Nuh AlaihisSalam Shajrah
Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was the son of Lamik bin Matushalkh bin Khunukh-he was Idris E. bin Yard bin Mahlabeel bin Qinan bin Anush bin Shith bin Aadam, Abu Al-Bashr AlaihisSalam. He was born a hundred and twenty-six years after the death of Sayyidina Aadam mentioned by Ibn Jarir and others.
The period between Adam AlaihisSalam and Nuh AlaihisSalam
The history as narrated by the People of the book places a hundred and forty-six years between the death of Aadam AlahisSalam and birth of Nuh .
According to Al-Hafiz Abu Hatim bin Hibban in his Sahih, there were ten centuries between them. Abu Umamah has narrated the Hadith someone asked:
“O messenger of Allah, was Aadam a Prophet?” “Yes, he was, and Allah spoke to him.” The man asked again, “Then, how many years were there between him and Nuh?” He said “Ten centuries!” This Hadith meet the conditions of Muslim. Bukhari has narrated a Hadith on the authority of Ibn Abbas Between Aadam and Nuh were ten centuries and all of them followed Islam.
If the Arabic word for centuries (Qarn) means a hundred years as is understood by a majority of people then it places a thousand years between’ them but it does not follow that there should not be more, and the limit specified by Ibn Abbas dienests could relate to those on the path of Islam while the Hadith of Abu Umamah places the total period as ten centuries to which Ibn Abbas added “Were on the path of Islam.” But, this rejects the conclusion of the historians and people of the Book that Qabil and his children are denizens of the Fire. But Allah knows best.
The Arabic word Qarn could also mean a generation as is used in the Qurān also. Examples are in Surah al-Isra, 17:17, al-Mu’minoon, 23:31, al-Fur qan 25:38, and Maryam, 19:98.
And how many a generation have we destroyed after Nuh!.
(al-Isra, 17:17) In like manner, the other verses cited above use the word (qarn) to mean
Warning Against Dajjal by Nuh AlaihisSalam
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up among the people and praise Allah as behoves Him and then spoke about Ad-Dajjal saying,” caution you about him and there has never been a Prophet who has not warned his people about him. Indeed, Nuh also warned his people. But, I tell you something no Prophet has told his people before. Know that he is one-eyed while indeed Allah is not one-eyed.” There is another Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim narrated by Abu Hurayrah
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Shall I not tell you something about Ad-Dajjal which no Prophet has told his people (before)? He is one-eyed and he will bring with him the like of Paradise and Hell but what he will call Paradise will actually be Hell. I warn you as Nuh warned his people against him.”
Size of Nuh AlaihisSalam Boat
Varying opinions are expressed regarding the size of the boat. Among those who have suggested the size are Thawri (as quoted by Muhammad bin Ishaq) who has said that its length was eighty yards and it was covered with tar inside out and its bow curved. Qatadah has suggested that it was three hundred yards long and fifty yards wide. Hasan Basri and Ibn Abbas respectively give the length as six hundred yards and one thousand yards and breadth as three hundred yards and six hundred yards. All of them agree that its height was thirty yards. They all say that it was a three-storied ship, each storey ten yards high. The beasts and cattle were placed in the lowest deck, human beings occupied the central deck and birds were placed in the topmost deck. Its door was on the side and it had a covering on top.
The ship was ready, Allah had commanded Prophet Nuh AlaihisSalam
Afring ….when our command comes and the oven boils, insert in it a pair, two from every kind, and your household-except him against whom the word has already gone forth-and address Me not concerning those who did evil; surely they are to be drowned. (Al-Mu’minun, 23:27)
Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was thus commanded take in his ship a pair of every living being – male and female to ensure survival of that species. He was also asked to include his family members except those who were
disbelievers and he was commanded not to speak for them a word of recommendation when the punishment was being given.
As for the word oven (Arabic-tanoor), most of the scholars contend that if is the face of the earth all corners and sides of which gushed forth water to the extent that the clay ovens that were built in the earth to bake also gushed forth water.
The exception stipulated concerning the household of Sayyidina Nuh referred to his son Yam who disbelieved and who drowned in the flood.
It is not clear how many boarded the ship. His wife, the mother of all his children, is said to have died before the flood or to have drowned in the flood. The Bible says that she was in the ship in which case if true it must be presumed that she disbelieved later on.
Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was commanded by Allah that when they embarked the boat they should say al- Hamdu lillah (All praise belongs to Allah) and acknowledge that He has delivered them from the evil people and they should pray
And say, O my Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing and You are the best of those who bring to land. (Al-Mu’minun, 23:29)
The ship sailed with its load of passengers on waves that looked like mountains. This happened because water poured down heavily from the sky and gushed forth forcefully from every conceivable corner. It rained like it never had rained before and has never rained since. The springs of the earth gushed out water. The vessel sailed safely in Allah’s protection.
Ibn Jarir and some others have suggested that the deluge took place on thirteenth August of the Coptic year.
Allah has pointed out in Surah Al-Haqqah (verses 11 and 12) that their safety in the Ark while there was water everywhere should provide lessons to those with attentive ears.
It is said that the waters rose up fifteen yards above mountains and flooded all the earth, its length and its breadth, its plains and high lands, its deserts and wild lands. Nothing survived on earth whether young or old.
When they boarded the Ark, Prophet Nuh tentang called out his son, Yam (some call him kanan), who was at a distance to embark with them and not keep himself with the disbelievers. He was not righteous and he opposed his father. He boasted that he would climb a mountain but his strategy did not avail him and he perished with those who perished. On the other hand, strangers to Nuh survived with him because of their belief and agreement with him in matters of religion.
The Qurān then refers to Sayyidina Nuh’s the appeal to Allah to save his son. He wonders why he drowned while Allah had promised him that his family would survive. Allah reminded him that He had promised to save his family members “except those against whom the Word has already been spoken.” (Al-Mu’minun, 23:27). His son was one of those excluded because he was disobedient and rebellious.
When the flood had subsided the boat rested on Mount Judi, Allah commanded Nuh AlaihisSalam to descend from the boat in peace and with His blessings. He also assured him of His blessings on the succeeding generations of Nuh AlaihisSalam
After Great Flood
None of the believers who survived with Nuh AlaihisSalam had any children. Only Nuh AlaihisSalam had offspring so all human beings on earth are descended from Nuh , from one of his three sons, Sam, Ham and Yafith. The first named is said to be Abu Al-Arab, the second Abu Al- Habsh and the final Abu Al-Room But, this is a weak Hadith. It is also said that the Arabs, Persians and Romans are descended from Sam. The, Turks Saqalibah and Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are descended from Yafith while the Copts, Sudanese and Berbers descended from Ham.
THE FASTING OF NUH AlaihisSalam
Ibn Majah has narrated in the chapter “Fasting of Prophet Nuh AlaihisSalam Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr said that he heard the Messenger of Allah
say, “Nuh observed fast perpetually except the day of breaking and the day of slaughter (of sacrificial animals), that is, on two ‘Eid festivals.”
Hadith Ahmad, 3/177.
Ibn Majah, Hadith #V714.
THE HAJJ OF SAYYIDINA NUH AlaihisSalam
It is reported by Ibn Abbas that when the Messenger of Allahﷺ was on his way to perform Hajj, he passed by a valley and asked, “O Abu Bakr what valley is this?” He said, “It is the valley ‘Usfan” The Prophet ﷺ, said, “Indeed, Nuh, Hud and Ibrahim passed through it on their way to perform the pilgrimage at the ancient House”.
THE WILL OF SAYYIDINA NUH AlahisSalam FOR HIS SON
Imam Ahmad has transmitted a Hadith from Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr arte, He said that they were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺis when a man from the desert came to him. He had on him a jubbah (a long shirt) woven with silk The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “This, friend of yours has put on everything Persian he is Persian son of Persian! and given up everything concerning a shepherd.” He then seized the man with his garment and said to him, “Do I not see on you the dress of those who have no intelligence?” Then he added, “When the Prophet of Allah, Sayyidina Nuh AlaihisSalam was dying, he said to his son: I instruct you with my will. I enjoin upon you two things and forbid you from doing two things. I enjoin upon you (to believe) that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah. If the seven heavens and the seven earths were placed on a pan of the balance and the kalimah on the other pan, the latter would outweigh the former. And, if the seven heavens and the seven earths were to form an obscure circle, that would be enclosed by the Kalimah and the words Glory be to Allah and with praise for Him.
Tomb of Nuh AlaihisSalam
As for his tomb, Ibn Jarir and others contend that he is buried in the Masjid al-Haram
Tomb of Noah (Nuh) refers to a building that is regarded as the burial of prophet Noah. There are several locations contested as the burials of prophet Nuh, at least five such sites are known to exist.
The Tomb of Noah in Cizre, Turkey. It is situated in the courtyard of Nebi Nuh Mosque. To the east is Cudi Dağ, identified as Mt. Ararat in some traditions. The tradition from Cizre claims that it was the original burial place of Noah and his family. However, the tradition can not be confirmed.
According to Armenian tradition, Noah’s Tomb (Nuh peyğəmbər türbəsi) is located in the town of Nakhchivan. The 19th century Russian and European sources such as the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary and John Foster Fraser noted that the local Armenians considered it a holy place. The tomb consists of remains of the lower storey of a former temple, with a ladder leading to a burial vault. The chamber contains a stone column which is rumoured to contain relics of Noah. Architecture of the construction is dated from the 8th century CE.
Noah’s tomb, ‘the tomb of the honored old navigator’ is on the outskirts of a new town called Kerak. It is located in the west of the city of Karak in the south of Jordan, and it is a small-sized building (57 square meters) of stone and clay in green color topped by a dome in the middle of the city’s Karak cemetery, which was named “Noah’s Tomb”, and the construction date back to the Mamluk era, which was destroyed more than once It was completely restored last time by the Ottoman Empire in the year 1920. This shrine is not a shrine, as scholars of history confirm that he did not reside in that region, but they confirm its passage there.
According to tradition by al-Mukaddasi, the tomb in Karak Nuh, existed since the tenth century. The stone tomb measures around 31.9m long, 2.7 m wide and 0.98 m high and is covered in a raggedy green cloth. According to Sir Richard Burton the size of the monument possibly derives from tales of ancient giants, but is more realistically suggested to be a section of an ancient aqueduct that has been converted to serve as a shrine. There is also a courtyard outside the building with a prayer niche.
According to Shi’a tradition, buried next to Ali within the mosque of Imam Ali AlahisSalam in Najaf Iraq, are the remains of prophets Adam and Noah.
- al-Qummi, Ja’far ibn Qūlawayh (2008). Kāmil al-Ziyārāt. Shiabooks.ca Press. pp. 66–67.
- Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1871). Journal. pp. 323–. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Sourdel-Thomine, Janine, ‘Inscriptions arabes de Karak Nuh’, Bulletin d’Etudes Orientates, 13: 71-84, (1949-51)