After Martyrdom of Imam Ali AlaihisSalam Imam Hasan started by giving a powerful address. “Today, they have killed an illustrious elder on the day when the Quran was first revealed. He was of such excellent and noble qualities that neither the personalities which have gone nor those which will follow in future can achieve them. He, in the company of the Prophet PBUH waged war against the infidels. He made himself the shield for the Prophet. The Prophet used to make him his standard bearer. Jibrael used to walk on his right side and Mikael on his left. He never came back from the field unvictorious. Yet, at the time of his demise he had only seven hundred dirham with which he wanted to buy a slave for his family. He did not leave anything else. For, he had always spent whatever came into the imperial treasury on the poor and needy.” (This is startling considering that the revenues that came to the Caliph’s government exceeded millions of pounds.) At that moment Imam Hasan could not control himself and started crying. The crowd also started crying.
At the end of his father’s elegy, Ubaidullah Ibn Abbas stood up and called the people to pledge their loyalty to the grandson of the bringer of good tidings, the son of the Warner, the son of the summoner to God (powerful and exalted). The congregation needed no such promptings. Imam al Hasan was adored by all.
He was also by all accounts, the image of his grandfather and a charming conversationalist who never spoke ill of any one. He was also a genuine ascetic, who had already performed pilgrimage twenty-five times, travelling the whole 250 miles on foot between Medina and Mecca. He is one of the great unsung heroes of Islam, a pacifist and a scholar.
It was Hasan who stood guard over Usman’s door until rendered unconscious by the assault of the mutineers.
He preached the teachings of the Quran, not as a cause for war but call for peace. Again and again, he stressed that the lesser jihad, the armed struggle should be a just preparation for the greater jihad, which was a life long struggle to master one self,
He quoted the Quran Sura 2, verse 216: “God has prescribed the jihad for you though it is a loathsome duty.”
Hasan was ahead of his time in his vision of Islam as a religion of peace. The garrison soldiers of Kufa, the same men who had refused to fight for his father on the fourth day of Siffeen and after that tragic day at Neherwan, now angrily demanded that he lead them to war. Far too many Muslims had grown used to the idea that their faith would be reflected in military victory, they erroneously saw glorious triumphs in this world, fame, wealth and glory as proofs of righteousness of Islam. They could no longer understand that Mohammed’s teachings were entirely about the individual’s relationship to God and was not a charmed banner under which they were destined to conquer the world.
Hasan did preach that like all true Muslims, they should aspire to abandon worldly ambitions, that shame is better than hellfire and that he should not seek worldly dominion but the favor of the God and spare the blood of people.
Instead, the soldiers began to publicly abuse the prince until they had worked up their passion to a riot. Hasan’s house was looted, his prayer mat was ripped from underneath him and his tunic pulled from his shoulders. Only the protection of the mounted warriors of Rabia tribe, devoted partisans of
Ali and his family stopped Hasan from being martyred on that day.
The violence only made Hasan absolutely determined to end schism within Islam and halt any further bloodshed between Muslims. Hasan agreed to relinquish all authority to Muawiya in exchange for an agreement not to harm any supporter of Ali, and to govern by the book of the God and the example of the Prophet. He explained to the congregation in Kufa Mosque that he had ceded his right to rule for the best interest of the community and for the sake of sparing blood.’ Muawiya had already sent his seal attached to a completely blank draft of the proposed treaty—so that Hasan could fill in whatever terms he desired. Hasan was assured of an annual salary of a million dirham with which he could generously support his companions, all the Bani Hashim and old clients of his father.
Zainab undertook the nursing of the wound of her brother until it had healed. For some time after the recovery of her brother she forgot the past calamities and felt that after abdicating the government her brother’s life had been saved and the family had been rescued from annihilation.
But Moavia wanted that this caliphate should be converted into monarchy and retained in the family of Bani Ummaya. In the lifetime of Hazrat Hasan he could not take oath of allegiance for Yazeed.
In the peace treaty there was a clause which stated that after the demise of Moavia, Hazrat Imam Hasan will be the lawful guardian of the government. This condition had made Moavia anxious. It was not because he was very particular about his contracts and treaties to be confirmed.
The main source of his anxiety was that Muslims would not accept Yazeed against Hazrat Imam Hasan as Caliph.
Moavia still remembered the day when after the treaty he went to the pulpit and took the name of Hazrat Ali with indignity. Imam Husain immediately stood up to refute but Imam Hasan took hold of his hand and asked him to sit down. Imam Hasan himself addressed Moavia.
“O the person who has taken the name of Hazrat Ali with unseemly lack of respect, I am Hasan. My father is Ali, you are Moavia and your father Sakhar. My mother is Fatima and your mother is Hind. My grandfather is the Messenger and your grandfather, Harab. My grandmother is Khadija and your grandmother is Qateela. Now may God curse the person amongst both of us, who exceeds in profanity, hypocrisy and in enormity of evil mindedness and wickedness, May God curse such a person.’
From the four corners of the mosque loud voices were raised saying Ameen.
With the honour and devotion which Imam Hasan enjoyed amongst masses, the wish of Moavia could never be fulfilled. The fear of the sword of Moavia kept the masses quiet. They did not have the courage to utter a word but they had great respect and honour for Imam Hasan. the
Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain after the peace treaty proceeded towards Medina in order to ensure peace in the Islamic world. But Imam Hasan’s remorseless enemies would later attempt to blacken his saintly pacific nature by planting the canard of his having a hundred wives and extravagant weddings, although Hasan’s seven marriages and descendents are accurately chronicled.
Moavia tried many a times to obtain oath of allegiance for Yazeed but in the presence of Imam Hasan it would never be possible. Now Imam Hasan’s life became a burden for Moavia, therefore he hatched a conspiracy. He arranged to poison Imam Hasan. Moavia sent poison to one of the wives of Imam Hasan, Jada, daughter of Ashash bin Qais, so that she could give him poison in a drink. It was promised that if she will perform the task then Moavia will give her one lakh dirham and will get her married to his son Yazeed. When Jada had performed the task then Moavia sent her the stipulated money and conveyed the message that she could not be married to Yazeed because for him his son’s life is very dear. After that she married a person from the tribe of Ahl Talba. When she had children and her sons had any dispute with the children of Quraish, then the children of the Quraish used to taunt them and say you are children of a woman who had poisoned her husband.
Zainab accompanied the bier of her brother for some distance. He was buried in the grave yard of Baqee. She returned to her house wrapped in melancholy.