ACCOUNT OF THE DA`WAH OF THE APOSTLE OF Ibn Sa’d’s ALLAH, MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM, TO THE TRIBES OF ARABIA DURING THE SEASONS (OF PILGRIMAGE)

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Volume 1, Parts 1.57.1
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said; Ayyub Ibn al-Nu’man
related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority of `Abd
Allah Ibn Ka`b Ibn Malik; (second chain) he (lbn Sa’d) said: Muhammad
Ibn `Abd Allah related to us on the authority of al-Zuhri; (third chain) he
(Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn Salih related to me on the authority of
‘Asim Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Qatàdah and Yazid Ibn Ruman and others; they
said:
The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, remained concealed at
Makkah in the first three years of his commission to prophethood. In the
fourth year he declared it and invited the people to embrace Islam,
continuing it for ten years. In every season (of pilgrimage) he used to
approach the pilgrims at their halting places, `Ukaz, Majannah and Dhu
al-Majàz, and asked them to protect him so that he might convey to the
people the message of his Lord, and in return they would get a place in
paradise. But he did not find anyone to support him ór respond to his
appeal. Again, he approached each tribe in its halting place saying: 0
people ! say, there is no god but Allah; you will prosper and become
masters of Arabia, and the Persians will surrender before you in
humiliation, and if you believe you will become kings in paradise. Abu
Lahab who followed him and would say: Do not obey him, since he has
become a lying Sabi. Consequently they made the worst of retorts to the
Apostle of Allah and maltreated him. They said: Members of your family
and tribe know you well and they have not followed you. They talked
with him and quarrelled with him. He would, however, invite them
towards Allah and say: 0 Allah ! if thou hadst willed they would not have
been as they are.
(The narrators say): The names of the tribes whom the Apostle of
Allah, may Allah bless him, approached, and invited (to embrace Islam)
and to whom he presented himself (for protection) were related to us.
They were Banu Amir Ibn Sa`sa`ah, Muharib Ibn Khasafah, Fazarah,
Ghassan, Murrah, Hanifah, Sulaym, ‘Abs, Banu Nadr, Banu al-Bakka,
Kindah, Kalb, al-Harith Ibn Ka`b, `Udhrah and al-Hadarimah. None of
them responded to him.

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