ACCOUNT OF THE SECOND HIJRAH TO ABYSSINIA

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Volume 1, Parts 1.52.1
Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Sayf
Ibn Sulaymàn related to me on the authority of Abu Nujayh; (second
chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: `Utbah Ibn Jabirah al-Ashhali related to me on
the authority of Ya`qub Ibn `Umar Ibn Qatadah he said: I heard an old
man of Banu Makhzum relating that he heard Umm Salamah saying;
(third chain) he (Ibn Said) said: `Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad al-Jumahi
related to us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of `Abd al-
Rahman Ibn Sabit; they said:
When the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him, returned to
Makkah after the first hijrah, their people treated them harshly and their
relatives were cruel to them; they suffered much torture and the Apostle
of Allah, may Allah bless him, permitted them to go to Abyssinia a
second time. Their second migration was very irksome and they suffered
at the hands of the Quraysh much hardship; they tortured them because
they were treated well by the Negus. `Uthmàn Ibn `Affan said: 0 Apostle
of Allah ! our first hijrah as well as this second one to Negus has been
without your being with us. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him,
said: You are migrating for Allah and for me; and you will have these
two migrations at your credit. `Uthman said: 0 Apostle of Allahe ! this is
sufficient for us. The number of persons who migrated this time were
eighty-three men and eleven women of the Quraysh and seven others. [P.
139] The emigrants lived with the Negus in Abyssinia in congenial
neighbourhood. When they heard of the hijrah of the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, to al-Madinah, thirty-three men and eight women
returned. Two men out of them died at Makkah, and seven were
imprisoned at Makkah. Twenty-four of them participated in (the battle
of) Badr. When it was the seventh year of the hijrah of the Apostle of
Allah, may Allah bless him, to al-Madinah, the Apostle of Allah, may
Allah bless him, wrote a letter to the Negus asking him to embrace Islam.
The letter was dispatched by `Amr Ibn `Umayyah al-Damri. When the
letter was read to him, he embraced Islam and said: I would have come
to him if I could. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, wrote to him
to wed him (the Prophet) to Umm Habibah Bint Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb;
she had migrated to Abyssinia with her husband `Ubayd Allah Ibn
Jahsh, who had turned Christian and had died. So the Negus wedded him
to her and paid a dower of four hundred dinars to her. The person who
acted her wakil was Khálid Ibn Sa’id Ibn al-`As. The Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, wrote to him to send those (of his Companions) who
had remained there. He did accordingly and boarded them in two boats
with `Amr Ibn Umayyah al-Damri. They landed at Bawla which is also
known as al-Jar. Then they hired beasts and reached al-Madinah. There
they learnt that the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was at
Khaybar. They went to him and found that Khaybar was conquered. The
Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said to the Muslims to include
them in (dividing) their shares (of booty). They did accordingly.

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