam and Nuh were ten centuries and all of them followed Islam.

If the Arabic word for centuries (Qarn) means a hundred years as is understood by a majority of people then it places a thousand years between’ them but it does not follow that there should not be more, and the limit specified by Ibn Abbas dienests could relate to those on the path of Islam while the Hadith of Abu Umamah places the total period as ten centuries to which Ibn Abbas added “Were on the path of Islam.” But, this rejects the conclusion of the historians and people of the Book that Qabil and his children are denizens of the Fire. But Allah knows best.

The Arabic word Qarn could also mean a generation as is used in the Qurān also. Examples are in Surah al-Isra, 17:17, al-Mu’minoon, 23:31, al-Fur qan 25:38, and Maryam, 19:98.

And how many a generation have we destroyed after Nuh!.

(al-Isra, 17:17) In like manner, the other verses cited above use the word (qarn) to mean

Warning Against Dajjal by Nuh AlaihisSalam

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up among the people and praise Allah as behoves Him and then spoke about Ad-Dajjal saying,” caution you about him and there has never been a Prophet who has not warned his people about him. Indeed, Nuh also warned his people. But, I tell you something no Prophet has told his people before. Know that he is one-eyed while indeed Allah is not one-eyed.” There is another Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim narrated by Abu Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Shall I not tell you something about Ad-Dajjal which no Prophet has told his people (before)? He is one-eyed and he will bring with him the like of Paradise and Hell but what he will call Paradise will actually be Hell. I warn you as Nuh warned his people against him.”

Size of Nuh AlaihisSalam Boat

Varying opinions are expressed regarding the size of the boat. Among those who have suggested the size are Thawri (as quoted by Muhammad bin Ishaq) who has said that its length was eighty yards and it was covered with tar inside out and its bow curved. Qatadah has suggested that it was three hundred yards long and fifty yards wide. Hasan Basri and Ibn Abbas respectively give the length as six hundred yards and one thousand yards and breadth as three hundred yards and six hundred yards. All of them agree that its height was thirty yards. They all say that it was a three-storied ship, each storey ten yards high. The beasts and cattle were placed in the lowest deck, human beings occupied the central deck and birds were placed in the topmost deck. Its door was on the side and it had a covering on top.

The ship was ready, Allah had commanded Prophet Nuh AlaihisSalam

Afring ….when our command comes and the oven boils, insert in it a pair, two from every kind, and your household-except him against whom the word has already gone forth-and address Me not concerning those who did evil; surely they are to be drowned. (Al-Mu’minun, 23:27)

Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was thus commanded take in his ship a pair of every living being – male and female to ensure survival of that species. He was also asked to include his family members except those who were

disbelievers and he was commanded not to speak for them a word of recommendation when the punishment was being given.

As for the word oven (Arabic-tanoor), most of the scholars contend that if is the face of the earth all corners and sides of which gushed forth water to the extent that the clay ovens that were built in the earth to bake also gushed forth water.

The exception stipulated concerning the household of Sayyidina Nuh referred to his son Yam who disbelieved and who drowned in the flood.

It is not clear how many boarded the ship. His wife, the mother of all his children, is said to have died before the flood or to have drowned in the flood. The Bible says that she was in the ship in which case if true it must be presumed that she disbelieved later on.

Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was commanded by Allah that when they embarked the boat they should say al- Hamdu lillah (All praise belongs to Allah) and acknowledge that He has delivered them from the evil people and they should pray

And say, O my Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing and You are the best of those who bring to land. (Al-Mu’minun, 23:29)

The ship sailed with its load of passengers on waves that looked like mountains. This happened because water poured down heavily from the sky and gushed forth forcefully from every conceivable corner. It rained like it never had rained before and has never rained since. The springs of the earth gushed out water. The vessel sailed safely in Allah’s protection.

Ibn Jarir and some others have suggested that the deluge took place on thirteenth August of the Coptic year.

Allah has pointed out in Surah Al-Haqqah (verses 11 and 12) that their safety in the Ark while there was water everywhere should provide lessons to those with attentive ears.

It is said that the waters rose up fifteen yards above mountains and flooded all the earth, its length and its breadth, its plains and high lands, its deserts and wild lands. Nothing survived on earth whether young or old.

When they boarded the Ark, Prophet Nuh tentang called out his son, Yam (some call him kanan), who was at a distance to embark with them and not keep himself with the disbelievers. He was not righteous and he opposed his father. He boasted that he would climb a mountain but his strategy did not avail him and he perished with those who perished. On the other hand, strangers to Nuh survived with him because of their belief and agreement with him in matters of religion.

The Qurān then refers to Sayyidina Nuh’s the appeal to Allah to save his son. He wonders why he drowned while Allah had promised him that his family would survive. Allah reminded him that He had promised to save his family members “except those against whom the Word has already been spoken.” (Al-Mu’minun, 23:27). His son was one of those excluded because he was disobedient and rebellious.

When the flood had subsided the boat rested on Mount Judi, Allah commanded Nuh AlaihisSalam to descend from the boat in peace and with His blessings. He also assured him of His blessings on the succeeding generations of Nuh AlaihisSalam

After Great Flood

None of the believers who survived with Nuh AlaihisSalam had any children. Only Nuh AlaihisSalam had offspring so all human beings on earth are descended from Nuh , from one of his three sons, Sam, Ham and Yafith. The first named is said to be Abu Al-Arab, the second Abu Al- Habsh and the final Abu Al-Room But, this is a weak Hadith. It is also said that the Arabs, Persians and Romans are descended from Sam. The, Turks Saqalibah and Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are descended from Yafith while the Copts, Sudanese and Berbers descended from Ham.

THE FASTING OF NUH AlaihisSalam

Ibn Majah has narrated in the chapter “Fasting of Prophet Nuh AlaihisSalam Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr said that he heard the Messenger of Allah

say, “Nuh observed fast perpetually except the day of breaking and the day of slaughter (of sacrificial animals), that is, on two ‘Eid festivals.”

Hadith Ahmad, 3/177.

Ibn Majah, Hadith #V714.

THE HAJJ OF SAYYIDINA NUH AlaihisSalam

It is reported by Ibn Abbas that when the Messenger of Allahﷺ was on his way to perform Hajj, he passed by a valley and asked, “O Abu Bakr what valley is this?” He said, “It is the valley ‘Usfan” The Prophet ﷺ, said, “Indeed, Nuh, Hud and Ibrahim passed through it on their way to perform the pilgrimage at the ancient House”.

THE WILL OF SAYYIDINA NUH AlahisSalam FOR HIS SON

Imam Ahmad has transmitted a Hadith from Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr arte, He said that they were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺis when a man from the desert came to him. He had on him a jubbah (a long shirt) woven with silk The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “This, friend of yours has put on everything Persian he is Persian son of Persian! and given up everything concerning a shepherd.” He then seized the man with his garment and said to him, “Do I not see on you the dress of those who have no intelligence?” Then he added, “When the Prophet of Allah, Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was dying, he said to his son: I instruct you with my will. I enjoin upon you two things and forbid you from doing two things. I enjoin upon you (to believe) that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah. If the seven heavens and the seven earths were placed on a pan of the balance and the kalimah on the other pan, the latter would outweigh the former. And, if the seven heavens and the seven earths were to form an obscure circle, that would be enclosed by the Kalimah and the words Glory be to Allah and with praise for Him.

Tomb of Nuh AlaihisSalam

As for his tomb, Ibn Jarir and others contend that he is buried in the Masjid al-Haram

Tomb of Noah (Nuh) refers to a building that is regarded as the burial of prophet Noah. There are several locations contested as the burials of prophet Nuh, at least five such sites are known to exist.

The Tomb of Noah in Cizre, Turkey. It is situated in the courtyard of Nebi Nuh Mosque. To the east is Cudi Dağ, identified as Mt. Ararat in some traditions. The tradition from Cizre claims that it was the original burial place of Noah and his family. However, the tradition can not be confirmed.

According to Armenian tradition, Noah’s Tomb (Nuh peyğəmbər türbəsi) is located in the town of Nakhchivan. The 19th century Russian and European sources such as the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary and John Foster Fraser noted that the local Armenians considered it a holy place. The tomb consists of remains of the lower storey of a former temple, with a ladder leading to a burial vault. The chamber contains a stone column which is rumoured to contain relics of Noah. Architecture of the construction is dated from the 8th century CE.

Noah’s tomb, ‘the tomb of the honored old navigator’ is on the outskirts of a new town called Kerak. It is located in the west of the city of Karak in the south of Jordan, and it is a small-sized building (57 square meters) of stone and clay in green color topped by a dome in the middle of the city’s Karak cemetery, which was named “Noah’s Tomb”, and the construction date back to the Mamluk era, which was destroyed more than once It was completely restored last time by the Ottoman Empire in the year 1920. This shrine is not a shrine, as scholars of history confirm that he did not reside in that region, but they confirm its passage there.

According to tradition by al-Mukaddasi, the tomb in Karak Nuh, existed since the tenth century. The stone tomb measures around 31.9m long, 2.7 m wide and 0.98 m high and is covered in a raggedy green cloth. According to Sir Richard Burton the size of the monument possibly derives from tales of ancient giants, but is more realistically suggested to be a section of an ancient aqueduct that has been converted to serve as a shrine. There is also a courtyard outside the building with a prayer niche.

According to Shi’a tradition, buried next to Ali within the mosque of Imam Ali AlahisSalam in Najaf Iraq, are the remains of prophets Adam and Noah.

References

  • al-Qummi, Ja’far ibn Qūlawayh (2008). Kāmil al-Ziyārāt. Shiabooks.ca Press. pp. 66–67.
  • Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1871). Journal. pp. 323–. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  • Sourdel-Thomine, Janine, ‘Inscriptions arabes de Karak Nuh’, Bulletin d’Etudes Orientates, 13: 71-84, (1949-51)