He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Affŕn Ibn Muslim informed us: Sulaym Ibn Akhdar informed us: Ibn `Awn informed us; he said:
Muhammad(صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pronounced the name of Isma’il’s mother as ‘Ajar without h.
He (lbn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn Humayd informed us on the authority of Ma’mar, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, he said:
The Prophet(صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Whcn you conquer the Copts, treat them kindly because they are under covenant and have kinship (with us), referring to the mother of Isma’il who was one of them. (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 127)
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn Humayd informed us on the authority of Ma`mar, he on the authority of Ayyub; he said: Said Ibn Jubayr said: Ibn `Abbas said:
The women first used (lose) skirts following Isma’il’s mother who wore it to erase the traces (of their feet) when she went with Ibrahim and her son to Makkah. (Cf. Tabari, Vol. I. p. 131)
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Musa lbn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Taymi informed us on the authority of Abu Bakr Ibn `Abd Allah lbn Abi Jahm al-`Adawi, he on the authority of Abu Bakr Ibn Sulayman Ibn Abi Hathamah al-`Adawi, he on the authority of Abu Jahm Ibn Hudhayfah Ibn Ghanim he said:
Allah revealed to Ibrahim His command to travel to the sanctuary, so Ibrahim mounted a pegasus and seated Isma’il who was two years old in front of him and his mother Hájar behind him; Gabriel led him on the way to the Ka’bah, till he reached Makkah and made Isma’il and his mother alight by the side of the Ka`bah; he himself returned to Syria.
Isma`iI Ibn `Abd Allah lbn Abu Uways al-Madani informed us: My father narrated to me on the authority of Abu al-Jarud al-Rabi’ Ibn Quray`, he on the authority of `Ugbah lbn Bashir:
That he asked Muhammad lbn ‘Ali: Who was the first person to talk in Arabic? He said: Isma’il Ibn Ibrahim, may Allah bless them; when he was thirteen years old. He (`Ugbah) said: 0 Abu Ja’far what was the language of the people before that? He said: Hebrew. He (`Ugbah) said: In what language did Allah reveal his message to His apostles in those days? He said: In Hebrew.
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad lbn `Umar al-Aslami informed us on the authority of more than one scholar:
That Isma’il bad received an inspiration to speak Arabic from the day he was born and all other sons of Ibrahim were speaking the language of their father.
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Musa Ibn Dáwud informed us: ‘Abd Allah Ibn Lahi`ah informed us on the authority of Huyayyi Ibn `Abd Allah; he said:
(This information) has reached me that the Prophet Isma’il was circumcised when he was thirteen years old. (Vide Genesis Chapter 17, verse 25)
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Abu Zakariya Yahyŕ Ibn Ishŕq al-Bajali (Saylahun was the name of a village in Yaman and Salhin was the name of a fortress also in Yaman (Quntus). Ibn Hajar says: Salhin was a village in the vicinity of Baghdad (Tandhib), Vol. II, p. 176) (belonging to the tribe of Bajilah) al-Saylahini and Muhammad Ibn Mu`awiyah al-Naysaburi said: lbn Lahi`ah informed us on the authority of An`am; he said:
Bakr Ibn Suwayd informed me that he heard ‘Ulayyi Ibn Rabŕh al-Lakhmi saying that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)said: All the Arabs are the descendants of lsma`il Ibn Ibrahim, may Allah’s peace be on them.
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Ruwaym Ibn Yazid al-Muqri informed us: Harun lbn Abi `Isa al-Shami informed us on the authority of Muhammad Ibn Ishaq Ibn Yasar; (second chain); he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad al-Kalbi informed us on the authority of his father; they said:
Isma’il lbn Ibrahim, may Allah bless them, begot twelve sons, and they are:
(1) Yanawadh (Nebajoth), he was known as Nabt and also as Nabit, and he was the eldest of his sons; (2) Qidhar (Kedar); (3) Adhbil (Adbeel); (4) Minsi (Minsam) which was originally Minshi; (5) Mismi` and Mishma`ah (Mishama); (6) Dumá, it is pronounced also as Duma (Dumah), and after him the land is known Dumat al-Jundal; (7) Masha (Massa); (8) Adhar (Hader) and the same is Adhur; (9) Tayma (Tema); (10) Yatur (Jetur); (11) Yanish (Naphish) and (12) Qidhamá (Kedemah) (See Genesis, Chapter 25, verses 13-16. Nŕbil, Qidar, Adbil, Misha, Mismi’, Duma, Mas, Udud, Watur, Nafis, Tima, Qidman, according to al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 161)
Their mother according to the narration of Muhammad Ibn Ishaq was Ri’lah bint Mudad Ibn ‘Amr al-Jurhumi; and according to the narration of al-Kalbi, she was Ri’lah bint Yashjub Ibn Ya’rub, as has been stated in the previous narration.
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us: Usamah lbn Zayd Ibn Aslam narrated to me on the authority of his father. he said:
When Isma’il attained the age of twenty: his mother Hájar passed away at the age of ninety years and Isma’il interred her at al-Hijr.
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said: Musa Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim narrated to me on the authority of Abu Bakr Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Jahm, he on the authority of Abu Bakr lbn Sulayman Ibn Abi Hathamah, he on the authority of Abu Jahm Ibn Hudhayfah Ibn Ghanim; he said:
Allah revealed to Ibrahim, may peace be on him, to erect the Ka’bah when he was one hundred years old and Ismŕ`il was thirty years old, so he built it with him. Isma’il died after his father and was interred inside al-Hijr close to the Ka`bah by the side of his mother Hajar. (Cf. al-Tabari, Vol. I, p. 162) Then Nŕbit succeeded him as a custodian of the Ka’bah along with his Jurhumite maternal uncles.
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Khŕlid Ibn Khidŕsh Ibn `Ajlan informed us: `Abd Allah Ibn Wahb al-Misri informed us: Hurmulah Ibn `Imrŕn informed us on the authority of Isháq Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Furwah that he said:
No graves of Prophets are known except three, viz. the grave of Ismŕ’il which is beneath the Mizab (aqueduct of the Ka`bah) between the Rukn (Al-Ka’bah is a quadrangular construction which is supported by four pillars or Rukns, which are distinguished by their sides as Rukn Shami, Syrian pillar, Rubs Yamani, Yamanite pillar. etc.) and the Ka’bah: the grave of Hud which is under a mound of sand beneath the cliffs of Yaman, and there is a tree over it and the place is extremely hot; and the grave of the Prophet; may Allah’s blessings be on him. These three graves are definitely known to be of these Prophets.