The clarification of the holy name ‘Murtuza..

The clarification of the holy name ‘Murtuza‘: Murtuza’ means the chosen and selected one. He was that person with whom Allah the Almighty and his Rasul were pleased. Now see the majesty of Murtuza’s shining personality (Shan-i-Murtazavi):

i. Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas Radiallahu anhoo says,Many times Allah had shown his wrath towards the Sahaabas, but Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam had been addressed only with the attitude of welfare.”.

ii. Huzurﷺ always used to manage to keep him happy. Hence, when he was proceeding for the battle (Ghazwa) of Tabuk, leaving him at Medina, he was sad for, he could not join the war and had to stay with the ladies and children. At that time, Huzur-e-Anwarﷺ told him, “O Ali AlaihisSalam are you not happy with the truth that I have the same love for you as Hazrat Musa AlahisSalam had for Haroon AlahisSalam ?”

iii Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was the most chosen and selected person. On the basis of Sanad-e-Sahih, Hafiz Khatib Baghdadi writes, “When Hazrat Fatimah was wedded to Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Fatima urged to Huzur ﷺ ‘O Rasulallah it, you gave me in marriage to Fakir ?’ In reply, Huzur ﷺsaid, ‘Are you not happy with the fact that on the surface of this earth, Allah, the Almighty has chosen two persons, one is your father and the other is your husband?’ Allah is great (Subhan Allah).” This is the pride of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam

iv Before the advent of the Holy Quran, all the Arabs were absorbed in idol worship and all sorts of barbarous traditions. But Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was absolutely away from this. For this, it was so managed that he would always be in the company of Huzur ﷺ. In this way, right from the beginning, his training was started under the guidance of Huzur ﷺ He was protected from all the troubles and hardships. Under any circumstances, he was under the eyes of Huzur ﷺ. This is the greatness of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam personality.

v Four years after the initiation of Prophethood (Bait-i-Nabavi), Huzur ﷺ invited Bani Hashim on dinner. When the dinner was over, Huzur ﷺ said, “I have brought such a precious thing which is useful in this world and the others too. Who will support me to shoulder the responsibility of accepting it?” The whole house was silent and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam got up and said, “I will be with you at all the times,” Huzur said, “Ali, you are my brother, and you are the inheritor of my wisdom.”

Halt! Think of the status of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. To share the responsibility of, and support, Huzur ﷺ, out of all the Bani Hashim, Allah the Almighty chose only Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. This is the greatness of Murtuza.
vi. On the night of Emigration, the non-believers had encircled Huzur ﷺ holy house from all four directions with a view to entering in it and striking on him with open swords to kill him. To sleep at that time on the holy bed meant nothing less than facing death. For such a great duty, only Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was chosen by Allah. Hence, according to the Prophet ﷺ letter order, he slept on that bed. At this juncture, the Master of Heaven (Rizwan-e-Ilahi) ordered Hazrat Gabriell and Hazrat Mikail “Ali AlahisSalam is readily prepared to sacrifice his life on my Prophet ﷺ Both of you go and protect him.” It is given in Aklil Sharh-i-Madarik that both the angels descended. For the whole night, Hazrat Gabriel stood at his head-side and Hazrat Mikailm, at his leg-side. The angels congratulated Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, saying, “O Ibn-i-Abi Talib. Well done! (Afreen!) Allah, the Almighty is proud of you.”

vü. The lineage of Huzur ﷺ in the world is continued by Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. In this way, Allah ‘chose Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam to be the holy father of Huzur ﷺ lineage. Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was selected as a founder of the race or family. This is the grandeur of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. He is like a large and gigantic tree the branches and sub-branches of which are, Hasanain, Karimain and all the descendants of holy Huzur ﷺ.

viii. When Huzur ﷺ formed pairs of two Sahaabas making them the brother of each other, he did not make Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, any one’s brother. On this, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was sad. He requested Huzur ﷺ for this deprivation and Huzur ﷺ replied “In this and the other world, you are my brother.”

In Musnad-e-Ahmad, there are holy words spoken by Huzur ﷺ“I kept you aside for, I wanted to make you my brother. You have the same relationship to me, as Hazrat Haroon AlahisSalam had with Hazrat Musa AlahisSalam. After me, there is no Nabi. You are my brother and descendant.” Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam said, “O’Rasulallah ﷺ What is your inheritance?” Huzur ﷺ replied, “It is the same as the prophets before me had.” Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam asked, “What is the inheritance of those prophets?” Huzur ﷺ said, “It is, their Master’s holy book, the rules (Sunnat) of their Nabi. And O’ Ali, in heaven, you will stay with me along with my daughter Fatimar.. You are my brother and friend.”

For his vicinity with, and brotherly sentiments towards, Huzur ﷺ only Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was chosen by Allah, the Almighty. This was the greatness of his personality

ix. For being the beloved of Allah and his Prophet ﷺ, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was felicitated with special honour during the crusade (Ghazwa) of Khyber. That was the height of his virtuous life.

x..There may be questions like, who was that person who had acquired nearness of Huzur ﷺ at the same time having the honour of being his son-in-law? Who had knowledge of Holy Book, Islamic Jurisprudence and the pious actions of the Prophet ﷺ? Who had been chosen by Allah for all these gifts? Though the questions are many, the answer is only one. The person having all these qualifications was only one, and that was Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam.

The impact of his personality had always been intact in the eyes of the Sahaabas. Hazrat Umar Radiallahu anhoo in too respected him very much. He always used to say that there was nothing wrong if people elected him as a Caliph on the basis of these characteristics of his personality.

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