Al-Hasan, peace be on him, is the Lord of the youth of Heaven. He
was one of the two persons in whom the progeny of the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him and his family, was limited. He was one of the four
persons through whom the Prophet made the contest of prayer with the
Christians of Najran. He was one of the five persons whom the Prophet
covered with his cloak. He was one of the twelve Imams whose obedience Allah made incumbent on people. He was among those who were
purified from sins as the Qur’an says. He was among those whose love
Allah made reward for the message. He was among those whom the
Apostle of Allah made one of the two valuable things (thaqalayn). Thus
whoever cleaves to them does not go astray. He was the plant of the
sweet basil of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family.
The Prophet loved him and asked Allah to love those who love him.
Al-Hasan had other outstanding merits. These merits are in need of a
long explanation. Still the explanation does not encompass them even if
it is long.
The people pledged allegiance to him after the death of his father,
peace be on them. So he assumed the succession in the best manner
though the time of his succession was short. Also he made a Peace Treaty
with Mu’awiya on the fifteenth of the month of Jamadi al`Ula’ in the year
41 A.H., according to the most correct reports. So he was able to protect
the religion and to spare the blood of the believers. In the Peace Treaty,
he followed the teachings, which he reported on the authority of his father on the authority of his grandfather, may Allah bless him and his family. Apparently, his succession was seven months and twenty days.
After the Peace Treaty had been concluded, al-Hasan, peace be on him,
came back to Medina to stay there. So his house became as a second
haram (a sacred sanctuary) for people to visit.
Through these two sacred places (al-Hasan’s house and Medina), alHasan, peace be on him, became the rise of guidance. He was the stronghold of knowledge and shelter of Muslims. Meanwhile there were many
knowledgeable people all around him. Anyhow such knowledgeable
people were the students of al-Husayn. So they learned knowledge from
him and reported it on his authority. Allah granted al-Hasan plentiful
knowledge and a high social position in the hearts of Muslims. Thus he
(al-Hasan) was able to guide the community, to lead Muslims spiritually,
to correct the Islamic beliefs, and to unify the people of monotheism.
Al-Hasan, peace be on him, performed the early morning prayer in the
mosque of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family. He
sat there praising Allah till the sun rose. In the meantime he answered
the questions of the great Muslim figures. In his book `al Fusul alMuhimma’, p.159, b. al-Sabbagh said: “The people gathered around him
(al-Hasan). He (al-Hasan) answered the questioners perfectly and refuted the proofs of the disputers.”
When al-Hasan, peace be on him, performed the hajj or went around
the Kaaba, the people were about to destroy him. For they overcrowded
to welcome him.