ACCOUNT OF THE PREACHING OF ISLAM BY THEAPOSTLE OF ALLAH, MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM

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Volume 1, Parts 1.48.1
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Jàriyah Ibn Abi Imran informed us
on the authority of ‘Abd al-Rahmán Ibn al-Qasim, he on the authority of
his father; he said:
The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was commanded to preach in
full what was revealed to him by Allah and that he should call people
towards Allah, which he did secretly for three years, till he was
commanded to preach openly.

Volume 1, Parts 1.48.2
Hawdhah Ibn Khalifah informed us: `Awf informed us on the outhority
of Muhammad:
(Commenting on the verse), “And who is better in speech than him who
prayeth unto his Lord and doeth right, and saith: Lo ! I am of those who
surrender (unto Him)”; (Qur’an, 41:33) he said: He is the Apostle of
Allah, may Allah bless him.

Volume 1, Parts 1.48.3
[P. 133] Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said: Ma`mar lbn
Rashid related to me on the authority of al-Zuhri; he said:
The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, preached Islam secretly and
openly, so those from among the youth and the weak people embraced
Islam whom Allah willed, till their number grew and the unbelievers
among the Quraysh did not deny what he said. When he passed by their
assemblies they would point towords him and say: This youth of Banu
`Abd al-Muttalib talks of heaven. This state of affairs remained till Allah
condemned their deities whom they adored beside Him and mentioned
the perishing of their forefathers who had died as unbelievers. Then they
looked askance at the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, and turned
hostile to him.

Volume 1, Parts 1.48.4
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said: Ibrahim Ibn Isma’il Ibn
Abi Habibah related to me on the authority of Dawud Ibn al-Hasayn, he
on the authority of `Ikrimah, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas he said:
When the verse, “And warn thy tribe of near kindred,” (Qur’an, 26:214)
was revealed, the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, ascended (the
mountain of) al-Safa and said: 0 people of the Quraysh ! Thereupon the
Quraysh said: Muhammad calls (us) at (the mountain) al-Safa. They
responded, assembled and said: 0 Muhammad ! what is the matter? He
said: Suppose, I inform you that there is an army behind this mountain,
will you believe me? They said: Yes, since you have never been blamed,
and we have never found you telling a lie. He said: So I warn you of a
severe torment, be ready, 0 Banu `Abd at-Muttalib! 0 Banu `Abd Manaf!
0 Banu Zuhrah! In this way he named all the branches of the Quraysh.
(He added): Lo ! Allah has commanded me to warn my tribe of near
kindered and lo ! I do not possess any worldly gains, nor a share in
hereafter except that you say: There is no god but Allah. He (lbn `Abbas)
said: Aba Lahab said: May you perish ! did you assemble us for this?
Allah, the High, the Magnificent, revealed: “The power of Abu Lahab
will perish” to the end of the Surah. (Qur’an, surah 111)

Volume 1, Parts 1.48.5
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said lbn Mawhab related to me
on the authority of Ya`qub Ibn `Utbah; he said:
When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, and those who were
with him, presented Islam to the people and his mission became known at
Makkah, some of them began to propagate it. Abu Bakr was propagating
it secretly in one side. Sa’id Ibn Zayd was doing the same. ‘Uthman was
doing the same. ‘Umar was preaching openly. Hamzah Ibn ‘Abd al-
Muttalib and Abu ‘Ubaydah Ibn al-Jarrah were (also preaching). The
Quraysh became furious. Their jealousy and enmity became open. Some
of them openly turned hostile and the others secretly harboured a grudge
in their bosoms, but pretended to be non-inimical to him. The persons,
who were openly inimical to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him,
and his Companions were:
Abu Jahl Ibn Hishàm, Abu Lahab Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib, al-Aswad 1bn
‘Abd Yaghuth, al-Harith Ibn Qays Ibn ‘Adi the same who is known, as
lbn al-Ghaytalah, Ghaytalah being his mother, al-Walid Ibn al-
Mughirah, Umayyah and Ubbyyi sons of Khalaf, Abu Qays Ibn al-Fákih
Ibn al-Mughirah, al-‘As [P. 134] Ibn Wa’il, al-Nadr. Ibn al- Harith,
Munabbih Ibn al-Hajjàj, Zuhayr Ibn Abi Umayyah, al-Sa’ib Ibn Sayfi,
Ibn ‘Abid, al-Aswad Ibn `Abd al-Asad, al-As Ibn Sa’id Ibn al-`As, al-As
Ibn Hàshim, ‘Uqbah Ibn Abi Mu’ayt, Ibn al-Asdà al-Hudhali who was
turned out by al-Arwà (Bint `Abd al-Muttalib), al-Hakam Ibn al-`As and
‘Adi Ibn al-Hamra.
It was because they were his neighbours.
And those who were great enemies of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah
bless him, were Abu Jahl, Abu Lahab and ‘Uqbah lbn Abi Mu’ayt.
`Utbah and Shaybah sons of Rabi`ah and Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb were his
enemies, but they did dot speak ill of him. They were just like the other
Quraysh. Ibn Sa’d said: None of them except Abu Sufyàn and al-Hakam
embraced Islam.

Volume 1, Parts 1.48.6
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: ‘Abd al-Rahman Ibn Abi al-Zinád
informed us on the authority of Hishám Ibn `Urwah, he on theauthority
of bis father, he on the authority of ‘Ayishah; she said: The Apostle of
Allah, may Allah bless him, said:
I was between two bad neighbours, Abu Lahab and ‘Uqbah Ibn Abi
Mu’ayt. They brought excrements and threw it before my door and they
brought offensive material and threw before my door. Then the Apostle
of Allah, may Allah bless him, came out and said: 0 Banu ‘Abd Manaf! Is
it the (courtesy) of a neighbour? Then he threw it away.

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