ACCOUNT OF Hazrat ABU TALIB’S CUSTODY OF THE Nabi PAk

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Volume 1, Parts 1.30.1
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami
informed us: Ma`mar informed us on the authority of Abu Nujayh, he on
the authority of Mujahid; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: Mu`adh Ibn
Muhammad al-Ansàri related to us on the authority of ‘Ata, he on the
authority of Ibn `Abbas; (third chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad,
Ibn Salih, `Abd Allah Ibn Ja`far and Ibrahim Ibn Ismà`il Ibn Abi
Habibah narrated to us: their consolidated narrations are:
When `Abd al-Muttalib passed away, Abu Talib took the custody of the
Apostle of Allah. He (Prophet) was lodged with him. Abu Talib had no
wealth, but he loved him even more than his own children. He (Prophet)
did not sleep but by his side and used to go out with him. He was dearer
to Abu Talib than any one else. He took meals with him. When the
members of family of Abu Talib took their meals alone, they were never
satisfied, but whenever the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was
present, they all were satiated. [P. 76] So when he wanted to feed them he
said: Wait till my son comes. Then the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless
him, would come and join them in their meals, and the food was in
excess, and when he was not with them they were not satisfied.
Thereupon Abu Talib used to say: Thou art the blessed one. The children
got up in the morning with filthy eyes and dishevelled hair and the
Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, rose with oil in his hair and
collyrium in his eyes.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.2
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Mu`adh Ibn Mu`adh al-Anbari informed us: Ibn
`Awn informed us on the authority of Ibn al-Qibtiyah; he said:
A pillow was placed for Abu Talib against which he reclined. The
Prophet, may Allah bless him, came and spread it and lay on it. He (Ibn
al-Qibtiyah) said: Then Abu Talib came and wanted to recline against it,
so he asked for it. They said to him: Your brother’s son has taken it.
Thereupon he said: By the Sanctity of al-Batha! My brother’s son knows
how to use the blessings.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.3
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: ‘Uthman Ibn `Umar Ibn Faris al-Basri informed us:
Ibn `Awn informed us on the authority of `Amr Ibn Sa’id, he said:
A pillow was placed for Abu Talib to sit on. The Prophet, may Allah bless
him, while a boy, came and sat on it. Thereupon Abu Talib said: By the
Lord of Rabi`ah ! my brother’s son knows how to utilise blessings.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.4
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Khàlid Ibn Khidásh informed us: Mu’tamir Ibn
Sulaymàn informed us; he said: I heard my father relate on the authority
of Abu Mijlaz; he said:
Whether it was `Abd al-Muttalib or Abu Talib, Kbálid was not sure, who
showed more attachment to Muhammad, peace be on him, when `Abd
Allah had died. He (Khalid) said: He did not travel without taking him
(Prophet) along with him. Verily he travelled to Syria and alighted at a
halting place; a monk came to him and said: Verily there is a pious
person among you. He said: Verily among us are persons who receive
guests, get prisoners liberated and do noble deeds, or he said something
like this. Then he (monk) said: Verily there is a pious person among you.
Then he asked: Where is the father of this youth? Thereupon he said:
Here I am, his guardian, or he said: This is his guardian. He (monk) said:
Protect this youth and do not take him to Syria, verily the Jews are
jealous and I fear them regarding (his life). He said: It is not thou that
speakest but Allah speaketh. Then he returned with him and said: 0
Allah! I entrust Muhammad to Thee. Subsequently he died.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.5
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar informed us: Muhammad
Ibn Sálih, `Abd Allah Ibn Ja`far and Ibrahim Ibn Ismá`il Ibn Abi
Habibah related to me on the authority of Dawud Ibn al-Husayn; they
said:
When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, attained (the age of)
twelve years, Abu Talib took him to Syria along with a caravan which
travelled for purposes of trade. They stayed with the monk Bahirà, who
said what he liked to Abu Talib about the Prophet, may Allah bless him,
and asked him to guard him. So Abu Talib returned with him to Makkah
and the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, attained manhood in the
custody of Abu Talib. Allah protected him and kept him safe against the
practices of the days of Jàhiliyah and its evils, because He wanted to
bestow respect on him. He followed the creed of his people till he attained
manhood and proved to be the most excellent of them in virility, best of
them in disposition, most respected in their society, sweet of tongue, most
[P. 77] forbearing and trustworthy, most truthful in speech, and remote
from obscenity and teasing the people; he was never noticed quarrelling
or suspecting any one, and so his nation gave him the appellation of al￾Amin (the Trustee). It was because Allah had united virtuous deeds in
him and so he was mostle knows as al-Amin at Makkah; and Abu Talib
continued protecting, supporting and helping him till his death.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.6
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Sá’ib informed us on
the authority of his father; he said:
Abu Talib’s was `Abd Manaf. One of his sons was Talib Ibn Abi Talib
and he was the eldest of his sons; along with other Hàshimites the infidels
forced him to accompany them to Badr. On this occasion Talib recited;
“O my Lord! Talib is fighting with this flock of wolves (meaning the
infidels of Makkah).
But the vanquished should be the victor and the person robbed
should gain booty”.
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: When they (Makkans) were defeated, he was not
found among the captives nor among the dead and he did not return to
Makkah. It is not known what happened to him, and he left no progeny.
(Abu Talib’s second son was) `Agil Ibn Abi Talib whose patronymic
name was Abu Yazid and he was ten years younger than Talib; he was
well acquainted with the genealogies of the Quraysh. (Abu Talib’s third
son was) Ja`far Ibn Abi Talib who was ten years younger than `Agil. He
was among the first batch of Muslims who went to Habshah prior to the
Hijrah. He was killed at (the battle of) Mutah; and he is with two wings
with which he flies in the Paradise as he likes. (Abu Talib’s fourth son
was) `Ali Ibn Abi Talib, ten years younger to Ja`far. (Abu Talib’s
daughters were) Umm Hani Bint Abi Talib whose name was Hind,
Jumanah Bint Abi Talib and Raytah Bint Abi Talib; it is said, her name
was also Asma Bint Abi Talib. The mother of all of them was Fàtimah
Bint Asad Ibn Háshim Ibn `Abd Manaf Ibn Qusayyi. (Abu Talib’s fifth
son was) Tulayq Ibn Abi Talib, his mother was ‘Illah and his uterine
brother was al-Huwayrith Ibn Abi Dhubáb Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amir
Ibn al-Hàrith Ibn Harithah Ibn Sa’d Ibn Taym Ibn Murrah.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.7
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid informed us, he
said: Ma`mar Ibn Rashid related to me on the authority of al-Zuhri, he
on the authority of Sa’id Ibn al-Musayyib, he on the authority of his
father; he said:
When the last moment of Abu Talib approached the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, came to him; he found `Abd Allah Ibn Abi
Umayyah and Abu Jahl Ibn Hishàm with him, so the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, said: 0 uncle ! recite: There is no god except Allah,
a word of which I shall bear witness before Allah. Thereupon Abu Jahl
and `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Umayyah said: 0 Abu Tálib! Will you abandon
the creed of `Abd al-Muttalib? He (narrator) said: The Apostle of Allah
may Allah bless him did not cease requesting him and saying to him: 0
uncle ! repeat: There is no god but Allah, of which I shall bear witness
before Allah; and they did not cease saying: 0 Abu Talib will you
abandon the creed of `Abd al-Muttalib ? and in the end he uttered the
last word: I (die) on the creed of ‘Abd al-Muttalib. Then [P. 78] he
expired. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: I shall ask
forgiveness for him until I am prohibited. Subsequently after his death,
the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, prayed for him till this verse
was revealed:
“It is not for the Prohet, and those who believe, to pray for the
forgiveness of idolators, even though they may be near of kin (to them)
(Qur’an, 9:113) after it hath become clear that they are people of hell
fire”.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.8
He (Ibn S’ad) said: Muhammad lbn `Amr informed us: Muhammad Ibn
`Abd Allah, al-Zuhri’s brother’s son related to me on the authority of his
father, he on the authority of `Abd-Allah Ibn Thalabah Ibn Su`ayr al-
`Udhri; he said:
0 my brother’s son; by Allah, if there had been no fear that the Quraysh
would say that despondency had overwhelmed me, which would be an
abuse to you and to your brethren, I would have surely done what you
say. I would have cooled your eyes, because I notice your sense of
gratitude, toil and counsel to me.
Then Abu Tálib invited the descendants of `Abd al-Muttalib and
exhorted them: You will not cease being benefited as long as you will
listen to and obey Muhammad. So follow him and help him; you will be
guided. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: you
are preaching to them, but you forget yourself. Thereupon Abu Tàlib
said: If you had asked me while I was healthy 1 would have followed you
in what you say, but I dislike to express fear at the point of death, as the
Quraysh would say that I accepted it out of fear and had rejected it when
in health.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.9
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Ibn Jurayj and
Sufyàn Ibn ‘Uyaynah informed me on the authority of ‘Amr Ibn Dinar,
he on the authority of Abu Sa’id or Ibn `Umar; he said:
The verse, “Lo ! thou (O Muhammad) guidest not whom thou lovest, but
Allah guideth whom He will”, (Qur’an, 28:56) was revealed relating to
Abu Tálib.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.10
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad lbn `Umar informed us: Al-Thawri
related to me on the authority of Habib Ibn Abi Thabit, be on the
authority of Ibn `Abbas concerning His (Allah’s) words:
“And they forbid (men) from it and avoid it”, (Qur’an, 6:26) were
revealed relating to Abu Talib who forbade (men) to harm the Apostle of
Allah, but avoided embracing Islam.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.11
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhmmad Ibn `Umar informed us Mu’àwiyah Ibn
‘Abd Allah Ibn `Ubayd Allah Ibn Abi Ráfi’ related to me on the authority
of his father, (his father) on the authority of his (Mu’awiyah’s) grand￾father, he on the authority of `All; he said:
I informed the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, of the death of Abu
Tàlib; he wept, and said: Go, wash him, enshroud him and bury him,
may Allah forgive him and show him mercy! He (`Ali) said: I did
accordingly. He added: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him,
continued praying for his salvation for several days and did not come out
of his house till Gabriel descended with this verse: “It is not for the
Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of
idolaters” (Qur’an, 9:113) `Ali said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah
bless him, commanded me so I washed (Abu Tàlib’s) dead body.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.12
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Sufyan Ibn ‘Uyaynah informed us on the authority of
`Amr; he said:
When Abu Tálib died, the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said
May Allah show you mercy and forgive you! I shall not cease praying for
him until ‘Allah prohibts me. He (`Amr) said: The Muslims began to
pray for the forgiveness of their relatives who had died in idolatry.
Thereupon revealed: “It is not for the Prophet and those who believe, to
pray for the forgiveness of idolaters even though they may be near of kin
(to them)”. (Qur’an, 9:113)

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.13
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: [P. 79] Abu Nu’aym al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn informed us:
Sufyan informed us on the authority of Abu Ishaq, he on the authority of
Najiyah Ibn Ka`b, he on the authority of `Ali, he said:
I went to the Prophets, may Allah bless him, and said (to him): Verily
your misguided old uncle passed away, and he meant his own father. He
(Prophet) said: Go and inter him and do not say anything to any body
before you come to me. Then went to him and informed him (about
internment). Thereupon he ordered me (to bathe), and accordingly I took
a bath. Then he prayed for me in such a way that nothing could please
me more than it.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.14
‘Affán lbn Muslim and Abu al-Walid Hisham Ibn `Abd al-Malik al￾Tayalisi informed me; they said: Abu `Awànah informed us; ‘Abd al￾Malik lbn `Umayr informed us on the authority of ‘Abd Allah Ibn al￾Harith Ibn Nawfal, he oa the authority of al-‘Abbas Ibn `Abd al￾Muttalib; he said:
I said to the Apostle of Allah: Has Abu Tálib, been benefitted since he
used to guard you and be angry with one who (wanted to harm) you? He
replied: Yes, he is on the surface otherwise he could have been in the
lowest bottom of hell fire.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.15
Ya`qub Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Sa’d al-Zuhri informed us on the authority of
his father, he on the authority of Salih lbn Kaysan, he on the authority of
Ibn Shihab:
Verily `Ali Ibn al-Husayn informed him: Verily, Abu Talib died in the
time of the Apostle of Allah, may peace be on him, so Ja`far and `Ali did
not share his inheritance while Talib and ‘Agil received it because a
Muslim does not inherit from an idolater nor an idolater inherit from a
Muslim.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.16
He (lbn Sa’d) said: Khalid Ibn Makhlad al-Bajali, informed us; he said:
Sulayman Ibn Bilàl related to me; he said: Hisham Ibn `Urwah related to
me on the authority of his father; he said:
They i. e, the Quraysh refrained from (harming) the Prophet, may peace
be on him, till Abu Talib lived.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.16
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Affàn lbn Muslim informed us: Hammàd Ibn
Salamah informed us on the authority of Thabit, he on the authority of
Ishaq Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn al-Harith; he said:
Al-‘Abbas asked: 0 Apostle of Allah! do you hope (any reward) for Abu
Talib? He replied: I hope every good from my Lord.

Volume 1, Parts 1.30.18
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us; he
said:
Abu Talib passed away about the middle of Shawwal in the tenth year
(reckoned) from the time the Apostle of Allah may Allah bless him, was
raised to prophethood, and he (Abd-Talib) was more than eighty years
old. One month and five days after his death, Khadijah, who was sixtyfive years old, died. Thus two afflictions befell the Apostle of Allah, may
Allah, bless him, (the event of) death of Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid and
(the event of) the death of his uncle Abu Talib’.

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