The Life of Imam Hasan AlahisSalam part-7

The illness fatigued the Messenger’s daughter, and sadness exhausted her thin body. Sorrow
harmed her gentle, tortured heart, to the extent that death walked towards it, while she was in
the dawn and beauty of youth. Alas for the Prophet’s dear daughter and darling! Death quickly
approached her; it was time for her to meet her father, for whom she had impatiently longed.
When she came to know that death was close at hand, she summoned Imam Ali (a.s) and told him
about her will. She asked him to bury her body in the dark night, to prevent those who had
wronged her and denied her right from praying over her and standing by her grave, for they were
her and her father’s enemies as she said. Imam Ali went away while he was weeping. He
responded to the feelings of his sad soul which time filled with sorrow and sadness.
Fatima asked him to make her a coffin to conceal her sacred body, for the people used to put the
dead on a stretcher, that their bodies could be seen. She hated that and wanted none to look at
her. As a result she summoned Asma’, daughter of ‘Umays[2] and told her of what she wanted.
She made her a coffin
[1] Al‐Ya‘qubi, Tarikh, vol. 2, p. 95.
[2] Asma’ was the daughter of Umays bin Sa‘eed bin al‐Harith al‐Khath‘ami. Her mother was the
daughter of Awf bin Zuhayr bin Kinana. She had become Muslim before Allah’s Apostle (a.s.) enter
al‐Arqam’s house in Mecca. She pledged allegiance (to the Prophet). She and her husband Ja‘far
bin Abi Talib migrated to the land of al‐Habasha (Abyssinai). She said: “O Allah’s Apostle, some
men pride themselves on me that I was not among the early emigrants.” So, he (a.s.) said:
“Rather, you emigrated twice: You emigrated to al‐Habasha, while we were in Mecca. Then you
emigrated after that.” She narrated sixty traditions from the Prophet (a.s.). Umar bin al‐Khattab
asked her to explain dreams. He assigned for her one thousand dirhams. When her husband was
martyred, Abu Bakr married her, and she born him the good one, Muhammed. When Abu Bakr
died, Imam Ali, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, married  
like that which she had seen in al‐Habasha to conceal her body. When Fatima looked at the coffin,
she smiled for the first time after the death of her father.[1]
On the last day of her life, she was happy and delighted, for she came to know that she would join
her father, who had given her good news of that she would be the first of his family to join him.
She washed her two sons and ordered them to go to visit the grave of their grandfather. They
went out while they were thinking of the affair. Did the illness exhaust their mother? Did the
illness harm her, and she was unable to go to the House of Sorrows? Or did she want to weep this
day in her house? How did she weep while the Sheikhs of Medina had prevented her from
weeping? They drowned in a sea of cares and a current of suspicions.
Fatima turned to Salma, daughter of ‘Umays,[2] who looked after her, and said to her: “Mother!”Yes, O dear one of Allah’s Apostle (a.s)!” retorted Salma.
“Bring me some water!” requested Fatima.
Salma fetched her some water, and she washed with it, and she was in a good condition. She said
to her: “Bring me my new garments!” Salma gave her the garments. Then Fatima said to her: “Put
my bed in the middle of the house!” Salma became astonished and tripped over the trains of her
gown. She did that to her. Fatima laid on her bed in the direction of qibla. Then she turned to
Salma and said to her: “I am dying now! I have purified myself! Therefore, let none uncover
me.”[3]
Fatima died at that time. On that day immortal in the world of sorrows, the most wonderful page
of virtue, purity, and chastity was folded. At her death <‐‐‐‐‐ her. She was the sister of Maymuna,
daughter of al‐Harith and wife of the Prophet (a.s.) and sister of Umm al‐Fadhl, the wife of al‐
Abbas. Her biography has been mentioned in the books: Usd al‐Ghaba, vol. 5, p. 395. Tahdhib al‐
Tahdhib, Al‐Isti‘ab, A‘lam al‐Nisa’. Ibn Sa‘d, Tabaqat.
[1] Al‐Hakim, Mustadrak, vol. 3, p. 162.
[2] Salma, daughter of Umays, was the sister of Asma’. She was among the sisters concerning
whom Allah’s Apostle (a.s.) said: “The believing sisters!” She was the wife of Hamza bin ‘Abd al‐
Muttalib. This has been mentioned in the book Usd al‐Ghaba, vol. 5, p. 479.
[3] Ibn Sa‘d, Tabaqat, vol. 8, p. 17. In the books Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal’s Musnad, vol. 6, p. 461,
and Dhakha’ir al‐Uqba, it has been mentioned that it was Umm Salama who witnessed the death
of Fatima, and not Salma, daughter of Umays.  
the last one of the children of Allah’s Apostle departed from the world of existence. Al‐Hasan and
al‐Husayn returned home. They looked here and there, but they did not see their mother. They
hurried to Salma and asked her: “Salma, where is our mother?” Salma walked towards them while
she was shaking all over with fear. She was astonished, confused, and shedding tears. She said to
them: “O my masters, your mother has died! Tell your father about that!” Al‐Hasan and al‐Husayn
were about to die due to this terrible news. They hurried to the Mosque while they were crying.
Muslims received them and asked: “What has made you cry, O (grand)sons of Allah’s Apostle?
Perhaps you have looked at the standing place of your grandfather and cried due to yearning to
him?”
They answered with a sad voice: “Our mother Fatima has died.”
They moved the feelings of Muslims through this painful news and made pain hurt their hearts,for they missed the daughter of their Prophet and the most lovable of his children to him. They
did not keep her position nor did they give her her right. From all directions they hurried to Imam
Ali’s house, that they might be successful in escorting the Remnant of the Prophet, the Pure and
Holy Lady. They overcrowded in front of the Imam’s house. They felt remorse for their neglecting
the daughter of the Prophet (a.s) who was loyal to them in respect of their religion and their
world. Imam Ali asked Salman al‐Farisi to ask the people to go away. Salman went out and asked
them to leave. Then A’isha came and wanted to come into the Imam’s house. However Asma’
prevented her from that and said to her: “Fatima has entrusted me with that none shall come in
(and see her)!”[1]
The sad, bereaved Imam washed, shrouded, and prepared his pure wife. Then he summoned his
sons to bid farewell to her. They did that to her while they were crying and lamenting over her.
After the Imam had prepared his wife to burial, he waited for the last part of the night. When it
came, the Imam along with a group of his companions carried the Sacred Corpse to its final
resting‐place. Imam Ali (a.s) had not informed any of the people except a group of his special
companions according to her will.[2] He (a.s) dug a grave for her in
[1] Usd al‐Ghaba, vol. 5, p. 524. Kanz al‐‘Ummal, vol. 7, p. 113.
[2] This has been mentioned by those who explained al‐Bukhari’s book, vol. 8, p. 157. In al‐
Hakim’s Mustadrak, vol. 3, p. 162, it has been mentioned on the authority of ‘Aa’isha, who has
said: “Fatima, daughter of Allah’s Apostle (a.s.) was buried during the night, and it was Ali, peace
be on him, who buried her. Abu Bakr did not come to know of that until after she had been buried
and Ali prayed over her.” This tradition has been mentioned in the books: Ahmed, Musnad, vol. 1,
pp. 6‐9. Muslim, Saheeh, vol. 2, p. 72. Al‐Tabari, Tarikh, vol. 3, p. 202. Al‐Bayqahi, Sunan, vol. 6, p.
300. Al‐Tahawi, Mushkil al‐Aathar. The tradition has also been mentioned by Ibn Kuthayr in his al‐
Tarikh, vol. 5, p. 285. He has said in vol. 6, p. 333: “Fatima hated Abu Bakr throughout her
lifetime.” In his al‐Sirah al‐Halabiya, vol. 3, p. 390, al‐Waqidi has said: “We have established that
Ali, my Allah honor him, buried he (Fatima), my Allah be pleased with her, and prayed over her.
With him were al‐Abbas, and al‐Fadhl. They did not inform anyone of that.”  
the cemetery of al‐Baqee‘, according to what has been said.[1] He put her into the grave and
poured earth upon her. When those who were with him went away, he sadly stood by the grave.
He addressed the Prophet and eulogized his daughter Fatima al‐Zahra’ with some words issued
from his heart full of pain and sorrow, saying: “O Prophet of Allah, peace be on you from me and
from your daughter who has come to you and who has hastened to meet you. O Prophet of Allah,
my patience about your chosen (daughter) has decreased, and my power of endurance has
weakened, except that I have ground for consolation in having endured the great hardship and
heart‐rending event of your separation. I laid you down in your grave when your last breath had
passed (when your head was) between my neck and chest. To Allah we belong and to Him is our
return. Now, the trust has been returned and what had been given is taken back. As to my grief, it knows no bounds, and as to my nights, they will remain with sleeplessness until Allah chooses for
me the house in which you are residing.Imam al‐Hasan listened to this sad speech of his father; so, severe pain befell him, and tiring sadness surrounded him. His sadness and sorrow doubled because he saw his affectionate mother
live in this world as flowers did. Death surprised her while she was in the bloom of youth. She was
carried in the coffin in the dark night. None of the Muslims escort her except a little group, while
she was the daughter of the Prophet (a.s), his darling, and the most lovable of his children to him.
Imam al‐Hasan faced the bitterness of such misfortunes while he was still a child; so, his heart
became a place of cares, sadness, and sorrows

Imam Ali inclines to Isolation
Hazrat Abu Bakr Passed away
Hazrat Umar Caliphate started
Hazrat Umar Shahdat  (Nahjj al‐Balagha, vol. 1, p. 182.
 Ibn ‘Asakir, Tarikh, vol. 4, p. 321.  )
Hazrat Umar make Consultative Committee for electing Caliph ([1] Al‐Isti‘ab, vol. 3, p. 5.[2] Ibn Abi al‐Haddeed, Sharh Nahjj al‐Balagha, vol. 1, p. 185‐186.  )

REGRET OF Hazrat ABDULLAH IBN UMAR (R.A)

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Addullah ibn Umar did not join Ali to fight the rebels. In fact, he joined Mua’awiya to fight Ali in the battle of Siffin. It is reported that he regretted his action on his deathbed:
Umm Habeeb ibne Abi Sabith (ra) heard Abdullah ibn`Umar say: “I regret that I did not join Ali and fight the rebellious group”. Abi Barr bin Abi Jaham (ra) narrates that he heard Abdullah ibne`Umar say “I never regretted anything in my life other than the fact that I did not fight the rebels”
Reference:
• al Isti’ab, by Ibn `Abd al-Barr Volume 3 page 337
• Al Nisa al kaffiya page 19
• Ummdatul Qari Sharh Sahih al Bukhari page 349 Volume 11

“Ali’s love is Iman. If someone wishes to maintain his Iman and remain on the Deen he must believe and love ‘Ali and in all situations he must stand with Ali. That is why those who did not stand with ‘Ali regretted that they failed to do so for example Abullah ibne Umar in the final stages of his life said ‘I don’t regret anything as much as the fact that I did not support ‘Ali
(Tabaqat Ibn sad page 187 Volume 4)”
Reference:
• Mufti Ghulam Rasul al Hanafi in his « Subeh al Sadiq » page 94

Abdullah bin `Umar regretted his fighting alongside Mu’awiya at Sifeen and on his deathbed he said “If only I had died 10 years before Sifeen”, by joining Mu’awiya and fighting ‘Ali he was very embarrassed at time of death and he recited tauba for his sin”
Reference:
• Al Isti’ab, Volume 2, page 340

Rare Justice: Judgements, Decisions and Answers to Difficult Questions part 4

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A Case Which was Decided Wrongly by Qazi (Judge)

It has been recorded in Ajaibul Ahkam that once when Hazrat Ali (A)
entered the Mosque of Kufa, he saw a young man who was weeping
pitiably. Hazrat Ali (A) asked him about the cause of such weeping.
The man replied:
“Ya Amir ul-Momineen, I have come to you for appeal against the
decision of Qazi in my case.”
Hazrat Ali (A) asked him about the case The young man said: “My father
had gone on journey with some persons. When these persons returned from
the journey, I asked them about my father. They said: He died during the
journey. When I asked them about the money my father had taken with him,
they said he left no money, but I know for certain that he had a good amount
of money with him.”
The young man further said to Hazrat Ali (A): “As I was certain about
the money my father had carried with him, I reported the matter to Qazi
Sharih and be sought a judgement from him in the case.”
The young man continued, “Qazi Sharih called those persons and took
oath from them one by one. They all said unanimously on oath that my
father had no cash at the time of his death. Therefore, Qazi Sharih ordered
for their release.”
Relating the above story to Hazrat Ali (A), the young man said:
“Ya Amir ul-Momineen! I have now come to you for a righteous
judgement.”
Amir ul-Momineen Hazrat All (A) said: “I shall deliver judgement in this
case as none has ever before delivered in any case other than Hazrat Daud
(David) (A).”
Hazrat Ali (A) then asked Qanbar, his personal servant, to call some men
of shurtatul Khamees (a contingent of the officers in command of an Army).
When these officers arrived, Amir ul-Momineen Hazrat Ali (A) ordered
them to ask the young man the names of the persons who had accompanied
his father on the journey and present them before him immediately. The
orders of Hazrat Ali (A) were carried out forth with. When all those persons were brought before Hazrat Ali (A), he cast a
glance over them all and ordered each to be tied with the pillars of the
mosque separately and asked the people, present in the mosque to join him
in Takbir (Greatest is God) loudly when he said it, Hazrat Ali (A) then
called one of the persons and asked him as to what he had to say in the
matter.
He said what he had said to Qazi. Qazi Sharih was also present there.
Hazrat Ali (A) said to the man:
“Don’t think that I do not know any thing about this case. Go ahead now;
When did you all start on the fateful journey; tell me the year, the month,
the day and the exact time when you all started on your journey with the
father of this yolmg man? And when was he taken ill, where and what day
and at what time? What was his disease? Who treated him and with which
medicine? When did he die? Give me the date and the time. Who gave him
bath after his death? Who wrapped him in the coffin? How many people
attended his funeral? Name any of them, if possible. Who lowered him in
his grave?.”
The man was first baffled by this volley of the most relevant questions,
but he tried to answer them one by one obviously at random. When he had
finished, Amir ul-Momineen Hazrat Ali (A) said the Takbir aloud. All the
other people present in the mosque repeated it as they were ordered before.
Hazrat Ali (A) then sent the man to prison and called the second man.
The second man being now certain because of the Takbir of the people
following Hazrat Ali (A) and his sending the first man to the prison that his
companion had confessed, told Hazrat Ali (A) that he was from the very
beginning against the murder of their companion, the father of the young
man, and taking away his cash and that none of the others listened to him.
He then besought forgiveness and mercy at the hands of Amir ul Momineen as he was only compelled to become an accomplice in the case.
Thereafter, all the rest also had to confess their crime of murder and loot.
Amir ul-Momineen Hazrat Ali (A) then made them to return the money of
the deceased to his son, together with the penalty for the murder .
Qazi, who was called to attend the hearing of the case was reprimanded
and warned to be careful in serious cases such as murder. Very politely
rather humbly he asked Amir ul-Momineen Hazrat Ali (A) as to what the
case decided by Hazrat Daud (David) (A) referred to by him as, a similar
case was.
Hazrat Ali (A) described the case thus: “Hazrat Daud (A) was once
passing through a lane when he heard some children playing & calling one
of their play- mates by the name of ‘Matat Din’. The boy was also answered
to this name. Hazrat Daud (A) was very much surprised at hearing this queer
name which meant, “religion diedl.” Therefore, prophet David (A) called
the boy and asked him as to who had given him that name.” The boy said:
“My father, Sir.” “Where is your father”? asked the prophet. “He is dead”,
replied the boy Hazrat Daud (A) then asked the boy to take him to his
mother, which he did.
When asked about the name, the mother of the boy told the prophet that
the name was given to the boy under the last will of his father . When asked about the details, she told him that the father of the boy had gone on a
journey with some persons, but he did not return from that journey which
was his last. When the mother of the boy enquired about her husband, his
companions told her that he had died on his way back home.
She asked: “What about the money he had taken with him”,.
“He left no money”, they replied innocently.
Relating this much Amir ul-Momineen, Hazrat Ali (A) said to Qazi
Shareh and the people then present in the mosque, that Hazrat Daud (A) had
decided the case as he himself had decided that day. He also told them that
after delivering the judgement in that identical case Hazrat Daud (A) asked
the woman to call her son by the name “Ashad Din”, which meant the
“religion has survived.” According to Kafi there also started a dispute
between the young man and the murderers of his father regarding the
amount of the money carried by his father from home for the journey

THE VASTNESS OF PROPHET’S ﷺKNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE ENTIRE CREATION

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medina
According to Thoubaan :

“Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said: ‘Allah 9 drew the world for
my sake. And I have seen its eastern and western ends. Verily, the
domination (of my Umma’s control) would reach those ends
which have been drawn for me, and I have been granted the red
and the white treasure (Qaisar and Kisra). I begged my Lord for
my Umma; it should not be destroyed because of famine, nor be
dominated by an enemy who is not amongst them to destroy
them. And my Lord said: ‘O Muhammad, whenever I make a
decision, there is none to change it. I grant you for your Umma
that they would not be destroyed by famine and would not be
dominated by an enemy who would not be amongst them and
(they) would not be able take their lives and destroy them, even if
all the people from the different parts of the world join hands
together (for this purpose). But it would be from amongst them,
(your Umma), that some people would kill each other or
imprison each other.
Reported by al-Muslim, al-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood.
هللَ صلی اهلل عليو وآلو وسلم: اِنَّ هللِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ . ۳۲ / ۲
يْمٍ فِي حِ لْيَةِ االْاَوْلِيَاءِ. رَوَاهُ أَبُو نػُعَ یکَفّْي ىَذَا. الدُّنػْيَا فَأَنَا ااَنْظُرُ إِلَيػْهَا وَ إِلٰی مَا ىُوَ کَائِنٌ فِيػْهَا إِلٰی یَػوِْم الْقِيَامَةِ،کَااَنَّمَا ااَنْظُرُ إِلٰ قَدْ رَفَعَ لِيَ

medina
According to Ibn Umar : “Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said: ‘Allah 9 drew the world for
my sake. And I have seen the entire world and all those events which would take place until the Day of Resurrection, as like as I
see this hand.’”
Reported by Abu Nu’aym in Huliyat al-Awliya.
رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ وَالطَّبػَرَانِيُّ. . مَنْ نَسِ يَوُ إِلٰی یَػوْمِ الْقِيٰمَةِ، وَوَعَاَهُ مَنْ وَعَاهُ وَنَسِ يَوُ بِمَایَکُوْنُ فِي أُمَّتِو . عَنِ الْمُغِيػْرَةِ قَالَ : قَامَ فِيػْنَا رَسُوْلُ اللّٰوِ صلی اهلل عليو وآلو وسلم مَقَامًا، فَأَخْبػَرْنَا ۳۳ / ۳

 Set forth by al-Muslim in al-Sahih, Bk.: al-Fitan wa A’lamaat al-Qiyamat
[The Quarrels and Signs of Day of Resurrection], Ch.: Distraction of this
Ummah by Each other,4/2215, $ 2889.al-Tirmidhi in al-Sunan, Bk.: al-Fitan
[The Quarrels], Ch.: Asking Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم above one third of his Ummah
4/472, $ 2176. Abu Dawud in al-Sunan, BK.: al-Fitan [The Quarrels], Ch.:
The Quarrels and its evidences, 4/97$ 4252. Ahmed b. Hanbal in al￾Musnad, 5/278 $ 22448, 22505. al-Bazzar in Musnad 8/413, $ 3487. al￾Hakim in al-Mustadrak, 4/496 $ 8390. Ibn Abi Shayba in al-Musannaf, 6/311, 31694. Ibn Hibban in al-Sahih, 15/109, $ 6714. al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al￾Kubra, 9/181.al-Daylami in Musnad al-Firdus, 2/296, $ 3347.
32 Set forth by Abu Nu’aym in Hulliyat al-Awliya, 6/101. al- Haythami in
Majma al-Zawa’id, 8/287. al-Hindi in Kanz al-U’maal 11/420, $ 31971.

medina According to al-Mughaira :
“Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم stood among us and narrated all
the events and occasions which will take place in (the era of) his
Umma till the Day of Resurrection. Those who remembered
they remembered and those who forgotten has forgotten.”
Reported by Ahmad and al-Tabarani.

33 Set forth by al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, 20/441 $ 1077. Ahmed b.
Hanbal in al-Musnad , 4/254. $ 18249. al- Haythami in Majma al-Zawa’id,
8/264.