Brief Chapter on Life of Imam Hasan AlahisSalam part 7

The Community has greatly been benefitted by the Spiritual Caliphate of Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam

Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam had served and guided the community in the best possible manner according to the ways and means recommended by the Prophet ﷺ. Even a voluminous book would fall short of the description of his guidance with respect to spiritual advancement. The unique spiritual tradition of India, with which a perfect spiritualist and an honest-pious man like Hazrat Maulana Fazl-ul-Rehman Ganj Muradabadi Rehmatullah alaih are related, and through Hazrat Khwaja Nasiruddin-i-Dehlvius Rehmatullah alaih, maximum benefit to the greatest number of people have been given, is the result of the best training provided by Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam . If one wishes to see the virtues and unique qualities of higher life, he may very well see the book, “Ilm-ul-Kitab” written by Hazrat Khawaja Mir Dard.

Besides the guidance and direction about the inner advancement, he holds a very high position even in the knowledge about public life and Shari’at. He was one of the few respected people in Medina who were expert in giving a proper and logical solution of the social issues.
(Elam-ul-Moqanin in Vol 1 p 412)

The great theologists, experts of Islamic philosophy, learned people in Hadiths and the wisest people (Mohaddith, Mufassir and Fiqah) also used to seek the solution of their problems about religion and Hadiths from him. Besides these gentries, people like Hazrat Imam Hasan Basri (who was expert in religious description-Tafsir, Hadith, legal mattersFiqah and Islamic Mysticism-Tasawwuf), etc. were glaring examples of his time that used to seek his advice. This was because, the problems and issues which were very difficult and beyond the human intelligence and wisdom, were being solved by Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam within no time. So some of the people felt as if the Sun of spiritual knowledge rose from his house. These gentries’ hearts were throbbing with the name of the Prophet ﷺ and their souls were the centres of spiritual thirst.

The issue of destiny is more difficult than any other issue. Hazrat Imam Hasan Basri sent a request to Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam for its explanation. There is no other example parallel to the answer, certified by Hazrat imam AlahisSalam , in the whole of Islamic Literature and the Holy Book. He said:

Translation: “The person who does not have faith in the commands of Allah and good or bad, is one who deserves a treatment fit for the agnostic. One who entitles his bad deeds to Allah, has in fact insulted the religion. He does not obey Allah, not because he has been forced to do so by external factors, but just because of his own nature and way of life. For the cause of dominance only, he can not be excommunicated. Who has dominated him? Whatever property and assets he has, have been given to him by Allah. Allah is the owner of whatever he has. He is free to use the means, whatever he has acquired by natural law. He is absolutely free to use the belongings he has. If people obey Allah, He is not the obstacle between the person and the obedience. In the same way, if a man commits sin and misdeeds, Allah can prevent him from that, but He does not do that. Had Allah led everyone towards good deeds, the whole human community would have earned his blessings, and had he prevented the people from the bad deeds there would be no scope of vices and consequent punishment. Whatever the man does, it is due to His wish only, which cannot be understood by us. Now if the people obey Him with all the love, it is His grace, and if they go against His will, it is His clear disobedience. The person is guilty and a sinner because he has gone against His will.”

The rational analysis has been undertaken in this unique book about all the arguments in connection with fortune-luck. An independent book is required to discuss all these arguments at the proper length. Let us go through the first part of its explanation which is about the positive and negative aspects of luck, “Intelligent people hesitate to think in this way, but it is just because of lack of discriminatory ability.” If this issue is tackled with a true sense of reasoning, it would be conceived that this is a matter of science as well as philosophy. Its details are given below; а

Everything that exists has a cause for its being, and in turn, it creates an effect on the other thing. This process is to be found out by science. The very foundation of science rests on the knowledge of cause-effect relation among all the things of this universe. When the Sun rises, there is a light. Lit the lamp and there will be light in the darkness. The ink stains the clothes. There are enumerable such instances passing before our eyes. All the instances are the causes and effects in the chain of the universal process. Scientists and philosophers name these instances as cause and effect. A cause creates an effect. Again, the effect becomes a cause for the new effect. This is an endless chain.

Every person has to face good and bad. This means the luck has both the attributes, i.e. good and bad. Cause and effect are there. Good causes create good luck, while bad actions give birth to bad luck. Thus, it is the deeds that create good or bad luck. Therefore to enjoy good luck, one should always do good works and be positive with Allah and His creations. The luck-theory does not advocate for being passive. One has to, and should, live the life that has been bestowed by Allah. Whatever is going to come-happen, will happen. Vali Kabir Makhdum-ul-Malak Sharfuddin Yahya Muniris has explained this point with the above background. He says; (Matbu’a Matba-i-Islami, Lahore P. 98)

To have trust in destiny does not mean that after sowing the seed it is not necessary to nourish it with water and soil and say that it will be grown if it has been destined so.” After this, Hazrat Mosufu says, “Allah has created good luck for you, but before that, He has created the causes also necessary for that.”

On this point, all those who follow the obligatory duties unanimously believe that no man has control over the actions that he does. It is Allah, the Almighty who has the final control over everything. He is Omnipotent. Everything that happens, happens in accordance with the Supreme Order. Control of the whole universe is in the hands of Allah. He Himself does not do anything, but He inspires for the actions. Good or bad actions are done only due to the Supreme Will. Whatever exists in this universe has been created and maintained by Allah.

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