He (Ibn Sa`d) said: ‘Amr Ibn al-Haytham and Abu al-Nadr Háshim Ibn al-Qasim al-Kináni informed us; they said: al-Mas`udi informed us on the authority of Abu `Umar al-Shami, he on the authority of `Ubayd Ibn al-Khashkhásh, he on the authority of Abu Dharr; he said:
I asked the Prophet, (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم): Who was the first of the Prophets? He said: Adam. He (Abu Dharr) said; I said: Was he a Prophet? He said: Yes ! he was directly addressed (by Allah). He (Abu Dharr) said; I asked: How many of them were apostles? He said: Three hundred and fifteen which is a large number.
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ibn Khalid Ibn Khidash informed us: ‘Abd Allah Ibn Wahb informed us on the authority of Sa’id Ibn Abi Ayyub, he on the authority of Ja`far Ibn Rabi`ah and Ziyád, mawla (Mawla means enfranchised slave. See below) to Mus`ab; they said:
The Apostle of Allah, (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), was asked if Adam was a Prophet, and he replied: Yes ! a Prophet who was addressed (by Allah).
The first Prophet who was raised was Idris and he is Khanukh (Enoch) Ibn Yáridh (Jared) Ibn Mahlá’il (Mahalaleel). Qaynan (Cainan) Ibn Anush (Enos) Ibn Shith Ibn Adam; then Nuh (Noah, Ihn Lamak (Lamach) Ibn Mattushalikh (Methu Selah) Ibn Khanukh the same as Idris; then Ibrahim (Abraham) Ibn Tarih (Terah) Ibn Nahur (Nahor) Ibn Sarugh (Serug) Ibn Urghuwa (Reu) Ibn Fáligh (Peleg) (bit `Abir (Eber) Ibn Shŕlikh (Salah) Ibn Arfakhshad (Arphaxad) Ibn Sam (Shem) Ibn Nuh; then Ismail (Ishmael) and Ishaq, sons of Ibrahim: then Ya`qub (Jacob) lbn Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim; then Yusuf (Joseph) Ibn Ya`qub Ibn Ishaq; then Lut (Lot) Ibn Háran (Haran) Ibn `Tarih Ibn Nahur Ibn Sŕrugh, and he was the nephew of Ibrahim, the Khalil al-Rahman (friend of the Merciful) then Hud Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn al-Khulud Ibn `Ad Ibn `Us Ibn Iram Ibn Sam Ibn Nuh; then Sŕlih Ibn ‘Asif Ibn Kumŕshij Ibn Arum Ibn Thamud Ibn Jathir Ibn Iram Ibn Sam Ibn Nuh; then Shu`ayb (Shu`ayb, according to Muslim tradition, is the name of Moses’ father-in-law.) Ibn Yubab Ibn `Ayfa Ibn Midyan (Midian) Ibn Ibrahim, the friend of the Merciful; then Musa (Moses) and Hárun (Aaron) sons of `Imran (Amran) Ibn Qahith (Kohath) Ibn Lávi (Levi) Ibn Ya`qub Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ibrŕhim; then llyas Ibn Tashbin Ibn al-‘Azar (Eleazar) Ibn Harun Ibn `Imrán Ibn Qahith Ibn Lavi Ibn Ya`qub; then al-Ya`sa Ibn `Uzza Ibn Nishutalikh Ibn lfra’im (Ephraem) Ibn Yusuf Ibn Ya’qub Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim; then Yunus Ibn Matta from the family of Ya`qub Ibn Isháq Ibn Ibrahim; then Ayyub (Job) Ibn Zarih Ibn Amus Ibn Lifzin Ibn al-‘Ays (Essau) Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim; then Dawud (David) Ibn ‘Ishŕ (Jesse) Ibn ‘Uwaydh (Obed) Ibn Ba`ar (Booz) Ibn Salmun (Salmon) Ibn Nahshun (Naasson or Nahshon) Ibn Umaynadhib (Amminadab) 1bn Iram (Aram) Ibn Hasrun (Esrom) Ibn Faris (Phares) Ibn Yahudha (Judah) 1bn Ya`gub Ibn Ishag Ibn Ibrahim; then Sulayman (Solomon) Ibn Dawud; then Zakariya (Zechariah) Ibn Bashwa (Berechiah) from the family of Yahudha Ibn Ya`qub, then Yahyá (John), then `Isa (Jesus) Ibn Maryam (Mary) Bint `Imrán Ibn Mathan (Mathan) from the descendants of Yahudha Ibn Ya`qub; then the Prophet, may Allah’s peace be on him, Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-Muttalib Ibn Hashim.