The Life of Imam Hasan AlahisSalam part-6

img-20210923-wa00034050833971405295375.jpgAt the Time of the two Caliphs part 1

Some Events Happen like

  1.  AlSaqifa: ( Al‐Tabari, Tarikh, vol. 3, p. 207.  , Al‐‘Aqd al‐Fareed, vol. 3, p. 62.
     Al‐Tabari, Tarikh, vol. 3, p. 208. Al‐‘Aqd al‐Fareed, vol. 3, p. 62. Al‐Nisa’i, Khasa’is, p. 18. Al‐Hakim, Mustadrak, vol. 3, p. 126.  Al‐‘Aqd al‐Fareed, vol. 3, p. 62. Ibn Abi al‐Haddeed, Sharh Nahjj al‐Balagha, vol. 2, p. 8.  Ibid., vol. 2, p. 5. Al‐Bukhari, Saheeh, vol. 10, p. 44. Ahmed, Musnad, vol. 1, p. 55. Tamam al‐Mutun, p. 137. ,  Al‐Khulafa’ al‐Rashidun, p. 16.
    Ibn al‐Athir, Tarikh.)
  2. Imam Ali’s House is attacked: ([1] Al‐Tabrasi, al‐Ihtijaj, pp. 43‐44. Other writers have mentioned it.[2] Abu al‐Fida’, Tarikh, vol. 1, p. 156. Al‐Imama wa al‐Siyasa, vol. 1, pp. 12‐13. Ibn
    Abi al‐Haddeed, Sharh Nahjj al‐Balagha, vol. 1, p. 34. Al‐Tabari, Tarikh, vol. 3, p. 202, (Daar al‐
    Ma‘rif edition). Abu al‐Fida’, Tarikh, vol. 1, p. 156. Al‐Ya‘qubi, Tarikh, vol. 2, p. 105. ‘Alaam al‐Nisa’,vol. 3, p. 205. Abu ‘Ubayd, al‐Amwal, p. 131. Al‐Mas‘udi, Murujj al‐Dhahab, vol. 1, p. 414. ‘Abd al‐Fattah, Imam Ali, vol. 1, p. 213.
  3. Fadak is confiscated :(‐Was Hazrat Fatima AlahisSalam  truthful in her case of the Faddak?
    ‐Yes.
    [1] Al‐Hakim, al‐Mustadrak, vol. 3, p. 124. Al‐Sawa‘iq al‐Muhriqa, 75.
    [2] Al‐Isaba.
    [3] Al‐Nas wa al‐Ijtihad, p. 37.  
    ‐Why did Abu Bakr not give Fadak to her while he came to know that she was truthful?
    Ibn Abi al‐Haddeed said: “He (Ali bin al‐Fariqi) smiled, and then said: ‘A nice, approved speech in
    respect of his law, his sacredness, and his little joking.’ He said: ‘If he had given her Fadak as soon
    as she demanded him, she would have come to him. She would have claimed the caliphate for her husband, and removed him from his position. )
  4. Hazrat Abu Bakr regrets :(Kanz al‐‘Ummal, vol. 3, p. 135. Al‐Tabari, vol. 4, p. 52.  [1] Al‐Imama wa al‐Siyasa, vol. 1, p. 14. A’lam al‐Nisa’, vol. 3, p. 1214. Imam Ali, vol. 1, p. 217.
    [2] Imam Ali, vol. 1, pp. 217‐218.[3] Al‐Hakim, Mustadrak, vol. 3, p. 153. Usd al‐Ghaba, vol. 5, p. 522. Tahdhib al‐Tahdhib, vol. 12, p.441. Mizan al‐I‘tidal, vol. 2, p. 219. Dhakha’ir al‐Uqba, p. 39. Al‐Khawarizmi, Maqtal, vol. 1, p. 52)

Viewpoints of some Sahaba on event at Saqifa

Salman al‐Farisi
Salman al‐Farisi, the pious son of Islam and source of piety and righteousness, hurried to rebuke
the people and to protest against them. He argued with Abu Bakr, saying to him: “O Abu Bakr, to
whom will you entrust your affair when that which you do not know befalls you? To whom will
you
[1] Al‐Riyad al‐Nadira, vol. 1, p. 139. Ibn Abi al‐Haddeed, Sharh Nahjj al‐Balagha, vol. 2, p. 17. Al‐
Khawarizmi, Maqtal al‐Husayn, vol. 1, p. 93. Al‐Manaqib, vol. 2, p. 172. In the book al‐Isaba, vol. 2,
p. 15, it has been mentioned: “This argument issued from Imam al‐Husayn.” In the book al‐
Sawa‘iq al‐Muhriqa, p. 105, it has been mentioned: “Al‐Hasan said these words to Abu Bakr, and
that happened to al‐Husayn with Umar bin al‐Khattab.”
resort when you are asked about something you do not know? What is your excuse? That is
because there is someone who is more learned than you are, nearer to Allah’s Apostle (a.s), more
knowledgeable in interpreting the Book of Allah, the Great and Almighty, and the Sunna of His
Prophet. He is the one to whom the Prophet gave precedence during his lifetime, and whom he
asked you to cling to at his death. But you have neglected his statement, forgotten his
commandments, left behind you the promise, broken the covenant, and abrogated the agreement
he had concluded with you in respect of walking behind the standard of Usama bin Zayd.”Ammar Bin Yasir
Ammar Bin Yasir began arguing with the people, saying to them: “O community of Quraysh, and O
communities of the Muslims! If you have come to know; otherwise, you should know that the
household of your Prophet are more appropriate for him, more entitled to inherit him, more
righteous in the affairs of the religion, safer to the believers, more keeping to his creed, and
sincerer to his community (than you are). Therefore, ask your leader (Abu Bakr) to return the right
to its men before your cord becomes disordered, your affair becomes weak, your dissension
appears, the affliction among you becomes greater, you differ with each other, and your enemy
craves after you. You have come to know that the Hashimites are more appropriate for this affair
than you are;
Ali is nearer to your Prophet than you are. He is among them and is your master in respect of the
covenant of Allah and of His Apostle. You have come to know about the manifest difference for a
condition after a condition. That was when the Prophet (a.s) closed all your doors facing the
Mosque except his (Ali) door. He preferred him through marrying him to his daughter Fatima to
the rest of those from among you who proposed to her. These words of him (a.s): ‘I am the City of
knowledge, and Ali is its gate; and whoever seeks wisdom, let him come to it through its gate.’
You all are required to consult him in regard with the difficult affairs of your religion, while he is in
no need of you all. Moreover he has excellent precedence the like of which the best one of you
does not have. So why have you turned away from him, usurped his right, preferred the life in this
world to the next? Evil is (this) change for the unjust. Give him what Allah has appointed for him.
Do not turn away from him. And turn not on your backs for then you will turn back losers.”[2]
[1] Al‐Tabrasi, al‐Ihtijaj, pp. 42‐43.
[2] Al‐Tabrasi, al‐Ihtijaj p. 43. 

 Khuzayma Bin Thabit
Khuzayma Bin Thabit, a great companion of the Prophet, has said: “O People, did you not know
that the Prophet (a.s) had accepted my witness alone and wanted no other witness with me?”
Yes,” they replied. He said: “I bear witness that I have heard Allah’s Apostle (a.s) say: ‘My
household distinguish between the truth and the falsehood; and they are the Imams who should
be followed.’ I have said what I have known. Nothing is (incumbent) on the Apostle only a clear
deliverance.”
Abul Haythem bin al‐Tayhan
Abul Haythem bin al‐Tayhan, a great companion of the Prophet, has said: “And I bear witness for
our Prophet (a.s) that he installed Ali (as an Imam) on the Day of Ghadir Khum. So the Ansar said:
‘He (the Prophet) installed him (for nothing) except for the caliphate.’ Some of them said: ‘He
installed him for nothing except for that the people had to know that he was the master of those
whose master was Allah’s Apostle (a.s).’ There was a lot of discussion about that; so, we sent
some men from among us to Allah’s Apostle (a.s) to ask him about that. He said: ‘Say to them: Ali
is the master of the believers after me and the most loyal of the people to my community.’ I have
borne witness to that which came to my mind. So let him who please believe, and let him who
please disbelieve. Surely the day of decision is (a day) appointed.
Sahl bin Hunayf
Sahl Bin Hunayf praised Allah and lauded him, called down blessings upon the Prophet and his
family. Then he said: “O Community of Quraysh, I bear witness that I saw Allah’s Apostle (a.s) in
this place (the Mosque of the Prophet) taking Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s) by the hand. I heard him say to
him: ‘O people, this Ali is your Imam (leader) after me. He is my gurdian during my lifetime and
after my death. He settles my debts, fulfills my promises and will be the first to shake hand with
me by the Pool. Blessed is he who follows and supports him. Woe unto him who lags behind and
deserts him.”
Uthman bin Hunayf
Uthman bin Hunayf rose and said: “We have heard Allah’s Apostle (a.s) say: ‘My household are
the stars of the earth; therefore, do not go ahead of them, for they are the rulers after me.’ A man
rose for him and said: ‘O Allah’s Apostle, Who are your household?’ ‘Ali and his pure children,’
replied the Prophet.”
Abu Ayyub al‐Ansari
Abu Ayyub al‐Ansari has said: “O servants of Allah, fear Allah in respect of the household of your
Prophet, return to them their right that Allah had appointed to them. You have heard just as our
brothers have heard that our Prophet (a.s) said in different gatherings: ‘My household are your
Imams after me.’ He indicated with his hand to Ali. Then he said: ‘This is the Commander of the
pious and killer of the unbelievers. Whoever deserts him is deserted; whoever supports him is
supported. Therefore, turn to Allah in repentance because of your deeds, most surely Allah is the
Most Forgiving, Merciful. Do not turn away from him, turning back’.”[1]
Utba bin Abi Lahab
While Utba bin Abi Lahab was shedding tears, he rose and recited:
I did not think that the authority would be turned away from Hashim, and then from Abu al‐
Hasan.
From the first of the people in faith, precedence, and the most learned of the people in the Qur’an
and the Sunna.
The last of the people in making covenant with the Prophet, and whom Gabriel helped to wash
and shroud (the Prophet),
Who has that which they do not doubt, and the people do not have the good he has.[2]
The great, trustworthy Muslims have mentioned other strong arguments concerning the right of
Imam Ali (a.s). However, the people paid no attention to that and insisted on turning the caliphate
away from the Prophet’s Household, peace be on them

Imam Hasan said to Hazrat Abu Bakr: “Get down! Get down from
the pulpit of my (grand) father! Go to your father’s pulpit!”
Hazrat Abu Bakr  said to him softly: “By
Allah, you are truthful! Most surely it is your father’s pulpit, not my father’s pulpit!”[1]

THE ENEMIES OF AHLUL BAYT ARE ALSO THE ENEMIES OF ALLAH

img_20210531_1637581616445426528374992.jpg

It is a fact that the enemies of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) are also the enemies of Allah. Anyone that denies this has a desease in their heart:

Quran 2:8-10
[2:8] And there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the last day; and they are not at all believers. [2:9] They desire to deceive Allah and those who believe, and they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive. [2:10] There is a disease in their hearts, so Allah added to their disease and they shall have a painful chastisement because they lied. [2:11] And when it is said to them, Do not make mischief in the land, they say: We are but peace-makers. [2:12] Now surely they themselves are the mischief makers, but they do not perceive. [2:13] And when it is said to them: Believe as the people believe they say: Shall we believe as the fools believe? Now surely they themselves are the fools, but they do not know. [2:14] And when they meet those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they are alone with their Shaitans, they say: Surely we are with you, we were only mocking. [2:15] Allah shall pay them back their mockery, and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on. [2:16] These are they who buy error for the right direction, so their bargain shall bring no gain, nor are they the followers of the right direction.
ووَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُمْ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ {8} يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَمَا يَخْدَعُونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ {9} فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ? وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ {10} وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ {11} أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَ?كِنْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ {12} وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ? أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَ?كِنْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {13} وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا إِلَى? شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَ {14} اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ {15} أُولَ?ئِكَ الَّذِينَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلَالَةَ بِالْهُدَى? فَمَا رَبِحَتْ تِجَارَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَ {16}

Abu Sufian, Mua’awiya and their likes have joined the ranks of the Muslims (after the conquest of Macca) either out of fear or in order to infiltrate the ranks of the Muslims to destroy Islam and its followers from within. They joined after tiredlessly and fierlessly fighting the prophet and his followers from the onset of preaching to the conquest of Macca. They are called the Tulaqa’. Mua’awiya claimed to be a Muslim, yet, history testifies that his deeds are nothing but un-islamic.

In this section, I am reminding you of the true virtues of Ahlul Bayt in general, and of Imam Ali in particular. I will not provide any sources here as they are already in their respective articles. From these narrations, you will understand that the enemies of Ahlul Bayt are the enemies of the prophet, and therefore, they are also the enemies of Allah. Those who waged wars against the progeny of the prophet have directly waged wars against prophet Muhammad. Those who have wronged Ahlul Bayt, rebelled against them, persecuted them, direspected them, denied their virtues, belittled them, marginalized them, have also done the same to prophet Muhammad. They thought they were hurting Allah and His true followers. Nay, by Allah, they were hurting and deceiving themselves. They were buying their place in Hell. One cannot love the prophet, his progeny and loyal followers, and at the same time, love his staunch enemies. You need two unsynchronized (emotionally disconnected) hearts: one full of love and one full of hate!

Remember hadith al-Harb wal-Silm?

Abu Huraira narrated: The Prophet (PBUH) looked toward Ali, Hasan, Husain, and Fatimah (AS), and then said: “I am at war with those who will fight you, and at peace with those who are peaceful to you.”
نظر النبي -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم- إلى علي، وفاطمة، والحسن، والحسين، فقال: (أنا حرب لمن حاربكم، وسلم لمن سالمكم).

Remember hadith al-Thaqalayn?

A’atiya narrated from Abu Saeid al-Khudri that the prophet said: “I am leaving among you the Thaqalayn. One of them is greater than the other. The Book of Allah and my progeny, my Ahlul Bayt. These two shall not separate from each other till they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise)” In another narration with the same Isnad: “I am leaving amongst you that which if you take (your religion) from you shall never stray after me. Two weighty things, one of them is greater than the other, the Book of Allah which is like a rope stretching from the Heaven to Earth and my progeny, my Ahlul Bayt. They will never separate until they meet me at the Fountain.”
حدّثنا ابن نمير، حدّثنا عبد الملك يعني ابن أبي سليمان، عن عطيّة، عن أبي سعيد الخدري قال: قال رسول الله(صلى الله عليه وآله): ((إنِّي قَدْ تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ الثَّقَلَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ مِنْ الآخَرِ كِتَابُ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجْلَّ حَبْلٌ مَمْدُودٌ مِنْ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَعِتْرَتِي أَهْلُ بَيْتِي أَلاَ إنَّهُمَا لَنْ يَفْتَرِقَا حَتَّى يَرِدَا عَلَيّ الحَوْضَ)). وبنفس السند يرويه أيضاً بلفظ: ((إنِّي قَدْ تَرَكْتُ فِيكمُ مَا إِنْ أَخَذْتُمْ بِهِ لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدِي، الثَّقَلَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ مِنْ الآخَرِ كِتَابُ اللهِ حَبْلٌ مَمْدُودٌ مِنْ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَعِتْرَتِي أَهْلُ بَيْتِي أَلاَ وَإنَّهُمَا لَـنْ يَفْتَرِقَا حَتَّى يَرِدَا عَلَيّ الحَوْضَ))

Remember Hadith al-Mawaddat which was based on the following verse?

Quran 42:23
That is (the Bounty) whereof Allah gives Glad Tidings to His Servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say: “No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin (qurba).” And if any one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service).
ذَلِكَ الَّذِي يُبَشِّرُ اللَّهُ عِبَادَهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ قُل لَّا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَى وَمَن يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَّزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

Remember Hadith al-Mubahalat which was based on the following verse and in which Ali was the self of the prophet?

Quran 3:59-61
The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was. The Truth (comes) from Allah alone; so be not of those who doubt. If any one disputes in this matter with thee, now after (full) knowledge Hath come to thee, say: “Come! let us gather together, our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: Then let us earnestly pray, and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie!”
إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِندَ اللّهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِن تُرَابٍ ثِمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ {59} الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلاَ تَكُن مِّن الْمُمْتَرِينَ {60} فَمَنْ حَآجَّكَ فِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْاْ نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءنَا وَأَبْنَاءكُمْ وَنِسَاءنَا وَنِسَاءكُمْ وَأَنفُسَنَا وأَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَل لَّعْنَةُ اللّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ {61}

Remember Hadith al-Safina?

Ali narrated that the prophet said: “My Ahlul-Bayt are like the Ark of Noah. Whoever embarks in it is saved, and whoever turns away from it will be thrown in the Fire.
وعن علي عليه السلم قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله : مثل أهل بيتي كمثل سفينة نوح من ركبها نجا ومن تعلق بها فاز ومن تخلف عنها زج في النار

Remember all the following virtues??

The Prophet said about Ahlul-Bayt: “Do not be ahead of them for you will perish, do not turn away from them for you will perish, and do not try to teach them since they know more than you do!”
فلا تقدموهما فتهلكوا ولا تقصروا عنهما. فتهلكوا ولا تعلوهم فإنهم أعلم منكم

Abu Sae’ed al-Khudri narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) said: “My Ahlul-Bayt are like the Ark of Noah. Whoever embarked in it is saved, and whoever turns away from it will perish. My Ahlul Bayt are like the Gate of Repentance of the Children of Israel; whoever entered therein was forgiven.”
وعن أبي سعيد الخدري قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: “إنما مثل أهل بيتي فيكم كمثل سفينة نوح من ركبها نجا ومن تخلف عنها غرق، وإنما مثل أهل بيتي فيكم مثل باب حطة في إسرائيل من دخله غفر له”.

Imam Ali narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “The stars are the security for the inhabitants of the heavens, and if the stars go away, the inhabitants of the heavens will be destroyed. And my Ahlul-Bayt are security for the inhabitants of the earth, and if my Ahlul-Bayt go away (i.e. all die), the inhabitants of the earth will be destroyed.
عن علي عليه‌السلام قال قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم : النجوم أمان لأهل السماء ، فإذا ذهبت النجوم ذهب أهل السماء ، وأهل بيتي أمان لأهل الأرض ، فإذا ذهب أهل بيتي ذهب أهل الأرض. أخرجه أحمد في المناقب

al-Akwa’a ibn Salama narrated that the prophet said: “The stars are security for the inhabitants of the heavens and my Ahlul Bayt are the security of my Ummah.” al-Suyuti said the Isnad is hasan
النجوم أمان لأهل السماء، وأهل بيتي أمان لأمتي
التخريج (برموز السيوطي): (ع) عن سلمة بن الأكوع
التخريج (مفصلا): أبو يعلى في مسنده عن سلمة بن الأكوع
تصحيح السيوطي: حسن

The prohibition of hating Ahlul Bayt: By the One who owns my soul, no one will hate us, Ahlul Bayt but will be taken to Hell.
تحريم بغض أهل البيت:
والذي نفسي بيده لا يبغضنا أهل البيت أحدٌ إلا أدخله الله النار.
صحيح على شرط مسلم, قلت: وهو كما قال وبيض له الذهبي

The prophet said: You will be trialed through my Ahlul Bayt, after me.
حدثنا العباس بن حمدان الحنفي الأصبهاني ثنا عباد بن يعقوب الأسدي ثنا علي بن هاشم عن شقيق بن أبي عبد الله حدثني عمارة بن يحيى بن خالد بن عرفطة قال كنا عند خالد بن عرفطة يوم قتل الحسين بن علي رضي الله تعالى عنهما فقال لنا خالد هذا ما سمعت من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إنكم ستبتلوان في أهل بيتي من بعدي‏

And now let’s remember the virtues of Imam Ali (as). Remember that in your daily prayers, when you send your blessings upon Muhammad and his progeny (aalihi), Ali is included.

remember that Ali is from the purified Ahlul Kisa’a:

Abu A’ammar said he was at the house of Wathila ibn al-Asqa’a. The people brought up the name of Ali and they insulted him. When they left, Wathila told Abu A’ammar to stay so he can tell him about the man they insulted. Wathila said: “One of these days, I was at the prophet’s house when Ali, Fatima, al-Hassan and al-Hussein came to him. The prophet covered them with his cloak then said ‘O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt, O Allah, keep away the uncleanness from them and purify them a thorough purifying.’ Wathila asked the prophet if he was from his family as well and the prophet responded in the affirmative.”
حدثنا علي بن عبد العزيز ثنا أبو نعيم ثنا عبد السلام بن حرب عن كلثوم بن زياد عن أبي عمار قال إني لجالس عند واثلة بن الأسقع إذ ذكروا عليا رضي الله عنه فشتموه فلما قاموا قال اجلس حتى أخبرك عن هذا الذي شتموا إني عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم إذ جاء علي وفاطمة والحسن والحسين رضي الله تعالى عنهم فألقى عليهم كساء له ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي اللهم أذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا فقلت يا رسول الله وأنا قال وأنت قال فوالله إنها لأوثق عمل في نفسي

“He who insults Ali, insults me. He who insults me, insults Allah. And he who insults Allah, Allah will throw him into Hell”
من سب عليا فقد سبني، ومن سبني فقد سب الله
التخريج (مفصلا): أحمد في مسنده والحاكم في المستدرك عن أم سلمة – تصحيح السيوطي: صحيح

Was not Ali insulted for 90 years on the pulpits of Bani Umayya, a practice instituted by Mua’awiya!

The Prophet said: “There is amongst you a person who will fight for the interpretation of the Quran just as I fought for its revelation.” The people around him raised their heads and cast inquisitive glances at the Prophet and at one another. Abu Bakr and Umar were there. Abu Bakr inquired if he was that person and the Prophet replied in the negative. Then Umar inquired if he was that person and the Prophet, replied “No. He is the one who is repairing my shoes (i.e., Ali).”
Abu Said Khudri said: Then we went to Ali and conveyed the good news to him. He did not even raise his head and remained as busy as he was, as if he had already heard it from the Messenger of Allah.”
خبرنا أبو جعفر محمد بن علي الشيباني بالكوفة من أصل كتابه، حدثنا أحمد بن حازم بن أبي غرزة، حدثنا أبو غسان، حدثنا عبد السلام بن حرب، حدثنا الأعمش، عن إسماعيل بن رجاء، عن أبيه، عن أبي سعيد -رضي الله تعالى عنه-. قال ابن أبي غرزة: وحدثنا عبيد الله بن موسى، حدثنا فطر بن خليفة، عن إسماعيل بن رجاء، عن أبيه، عن أبي سعيد -رضي الله تعالى عنه- قال: كنا مع رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم- فانقطعت نعله فتخلف عليٌّ يخصفها، فمشى قليلا ثم قال: (إن منكم من يقاتل على تأويل القرآن، كما قاتلت على تنزيله). فاستشرف لها القوم، وفيهم أبو بكر وعمر -رضي الله تعالى عنهما-.
قال أبو بكر: أنا هو؟
قال: (لا).
قال عمر: أنا هو؟
قال: (لا).
ولكن خاصف النعل، يعني: عليا.
فأتيناه فبشرناه، فلم يرفع به رأسه، كأنه قد كان سمعه من رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم-. هذا حديث صحيح على شرط الشيخين، ولم يخرجاه.‏

U’uqab ibn Tha’alaba mentioned that Abu Ayub al-Ansari told him during the caliphate of Umar: “The Messenger of Allah instructed Ali to fight the Nakitheen (betrayers), the Qasiteen (deviants) and the Mariqeen (apostates)”
عن عقاب بن ثعلبة قال: حدثني أبو أيوب الأنصاري في خلافة عمر بن الخطاب قال: أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، علي بن أبي طالب بقتال الناكثين، والقاسطين والمارقين

ibn Abbas narrated: “Abu Bakr, Umar and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah were with the prophet, and he was leaning on Ali. The prophet patted Ali’s shoulder and said: ‘O Ali! You are the first among the believers, the first (man) to embrace Islam, and your status to me is similar to that of Aaron to Moses.”
(مسند عمر) عن ابن عباس قال: قال عمر بن الخطاب: كفوا عن ذكر علي بن أبي طالب فإني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: في علي ثلاث خصال لأن يكون لي واحدة منهن أحب إلي مما طلعت عليه الشمس، كنت أنا وأبو بكر وأبو عبيدة بن الجراح ونفر من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم والنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم متكئ على علي بن أبي طالب حتى ضرب بيده على منكبه ثم قال: أنت يا علي! أول المؤمنين إيمانا وأولهم إسلاما! ثم قال: أنت مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى، وكذب علي من زعم أنه يحبني ويبغضك. الحسن بن بدر فيما رواه الخلفاء والحاكم في الكنى والشيرازي في الألقاب وابن النجار.‏ (طب – عن ابن عباس)

Umm Salama who said: The Messenger of Allah said: “Ali is with Quran, and Quran is with Ali. They shall not separate from each other till they both return to me by the Pool (of Paradise).”
خبرنا أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الله الحفيد، حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن نصر، حدثنا عمرو بن طلحة القناد، الثقة، المأمون، حدثنا علي بن هاشم بن البريد، عن أبيه قال: حدثني أبو سعيد التيمي، عن أبي ثابت مولى أبي ذر قال:
كنت مع علي -رضي الله تعالى عنه- يوم الجمل، فلما رأيت عائشة واقفة، دخلني بعض ما يدخل الناس، فكشف الله عني ذلك عند صلاة الظهر. فقاتلت مع أمير المؤمنين، فلما فرغ، ذهبت إلى المدينة، فأتيت أم سلمة فقلت:
إني والله ما جئت أسأل طعاما ولا شرابا، ولكني مولى لأبي ذر، فقالت: مرحبا، فقصصت عليها قصتي.
فقالت: أين كنت حين طارت القلوب مطائرها؟
قلت: إلى حيث كشف الله ذلك عني، عند زوال الشمس.
قال: أحسنت، سمعت رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم- يقول:
(علي مع القرآن، والقرآن مع علي، لن يتفرقا حتى يردا علي الحوض).
هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد. وأبو سعيد التيمي هو عقيصاء، ثقة، مأمون، ولم يخرجاه

“O Allah! turn the haqq with Ali wherever he (‘Ali) turns”
ال رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم: رحم الله عليا، اللهم أدر الحق معه حيث دار – التخريج (برموز السيوطي): (ن) عن علي – تصحيح السيوطي: صحيح

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters. Amir b. Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa’d as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat ‘Ali), whereupon he said: It is because of three things which I remember Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camel. I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say about ‘Ali as he left behind him in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). ‘Ali said to him: Allah’s Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call ‘Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed:” Let us summon our children and your children.” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called ‘Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ، – وَتَقَارَبَا فِي اللَّفْظِ – قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَاتِمٌ، – وَهُوَ ابْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ – عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ مِسْمَارٍ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ أَمَرَ مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ سَعْدًا فَقَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَسُبَّ أَبَا التُّرَابِ فَقَالَ أَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتُ ثَلاَثًا قَالَهُنَّ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَلَنْ أَسُبَّهُ لأَنْ تَكُونَ لِي وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْهُنَّ أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ مِنْ حُمْرِ النَّعَمِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ لَهُ خَلَّفَهُ فِي بَعْضِ مَغَازِيهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ خَلَّفْتَنِي مَعَ النِّسَاءِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أَمَا تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنِّي بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُونَ مِنْ مُوسَى إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لاَ نُبُوَّةَ بَعْدِي ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ خَيْبَرَ ‏”‏ لأُعْطِيَنَّ الرَّايَةَ رَجُلاً يُحِبُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيُحِبُّهُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَتَطَاوَلْنَا لَهَا فَقَالَ ‏”‏ ادْعُوا لِي عَلِيًّا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ أَرْمَدَ فَبَصَقَ فِي عَيْنِهِ وَدَفَعَ الرَّايَةَ إِلَيْهِ فَفَتَحَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ ‏{‏ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ‏}‏ دَعَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلِيًّا وَفَاطِمَةَ وَحَسَنًا وَحُسَيْنًا فَقَالَ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ هَؤُلاَءِ أَهْلِي ‏”‏ ‏.‏

The prophet said to Ali: “You are from me, and I am from you”
أنت مني وأنا منك – قاله لعلي.
(ق (أخرجه الترمذي كتاب المناقب باب مناقب علي رقم (3717) وقال حسن صحيح ص) عن البراء؛ ك – عن علي).

Um Salama narrated that she heard the prophet say to Ali: “None will love you but a believer and none will hate you but a hypocrite.”
عن مساور الحميري عن أمه عن أم سلمة قالت: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول لعلي: لا يحبك إلا مؤمن، ولا يبغضك إلا منافق

Abdullah al-Jadali said that he went to Um Salama and she told him: “Has anyone among you insulted the prophet?” I responded: “God forbid or something similar to it.” She then narrated to me that the prophet said: “He who insults Ali, insults me.”
وعن عبد الله الجدلي قال: دخلت على أم سلمة فقالت لي: أيسب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فيكم، قلت: معاذ الله، أو سبحان الله، أو كلمة نحوها، قالت: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، يقول: من سب عليا، فقد سبني

The prophet told Ali: “You are my brother in this World and the Hereafter
أنت أخي في الدنيا والآخرة – قاله لعلي

Abu Bakr narrated: “The prophet sent me with the verses of al-Bara’ to Mecca to proclaim that no idolater shall after this year perform the pilgrimage, and no one shall make the circuit of the Holy House naked, and no unbeliever shall enter paradise, and whoever hath a treaty with the Prophet, it shall be respected till its termination and Allah and His prophet are innocent from the unbelievers. Three days after leaving leaving Medina, the prophet sent Ali to make the proclamation instead, and he did. When I returned to Medina, I visited the prophet crying and wondering if he had received a decree from Allah against him. The prophet said: ‘you have not done anything wrong, but I was instructed that no one shall proclaim the revelation but myself or someone from me.'”
حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ قَالَ قَالَ إِسْرَائِيلُ قَالَ أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ يُثَيْعٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعَثَهُ بِبَرَاءَةٌ لِأَهْلِ مَكَّةَ لَا يَحُجُّ بَعْدَ الْعَامِ مُشْرِكٌ وَلَا يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ عُرْيَانٌ وَلَا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ إِلَّا نَفْسٌ مُسْلِمَةٌ مَنْ كَانَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مُدَّةٌ فَأَجَلُهُ إِلَى مُدَّتِهِ وَاللَّهُ بَرِيءٌ مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَرَسُولُهُ قَالَ فَسَارَ بِهَا ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ قَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ الْحَقْهُ فَرُدَّ عَلَيَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَبَلِّغْهَا أَنْتَ قَالَ فَفَعَلَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَكَى قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ حَدَثَ فِيَّ شَيْءٌ قَالَ مَا حَدَثَ فِيكَ إِلَّا خَيْرٌ وَلَكِنْ أُمِرْتُ أَنْ لَا يُبَلِّغَهُ إِلَّا أَنَا أَوْ رَجُلٌ مِنِّي

The prophet said: “I am the city of knowledge, and Ali is its gate. If you want to enter the city, then you must enter from its gate.
قال: قال رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم-: (أنا مدينة العلم، وعلي بابها، فمن أراد المدينة، فليأت الباب). هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد، ولم يخرجاه.

The messenger of Allah said: “Whoever obeys me obeys Allah and whoever disobeys me also disobeys Allah. Whoever obeys Ali has obeyed me, and whoever disobeys Ali has disobeyed me.” This hadith is authentic based on the Isnad but they (al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.
أخبرنا أبو أحمد محمد الشيباني من أصل كتابه، حدثنا علي بن سعيد بن بشير الرازي بمصر، حدثنا الحسن بن حماد الحضرمي، حدثنا يحيى بن يعلى، حدثنا بسام الصيرفي، عن الحسن بن عمرو الفقيمي، عن معاوية بن ثعلبة، عن أبي ذر -رضي الله تعالى عنه- قال: قال رسول الله -من أطاعني فقد أطاع الله، ومن عصاني فقد عصى الله.ومن أطاع عليا فقد أطاعني، ومن عصى عليا فقد عصاني). هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد، ولم يخرجاه

Abu Dharr al-Ghifari narrated that the prophet said: “O Ali, he who abandons me has abandoned Allah, and he who abandons you has abandoned me.”
وعن معاوية بن ثعلبة عن أبي ذر قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا علي: إنه من فارقني فقد فارق الله، ومن فارقك فقد فارقني

Abu Dharr narrated that the prophet said: “I will send to Bani Rabeea’at a man like myself, who will execute upon them my order and will fight a great battle…”, then Umar from behind me wondered who that person was. I responded to him: ‘Is he referring to you and your friend?’ Umar asked again: ‘Who is he referring to?’ Abu Dharr responded: ‘he is the one repairing the shoe’, and Ali was repairing the shoe (of the prophet).
أخبرنا : العباس بن محمد ، حدثنا : الأحوص بن جواب قال : ، حدثنا : يونس بن أبي إسحاق ، عن أبي إسحاق عن زيد بن يثيع عن أبي رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لينتهين بنو ربيعة، أو لأبعثن عليهم رجلا كنفسي، ينفذ فيهم أمري، فيقتل المقاتلة، ويسبي الذرية، فما راعني إلا وكف عمر في حجزتي من خلفي: من يعني؟ قلت: إياك يعني وصاحبك؟ قال: فمن يعني؟ قلت: خاصف النعل، قال: وعلي يخصف النعل

Muhammad ibn al­Muthanna, he from Yahya ibn Hammad, from Abu ‘Uwwanah, from Sulayman, from Habib ibn Abi Thabit, from Abu al­Tufayl, from Zayd ibn Arqam, who said:
“When the Messenger of Allah (A) returned from the last hajj and came down at Ghadir Khumm….”Then he declared: ‘I am about to answer the call (of death). Verily, I have left two precious things (thaqalayn) among you, one of which is greater than the other: the Book of God and my `Itrah, my Ahl al­Bayt. So watch out how you treat them (both) after me. For, indeed, they will never separate until they return to me by the side of the Pond.’ Then he said, ‘Verily, God is my master (mawlaya) and I am the wali of every believer.’ Then he took `Ali’s hand and declared, ‘To whomever I am his wali, this one is also his wali. My God, befriend whoever befriends him and be hostile to whoever is hostile to him.'”
Abu al­Tufayl says: “I said to Zayd, ‘Did you hear it from the Prophet(S)?’ He replied, ‘There was no one in the caravan who did not see it with his eyes and hear it with his ears.'”
فقد أخرج النسائي في «خصائص أمير المؤمنين» بسنده إلى زيد بن أرقم، قال: «لمّا رجع رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلم من حجة الوداع ونزل غدير خم أمر بدوحات فقُمِمْنَ، ثم قال: «كأني قد دُعيتُ فأجبتُ، إني تركتُ فيكم الثقلين أحدهما أكبر من الآخر، كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي، فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما، فإنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا عليّ الحوض»، ثم قال: «إنّ الله مولاي، وأنا ولي كل مؤمن»، ثم أخذ بيد علي فقال: «من كنت وليّه، فهذا وليّه، اللّهم وال من والاه، وعاد عاداه» فقلتُ لزيد: سمعته من رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلم؟ فقال: ما كان في الدوحات أحد إلا رآه بعينيه وسمعه بأذنيه

The prophet angrily said: “What do you want from Ali? What do you want from Ali? What do you want from Ali? Certainly, Ali is from me and I am from him, and he is the Wali of the believers after me!”.”
ا تريدون من علي؟ ما تريدون من علي؟ ما تريدون من علي؟ إن عليا مني وأنا منه وهو ولي كل مؤمن بعدي

The prophet said: “Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me”
أما ترضى أن تكون مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي

Abi Laila al-Ghifari narrated that he heard the prophet said: “There will be Fitna (sedition) after me, and when it happens, you must adhere to Ali ibn Abi Talib. He is the foremost of the believers and the first to shake my hands on the Day of Resurrection, he is the most righteous (al-Siddiq al-Akbar), the distinguisher (al-Faruq) of this Ummah, the leader of the faithful, while money is the master of the wrong-doers.”
بو ليلى الغفاري، ذكره أبو أحمد وابن منده وغيرهما، وأخرجوا من طريق إسحاق بن بشر الأسدي أحد المتروكين عن خالد بن الحارث عن عوف عن الحسن عن أبي ليلى الغفاري قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله و سلم يقول: سيكون من بعدي فتنة فإذا كان ذلك فألزموا علي بن أبي طالب فإنه أول من آمن بي وأول من يصافحني يوم القيامة وهو الصديق الأكبر وهو فاروق هذه الأمة وهو يعسوب المؤمنين والمال يعسوب المنافقين

The prophet said: “Looking at the face of Ali is a form of worship.”
النظر إلى وجه علي عبادة

The prophet said: “Ali is the leader (master) of the believers and money is the leader (master) of the wrong-doers”
لي يعسوب المؤمنين، والمال يعسوب المنافقين التخريج (برموز السيوطي): (عد) عن علي التخريج (مفصلا): ابن عدي في الكامل عن علي

The prophet said: “Me and Ali ibn Abi Talib were a Nur (light) in the hands of Allah 4000 years before Adam was created. When Adam was created, Allah split this Nur in half: one half was me and the other was Ali.”
نت انا وعلي بن ابى طالب نورا بين يدي الله عز وجل قبل ان يخلق آدم باربعة آلاف عام ، فلما خلق آدم قسم ذلك النور جزءين ، فجزء انا وجزء علي.

Jabir ibn Abdullah narrated that the prophet said to Ali: “O Ali, the people are from various trees, but you and I are from the one tree.” Then the prophet read the verse: ‘and gardens of grapes and corn and palm trees having one root and (others) having distinct roots; they are watered with one water’.
أخبرني الحسين بن علي التميمي ، ثنا أبو العباس أحمد بن محمّد ، ثنا هارون بن حاتم ، أنبأ عبد الرحمن بن أبي حماد ، حدثني إسحاق بن يوسف عن عبد الله بن محمّد بن عقيل عن جابر بن عبد الله قال : سمعت رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم يقول لعلي : يا علي ، الناس من شجر شتى وأنا وأنت من شجرة واحدة ، ثم قرأ رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ( وَجَنَّاتٌ مِنْ أَعْنابٍ وَزَرْعٌ وَنَخِيلٌ صِنْوانٌ وَغَيْرُ صِنْوانٍ يُسْقى بِماءٍ واحِدٍ ).
هذا حديث صحيح الاسناد ولم يخرجاه

The prophet had a bird to eat and he supplicated Allah to send him His most beloved creation (after the prophet) to eat with him. Ali came.
حدثنا عبيد العجلي ثنا إبراهيم بن سعد الجوهري ثنا حسين بن محمد ثنا سليمان بن قرم عن فطر بن خليفة عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي نعم عن سفينة مولى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أتى بطير فقال اللهم ائتني بأحب خلقك إليك يأكل معي من هذا الطير فجاء علي رضي الله تعالى عنه فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم اللهم وال (ت عن زيد بن أرقم).

Malik ibn Anas narrated from al-Zuhri, from Anas ibn Malik, from Umar ibn al-Khattab, from Abu Bakr who said that he heard Abu Huraira said: “I came to the prophet who had in his hands dates, I greeted him and greeted back and gave me a handful of dates. I counted them to be 73. I carried on my way to Ali ibn Abi Talib and he had in his hands dates. I greeted him then he greeted back and he laughed with me. Then he gave me a handful of dates and I counted them and they were 73. My amazement grew, so I went back to the prophet and I said to him: ‘O messenger of Allah, I came to you and there were dates in your hands, you gave me some then I counted them and there were 73. Then I went to Ali and he had dates in his hands, he gave me some and when I counted them, there were 73. So I was amazed from that.’ The prophet smiled and said: ‘O Abu Hurayra, do you not know that my hand and the hand of Ali are the same in justice?'”
خبرنا : أبو الحسن بن سعيد ، نا : وأبو النجم الشيحي ، أنا : أبوبكر الخطيب ، أنا : أبو العلاء محمد بن علي ، أنا : أبو العباس الحسين بن علي بن محمد الحلبي ببغداد ، نا : قاسم بن إبراهيم ، أنا : أبو أمية المحتط ، حدثني : مالك بن أنس ، عن الزهري ، عن أنس بن مالك ، عن عمر بن الخطاب ، حدثني : أبوبكر الصديق قال : سمعت أبا هريرة يقول : جئت إلى النبي (ص) وبين يديه تمر فسلمت عليه فرد علي وناولني من التمر ملء كفه عددته ثلاثا وسبعين تمرة ثم مضيت من عنده إلى علي بن أبي طالب وبين يديه تمر فسلمت عليه فرد علي وضحك إلي وناولني من التمر ملء كفه فعددته فإذا هو ثلاث وسبعين تمرة ، فكثر تعجبي من ذلك فرحت إلى النبي (ص) فقلت : يا رسول الله جئتك وبين يديك تمر فناولتني من كفك فعددته ثلاثا وسبعين تمرة ، ثم مضيت إلى علي بن أبي طالب وبين يديه تمر فناولني من كفه فعددته ثلاثا وسبعين تمرة ، فعجبت من ذلك فتبسم النبي (ص) وقال : يا أبا هريرة أو ما علمت أن يدي ويد علي بن أبي طالب في العدل سواء

Such are some of the virtues of Ahlul Bayt. How can you be pleased with Mua’awiya and his likes and at the same time claim to love Ahlul Bayt??? Is this the kind of message the prophet was sent to preach? Is this not absurdity? Any court who studies the biography of Mua’awiya and his surroundings will conclude this person was a criminal, a murderer, a merciless tyrant, a disgrace to humanity. But only those with clear minds, impartiality and no blind attachment to their denomination can see this.

It is not because is a Badri (participated in the battle of Badr) or gave allegiance to the prophet under the true (al-Hudaybiya) that his abode is Heaven. This is a misconception, as discussed in the chapter of the companions. No matter who you are, if you turn your back to religion, you are doomed. Remember that.

There is a clear line separating the Muslims who remained loyal to the prophet from those who became disloyal. Those who were disloyal are the enemies of Allah because they deviated from their religion and they fought and massacred the purified progeny of the prophet, after the message was made clear to them.

These people include those who fought Ali in the battles of the Camel, Siffin and Nahrawan. Some of them repented right before the battles, others after, and more continued to be hostile to Ali and his descendants for centuries. Two of those who fit the last group are Mua’awiyah and his son Yazid.

We all know that Mua’awiya fought Ali in the battle of Siffin. We all know that his associates participated in the battle of the Camel, against Ali. Some of these people were Walid ibn Uqbah and Marwan ibn al-Hakam. His son Yazid fought the descendants of Ali to death, killing his entire family except few. He decapitated the grandson of the prophet, al-Hussein (as) in Karbala. Is it not clear from what they have done, and from the narrations above that these people were the enemies of Islam? They also misguded the Muslims by fabricating prophetic narrations and attributed them to the prophet and his prominent companions. These two and their successors from Bani Ummayya have ordered the curse of Ali on the minbars of the mosques for nine decades!

Do I need to say more to you in order to believe that Mua’awiya and his successors are by enlarge, the ones to blame for our misery today? For our differences? They are the ones who caused the differences between our prayers, wudu’, adhan, beliefs, interpretation of the Quran and jurisprudence. They are the ones who misled the Muslims since Mua’awiya took over al-Sham and refused to pledge allegiance to Ali, who was legitimately elected as caliph of the Muslims. He knew well that Ali was going to remove him from his rulership, that he was going to lose all the his worldly things. So instead of pledging his allegiance, he decided to fight Ali so he can become the caliph of the Muslims himself? Do you call such a human a Muslim? The seeds of satan were in him, his son and most of his descendants! No one dared to fight him and defend the religion of the prophet except the progeny of the prophet and their few followers. They were either all scared of fighting in the way of Allah, or they were enjoying the worldly things that the Ummayyad bribed them with!!!! It sickens me to talk about them!

Oh reader, read and know your true history and not the distorted one you were made to believe! Many scholars were bought by the Ummayyads to distort the history of Islam. Many books have been written to deceive us! Don’t be trapped!

Do you recall this tradition about the companions who will be driven to hell by a man standing between the prophet and the other people? In Sahih al-Bukhari (Book of al-Riqaq):

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “While I was sleeping, a group (of my followers were brought close to me), and when I recognized them, a man came out from amongst (us) me and them, he said (to them), ‘Come along.’ I asked, ‘Where?’ He said, ‘To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah’ I asked, ‘what is wrong with them’ He said, ‘They turned apostate as renegades after you left.’ Then behold! (Another) group (of my followers) were brought close to me, and when I recognized them, a man came out from (me and them) he said (to them); Come along.’ I asked, “Where?’ He said, ‘To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah.’ I asked, What is wrong with them?’ He said, ‘They turned apostate as renegades after you left. So I did not see anyone of them escaping except a few who were like camels without a shepherd.”
حدثنا ‏ ‏إبراهيم بن المنذر الحزامي ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏محمد بن فليح ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏أبي ‏ ‏قال حدثني ‏ ‏هلال بن علي ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عطاء بن يسار ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي هريرة ‏ ‏عن النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏بينا أنا قائم إذا زمرة حتى إذا عرفتهم خرج رجل من بيني وبينهم فقال هلم فقلت أين قال إلى النار والله قلت وما شأنهم قال إنهم ارتدوا بعدك على أدبارهم القهقرى ثم إذا زمرة حتى إذا عرفتهم خرج رجل من بيني وبينهم فقال هلم قلت أين قال إلى النار والله قلت ما شأنهم قال إنهم ارتدوا بعدك على أدبارهم القهقرى فلا أراه يخلص منهم إلا مثل همل النعم

I challenge you to be a true servant of Allah and not that of your Madh-had, but reading the historical records, by reading what the unbiased scholars say about most of these narrations. Embrace the truth wherever it comes from. In the end, you will be standing alone in front of your Creature and you will asked about everything you have done. You will be asked why you have blindly adhered to such and such scholar and Imam without investigation. So wake up, read and educate yourself and your surrounding. No matter what the truth is, accept it. You will be doing yourself a big favor. Be truthful in your research, have genuine intentions, and surely Allah will guide you towards the Truth.

I would like to end this section with the following two narrations from the prophet:

Sahih Muslim (Kitab al-Imarat, Book 20, Hadith 4568):

Abu Sae’ed al-Khudri narrated that the prophet said: “When oath of allegiance has been taken for two caliphs, kill the one for whom the oath was taken later.”
وَحَدَّثَنِي وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ الْوَاسِطِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي، نَضْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا بُويِعَ لِخَلِيفَتَيْنِ فَاقْتُلُوا الآخَرَ مِنْهُمَا ‏”‏

Sahih Muslim (Kitab al-Imarat, Book 20, Hadith 4546):

It has been narrated on the authority of Abdul Rahman ibn Abd Rabb al-Ka’ba who said: I entered the mosque when Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-A’as was sitting in the shade of the Ka’aba and the people had gathered around him. I betook myself to them and sat near him. (Now) Abdullah said: I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) on a journey. We halted at a place. Some of us began to set right their tents, others began to compete with one another in shooting, and others began to graze their beasts, when an announcer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) announced that the people should gather together for prayer, so we gathered around the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He said: It was the duty of every Prophet that has gone before me to guide his followers to what he knew was good for them and warn them against what he knew was bad for them; but this Umma of yours has its days of peace and (security) in the beginning of its career, and in the last phase of its existence it will be afflicted with trials and with things disagreeable to you. (In this phase of the Umma), there will be tremendous trials one after the other, each making the previous one dwindle into insignificance. When they would be afflicted with a trial, the believer would say: This is going to bring about my destruction. When at (the trial) is over, they would be afflicted with another trial, and the believer would say: This surely is going to be my end. Whoever wishes to be delivered from the fire and enter the garden should die with faith in Allah and the Last Day and should treat the people as he wishes to be treated by them. He who swears allegiance to a Caliph should give him the piedge of his hand and the sincerity of his heart (i. e. submit to him both outwardly as well as inwardly). He should obey him to the best of his capacity. If another man comes forward (as a claimant to Caliphate), disputing his authority, they (the Muslims) should behead the latter. The narrator says: I came close to him (Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-A’as) and said to him: Can you say on oath that you heard it from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)? He pointed with his hands to his ears and his heart and said: My ears heard it and my mind retained it. I said to him: This cousin of yours, Mua’awiya, orders us to unjustly consume our wealth among ourselves and to kill one another, while Allah says:” O ye who believe, do not consume your wealth among yourselves unjustly, unless it be trade based on mutual agreement, and do not kill yourselves. Verily, God is Merciful to you” (iv. 29). The narrator says that (hearing this) Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-As kept quiet for a while and then said: Obey him in so far as he is obedient to God; and disobey him in matters involving disobedience to God.
حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَإِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ أَخْبَرَنَا وَقَالَ، زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ رَبِّ الْكَعْبَةِ، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَإِذَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ جَالِسٌ فِي ظِلِّ الْكَعْبَةِ وَالنَّاسُ مُجْتَمِعُونَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَتَيْتُهُمْ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي سَفَرٍ فَنَزَلْنَا مَنْزِلاً فَمِنَّا مَنْ يُصْلِحُ خِبَاءَهُ وَمِنَّا مَنْ يَنْتَضِلُ وَمِنَّا مَنْ هُوَ فِي جَشَرِهِ إِذْ نَادَى مُنَادِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الصَّلاَةَ جَامِعَةً ‏.‏ فَاجْتَمَعْنَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ نَبِيٌّ قَبْلِي إِلاَّ كَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَدُلَّ أُمَّتَهُ عَلَى خَيْرِ مَا يَعْلَمُهُ لَهُمْ وَيُنْذِرَهُمْ شَرَّ مَا يَعْلَمُهُ لَهُمْ وَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكُمْ هَذِهِ جُعِلَ عَافِيَتُهَا فِي أَوَّلِهَا وَسَيُصِيبُ آخِرَهَا بَلاَءٌ وَأُمُورٌ تُنْكِرُونَهَا وَتَجِيءُ فِتْنَةٌ فَيُرَقِّقُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا وَتَجِيءُ الْفِتْنَةُ فَيَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ هَذِهِ مُهْلِكَتِي ‏.‏ ثُمَّ تَنْكَشِفُ وَتَجِيءُ الْفِتْنَةُ فَيَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ هَذِهِ هَذِهِ ‏.‏ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُزَحْزَحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَيَدْخُلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَلْتَأْتِهِ مَنِيَّتُهُ وَهُوَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَلْيَأْتِ إِلَى النَّاسِ الَّذِي يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُؤْتَى إِلَيْهِ وَمَنْ بَايَعَ إِمَامًا فَأَعْطَاهُ صَفْقَةَ يَدِهِ وَثَمَرَةَ قَلْبِهِ فَلْيُطِعْهُ إِنِ اسْتَطَاعَ فَإِنْ جَاءَ آخَرُ يُنَازِعُهُ فَاضْرِبُوا عُنُقَ الآخَرِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَنْشُدُكَ اللَّهَ آنْتَ سَمِعْتَ هَذَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَهْوَى إِلَى أُذُنَيْهِ وَقَلْبِهِ بِيَدَيْهِ وَقَالَ سَمِعَتْهُ أُذُنَاىَ وَوَعَاهُ قَلْبِي ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ هَذَا ابْنُ عَمِّكَ مُعَاوِيَةُ يَأْمُرُنَا أَنْ نَأْكُلَ أَمْوَالَنَا بَيْنَنَا بِالْبَاطِلِ وَنَقْتُلَ أَنْفُسَنَا وَاللَّهُ يَقُولُ ‏{‏ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لاَ تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْكُمْ وَلاَ تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا‏}‏ قَالَ فَسَكَتَ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ أَطِعْهُ فِي طَاعَةِ اللَّهِ وَاعْصِهِ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ ‏.

ACCOUNT OF THE PATRONYMICS OF THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM)

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn informed us; Dawud Ibn Qays informed us; he said: I heard Musa Ibn Yasar saying: I heard Abu Hurayrah saying: Verily the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:
Name (your children) after me, but do not take my patronymic name: Verily I am Abu al-Qasim

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Abu ‘Asim al-Dahhák Ibn Makhlad al-Shaybani informed us on the authority of Muhammad Ibn ‘Ajlán, he on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah; he said: the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

Do not combine my name and patronymic, I am Abu al-Qasim, Allah bestows on me and 1 distribute (among others).

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Abu Bakr Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Uways al-Madani informed us on the authority of Sulayman Ibn Bilál’ he on the authority of Kathir Ibn Zayd, he on the authority of al-Walid Ibn Rabáh, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, he on the authority of the Prophet, peace be on him about the tradition just mentioned he (the Prophet) said:

(It means) the ally of Abu al-Qasim, referring to himself.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Wahhŕb Ibn ‘Ata al-`Ijli informed us: Humayd al-Tawil informed us on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik; (he said):

Verily the Prophet was at al-Bagi`, when a person called: 0 Abu al-Qasim! The Prophet turned to him. But (the man) said: I do not mean you. Thereupon the Prophetic said: Name after me, but do not take my patronymic (to you).

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allah al-Asadi informed us: Sufyan informed us on the authority of Mansur, he on the authority of Salim, he on the authority of Jábir he said:

A son was born to an Ansari who named him Muhammad; consequently the Ansŕr became angry and said: (We will not leave) till we ask the Prophet. Then they mentioned it to him. He said: The Ansar have done the right thing. Then he added: Name after me but do not apply my patronymic since I am Abu al-Qasim and distribute among you.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Wahhab Ibn ‘Ata informed us; he said: Sa’id Ibn `Abi ‘Arubah was asked about a man whose patronymic was Abu al-Qásim. So he informed us on the authority of Qatadah, he on the authority of Sulaymán al-Yashkari, he on the authority of Jabir Ibn `Abd Allah, (he said):

Verily a person among the Ansar had his patronymic Abu al-Qŕsim. Then the Ansar said: We will not let you have this patronymic unless we ask the Apostle of Allah, about it. Then they mentioned it to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, and he replied: Name after me but do not take my patronymic. Sa’id said: Qatadah disliked that a man should bear the patronymic of Abu al-Qŕsim although his name was not Muhammad.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: ‘Abd al-Wahhab Ibn ‘Ata informed us; Isra’il informed us on the authority of `Abd al-Karim [P. 67] al-Jazari, he on the authority of `Abd al-Rahmŕn Ibn Abi ‘Amrah al-Ansari; he said: The Prophet, may peace be on him, said:

Do not combine my name and patronymic.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Musa Ibn Dŕwud al-Dabbi informed us: Ibn Lahi’ah informed us on the authority of Abu Yunus the mawlŕ of Abu Hurayrah, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, (he said):

Verily the Prophet may Allah bless him, said: Do not combine my name and patronymic. He prohibited the combination of his name with his patronymic.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Qutaybah Ibn Sa`id al-Balkhi informed us: Bakr Mudar informed us on the authority of Ibn ‘Ajlán, he on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah; (he said):

Verily the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: Do not combine my name and patronymic.

medina
He (lbn Said) said: `Abd Allah Ibn Salih Ibn Muslim al-`Ijli informed us: Isrŕ’il informed us on the authority of Thuwayr, he on the authority of Mujahid; he said:

The Apostle of Allah may Allah bless him, said: Give my name but do not apply my patronymic.

ईद मीलादुन्नबी सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम पर किये गए सवालात और उनके जवाबात सवाल part 1

1:- क्या आप कुरआन मजीद से रसूल सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम की आमद पर खुशी मनाने की दलील दे सकते हैं?

जवाब 1:- जी हाँ! अल्लाह तआला कुरआन मजीद में इरशाद फ़रमाता है: तर्जमाः “ऐ हबीब आप फ़रमा दीजिये कि अल्लाह के फज्ल और उसकी रहमत मिलने पर मुसलमानों को चाहिये कि खुशियाँ मनाएँ।” (सूर-ए-यूनुस, आयतः 58)

इस आयत में ये हुक्म दिया गया कि जब अल्लाह का फल और उसकी रहमत नाज़िल हो तो मोमिनों को उस पर खुशियाँ मनानी चाहिये। अब किसी जह्न में ये सवाल आ सकता है कि क्या रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम अल्लाह की रहमत हैं? जो हम उनकी आमद पर खुशियाँ मनाएँ। इसका जवाब भी खुद कुरआन दे रहा है। मुलाहज़ा करें: yasy .; “हमने तुम्हें नहीं भेजा मगर रहमत सारे जहान के लिये ।” (सूर-ए-अम्बिया, आयतः 107)

अल–हम्दु लिल्लाह रसूले अरबी सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम का इस दुनिया में तशरीफ़ लाना रहमत है और पहली आयत में अल्लाह तआला हमें रहमत मिलने पर खुशियाँ मनाने का हुक्म दे रहा है। अब बताओ मुसलमानो! रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम की ज़ाते मुबारक से बढ़ के रहमत कौन हो सकता है! तो मीलादुन्नबी सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम पर खुशियाँ क्यों न मनाया जाए? अल-हम्दु लिल्लाह कुरआन की इन आयतों से आमदे रसूल सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम पर खुशियाँ मनाना साबित हुआ।

2:- क्या आप साबित कर सकते हैं कि रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम ने अपनी मीलाद मनाई? जवाब

2:- जी हाँ! हदीस मुलाहज़ा फ़रमाएँ: हज़रत अबू क़तादा रदियल्लाहु अन्हु से रिवायत है कि रसूले अकरम सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम से पीर (सोमवार) के दिन रोज़ा रखने के बारे में पूछा गया तो आप सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम ने इरशाद फ़रमाया: “इसी रोज़ मेरी विलादत हुई, इसी रोज़ मेरी बिअसत हुई और इसी रोज़ मेरे ऊपर कुरआन नाज़िल किया गया।” (सहीह मुस्लिम, हदीस: 2807, सुनने अबू दाऊद, हदीसः 2428, मुस्नद इमाम अहमद बिन हम्बल, हदीस 23215) इस हदीस से साबित हुआ कि रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम ने हर पीर के दिन रोजा रख कर अपनी मीलाद का खुद एहतेमाम किया है। लिहाजा साबित हुआ कि दिन मुकर्रर करके यादगार मनाना सुन्नत है। अल-हम्दु लिल्लाह

सवाल 3:- क्या सहाबा केराम रिदवानुल्लाहि अन्हुम ने भी कभी मीलाद की महफ़िल मुन्अकिद की है?

जवाब 3:- जी हाँ! इमाम बुखारी के उस्ताद इमाम अहमद बिन हम्बल लिखते हैं: सय्यिदुना अमीर मुआविया रदियल्लाहु अन्हु फ़रमाते हैं: एक रोज़ रसूल सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम का अपने असहाब के हलके से गुज़र हुआ, आप सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम ने फरमायाः क्यों बैठे हो? उन्होंने कहाः हम अल्लाह तआला का जिक्र करने और उसने हमें जो इस्लाम की हिदायत अता फरमाई उस पर हम्द व सना (तारीफ़) बयान करने और उसने आप सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम को भेज कर हम पर जो एहसान किया है उसका शुक्र अदा करने के लिये बैठे थे। आपने फ़रमायाः अल्लाह की कसम! क्या तुम इसी के लिये बैठे थे? सहाबा ने अर्ज़ कियाः अल्लाह की कसम! हम सब इसी के लिये बैठे थे। इस पर आप

ईद मीलादुन्नबी सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम सवाल व जवाब की रोशनी में सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम ने फरमायाः अभी मेरे पास जिबरईल अलैहिस्सलाम आए थे, उन्होंने कहा कि अल्लाह तुम्हारी वजह से फ़रिश्तों पर फख्र कर रहा है। (सुनने नसई, हदीस: 5443, अल-मोजमुल कबीरः तिबरानी, हदीस: 16057)

इस हदीस से साबित हुआ कि सहाबा हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम की मीलाद (पैदाइश) पर शुक्र अदा करते थे। यहाँ ये बात भी काबिले ज़िक्र है कि जो लोग हुजूरे अकदस सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम की मीलाद की महफिल सजाते हैं और उसमें शरीक होते हैं, अल्लाह ऐसे बन्दों पर फ़रिश्तों की जमाअत में फख्र फ़रमाता है और हाँ! हुजूरे अकदस सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व सल्लम का जिक्र अल्लाह ही का ज़िक्र है इस पर कुरआन और हुजूर की हदीसें गवाह हैं।

TOWARDS DEATH IN THE WILDERNES

AS the sun was receding in the horizon and the wind was Allowing ready the caravan after bidding adieu to Mecca began its journey in twilight towards Kufa. It appeared that the mountains which surrounded Mecca were not just in a trance but completely dumb struck at the sight of the Prophet’s family embarking on a journey from which there were no signs of return. Only a little distance had been covered when a body soldiers, led by Yahya bin Saeed came out of the town and obstructed his progress at the instance of the ruler of Mecca, Amar bin Saeed bin Aas, attempted to force him to retrace his steps to Mecca. Husain refused to go back to Mecca and a brief skirmish ensued between the parties. Since Husain’s companions were determined to valiantly resist all obstacles, the opponents were forced to withdraw and Husain’s caravan resumed its journey.

At the initial stages, the caravan moved swiftly. This was more so as there were speculations that more than ten thousand people were waiting eagerly for the auspicious arrival of Hussain, the son of Hazrat Fatima Zehra, the daughter of

the Messenger of God PBUH3. The journey was as easy as it was sixty years ago, when the helpers of the Prophet Mohammed were impatiently awaiting the auspicious arrival of the Prophet Mohammed PBUH.

Zainab, the protector of ladies, once or twice wistfully glanced back, at the sacred place of Mecca, her heart full of sorrow and grief.

She had travelled to Irag before also. At that time her father was alive and for this reason her position had commanded respect. Now she was travelling to Irag a second time. The severity of hardships and calamities which she had endured for the period of twenty years had taken its toll. She was now exhausted and infirm. She had lost her father, her elder brother, the days of prosperity and even her youth.

Zainab often glanced at the caravan with overflowing love and kindness. Brimming through her eyes were overtones of sorrow and pity. Her eyes would flood with tears. How could it be otherwise? The caravan was peopled by her relatives. Were they not her sons, brothers, nephews and cousins?

All of them were the children of the Messenger of God, the elegant ornaments of the Quraish, its shining stars. They all had bidden farewell to their homes and were forging ahead towards a definite but unknown destination.

Did Zainab know what will be the outcome of this mission? If we suppose she did not know the outcome, then she will not have too long to wait before the truth revealed itself.

The caravan had traversed not more than two or three days when they encountered two persons of the tribe of Bani Asad. Husain inquired about the prevailing political atmosphere in Kufa. It was expected that after imparting good tidings from Muslim, they would inform the Imam that troops were gathered to welcome them. While rejoicing they would recite verses as the girls of Medina did, in welcoming his grandfather. But alas! Events turned out to be diametrically opposite. They said, “May God have mercy on you. We know everything. Shall we tell in front of everyone or in privacy?”

Husain looked at his companions and said

are with you “I do not conceal anything from them.” Then they said, “O son of Messenger of God PBUH, the hearts of the people but their swords are against you. Please retrace your steps. Pray go back,” they entreated. They disclosed that even before they had turned their backs on Kufa, Muslim bin Aqil and Hani bin Urwa had been put to the sword and that they had seen their dead bodies being dragged in the bazaar.

On hearing the tragic news, a pall of gloom descended upon the caravan and distressing sounds of lamentation and moaning emanated from the ladies and fellow caravan travelers. Mourning and grief rent the air in the wilderness.

When the lamentation subsided, Husain expressed a desire to send back his co-travelers, but sons of Aqeel sprang to their feet and cried out, “By God! We shall not return till we have avenged Muslim’s death or have ourselves drunk the cup of death as Muslim has done. And we will all be martyred.” Husain glanced at the Arabs who had so fervently advised him with all the good intentions to turn back the path he had come from. He said in an anguished but firm tone. “After the death of my beloved Muslim and esteemed Hani, life indeed

doesn’t look pleasant, but I remain steadfast in my resolve Fate had determined it such. All of them would be martyred and would not return.

After this interaction with the two well meaning Arabs, the caravan did not move ahead in haste. It stayed there throughout the day and the greater part of the night.

At the break of dawn, Imam Husain asked his young men and slaves to fill the water to the full. Once again, they reembarked on the journey towards their destination.

When only some distance remained to be traversed, in their minds they had no iota of doubt that the caravan was to face a terrifying end. Husain did not want to hide the facts from people who might have accompanied him for the love of worldly and material assets. Therefore, he addressed his companions and said, “I have received the painful news that Muslim B. Agil and Hani B. Arwa have been put to the sword. Those who professed to be prepared to help us, have gone back upon their promises. Who so ever of you, therefore, wishes to go back may do so with my blessings; he owes no explanation to me.” As expected, Hazrat Imam Husain was mostly left with those who had accompanied him right from Medina,

The tribal Arabs left them and dispersed quickly. Silently the caravan started towards its destination. It was voluntarily moving towards death.

The caravan was crossing the barren and waterless wilderness, when news of the death of the Imam Husain’s foster brother Abdullah bin Yastar reached them.

Imam Husain had sent him as an emissary to Muslim before he had heard the news of Muslim’s death. The spies

of Ibne Ziyad had arrested him and had taken him to Ibne Ziyad who ordered that Abdullah should be taken to the top of the palace where he should curse Imam Husain and then return to Ibne Ziyad and wait for his orders. Abdullah went to the top of the palace and from there he informed the people of Kufa about the arrival of Imam Husain and cursed Ibne Ziyad and his father. Ibne Ziyad ordered that Abdullah bin Yastar should be thrown down from the terrace and his bones should be broken into pieces His dictate was followed and there was still a little life left when Abdullah Bin Yastar’s body was beheaded.

This time the people of the caravan did not weep as loudly as they had done when they heard the news of martyrdom of Muslim. They heard the sad news with their heads bent in grief and then proceeded on with their journey.

A little later, a man from the caravan sighted something in the distance and thought it was a date tree. All the people of the caravan cried, “Allah ho Akbar” in union and talked amongst themselves that before the beginning of hostilities, for a short period of time, they will rest under the shadow of date trees. Husain inquired from his companions, “Why did you raise the cry of “Allah ho Akbar.”

They replied, “We see trees of date palm in the distance.” Another man who was thoroughly acquainted with the area called loudly and said, “By God! These are no date trees! I do believe, these are the ears of horses and the points of lances and nothing else.” Imam Husain looked attentively in that direction and said

“By God, I am also seeing lances and ears of the horses.”

A deep silence descended on the caravan and except for the sighs of the ladies, murmur of the camels and their soft steps nothing else was audible.

It appeared that this strong willed but stoic human assembly was moving slowly and silently towards annihilation. Death was hovering on them and was plotting to kill them when they assembled at a predestined place.

The noon wind was extremely hot. Husain took his companions towards a tall mountain and let the camels rest.

At that time, huge billows of sand were seen rising and it soon became clear that Hur Bin Yazeed had come with a thousand horse men on behalf of Obaidullah Ibne Ziyad, Commander of Kufa to accost Husain and convey the tyrant’s message to Hussain. Yet when his troops reached Husain, both the army and the leaders were in great distress. Hur’s soldiers and their horses made their appearance panting and gasping. Their throats were parched on account of extreme thirst. Full of empathy as Husain was, he could not bear to see even the enemy in such distress and immediately ordered his men to give the soldiers and horses water to drink as plentifully as their hearts desired, so that their thirst gets quenched, completely.

After quenching their thirst, Hur bin Yazeed conveyed the tyrant’s message to Husain. He had been charged to escort him to Ziyad’s son. On hearing this, Husain said in a raised voice, “Death shall be nearer to you.” Hur said, “I have been ordered not to allow you to change your position. I have not been enjoined to fight you, yet I cannot leave you until I have coerced you to travel to Kufa. And if you don’t want to go to Kufa then select such a passage which neither goes to Kufa nor to Medina, so that I may write a letter to Ibne Ziyad and

you send a letter to Yazeed. May God have mercy on me and it will be in my interest that I may not have to deal with you.”

Husain moved slightly towards the passage of Qadsiya, which lay to the left, and he opened the letters which the Kufis had written to him. Later on he looked towards the people who had accompanied Ibne Ziyad’s army and addressed Hur and his soldiers saying, “Let me lay bare my position to you. By God! I did not embark on this journey until your welcoming letters reached me, inviting me to furnish guidance to you so that you may truly unite in the path of righteousness through me. Your emissaries had stated that you people have paid allegiance to me. If you stand by your word, I am already here to fulfill my mission. If, however, you do not relish my coming to you, I may go back where I came from.” No one replied. The speech was received in utter silence. Husain continued, “If you persevere in your allegiance to me then you have achieved righteousness and are blessed. If you break your covenant and break your oath of homage, then understand that you no longer pay fealty to me. This misdemeanour was shown to my father, my brother and my cousin Muslim also. If a person breaks his trust, the ill effects of this undoubtedly will reach him and by God, the merciful will make me unconcerned and indifferent to you.”

“Hur requested Husain to take pity on himself for the sake of God, and warned him that war with Yazeed would surely spell his slaughter and ruin.” Husain replied, “Do you wish to put me in fear of death? Can you do more than slay me?” He said, “I would remain steadfast in my resolve. Death holds no disgrace for him who is brave and whose intentions are pure and who fights to defend what is right.”

Husain continued, “You want to scare me from death. I am resolute and firm in my mission. Death for a brave man

is not something to be scared of. A life of disgrace is a life of indignity and baseness.”

When Hur heard Husain’s talk, thus he bent his head in humility and implored God to save him from fighting Husain He soon wrote a letter to son of Ziyad, asking him to permit Husain to go back from where he has come. Hur had hoped feverently that the reply will be positive.

When the news of Husain’s arrival spread amongst the people of Kufa, five mouted men and a riderless horse arrived from Kufa to offer support and defend Husain, yes only five men… Hur wanted to stop them but Husain prevented him and announced that Husain would himself fight to support them as he would fight to protect himself. Therefore, Hur was obliged not to stop them.

Later on Husain inquired from them the affairs of Kufa. They described the events of Kufa and said that the leaders of Kufa have taken huge bribes and their chests were full of money. “Therefore, they have gathered to fight you. Rest of the people are inclined in their hearts towards you but they will raise their swords against you.” Then they described the calamities which had fallen upon Muslim bin Aqeel Husain’s ambassador. Husain could not hold his tears and a recited verse from Quran (Para- 21 Sura Ahzab Ayat 23).

Among Muslims are men who have made true the covenant they had made with Allah. There are some of them who have fulfilled their vows and some who are still waiting and they are not changed in the least.

Then he bent his head and sank into deep thought and remained silent. They spent the night in prayer expectation and readiness.

When dawn appeared, Husain performed his salat and bade his companions to move right wards while, Hur strenuously tried to push them towards Kufa. But the caravan determinedly kept moving to the right until they reached the wilderness of “Nainawa”. Upon learning that the name of the place was Karbala, Husain said, “This is the stage of karb (distress) and bala (trial) and got down from the horse. Just then a horseman appeared from the direction of Kufa. He gave a letter to Hur, the contents of which were as follows

“As soon as my letter reaches you, you should start being harsh towards Husain. Lead them towards an area which is devoid of water and shade. I have ordered my messenger to keep an eye on you. And he will keep me informed immediately about the obeyance of my orders.”

After that injuction, water was heartlessly stopped and the companions of Husain spent that night in thirst.

In the morning the advance battalion of the army at Kufa under the command of Umar Ibne Sad bin Abi Waqas arrived. When they reached Husain, Umar Ibne Sad said, “I have only come to inquire why have you come here?”

Husain replied, “People of Kufa had invited me. If you people don’t like my arrival then I can go back.” It was learnt quickly that Husain was prepared to give up his stay in Iraq, if necessary or even leave Arabia and retire to some remote place, rather than cause strife and unrest among people.

Umar Ibne Sad informed Ibne Ziyad in detail what had come to pass and what had transpired between him and Husain, and thought that it may be instrumental in bringing peace. He received the following reply, from Ubaidullah through Shimr, his emissary, “They cannot escape from us. I have received your letter and gathered from it, how things

stand. You may now suggest to Hussain that he along with all his companions may take the oath of allegiance to Yazeed, If he agrees to do so then I will consider the matter again. In the mean time, continue the ban on water for him and his companions.”

“I did not send you to Husain to pay attention to him or to give hopes of continued survival to him or to make recommendation in his favour to me. Note it carefully, that if Husain and his friends submit themselves entirely to my mercy, send them directly to me. If they refuse to do so, advance against them, put them to the sword and tear them to pieces, for this is what they deserve. If Husain is slain, his bosom and back should be trampled under the hoofs of horses since he is a rebel. If you obey my order, then the rewards for the execution of the command will be in plenty. If you refuse to obey the command of the army will be transferred to Shimr.

Omar appointed five hundred more soldiers on the canal on the 7th of Moharrum so that the passage for carrying water was absolutely closed.