Karbala and Beyond 4

HUSAIN IN MECCA

When Yazid came to know that al-Walid had allowed Imam al-Husain (
ع) and Abdullah ibn az-Zubair to leave Medina for Mecca without
taking their oath of allegiance to him, he became very angry and
immediately deposed al-Walid from his post and appointed Amr ibn
Sa’d in his place. Amr, in turn, appointed Omer ibn az-Zubair as his
chief executive officer. Omer began to harass and intimidate the
supporters of Abdullah ibn az-Zubair. The Imam (ع) understood that
those were scaring tactics meant to convey the message that he would
be next to harass and intimidate; therefore, he felt that it was not safe
for him to stay even in Mecca. There, Imam al-Husain (ع) received
thousands of letters, mostly from the people of Kufa, pleading to him to
rescue them from the Umayyads’ tyranny. According to the renown
writer al-Balathiri, Imam al-Husain (ع) received as many as six
hundred letters in one day and a total of twelve thousands, all
requesting the same. Among those who wrote him were these renown
Kufians some of whom betrayed him then fought him: Shabth ibn
Rab’i, Hijar ibn Abjar, Yazid ibn al-Harith, Izrah ibn Qays, Amr ibn al￾Hajjaj, and Muhammed ibn Omayr ibn Utarid. First, Imam al-Husain (
ع) did not respond to any of these letters, then he wrote one letter which
he entrusted to Hani ibn Hani al-Subayi and Sa’d ibn Abdullah al￾Hanafi wherein he said,
“In the Name of Allah, the Most Benevolent, the Most Merciful
Hani and Sa’d brought me your letters, and they are the last to deliver
such letters to me. I understand what you narrate, and the gist of most
of your letters is: “We have no Imam; so, come to us, perhaps Allah
will gather us with you on the path of guidance and righteousness.” I
have sent you my brother and cousin and the confidant of my Ahl alBayt and ordered him to write me with regard to your conditions, views
and intentions. So, if he writes me saying that your view is united with
that of those of distinction and wisdom from among you and in
agreement with what your messengers and letters state, I shall, by the
Will of Allah, come to you very soon. By my life, an Imam is one who
acts upon the Book [of Allah] and implements justice and follows the
path of righteousness; he dedicates himself to follow Allah’s
Commandments, and peace be with you.”
He handed his letter to his cousin Muslim ibn Aqeel saying, “I am
dispatching you to the people of Kufa, and Allah shall deal with you as
He pleases. I wish that I and you should be in the company of the
martyrs; so, proceed with Allah’s blessing and help. Once you get
there, stay with the most trustworthy of its people.”
Muslim left Mecca on the fifteenth of the month of Ramadan,
corresponding to June 22, 680 A.D., via the Mecca-Medina highway.
He reached Medina and went to the Mosque of the Prophet (ص), then
he bade his family farewell after having hired two road guides from the
tribe of Qays. One night the road guides were lost, and they became
extremely thirsty, and it was very hot. They said to Muslim (ع) once
they recognized some road marks, “Take yonder road and follow it,
perhaps you will be saved.” He, therefore, left them, following their
advice. Both road guides died of thirst. He could not carry them
because they were about to pass away. What those road guides had
actually seen was not the road itself but some landmarks leading
thereto. The distance between them and water was not known, and they
were unable to ride on their own, nor could they ride with someone
else. Had Muslim (ع) stayed with them, he, too, would have perished.
The most urgent matter was to preserve precious lives and to continue
the march till water could be reached, hence his decision to abandon
them where they were. Muslim and those serving him barely survived
till they reached the highway and the water source where they rested
for a short while.
Muslim sent a letter to Imam al-Husain (ع) with a messenger whom he
hired from those who settled near that water source. He told him about
the death of the road guides, about the hardship he underwent, and that
he was staying at a narrow passage at Batn al-Khabt awaiting his
instructions. The messenger met Imam al-Husain (ع) at Mecca and
delivered the letter to him. Al-Imam al-Husain (ع) wrote him back
ordering him to continue his march to Kufa without any delay. Having
read the letter, Muslim immediately resumed his trip and passed by a
watering place belonging to the tribe of Tay. He Alighted there then
departed. He saw a man shooting and killing a deer, so he took it as a
sign of good omen: the killing of his foe.
On the twenty-fifth of Shawwal, 60 A.H./July 27, 680 A.D., Muslim
ibn Aqeel entered Kufa and stayed with al-Mukhtar ibn Abu Ubayd alThaqafi who was highly respected among his people, a generous man, a
man of ambition and daring, one well experienced and determined, and
a formidable opponent of the enemies of Ahl al-Bayt, peace be with
them. He was a man of great discretion especially with regard to the
rules of the battle and the means of subduing the foe. He kept company
with the Progeny of the most holy Prophet (ص), so he benefitted from
their ethics and virtuous morals, and he sought their advice publicly
and privately.

Rare Justice: Judgements, Decisions and Answers to Difficult Questions part 1

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The Case of a Slave Who Claimed to be the Master of His Master

It has been described by Kulaini and Sheikh on the authority of Imam
Jafar Sadiq (AlahisSalam) that during the ‘Khilafat’ (Caliphate) of Hazrat Ali(AlahisSalam) two
men, a slave and his master, were traveling to Kufa after performing Haj
(Pilgrimage). The slave committed some mistake and the master beat him
for that. The slave said to his master: “You are my slave, but still you are
beating me for nothing.” Some other people wanted to decide between the
two, but the slave did not admit his mistake but went on repeating that he
was the master of the man accompanying him till they all entered Kufa. The
master then said to his slave: “Let us go to Ameer-ul-Momineen for a
judgement.”
To that the slave agreed and they both went to Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam), but while
giving their statements before him both claimed to be the master of each
other. The one who was actually the master stated weeping that he was the
real master and that his father had sent him on pilgrimage to Mecca. He had
taken a slave with him who had committed a mistake on his way back home
and he therefore beat him. By saying that he was the master he wanted to
take away all his possessions wrongfully. But the slave also repeated the
same story on oath. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) after hearing both, ordered them to
present themselves before him the next day. Meanwhile, he ordered two
holes to be made in a wall, each one large enough for the head of a man to
pass through. When the two men came to him on the following day, he
ordered each of them to put his head into the two holes. This done, he
ordered his personal servant “Cut off the head of the slave.” No sooner the
slave heard this order, he pulled out his head from the hole while the one
who was the master did not move even slightly. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) then
reprimanded the slave, who went away with his master hanging his head in
shame.

The Case of Two Women Each of Whom Claimed to be the Mother of
One and the Same Child
Sarui has described in Irshad that during the caliphate of Hazrat Omar
two women were produced before Hakim, the then Qazi of Medina. Both of
them claimed the same child to be their own. Hakim was puzzled and did not
know what to do. The case was, therefore, taken to Hazrat Omar (RA) for
decision, but he also could not decide it. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) was then requested
to decide the case. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) asked the women as to whether they had
any objection if the child were cut into two and one part given to each of
them. One of the woman agreed to it, but the other started crying. She said
to Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam): “O’ Abul Hasan! I forego my claim. Give the child to this
woman.” Thus the child was restored to its real mother who started crying

ACCOUNT OF THE BIRTH OF THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM)

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medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Abu Bakr Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Abi Sabrah related to me on the authority of Ishaq Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Farwah, he on the authority of Abu Ja`far Muhammad Ibn `Ali; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), was born on Monday, the 10th of the month of Rabi` al-Awwal; and the invasion of the people of the Elephants (asháb al-fil) took place in the middle of Muharram, fifty five days prior to this event.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said:

Abu Ma`shar Nujayh al-Madani used to say that the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) ! was born on Monday, 2 Rabi` al-Awwal.

medina
He (lbn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn Mu’awiyah al-Nayshaburl informed us: Ibn Lahi`ah informed us on the authority of Khalid Ibn Abi `Imran, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; he said:

Your Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) was born on Monday.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar informed us on the authority of Hishŕm Ibn Sa’d, he on the authority of Zayd Ibn Aslam, he on the authority of `Abd Allah Ibn ‘Alqamah Ibn al-Faghwa; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ishaq Ibn Yahya Ibn Talhah related to us on the authority of Isa Ibn Talhah, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; (third chain) he (lbn Sa’d) said: Musa Ibn `Ubaydah related to us on the authority of Muhámmad Ibn Ka`b; (fourth chain) Muhammad Ibn Sŕlih related to us on the authority of `lmran Ibn Mannah; (fifth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Qays Ibn al-Rabi’ related to us on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, he on the authority of Sa’id Ibn Jubayr; (sixth chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: `Abd Allah Ibn `Amir al-Aslami related to us on the authority of the daughter of Abu Tajrát; (seventh chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hukaym Ibn Muhammad related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Qays [P. 63] Ibn Makhramah; they all said:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), was born in the year of the Elephant. (It refers to Abrahah’s attack on Makkah, which was regarded as the basis of one of the Arab eras).

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Yahya Ibn Ma’in informed us: Hajjaj Ibn Muhammad informed us: Yunus Ibn Abi Ishaq informed us on the authority of Sa’id Ibn Jubayr, he on the authority of lbn `Abbas; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), was born on the day of the Elephants by which he meant the year of the Elephant.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Muhammad Ibn Muslim informed us on the authority of al-Zuhri; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: Musa Ibn `Ubaydah related to us on the authority of his brother and Muhammad lbn Ka`b al-Qurazi; (third chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: ‘Abd Allah lbn Ja`far al-Zuhri related to us on the authority of his paternal aunt, Umm Bakr, Bint al-Miswar, she on the authority of her father; (fourth chain) he (lbn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Rahman Ibn Ibrahim al-Madani, and Ziyad Ibn Hashraj, they on the authority of ‘Abu Wajzah; (fifth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ma`mar Ibn Abi Nujayh related to us on the authority of Mujahid; (sixth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Talhah Ibn ‘Amr related to us on the authority of ‘Atá, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; their narrations consolidated are:

Verily ‘Aminah Bint Wahb Said: I became pregnant with him, meaning the Apostle of Allah,(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), but I felt no discomfort till I delivered him. But when he mas separated from me there emitted with him a light which made everything between the East and the West bright. Then he fell on the earth resting on his hands and took a handful of earth and raised his head to the heaven; and some say that he was reclining on his knees, raising his head to the heaven, and there emitted with him a light which illuminated the palaces of Syria and its markets, till I saw the necks of camels at Busra.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: `Amr Ibn ‘Asim al-Kilŕbi informed us: Hammam Ibn Yahya informed us on the authority of Ishaq Ibn ‘Abd Allah: Verily the mother of the Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

When I delivered him, there emitted a light from my womb which illuminated the palaces of Syria, so I delivered him clean as the lamb without impurities, and he fell on the earth with his hands resting on it.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Mu’adh Ibn Mu’adh al-‘Anbari informed us; he said: Ibn `Awn related to us on the authority of Ibn al-Qibtiyah relating to the birth of the Prophets, (may Allah bless him), he said: his (Prophet’s)(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) mother said:

I noticed as if a meteor came out of me with which the earth was lighted.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Affŕn Ibn Muslim informed us: Hammád Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of Ayyub, he on the authority of `Ikrimah:

Verily when the Prophet’s(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) mother delivered him, she put him under a stone vessel which split up. She said (relating to this): I saw him gazing towards heaven.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Wahhŕb Ibn ‘Ata al-`Ijli informed us on the authority of Thawr Ibn Yazid, he on the authority of Abu a1-Ajfa, he on the authority of the Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ); he said:

When my mother delivered me she perceived a glow of light in which (she saw) the palaces of Busra.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Sa`d Ibn Mansur informed us: Faraj Ibn Fudalah informed us on the authority of Lugman Ibn `Amur, he on the authority of Abu Amamah al-Bahili; he said: The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

My mother perceived as if light emitted from her [P. 64] with which the palaces of Syria illuminated.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Al-Haytham Ibn Khárijah informed us: Yahya Ibn Hamzah informed us on the authority of al-Awzŕ`i, he on the authority of Hassan Ibn `Atiyyah:

When the Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) was born, he fell on his palms and knees gazing at the sky.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Yunus Ibn `Ata al-Makki informed us: Al-Hakam Ibn Aban al-Adani informed us: `Ikrimah informed us on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, he on the authority of his father al-Abbas Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib; he said:

The Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) was born circumcised and with navel chord cut; this caused `Abd al-Muttalib wonder and he was pleased; he remarked: This child of mine will achieve greatnéss, which he did.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Wagid al-Aslami informed us; he said: `Ali Ibn Yazid Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Wahb Ibn Zam’ah related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority of his paternal aunt; she said:

When ‘Aminah Bint Wahb was delivered of the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), she sent for `Abd al-Muttalib. When the messenger of good news came to him, he was sitting in al-Hijr with his sons and some members of his tribe. He informed him that ‘Aminah was delivered of a boy. The news pleased `Abd al-Muttalib, and he stood up along with those who were there. Then he entered her apartment. Thereupon she informed him of what she had perceived and what was said to her and to what she wars commanded. He (al-`Abbas) said: `Abd al-Muttalib took him and carried him to the Ka`bah and standing there he prayed to Allah and thanked Him for what He had bestowed on him.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us; he said:

I have been informed that ‘Abd al-Muttalib recited that day:
“All praises be to Allah who bestowed on me this boy of pure character.
He has been the leader of the boys in his cradle, (so) I entrust him to the care of Allah the Lord arkan (the pillars of the Ka’bah).
I wish to see him attain maturity, and I seek refuge from the evil of malicious person.
(I seek refuge) from the evil of the agitated envious person”.