THE BATTLE OF KHAIBER


The Jews of Madina after their banishment were now settled in Khaiber, a stronghold of the Jews of
Arabia. But they had neither forgiven nor forgotten the Prophet (S.A.W) for their ouster. Their anger and
hatred of him was more because of their disappointment they got from him. When the Prophet (S.A.W)
came to Madina they saw him and his followers offering their prayers facing Palestine. They thought
that his preachings were another form of Judaism and the Prophet (S.A.W) was actually one of them
and that they can make best use of him. But when they realized that his teachings had broken their
monopolies in business and that his preachings were against capitalism their basic creed and the
Prophet (S.A.W) asking the Muslims neither to pay interest or take interest which means their losing the
control on the economy of Madina, they began fearing him, and when they saw that he has even
changed the direction of their prayers from Palestine to Mecca they started hating him and wanted to
kill him. And for this cause they had the support of even many rich Muslims of Madina who had lost
their distinctions because of the teaching of equality and brotherhood by the Prophet (S.A.W). At the
time of embracing Islam they had never thought that this religion will make them sit and pray with
humble slaves and poor people. But were now helpless as the Muslims were now a bigger force which
could not be easily dispensed with. So they began to conspire with the Jews to annihilate the Muslims
completely.
Khaiber is a place some eighty miles from Madina and an old Jewish settlement. Here the Jews from
Palestine and other places had settled after their banishments. And gradually this thickly populated
settlement had developed into a big market. The place was also considered safe because it was
surrounded by six strongly built forts. The strongest and the biggest being Kamoos. (Khaiber in
Hebrew means fort). They thought that being in Khaiber they were very secured and they could do any
harm to the Muslims from there for which they cannot be punished. They occasionally raided the
outskirts of Madina, looting and plundering the fruit trees and carrying away their cattles.
One day when they killed the son of Abu Zar-e-Ghaffari who was looking after the cattle of the Prophet
(S.A.W), the Prophet (S.A.W) sent Abdulla Bin Rawaha to warn them for doing such crimes.
But they refused to listen to Abdullah and Abdullah returned disappointed. The Prophet (S.A.W) also
got the news that the Jewish tribes of Bani Ghaftan, Bani Asad and Bani Kanana had again regrouped
under the command of Marhab, the famous Jew warrior of Khaibar. The Prophet (S.A.W) who was very
much involved in dealing with the hypocrites of Madina did not want to fight on two fronts. But when he
saw that the Jews of Khaibar would not allow him to live in peace and would attack any moment, he
decided to counter attack them at Khaiber itself before they could attempt to over run Madina. Taking
some fourteen hundred people the Prophet (S.A.W) marched towards Khaiber.
The Prophet (S.A.W) on reaching Khaiber got an attack of migraine, he had to confine himself to his
tent, and due to severity of the pain could not do anything. Ali (A.S.) too was suffering from
conjunctivitis and was lying in his tent. Umar ibn Khattab without consulting the Prophet (S.A.W) took
the flag of Islam himself and went to attack the enemies but could not face the onslaught of the
enemies and soon returned without any fight. Next day the Prophet (S.A.W) gave the flag to Abu Bakr
but he too ran away without giving any fight disappointing the Prophet (S.A.W). Third day Umar again
took courage and asked for the flag but soon came back from the battle field. When the Prophet (S.A.W)
questioned him, he blamed the soldiers for not standing by him and called them cowards. And when
the Prophet (S.A.W) questioned the soldiers about their flight from the battlefield they blamed Umar
and called him impotent.
The Prophet (S.A.W) was pained to see the state of affairs of the Muslims and their defeat for three
consecutive days. Now the victory of the Muslims had become a necessity because the Prophet
(S.A.W) feared that the hypocrites of Madina may also raise their heads on hearing the news of these
defeats. Addressing the Muslims that evening the Prophet (S.A.W) said, “Tomorrow I shall give the
banner to a person, who is brave, who will attack and not run away from the battlefield. He is the lover
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of Allah and His Prophet (S.A.W) and Allah and His Prophet (S.A.W) also love him. This person will not
return from the battlefield without achieving victory.” [Bukhari, Vol. 3, Page 33] This prediction of the
Prophet (S.A.W) became the cause of sleepless nights for many. Victory was now certain and
guaranteed, who ever carries the flag will not die, and return victorious. So why not have it. Next
morning, when the Prophet (S.A.W) rose to speak to the Muslims, many of them who had desired to be
“that lucky person” sat erect so that the Prophet (S.A.W) may not overlook him. Umar speaking of his
own feelings on that night said, “That was the day when I desired to be that man the Prophet (S.A.W)
had predicted, and it was on that day that I dreamt of becoming the Amir (ruler).” [Izalatul Khefah, Vol.
2, Page 49] When Ali (A.S.) was told about the Prophet (S.A.W)’s prediction he said, “O Allah if you do
not want to oblige anyone, no one can, and when you want to oblige anyone, who can stop You.”
Next morning the Prophet (S.A.W) summoned Ali (A.S.) from his sick bed, and after curing his
conjunctivitis by applying his saliva, gave him the flag of Islam and ordered him to proceed to the
battlefront. Ali (A.S.) asked, “Have I to fight till they embrace Islam?” The Prophet (S.A.W) replied, “No
teach them Islam and show them their duties towards Allah. If they don’t agree ask them to have peace.
By Allah if you succeed in converting even one Jew to Islam, it will be more than finding a red camel,
which I am sure you will sacrifice it in the name of Allah.”
Ali (A.S.) wearing a red gown, went near the fort of the Jews and posted his flag on a stone. A Jew
priest watching Ali (A.S.) from the fort asked, “O Flag bearer who are you and what is your name.”
When Ali (A.S.) gave his name he declared to his people, “Beware I swear on Torat that you will be
conquered.” [Mir Dariyun Naboowa, Vol. 2, Page 30] Haris Judah brother of Marhab rushed out of the
fort and killed some Muslims. Ali (A.S.) challenged him and finished him then and there. Seeing his
brother dead Marhab himself came out of the fort with his crack force and began to speak of his valour,
strength and courage. “I am the one whose mother has named him Marhab.” In reply Ali (A.S.) said, “I
am the person whose mother has given him the name of Asad (Lion) and I am as dangerous as the Lion
of the forest.” Marhab taking the initiative attacked Ali (A.S.), but Ali (A.S.) avoided the blow and
tendered such a fierceful blow on his head that it cut his helmet, turban and rested on his teeth. Marhab
fell dead and his companions fled back to the fort. Ali (A.S.) followed them and took the fort by storm,
broke the gate single handed and carried his army inside the fort, and within hours the flag of Islam
was flying on the biggest fort of Arabia.
Seeing Ali (A.S.) returning victorious the Prophet (S.A.W) rushed out of his tent, to receive him. He
embraced him and kissed his forehead, and said, “Ali I have received the news of your great
achievement, O Ali which is worthy of my thanks and this is the obligation O Ali no Muslims can forget.
Allah has appreciated your services and I am very much pleased with you.” Hearing these words of
compliment from the Prophet (S.A.W) of Islam Ali (A.S.) began to cry. The Prophet (S.A.W) asked him if
these tears were of joy or sorrow? Ali (A.S.) replied that these were the tears of joy. “Why should I not
be happy when you are pleased with me.” The Prophet (S.A.W) remarked, “Not only that I am pleased
with you, even Allah is pleased with you. O Ali (A.S.) I am afraid I cannot speak much about you
because I am afraid the Muslims on hearing my views may give you the status the Christians have
given to Jesus. But know this that you are to me as Haroon was to Moosa. You will fight for my cause
and you will be the nearest to me on the Day of Judgement. You will be next to me on the fountain of
Kausar. Enmity against you is enmity against me. A war against you is a war against me. You flesh is
my flesh, your blood is my blood. Who obeys you obeys me. Truth is on your tongue, in your heart and
in your mind.” [Tareekhe Khamees V.4 pg. 53].
Speaking about Ali (A.S.)’s virtues Umar moaned and said out of three distinctions and favours which
Ali (A.S.) received if he had received even one of it would have been like finding a red camel. And
naming he said:-
(1) The order of the Prophet (S.A.W) to his companions to close the doors of their houses which
opened in the mosque except Ali (A.S.)’s doors,
(2) Marrying his daughter Fatema (S.A.) to Ali (A.S.) and
(3) getting the flag at Khaiber.
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When the people of Fadak saw the fall of Khaiber which they had considered to be their source of
strength and protection they settled with the Prophet (S.A.W) and signed a peace treaty with him,
giving the Prophet (S.A.W) half of his cost. The Prophet (S.A.W) agreeing to their suggestion allowed
them to cultivate it on his behalf. For these gardens and land the Prophet (S.A.W) had an income of
seventy thousand Dinars.
When the revelation from Allah came, “And give to the near of the kins his (or her) dues and to the
needy and wayfarer and spend your earnings wastefully.” (17-26 Holy Quran). The Prophet (S.A.W) gave
Fadak to Fatema (S.A.) and her children in place of all the wealth her mother Khadija had spent for the
cause of Islam. Fatema (S.A.) after receiving those fields from her father brought changes in the
management of those farms.

Hazrat Ali will fight on the interpretation of Quran

img-20210724-wa00862169635407629240596.jpg

These narrations clearly say that Imam Ali will fight on interpretation of Quran after the Holy Prophet. We know already that the Holy Prophet declared about Imam Ali that Ali is from me and I am from Ali, he is responsible to carry my message (hadith e Ghadir), No one can convey on my behalf except myself or Ali. We also know this bitter reality that unfortunatly who fought with Imam Ali and thousands of people got killed!

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3715
Narrated Rib’i bin Hirash:

“At Ar-Rahbah, ‘Ali narrated us: ‘On the Day of (the Pledge of) Hudaibiyah, some people from the idolaters came out to us. Among them was Suhail bin ‘Amr, and some people among the heads of the idolaters. They said: “O Messenger of Allah! People among our fathers, brothers, and slaves have come to you, and they have no knowledge of the religion, rather they came fleeing from our wealth and property, so return them to us. If they do not have knowledge of the religion, then we will teach them.” So the Prophet ﷺ said: “O people of Quraish, you will desist, or Allah will send upon you one who will chop your necks with the sword over the religion. Allah has tested their hearts regarding faith.” They said: “Who is he O Messenger of Allah?” Abu Bakr said to him: “Who is he O Messenger of Allah?” ‘Umar said to him: “Who is he O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “He is the one repairing the sandals.” – And he had given ‘Ali his sandals to repair them. – He said: “Then ‘Ali turned to us and said: ‘Indeed the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever lies upon me intentionally, then let him take his seat in the Fire.”

Hadith The Virtues Of The Household Of The Prophet (SAW) By Hazrat Aisha (سلام اللہ علیہا) HADITH E KISSA

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ، – وَاللَّفْظُ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ – قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ، عَنْ زَكَرِيَّاءَ، عَنْ مُصْعَبِ بْنِ شَيْبَةَ، عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ شَيْبَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَدَاةً وَعَلَيْهِ مِرْطٌ مُرَحَّلٌ مِنْ شَعْرٍ أَسْوَدَ فَجَاءَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ فَأَدْخَلَهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَ الْحُسَيْنُ فَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْ فَاطِمَةُ فَأَدْخَلَهَا ثُمَّ جَاءَ عَلِيٌّ فَأَدْخَلَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏{‏ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا‏}‏

‘A’isha reported that Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) went out one norning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel’s hair that there came Hasan b. ‘Ali. He wrapped hitn under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came ‘Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying)

Reference : Sahih Muslim 2424
In-book reference : Book 44, Hadith 91
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 31, Hadith 5955

मौला अली अलैहिस्सलाम का क़ौल बनु उमैया के लिए।

मौला अली अलैहिस्सलाम का क़ौल बनु उमैया के लिए।

मौला अली अलैहिस्सलाम ने फ़रमाया की दो सबसे बड़े फासिक और फ़ाजिर कबीले बनु उमैया और बनु मुग़ीरा है।

– अल मुस्तदरक लील हाकिम जिल्द 3, सफा न 273, हदीस न. 3343

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ACCOUNT OF PROPHET IBRAHIM AlahisSalam

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hishŕm Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Sa’ib al-Kalbi informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

The father of Ibrahim was a resident of Harrán; (Cf. Genesis, Chapter 12, verse 31, which runs thus: And Terah took Abram, his son,-and they came unto Haran and dwelt there) it was one year struck with famine, so he migrated to Hurmuzjurd (Al-Tabari says the name of the place was Kutha, vide Vol. I, p. 119) along with his wife, the mother of Ibrahim, whose name was Nuna the daughter of Karanba Ibn Kutha from the family of Arfakhshad Ibn Sam Ibn Nih.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar al-Aslami informed us on the authority of more than one scholar; he said:

Her name was Abyuna, from the descehdents of Afrayim (Ephraem) the son of Urghuwa (Reu) Ibn Faligh (Peleg) Ibn ‘Abir lbn Shalikh Ibn Arfakhshad Ibn Sam Ibn Nuh.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

Ibrahim’s maternal grandfather, Karanba, dug the Kuthŕ canal; his (Ibrahim’s) uncle was the custodian of the idols of the king Nimrudh (Nimrod). He was born at Hurmuzjurd (Al-Tabari says: There is difference of opinion about his birth place. It was al-Sus, or Babylon or Kutha or al-Warka or Harran vide Vol. I, p. 119) and he was given the name of Ibrahim. Then he migrated to Kutha, a place situated in Babil (Babylon). When Ibrahim came of age he opposed his people and preached to them that they should worship Allah. Having received this news the king Nimrudh imprisoned him for seven years. Then he erected a compound with stones and piled dry pieces of wood in it; then he kindled fire and threw Ibrahim in it. Ibrahim said: Most Excellent is He in whom I trust. He, then, came out safe, unhurt. (Cf. al-Tabarl, Vol. I, pp. 123-124)

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Abu Salih, he on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas; he said:

When Ibrŕhim move from Kutha and came out of the fire, he spoke Syriac; but when he crossed the Euphrates from Harran, Allah changed his language and as he had crossed the Euphrates he was called `Ibrani (Hebrew) Nimrudh sent (a party) to pursue him with these instructions: Do not let escape any one who speaks Syriac; bring him before me. They overtook Ibrahim but he was talking Hebrew, so they let him go and could not understand his speech

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

Ibrahim migrated from Babylon to Syria where Sarah (Sarai) came and offered herself to him. He married her and proceeded with her to Harran (Haran); he was thirty-seven years old. There he sojourned for a short time and then proceeded to Urdun (Jordan) where he stayed for some time; then he departed for Egypt where he lived for some time. Then he returned to Syria and alighted at al-Sab`a, a land between ‘Iliyŕ, and Palestine. There he dug a well and erected an altar. Some of its residents harassed him and he departed from there and came at a place between al-Ramlah and ‘Ilya. There also he dug a well and he grew in prosperity and obtained wealth and slaves. He was the first to receive guests and the first to prepare tharid (This is the name of a dish in which crumbs of bread are soaked in syrup or soup) and the first to experience old age (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 160)

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allah al-Asadi informed us: Sufyan al-Thawri informed us on the authority of ‘Asim, he on the authority of Abu `Uthman: `Asim says: I think he informed us on the authority of Salman; he said:

Ibrahim prayed to Allah to grant him benevolence. In response two-third of his head turned grey. Thereupon he exclaimed what it was! He was informed that it was a warning in this world and lustre in the hereafter.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Asadi informed us: Sufyan Ibn Sa’id informed us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of `Ikrimah; he said:

Ibrahim’s patronymic was Abu al-Adyaf (father of the guests).

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ma’n Ibn ‘Isa informed us: Malik Ibn Anas informed us on the authority of Yahyá Ibn Sa’id, he on the authority of Sa`id Ibn al-Musayyib, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah; he said:

Ibrahim got him circumcised at al-Qaddum at the age of one hundred and twenty and after that he lived for eighty years.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Abu Sŕlih, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; he said:

When, Allah (Himself) chose Ibrahim for a friend, (Al-Qur’an, IV p. 125) and commissioned him as Prophet, he had three hundred slaves whom hé freed. They embraced Islam and fought along with him with sticks. He (Ibn Sa`d) said: They were the first mawlas who fought along with their master.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hishám Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

Isma’il (Ishmael), the eldest of Ibrŕhim’s children, was born of Hŕjarah (Hagar), a Coptic woman, Ishaq (Isaac) who was blind was born of Sarah, daughter of Buthwil (Bethul) Ibn Nahur (Nahor) Ibn Sarugh (Serug) Ibn Arghuwa Ibn Falikh ‘Abir lbn Shalikh Ibn Arfakhshad Ibn Sam Ibn Nuh, and Madan (Medan), Madyan (Midian), Yaqshan (Yaqsán according to al-Tabara, Vol. I) (Jokshan), Zimran (Zimran), Ishbaq (Yashaq according to al-Tabari, p. 160) (Ishbak) and Shukh (Suh according to al-Tabari, p. 160) (Shuah) were born of Qanturah (Keturah), (Genesis, Chapter 25, verse 1-2) the daughter of Maftur who was an aboriginal Arab (‘Arab al-`Aribah). Then Yaqshán’s descendants settled at Makkah and Madyan settled in a town which was named after him and others went to other places. (Prior to their departure) they said to Ibrahim: 0 father ! you allowed Ismŕ`il and Ishaq to live with you and ordered us to dwell in a foreign and desolate land. He replied: I have been so commanded (by Allŕh). (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 160)

He (Ibn Sa`d) said: He taught them one of Allah’s names with which they invoked for rains and succour from Allah. The people of al-Khizr came to those who dwelt in Khurŕsŕn and said: He must be the best of mankind or king who taught you this name, so they called their kings Khaqan. (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 160)

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us; he said:

When Ibrahim begot Ismŕ`il he was ninety years old and he was the eldest of his children. Then Ishaq was born after thirty years, when Ibrahim was one hundred and twenty years old. Then Sarah died and Ibrahim married a Kan`ŕni woman whose name was Qanturah. She bore four children to him. They were Madha, Zimrán, Sarhaj and Sabaq.
He (Ibn Said) said: He married another woman whose name was Hajuna who bore him seven children, Nafis, Madyan, Kayshan, Sharukh, Umayyim, Lut and Yaqshan. Thus there were in all thirteen children of Ibrahim. (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 160)

medina
He (Ibn Said) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

Ibrahim went to Makkah three times. In his last visit he asked the people to perform pilgrimage; every one who heard him complied. The first to respond, even before al-`Amaliq, were Banu Jurhum. Then they embraced Islam and Ibrahim returned, to Syria where he died at the age of two hundred years. (According to the Bible one hundred and seventy-five years, vide Genesis, Chapter 25, verse 7)