Hadith:Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)


Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 85:
Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)
Volume 9, Book 85, Number 73:

Narrated Abi Huraira:

The Prophet used to invoke Allah in his prayer, “O Allah! Save ‘Aiyash bin Abi Rabi’a and Salama bin Hisham and Al-Walid bin Al-Walid; O Allah! Save the weak among the believers; O Allah! Be hard upon the tribe of Mudar and inflict years (of famine) upon them like the (famine) years of Joseph.”

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 74:
Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever possesses the (following) three qualities will have the sweetness of faith (1): The one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything else; (2) Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s Sake; (3) who hates to revert to atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the Fire.”

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 75:
Narrated Qais:

I heard Sa’id bin Zaid saying, “I have seen myself tied and forced by ‘Umar to leave Islam (Before ‘Umar himself embraced Islam). And if the mountain of Uhud were to collapse for the evil which you people had done to ‘Uthman, then Uhud would have the right to do so.” (See Hadith No. 202, Vol. 5)

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 76:
Narrated Khabbab bin Al-Art:

We complained to Allah’s Apostle (about our state) while he was leaning against his sheet cloak in the shade of the Ka’ba. We said, “Will you ask Allah to help us? Will you invoke Allah for us?” He said, “Among those who were before you a (believer) used to be seized and, a pit used to be dug for him and then he used to be placed in it. Then a saw used to be brought and put on his head which would be split into two halves. His flesh might be combed with iron combs and removed from his bones, yet, all that did not cause him to revert from his religion. By Allah! This religion (Islam) will be completed (and triumph) till a rider (traveler) goes from San’a’ (the capital of Yemen) to Hadramout fearing nobody except Allah and the wolf lest it should trouble his sheep, but you are impatient.” (See Hadith No. 191, Vol. 5)

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 77:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

While we were in the mosque, Allah’s Apostle came out to us and said, “Let us proceed to the Jews.” So we went along with him till we reached Bait-al-Midras (a place where the Torah used to be recited and all the Jews of the town used to gather). The Prophet stood up and addressed them, “O Assembly of Jews! Embrace Islam and you will be safe!” The Jews replied, “O Aba-l-Qasim! You have conveyed Allah’s message to us.” The Prophet said, “That is what I want (from you).” He repeated his first statement for the second time, and they said, “You have conveyed Allah’s message, O Aba-l-Qasim.” Then he said it for the third time and added, “You should Know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I want to exile you fro,,, this land, so whoever among you owns some property, can sell it, otherwise you should know that the Earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle.” (See Hadith No. 392, Vol. 4)

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 78:
Narrated Khansa’ bint Khidam Al-Ansariya:

That her father gave her in marriage when she was a matron and she disliked that marriage. So she came and (complained) to the Prophets and he declared that marriage invalid. (See Hadith No. 69, Vol. 7)

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 79:
Narrated ‘Aisha:

I asked the Prophet, “O Allah’s Apostle! Should the women be asked for their consent to their marriage?” He said, “Yes.” I said, “A virgin, if asked, feels shy and keeps quiet.” He said, “Her silence means her consent.”

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 80:
Narrated Jabir:

A man from the Ansar made his slave, a Mudabbar. And apart from that slave he did not have any other property. This news reached Allah’s Apostle and he said, “Who will buy that slave from me?” So Nu’aim bin An-Nahham bought him for 800 Dirham. Jabir added: It was a coptic (Egyptian) slave who died that year.

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 81:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

wished, for they had more right to dispose of her than her own relativ

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 82:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “(The Prophet) Abraham migrated with his wife Sarah till he reached a town where there was a king or a tyrant who sent a message, to Abraham, ordering him to send Sarah to him. So when Abraham had sent Sarah, the tyrant got up, intending to do evil with her, but she got up and performed ablution and prayed and said, ‘O Allah ! If I have believed in You and in Your Apostle, then do not empower this oppressor over me.’ So he (the king) had an epileptic fit and started moving his legs violently. “

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 83:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim. So he should neither oppress him nor hand him over to an oppressor. And whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs.”

Volume 9, Book 85, Number 84:
Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Help your brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed,” A man said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I will help him if he is oppressed, but if he is an oppressor, how shall I help him?” The Prophet said, “By preventing him from oppressing (others), for that is how to help him.”




Volume 1, Parts 1.49.1
Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us; he said: Muhammad Ibn
Lut al-Nawfali related to me on the authority of `Awn Ibn `Abd Allah
Ibn al-Hàrith Ibn Nawfal; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said; `Ayidh Ibn
Yahya related to me on the authority of Abu al-Huwayrith; (third chain)
he (lbn Sa`d) said; Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd Allah, the son of al-Zuhri’s
brother related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority
of `Abd Allah Ibn Tha`labah Ibn Su’ayr al-`Udhri; their consolidated
narration is:
When the Quraysh witnessed the manifestation of Islam and saw the
Muslims sitting round the Ka`bah, they were bewildered. They went to
Abu Talib, to whose presence they were admitted. Then they said: You
are our chief and noble in descent; have you observed what these fools
have done with your brother’s son, by abandoning our deities, taunting
us and belittling our intelligence? They had brought with them `Umarah
lbn al-Walid Ibn al-Mughirah about whom they said: We have brought a
youth of the Quraysh who is handome, of noble descent, and a poet. We
want to hand him over to you so that you may enjoy his support and
inheritance and we request you to hand over your brother’s son to us so
that we may slay him. It will be a source of unity in the family and will
bring happiness in the end. Abu Talib said: By Allah, you have not done
justice to us; you want to hand over your son to me to be fed by me for
you and hand over my brother’s son to you to be killed. Is this justice to
an humble and poor person? They said: Send for him, we will ask him to
judge. [P. 135] Abu Talib sent for him. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, came. He (Abu TAlib) said: 0 my brother’s son !
they are your uncles and are the leading men of your tribe, and they have
come to ask for justice. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:
Speak, I (am ready to) hear. They said: Leave us and our deities, and we
will leave you and your Lord. Abu Tálib said: The (leaders of the) tribe
have done justice to you, so accept it. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah
bless him, said: Will you like to pledge your word to me, if I give this to
you. By that word you will overpower Arabia and the part of Persia that
adjoins it. Abu Jahl said: Verily, that word must be advantageous. By
your father ! we will repeat it and ten others like it: He said: Say: There
is no god but Allah. They grew angry and displeased and got up saying
(among themselves): Keep fast to your deities, verily, that is our ultimate
objective. It is said that the person who uttered these words was `Ugbah
Ibn Abi Mu`ayt. They said: We will not approach him again and it is
better if Muhammad is slain deceitfully. On the evening following that
night, the Apostle of Allah, disappeared. Abu Talib and his uncles came
to his dwelling but did not find him. He (Abu Tàlib) gathered the young
men of Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib, and said to them: Every one
of you should take a sharp sword, and then follow me. When I enter the
Ka’bah every young man of you should select one chief from among them
including Ibn al-Hanzaliyah i.e., Abu Jahl; because if Muhammad is slain
he cannot be ignorant of it (plot). The young men said: We will do it. In
the meantime Zayd Ibn al-Harithah stepped in and saw Abu Talib in this
condition. He (Abu Tálib) said: 0 Zayd ! have you seen my brother’s son?
He said: Yes, just now I was with him. Abu Talib said: I shall not enter
my house unless I see him. Zayd went back hastily till he approached the
Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, who was in a house near al-Safa
talking to his Companions. He conveyed the news to him. The Apostle of
Allah, may Allah bless him, came to Abu Talib. He said: 0 my brother’s
son ! where had you been and were you all right? He said: Yes. He (Abu
Taiib) said: Enter your house. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him,
entered (the house). When Abu Tállb got up in the morning he came to
the Prophet, may Allah bless him, caught him by hand and stood near the
place where the Quraysh used to assemble, and the youth of Banu
Hashim and Banu Muttalib were with him. Then he said: 0 people of the
Quraysh! Do you know what I intend to do? They said: No. He conveyed
the news to them and said to the young men: Show what is in your hands.
They showed; and lo ! everyone had a sharp sword. Then he said: Had
you slain him (Prophet), none of you would have remained alive and you
and we would have perished. They all ran away and the quickest to run
was Abu Jahl.

बिछड़ों का मिलाप

बिछड़ों का मिलाप

याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम की मुबारक आंखें कमीज़े यूसुफ़ की बर्कत से अच्छी हो गई। याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम ने सुबह बाद नमाज़ हाथ उठाकर अल्लाह तआला के दरबार में अपने साहबज़ादों के लिए दुआ की वह कुबूल हुई। याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम को वह्य फ़रमाई गई कि साहबजादों की खता बख़्श दी गई। उधर हज़रत यूसुफ़ अलैहिस्सलाम ने अपने वालिद माजिद को म उनके अहल व अयाल के बुलाने के लिए दो सौ सवारियां और बहुत सा सामान भेजा। हज़रत याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम ने मिस्र का इरादा फरमाया और अपने अहल को जमा किया। जब याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम मिस्र के करीब पहुंचे तो हज़रत यूसुफ अलैहिस्सलाम और हजारहा लशकरी और कसीर तादाद मिस्री सवारियों को हमराह लेकर इस्तिकबाल के लिए रेशमी फुरैरे उड़ाते, कतारे बांधे रवाना हुए। याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम ने देखा तो बेटे यहूदा से फ़रमाया : बेटा! क्या यह फिरऔने मिस्र का लशकर है जो इस शान-व-शौकत के साथ आ रहा है? अर्ज़ किया: नहीं! यह हुजूर के फ़रजन्द यूसुफ हैं। फिर जिब्रईल ने हाज़िर होकर अर्ज़ कियाः हुजूर! ऊपर देखिये। आज के जश्ने – रजवी किताब घर 136 सच्ची हिकायात हिस्सा अव्वल मुसर्रत में शिर्कत के लिए फ़रिश्ते भी हाज़िर हैं जो आपके गम में रोया करते थे। मलाइका की तस्बीह, घोड़ों का हिनहिनाना, तबल व बोक (ढोल ताशे) की आवाजें अजीब कैफियत पैदा कर रही थीं। यह मुहर्रम की दसवीं तारीख थी। जब दोनों बाप बेटे करीब हुए तो यूसुफ अलैहिस्सलाम ने सलाम अर्ज करना चाहा । जिब्रईल ने कहाः आप थोड़ा ठहरिये । वालिद को मौका दीजिये। याकूब अलैहिस्सलाम ने फ़रमायाः ऐ ग़म दूर करने वाले अस्सलामु अलैकुम फिर दोनों गले मिले और खूब रोए । मुज़य्यन व नफीस फुरुदगाह में, जो खेमों वगैरह से आरास्ता थे, दाखिल हुए। जब मिस्र में दाखिल हुए और यूसुफ अलैहिस्सलाम अपने तख्त पर बैठे तो आपने अपने मां-बाप को भी तख्त पर बैठाया। हज़रत यूसुफ़ अलैहिस्सलाम की यह शान व शौकत देखी तो आपके वालिदैन और आपके सब भाई सज्दे में गिर गये। उस ख्वाब की (जो आपने देखा था) कि ग्यारह सितारे और चांद सूरज उन्हें सज्दा कर रहे हैं, ताबीर पूरी हो गई।
(कुरआन करीम पारा १३, रुकू ५, खज़ाइनुल इरफ़ान सफा ३५०)

सबक़ : वालिदैन का इकराम व आदाब हर एक पर लाज़िम है। सज्दए ताज़ीम व तहीय्यत जो यूसुफ अलैहिस्सलाम को किया गया उस शरीअत में जायज़ था । हमारी शरीअत में यह सज्दा जायज़ नहीं। हां! हमारी शरीअत में मुसाफा, मुआनका और ताज़ीमन दस्त-बोसी (हाथ चूमना) जायज़ है ।

खुदा तेरे दिल की रहनुमाईकरेगा लिया


रावीयान ए हदीस, अम्र बिन अली, यहया बिन सईद, अल्-अ मश, अम्र बिन मुर्राह, अबुल बख़्तरी।

हज़रत अली अलैहिस्सलाम ने फरमाया कि मुझे, रसूलुल्लाह सल्लललाहु अलैहे व आलिही व सल्लम ने यमन की तरफ़ भेजा और मैं उस वक्त जवान था, चुनाँचे मैंने आपकी खिदमत में अर्ज़ किया, “या रसूलुल्लाह सल्लललाहु अलैहे व आलिही व सल्लम! आप मुझे, एक कौम की तरफ़ फैसला करने के लिए भेज रहे हैं और मैं ना-तजुर्बेकार जवान हूँ।

” रसूलुल्लाह ने इरशाद फरमाया, “अल्लाह तबारक व त’आला, तुम्हारे दिल की रहनुमाई करेगा और तुम्हारी जुबान को सकाहत अता फरमाएगा।

हज़रत अली अलैहिस्सलाम फरमाते हैं की मुझे, दो आदमियों के दरमियान फैसला करते वक्त कभी शक नहीं गुज़रा।