He was Hūd bin Shalikh bin Arfakhshaz bin Sam bin Nuh AlaihisSalam It is also said that Hūd was ‘Aabir bin Shalikh bin Arfakhshaz bin Sam bin Nūh . It is said too that he was Hud bin ‘Abdullah bin Ribah Al-Jarwad bin ‘Aad bin ‘Aws bin Irām bin Sam bin Nuh started. This is what Ibn Jarir has said.
They were from the tribe named ‘Aad bin ‘Aws bin Sām bin Nüh. They were people of the desert who lived between ‘Ummāh and Hadarmawt. They lived in large tents with pillars. The Qurān has called them ‘Aad Irām and they were ‘Aad, the first.
Ibn Hibbān has transmitted a Hadith narrated by Abu Zarr in which the Prophets and Messengers are mentioned. The Nabi Pakﷺ said, “Four of them were Arab – Hud, Salih, Shu’ayb and your Prophet, О Abu Zarr”.
It is said that Hüd AlaihisSalam was the first to speak Arabic while Ibn Munabbih claimed that his father was the first to speak Arabic. And there are other opinions too.
The Arabs before Ismā’il started were called Al-Arab Aaribahay Well well. There were numerous tribes of this classification. ‘Aad, Thamūd, Jurhum, Tasm, Jadis, Umaym; Madyan, ‘Imlāq, Jāsim, Qahtān, Banū Yaqtan and others.
The ‘Aad were the first people to worship idols after the flood of Sayyidina Nuh see, they were ‘Aad, the first.They had three idols, Sanad, Samud and Hor.
So, Allah sent to them His Prophet Sayyidina Hud who invited them to the Path of Allah as He has said after mentioning the people of Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam
And to ‘Aad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said, “O my people, worship Allah, you have no god other than He. Will you not then fear Him.
But, as we see in the following verses of this Surah the chiefs of his people argued with him and called him a liar. He kept assuring them that he was a Messenger of Allah and a trustworthy adviser for them but they were not prepared to forsake that which their forefathers worshiped. They paid no heed even when Hud reminded them of the fate of past people, and of Allah’s bounties. Rather, they challenged him to hasten punishment on them. So they were punished.Their story is reiterated in Surah Ash-Shu’ara, and their Prophet Sayyidina Hud tries to persuade them
In Surah Fussilat their arrogant declaration is recalled. “Who is mightier than we in power?” They forgot that Allah Who created them was mightier than them in power. Allah sent on them a furious wind and made them taste a chastisement of humiliation in this life. The chastisement of the Hereafter would be more degrading and they will find no help.
The Quran asks the Holy Prophet in Surah Ahqaf, to repeat the story of the brother of ‘Aad when he warned the people in the sandhills, as warners had passed away before him and after him. But it tells us that the warnings were futile. When a sudden cloud advanced towards them, they said that it was a rain-bearing cloud. Sayyidina Hud AlaihisSalam however, pointed out to them that it was not what they thought but it was what they had been seeking wind wherein was a painful punishment. Then there was nothing left of them but their empty dwelling places.
The Qurān recalls them in Surah Az-Zariyat, and Al-Qamor, and tells us that Allah sent on them a wind which “plucked people away as if they were trunks of uprooted palm-threes”. (54:20)
Surah al-Haqqah, tells us that the wind raged over them for seven nights and eight days without interruption. These people are mentioned again in Surah al – Fajr.
The ‘Aad are mentioned in the Qurān in Surah Al-Tawbah, Ibrahi. Al-Furqan, Al-‘Ankabut, Sad and Qaf.
We have already said that the Aad were the first people after the flood to worship idols. This is borne out in the Quran in Surah Al-A’raf, verse 46 Some scholars differ and say that the people of Thamud were the innovators of the torskap after the Flood. They rely on verse 41 of Surah Al-Mu’minen, for their opinion. They say that the people of Salih were destroyed by the blast, not the ‘Aad who were annihilated by a furious wind. But, cannot rule out punishment in both forms. Thus, there remains no dispuse that the people of ‘Aad preceded the people of Thamud.
The ‘Aad Iram were ‘Aad the First. They believed that the city Iram, a ar of gold and silver, revolves from country to country, but that is a wrong belis There is no argument for that.But, that was the first indication of punishment. They had been waiting for rain and were happy that rain bearing clouds had appeared.
The people of Aad were an ancient tribe of Saudi Arabia. Their city was known as Iram. The tribe was popular for its cleverness and physical strength and therefore, they are also called giants.
They were so strong and intelligent that they could carve mountains and use it as their homes. They had created mansions supported by beautiful and strong pillars.
Hud and his people lived in the Yemeni province of Hadramawt. This region is at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, in an area of curved sand hills.
According to narrations, the people of Aad were so big they could uproot trees with their bare hands, they were giants, very big, strong and also very clever. The world has never seen any human being like them.
On this, the people of Aad started feeling proud of themselves. They started to wonder about themselves and forgot about Allah.
Their abundant money and power made the people of Aad feel that they did not need Allah: fools they were! Moving away from Allah let them to the wrong paths
Hud was sent to an Arab tribe called ‘Ad, who were related to and ancestors of another Arab tribe known as Thamud. Both tribes were reported to be descendants of the Prophet Nuh (Noah). The ‘Ad were a powerful nation in their day, primarily due to their location at the southern end of the African/Arabian trade routes. They were unusually tall, used irrigation for farming, and built large fortresses.
But that was a terrible wind and the first to recognise it was Mahd, a woman among the ‘Aad. She yelled on knowing what it was and fell unconscious. When she regained consciousness, she related what she had seen. The wind lasted seven nights and eight days. None of the ‘Aad survived.
The wind was so ferocious that it raised a man and then dropped him back on the ground on his head which smashed into pieces and the body stood upside down like the stump of an uprooted tree. Some people take the words of Surah Al-Qamar, to mean that it was an inauspicious day and they apply the meaning to Wednesday when this event took place although the Qurān says that because of the punishment it was regarded as inauspicious for the people of ‘Aad. It is not a universal and perpetual application, because in verse 16 of Surah Fussilat, all the eight days are called inauspicious. The wind completely lacked beneficial effect. The Hadith in Muslim and Bukhari narrated by Ibn *Abbas makes it clear.
The Messenger of Allah said, “I was granted victory with As-Saba, and the ‘Aad were destroyed by Ad-Dubur, (the westerly wind).Bukhari, Hadith No. 1035.
The wind was so severe and it followed them wherever they went whether into caves of mountains or their solid castles. It got them out and destroyed them. Their strong houses and fortified castles were wrecked over them. Just as they felt safe and secure in them and with their strength and used to boast, Who is mightier than we?” Allah made it clear to them who was stronger in might and overpowering – it was the strong wind. It was followed by sparks and fire.
The Hadith in Sahih Muslim throws light on this subject. It is narrated by
.رضي الله تعالی عنها Sayyidah Ayshah
The Nabi Pakﷺ made this supplication when a stormy wind blew:
“O Allah, I ask You for the good of it, and the good in it, and the good with which it is sent. And I seek Your protection from its evil, and the evil in it and the evil with which it is sent.”
Then, when they saw it as a sudden cloud advancing towards their valleys; they said, ‘This is a cloud bringing us rain. This Hadith is narrated through another chain of narrators too. (Sayyidah ‘Ayshah said, “Whenever the Nabi Pakﷺ saw clouds or winds he would show deep concern. I said to him, O Messenger of Allah, when people see clouds they feel happy for it might bring them rain…” He said: “O Ayshah, what is the guarantee that it will not bring punishment… some people were punished but they supposed that the clouds would bring rain.
Maqam e Hud AlaihisSalam
His grave is variously said to be in Yemen, Damascus, etc. And Allah knows the best.