Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was given poison several times. When al-Hasan, peace be on him, felt the danger in the last
attempt, he said to his brother al-Husayn, peace be on him: “My brother,
I am leaving you and meeting my Lord. I have been given poison to
drink, and have spewed my liver into the basin. I am aware of the person
who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose him before Allah, the Great and Almighty.”
Then he said: “Bury me with the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him
and his family. For I am worthier of him and his family’ (than others).
If they prevent you from doing that, then I make you swear by the relation which Allah has made close to you and by the blood relation to the
Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him family, not to shed even your
blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command, till we meet
the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, to oppose the
people before him and to tell him about what we have suffered from
Then al-Hasan, peace be on him, made his testamentary bequests to
his family and his children. (He gave al-Husayn) his heirlooms and the
things which the Commander of the faithful (Imam ‘Ali), peace be on
him, had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor, had
declared him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated
that he (al-Hasan) was his successor.
Then al-Hasan, peace be on him, wisal on 28 of the month of
Sufar, in the year 49 A.H.
Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani said: “Mu’awiya wanted the people to pledge
allegiance to his son Yazid. However, the existence of al-Hasan b. ‘Ali
and of Sa’d b. Abu Waqqas troubled him very much. So he gave them
poison to drink, and they died of it.”
Sibt b. al-Jawzi reported on the authority of b. Sa’d on the authority of
al-Waqidi, who said: “When al-Hasan was about to die, he said: `Bury
me beside my father.’ He meant the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless
him and his family. However, banu (the sons of ) Umayya and Marwan
b. al-Hakam and Said b. al-`As, who was the governor over Medina, prevented him.”
Abu al-Faraj al-Amawi al-Isfahani reported on the authority of Yahya
b. al-Hasan, who said: “I heard ‘Ali b. Tahir b. Zayd say: `When they
wanted to bury al-Hasan,they come to stop
banu (the sons of) Umayya, Marwan, those who were there from
them (banu Umayya) and from their servants.
Many people gathered together with al-Husayn b. ‘Ali and said to him:
“Leave us with the children of Marwan. By Allah, they are, with us, nothing but an itching of the head.” Al-Husayn said: `By Allah, if there had
been no injunction to me from al-Hasan, peace be on him, to prevent
bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping-glass in
(carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of
Allah would have taken their toll from you. You have broken the agreement which was made between you and us. You have ignored the conditions which we made with you for ourselves.” Here al-Husayn, peace be
on him, reminded them of the conditions of the Peace Treaty.
Then they went on with (the body of) al-Hasan, peace be on him, and
they buried him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi` beside his grandmother,
Fatima daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. `Abd Manaf, may Allah be
pleased with her.
In his book `al-Isaba’, he (Ahmad Shahab al-Din al-`Asqalani) said:
Dawud b. Sinan informed us: Tha’laba b. Abu Malik told us: “I (Tha’laba
b. Abu Malik) saw al-Hasan on the day when he died and was buried in
(the cemetery of) al-Baqi`. I saw that if a needle had been thrown away in
(the cemetery of) al-Baqi`, it (the needle) would have not fallen but on
the head of a person.”
Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was worthier of the Prophet, may Allah
bless him and his family, than others, because he was his grandson and a
piece of him. Rather al-Hasan was the piece of the Prophet. No one is
worthier of the grandfather than the grandson. In other words the piece
is worthier of the entirety than others.
Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was worthier of the Prophet’s family, because he was his legitimate inheritor through his mother the truthful and
chaste one, peace be on her. She was the only inheritor of her father, may
Allah bless him and his family. So she (Fatima, the Prophet’s daughter)
had the right to inherit her father as Solomon inherited David.