ACCOUNT OF THE CAUSES OF THE RETURN OF THECOMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET, MAY PEACE BE ONHIM, FROM ABYSSINIA

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Volume 1, Parts 1.51.1
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said: Yunus Ibn Muhammad
Ibn Fudalah al-Zafari related to me on the authority of his father;
(second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: Kathir Ibn Zayd related to me on the
authority of al-Muttalib Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Hantab; they said:
The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, had seen his people departing
from him. He was one day sitting alone when he expressed a desire: I
wish, Allah had not revealed to me anything distasteful to them. Then the
Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, approached them (Quraysh) and
got close to them, and they also came near to him. One day he was sitting
in their assembly near the Ka`bah, and he recited: “By the Star when it
setteth”, (Qur’an, 53:1) till he reached, “Have ye thought upon Al-Uzza
and Manat, the third, the other”. (Qur’an, 53:19-20) Satan made him
repeat these two phrases: These idols are high and their intercession is
expected. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, repeated them, and
he went on reciting the whole surah and then fell in prostration, and the
people also fell in prostration with him. Al-Walid Ibn al-Mughirah, who
was an old man and could not prostrate, took a handful of dust to his
forehead and prostrated on it. It is said: Abu Uhayhah Sa’id Ibn al-‘As,
being an old man, took dust and prostrated on it. Some people say: It was
al-Walid who took the dust; others say: It was Abu Uhayhah; while
others say: Both did it. They were pleased with what the Apostle of Allah,
may Allah bless him, had uttered. They said: We know that Allah gives
life and causes death. He creates and gives us provisions, but our deities
will intercede with Him, and in what you have assigned to them, we are
with you. These words pricked the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him.
He was sitting in his house and when it was evening, Gabriel, may peace
be on him, came to him and revised the surah. Then Gabriel said: Did I
bring these two phrases. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:
I ascribed to Allah, what He had not said.
Then Allah revealed to him: “And they indeed strove hard to beguile
thee (Muhammad) away from that wherewith We have inspired thee,
that thou shouldst invent other than it against Us; and then would they
have accepted thee as a friend.
And if We had not made thee wholly firm thou mightest almost have
inclined unto them a little.
Then had We made thee taste a double (punishment) of living and a
double (punishment) of dying then hadst thou found no helper against
Us. (Al-Qur’an, 17:73-75. This narration is not acceptable, because none of
the first narrators is a Companion. For a detailed discussion see Shibli,
Sirat al-Nabi, 1st edition, p. 176)

Volume 1, Parts 1.51.2
Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us; he said: Muhammad lbn `Abd Allah
related to me on the authority of al- Zuhri, he on the authority of Abu
Bakr Ibn `Abd al-Rahman Ibn al-Harith Ibn Hisham; he said:
This prostration became known to people till the news reached [P. 138]
Abyssinia and the Companions of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless
him, that the people of Makkah fell in protraction and joined Islam
including al-Walid. lbn al-Mughirah and Abu Uhayhah who prostrated
behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him. The people said: When such
persons have joined Islam, who else remains in Makkah? They said: Our
relatives are dear to us. So they returned. When they were at a distance
of one hour’s walk from Makkah, they confronted some horsemen of
Kinánah. They inquired about the Quraysh and their affairs. The
horsemen said: Muhammad spoke well of their deities, so they followed
him, but then they turned apostate. He began to abuse their gods and
they began to harm him. We left them in this struggle. They discussed
that they should return to Abyssinia; but then they said: We have
reached here, so let us enter (the town), see the Quraysh and visit our
families and then return.

Volume 1, Parts 1.51.3
Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said: Muhammad Ibn `Abd
Allah related to me on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority of
Abu Bakr Ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman; he said:
They entered Makkah and none entered it except under (some one’s)
protection; Ibn Masud stayed for a short time and returned to Abyssinia.
Muhammad Ibn `Umar said: They had left (Makkah) in the month of
Rajab in the fifth year. There they remained in the months of Sha`bàn
and Ramadan. The incident of prostration took place in Ramadan, and
they returned in Shawwal in the fifth year.

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