Hadith 30:Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 30:Virtues of Madinah



Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people.” (See Hadith No. 409, Vol 9).

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 92:
Narrated Anas:

The Prophet came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built and said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your land).” They said, “We do not want its price except from Allah” (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up their land freely). So, the Prophet ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 93:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains.” The Prophet went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them), “I see that you have gone out of the sanctuary,” but looking around, he added, “No, you are inside the sanctuary.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 94:
Narrated ‘Ali:

We have nothing except the Book of Allah and this written paper from the Prophet (where-in is written:) Medina is a sanctuary from the ‘Air Mountain to such and such a place, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. And the asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured (respected) by all the other Muslims; and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted, and whoever (freed slave) befriends (take as masters) other than his manumitters without their permission incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 95:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “I was ordered to migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and is called Yathrib and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 96:
Narrated Abu Humaid:

We came with the Prophet from Tabuk, and when we reached near Medina, the Prophet said, “This is Tabah.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 97:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

If I saw deers grazing in Medina, I would not chase them, for Allah’s Apostle said, “(Medina) is a sanctuary between its two mountains.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 98:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The people will leave Medina in spite of the best state it will have, and none except the wild birds and the beasts of prey will live in it, and the last persons who will die will be two shepherds from the tribe of Muzaina, who will be driving their sheep towards Medina, but will find nobody in it, and when they reach the valley of Thaniyat-al-Wada’, they will fall down on their faces dead.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 99:
Narrated Abu Zuhair:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Yemen will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families, and those who will obey them to migrate (to Yemen) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. Sham will also be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them, to migrate (to Sham) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. ‘Iraq will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them to migrate (to ‘Iraq) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 100:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 101:
Narrated Sad:

I heard the Prophet saying, “None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 102:
Narrated Usama:

Once the Prophet stood at the top of a (looked out from upon one) castle amongst the castles (or the high buildings) of Medina and said, “Do you see what I see? (No doubt) I see the spots where afflictions will take place among your houses (and these afflictions will be) as numerous as the spots where rain-drops fall.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 103:
Narrated Abu Bakra:

The Prophet said, “The terror caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Medina and at that time Medina will have seven gates and there will be two angels at each gate guarding them.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 104:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “There are angels guarding the entrances (or roads) of Medina, neither plague nor Ad-Dajjal will be able to enter it.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 105:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said, “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e. three earth-quakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from it.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 106:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle told us a long narrative about Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he mentioned, was his saying, “Ad-Dajjal will come and it will be forbidden for him to pass through the entrances of Medina. He will land in some of the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; on that day the best man or one of the best men will come up to him and say, ‘I testify that you are the same Dajjal whose description was given to us by Allah’s Apostle .’ Ad-Dajjal will say to the people, ‘If I kill this man and bring him back to life again, will you doubt my claim?’ They will say, ‘No.’ Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. That man will say, ‘Now I know your reality better than before.’ Ad-Dajjal will say, ‘I want to kill him but I cannot.’ “

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 107:
Narrated Jabir:

A bedouin came to the Prophet and gave a pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with fever and said (to the Prophet ), “Please cancel my pledge (of embracing Islam and of emigrating to Medina).” The Prophet refused (that request) three times and said, “Medina is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 108:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:

When the Prophet went out for (the battle of) Uhud, some of his companions (hypocrites) returned (home). A party of the believers remarked that they would kill those (hypocrites) who had returned, but another party said that they would not kill them. So, this Divine Inspiration was revealed: “Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties concerning the hypocrites.” (4.88) The Prophet said, “Medina expels the bad persons from it, as fire expels the impurities of iron.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 109:
Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca.”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 110:
Narrated Anas:

Whenever the Prophet returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 111:
Narrated Anas:

(The people of) Bani Salama intended to shift near the mosque (of the Prophet) but Allah’s Apostle disliked to see Medina vacated and said, “O the people of Bani Salama! Don’t you think that you will be rewarded for your footsteps which you take towards the mosque?” So, they stayed at their old places.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 112:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar).”

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 113:
Narrated ‘Aisha:

When Allah’s Apostle reached Medina, Abu Bakr and Bilal became ill. When Abu Bakr’s fever got worse, he would recite (this poetic verse): “Everybody is staying alive with his People, yet Death is nearer to him than His shoe laces.” And Bilal, when his fever deserted him, would recite: “Would that I could stay overnight in A valley wherein I would be Surrounded by Idhkhir and Jalil (kinds of good-smelling grass). Would that one day I could Drink the water of the Majanna, and Would that (The two mountains) Shama and Tafil would appear to me!” The Prophet said, “O Allah! Curse Shaiba bin Rabi’a and ‘Utba bin Rabi’a and Umaiya bin Khalaf as they turned us out of our land to the land of epidemics.” Allah’s Apostle then said, “O Allah! Make us love Medina as we love Mecca or even more than that. O Allah! Give blessings in our Sa and our Mudd (measures symbolizing food) and make the climate of Medina suitable for us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa.” Aisha added: When we reached Medina, it was the most unhealthy of Allah’s lands, and the valley of Bathan (the valley of Medina) used to flow with impure colored water.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 114:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:

Umar said, O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the city of Your Apostle.”

 

Karbala and Beyond 5

MUSLIM SWEARS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FOR HUSAIN

The Muslim of Kufa came in groups to meet Muslim as he stayed at alMukhtar’s house, pledging to him their obedience. This increased his
happiness and elation. When he read to them Imam al-Husain’s letter,
Abis ibn Shibeeb al-Shakiri stood and said, “I do not speak on behalf of
the people, nor do I know what they conceal in their hearts, nor do I
deceive you in their regard. By Allah! I can tell you what I personally
have decided to do. By Allah! I shall respond to your call, and I shall
fight your enemy. I shall defend you with my sword till I meet Allah
desiring nothing except what He has in store for me.” Habib ibn
Muzahir said, “You have briefly stated your intention, and by Allah, the
One and only Allah, I feel exactly as you do.” Sa’d ibn Abdullah al￾Hanafi made a similar statement. Other muslim came to swear the oath
of allegiance to him till his diwan counted as many as eighteen
thousand men. Some historians say that they were as many as twenty
five thousand men. According to al-Shabi, however, the number of
those who swore allegiance to him reached forty thousand. It was then
that Muslim wrote Imam al-Husain (ع) a letter which he handed to Abis
ibn Shibeeb al-Shakiri informing him of the consensus among the
people of Kufa to obey him and to wait for his arrival. In it, he said, “A
scout does not lie to his people. Eighteen thousand Kufians have
already come to me; so, hurry and come here as soon as this letter
reaches you.” That was twenty-seven days before Muslim’s martyrdom.
The Kufians, too, added to it their own letter wherein they stated the
following: “Hurry and come to us, O son of the Messenger of Allah! A
hundred thousand swords are in Kufa on your side; so, do not tarry.”
This angered a group of the Umayyads with vested interests. Among
them were Omer bin Sa’d, son of the renown Sa’d ibn Abu Waqqas,
Abdullah ibn Muslim ibn Rabi’ah al-Hadrami, and Imarah ibn Uqbah
ibn Abu Mueet. They wrote Yazid warning him of the arrival of
Muslim ibn Aqeel and the rallying of the people of Kufa behind him,
adding that al-Numan ibn Basheer, governor of Kufa, was not strong
enough to stand in his [Aqeel’s] way. Yazid deposed al-Numan ibn
Basheer and appointed Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad in his place. The new
governor was a man very well known for his ruthfulness. Yazid ordered
Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad to rush to Kufa in the company of Muslim ibn
Omer al-Bahili, al-Munthir ibn al-Jarad, and Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn
Nawfal escorted by five hundred soldiers whom he hand-picked from
among the people of Basra. Ibn Ziyad rushed to Kufa, paying no
attention to anyone who fell off his horse due to exhaustion even if he
were one of his own closest friends. For example, when Shurayk ibn al￾A’war fell on the way, and even when Abdullah ibn al-Harith fell,
thinking that Ibn Ziyad would slow down for their sake, Ibn Ziyad paid
no attention to them, fearing that Imam al-Husain (ع) might reach Kufa
before him. Whenever he passed by a checkpoint, its guards thought
that he was Imam al-Husain (ع), so they said, “Welcome, O son of the
Messenger of Allah!” He remained silent till he reached Kufa via the
Najaf highway. When he arrived, people welcomed him and said in one
voice: “Welcome, O son of the Messenger of Allah!” This only
intensified his outrage. He continued his march till he reached the
governor’s mansion. Al-Numan did not open the gate for him, and he
spoke to him from the mansion’s roof-top. Said he, “I shall not return
the trust to you, O son of the Messenger of Allah!” Ibn Ziyad said to
him, “Open the gate, for your night has extended too long!” A man
heard his voice and recognized him. He, therefore, said to the people,
“He is Ibn Ziyad, by the Lord of the Ka’ba!” They, therefore, opened
the gate for him then dispersed, going back home.
In the morning, Ibn Ziyad gathered people at the grand mosque. There,
he delivered a speech warning them against mutiny and promising them
generous rewards for conforming. Said he, “Anyone found to be
sheltering one of those who scheme against the authority of the
commander of the faithful [meaning Yazid] and who does not hand him
over will be crucified on the door of his own house.”
When Muslim ibn Aqeel came to know about Ibn Ziyad’s speech and
his explicit threats and having come to know about people’s conditions,
he feared being assassinated. He, therefore, left al-Mukhtar’s house
after the dark and went to the house of Hani ibn Urwah al-Mathhaji
who was a very zealous Shi’a. He was also one of Kufa’s dignitaries,
one of its qaris of the Holy Qur’an, and the shaikh and chief of the
Banu Murad. He could easily raise four thousand troops fully armed
and eight thousand cavaliers. If he includes his tribe’s allies from
Kindah, the number would swell to thirty thousand. He was one of the
closest friends of the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali ibn Abu
Talib (ع) on whose side he fought in all his three battles. He had seen
and was honoured by being a companion of the Prophet (ص). When he
was later killed in defense of Imam al-Husain (ع), he was more than
ninety years old. Muslim ibn Aqeel stayed at the house of Shareek ibn
Abdullah al-A’war al-Harithi al-Hamadani al-Basri, one of the main
supporters of the Commander of the Faithful, peace be with him, in
Basra. He had participated in the Battle of Siffeen and fought side by
side with the great sahabi Ammar ibn Yasir. Due to his distinction and
prominence, Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad appointed him as Governor of
Kerman on behalf of Mu’awiyah. He used to be in contact with and in
the company of Hani ibn Urwah.
The Shi’as kept meeting Muslim ibn Aqeel secretly at Hani’s house
without attracting the attention of Ibn Ziyad, admonishing each other to
keep it to themselves. Ibn Ziyad, therefore, could not know where
Muslim was. He called Maqil, his slave, to meet him. He gave him
three thousand [dinars] and ordered him to meet the Shi’as and to tell
them that he was a Syrian slave of Thul-Kila and that Allah blessed him
with loving Ahl al-Bayt of His Messenger (ع), that it came to his
knowledge that one of the members of Ahl al-Bayt (ع) had come to that
country, and that he had with him some money which he wanted to
deliver to him. Maqil entered the grand mosque and saw Muslim ibn
Awsajah al-Asadi offering his prayers. Having seen him finish his
prayers, he came close to him and made the above claim to him.
Muslim ibn Awsajah prayed Allah to grant that man goodness and
success. He then accompanied him to the place where Muslim ibn
Aqeel was hiding. The spy delivered the money to Muslim and swore
the oath of allegiance to him. The money was handed over to Abu
Thumamah al-Saidi who was a far-sighted and a brave Shi’a dignitary
appointed by Muslim to receive the funds and to buy thereby weapons.
That man kept meeting Muslim every day. No secrets were kept from
him, so he kept gathering intelligence and getting it to Ibn Ziyad in the
evening.

Waqia of Hazrat Danial AlahisSalam by Hazrat Ali on Request of Hazrat Umar (R.A)

“Hazrat Daniel (A) was an orphan, who had lost his father and mother
both. At that time the ruler was one from Bani Israel and had two Qazis
among his courtiers.
Both of these Qazis used to visit the court of the king accompanied by a
very pious and godly man of the day. Once the king wanted to send a
trustworthy person on an urgent official business outside the dominion of
his empire and requested the two Qazis to help him in selecting of someone
worthy for the purpose.
The Qazis advised the king to entrust the work to the same pious and
godly man who used to visit his court every now and then along with
themselves. Acting on their advice the king sent the pious man with
necessary instructions on the fateful journey. Now per chance the pious man
had a very pretty and beautiful wife who was also pious and godly like her
husband. However, the man while going out of the country gave her in the
care of the aforesaid Qazis, saying: I give her in your care with the will that
you will treat her with virtue and will take care of her daily needs. Then he
set off at his journey.
Thereafter, once the two Qazis happend to go to the house of the pious
man and by chance saw his pretty wife. Seeing her they both madly felt in
love with her. When they expressed their carnal desire the good woman
flatly refused to fall prey to their desire. Thereupon they threatened her to
complain against her to the king and say that she had committed adultery
with the result that she would be stoned to death.
In reply she said: Say whatever you like, but I would not give my consent
to this act of sin.”
Thereupon both the wicked Qazis went to the king and reported to him
that the wife of the pious man whom he had sent on journey had committed
adultery. The king was very much surprised on the report because the
woman had a reputation for piety. He bent his head for a while and then
lifting his head he said to them:
“I believe you and accept your witness but give me three days time for
issuing orders in the matter.”
The king then consulted his Wazir in the matter and said to him:
“I don’t think she is guilty of the act of adultery, what do you say about
it?
The Wazir also on hearing the report, said to the king:
“I am also surprised.”
Then, on the 3rd day the Wazir happened to pass by a lane where some
children were playing, Hazrat Daniel (A) being among them.
Hazrat Daniel (A) said to one of the children:
“Let us stage the drama of the wife of the pious man and the two Qazis,
you play the part of the wife of the pious man and two other of you, the part
of the Qazis.”
He then turned to the two boys and said to them:
“You present the case of this woman to me as the two Qazis have
presented it to the king.”
The king meanwhile had proclaimed with the beating of the drums (as
was the custom those days) that the wife of the pious man had committed adultery and the two Qazis had reported the matter to the king and,
therefore, the woman was going to be stoned to death. Hazrat Daniel (A)
called one of the boys who was playing the part of one of the Qazis and
asked him:
“What do you say in the matter?” He also pointed to a wooden sword
wrapped in a cloth, if you tell a lie I shall behead you with this sword.”
The boy replied:
“Sir, the wife of the pious man has committed adultery and I am a
witness to it”
Hazrat Daniel (A) asked him: “Where and when and on which day and
what time”? The boy answered all the questions of Hazrat Daniel (A). Then,
Hazrat Daniel (A) called the other boy and put the same questions to him,
but his answers were quite contrary to the answers of the other boy.
After hearing the second boy Hazrat Daniel (A) said:
“God is great, you have given false witness in the case.”
He then acquitted the woman honourably and sentenced the boys who
were playing the role of the Qazis to death.
The Wazir who saw this play of the boys and the judgement of Hazrat
Daniel (A) in the play reported the whole thing to the king who decided the
case accordingly.

Rare Justice: Judgements, Decisions and Answers to Difficult Questions part 2

A Strange Cruelty on an Orphan Girl and Hazrat Ali’s Judgement
Therein

It has been stated by Kulaini and Sheikh Suduq as also incorporated in
Sahih Bokhari on the authority of Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq (A) that a slave
girl was brought to the court of Hazrat Omar (RA) with the accusation that
she had not proved loyal to her master. Her story is narrated thus:A man had given shelter to an orphan girl. As he often had to goout of
his home town on business trips, he had given the girl in the care of his
wife. When a few years passed like this, the girl became mature and also
looked extremely beautiful. The wife of the man with the aimthat her
husband should not marry the girl, once got her intoxicated, , with the help
of some woman from the neighbourhood and also got removed the sign of
her chastity with the help of the same woman.
When the man returned from his business tour abroad, he asked his wife
about the girl. Thereupon she replied with complete innocence:
“She has eloped with a young man in the neighbourhood.” Then the man
went out in search of the girl, caught hold of her and dragged her to the
court of Hazrat Omar (RA), who was then a Caliph.
Hazrat Omar (RA) finding the case to be considerably difficult, referred
it to Amir ul-Momineen (A), as he had invariably done previously in such
cases.
Hazrat Ali (A) sent for the man, his wife and the girl, together with the
witnesses, if any. The man and his wife related the same story before Amirul-Momineen (A) also, which they had previously related in the court of
Hazrat Omar (RA), and also produced the four women who had been named
by the wife of the appellant as witnesses.
Hazrat Ali (A) called the first witness, unsheathed his sword and keeping
it between the woman and himself, said to her: Do you know, I am Ali (A)
Ibne Abi-Talib? Tell me the truth, the truth and nothing but the truth.” The
woman who was exceedingly clever gave the same false evidence she had
given in the court of Hazrat Omar (RA) and insisted thereon.
Hazrat Ali (A) seeing this, ordered her to be kept in confinement,
separate from other witness. He then caned the second witness before him
and pointing to his sword, said to her: “Do you see this sword? If you do not
tell the truth, I shall behead you with this sword. And remember that the
woman who has just gone out has told me the truth and, therefore, I have
given her pardon. If you tell me the true story, the same you shall get.”
Hearing this, the second woman related the true story of the case, out of fear
of her life.
Having heard the truth from the second witness Amir-ul- Momenin (A)
said, “After Daniel, the Prophet, I am the first man who has forced different
statements from two witnesses.”
Thereafter, he ordered punishment to be accorded to the wife of the man
in question. He also ordered the man to divorce his wife and marry the
innocent girl. When his orders were carried out, he paid the dowry to the girl
from his own pocket. He also fined the four women who had stood
witnesses in the case, one hundred Dirhams each, and gave the whole
amount of penalty to the girl.

ACCOUNT OF THE NAMES AND PATRONYMICS OF THE APOSTLE (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ)

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medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn Ismŕ’il Ibn Abu Fudayk al-Madani informed us on the authority of Musa Ibn Ya’qub al-Zam`i, he on the authority of Sahl the mawld of ‘Uthaymah; (he said):

Verily there was a christian of Maas who recited the Gospel; he said that the description of the Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) in the Gospel purported to mean that he would be in progeny of lsmá`il and his name would be Ahmad.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Wŕqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Qays the mawlá of ‘Abd al-Wahid related to me on the authority of Salim, he on the authority of Abu Ja`far Muhammad Ibn `All; he said:

Aminah was commanded (by God) during her pregnancy with the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), to give him the name of Ahmad.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) Sad: Abu ‘Amir al-Aqadi, whose name was ‘Abd al-Malik Ibn ‘Amr, informed us: Zuhayr Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of `Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn `Uqayl, he on the authority of Muhammad Ibn `Ali i.e. Ibn al-Hanafiyyah that he heard [P. 65] `All Ibn Abi Talib saying:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), said: I have been named Ahmad.

medina
He (Ibu Sa`d) said: `Affán Ibn Muslim informed us, saying: Hammad Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of Ja`far Ibn Abi Wahshiyah, he on the authority of Nafi lbn Jubayr Ibn Mut’im, he on the authority of his father; he said:

I heard the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), saying: I am Muhammad (praised), Ahmad (praised), al-Hashir (collector), al-Máhi (one who obliterates), al-Khŕtim (the Last) and al-Aqib (the last).

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Affán Ibn Muslim informed us: Hammŕd Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of ‘Asim Ibn Buhdalah, he on the authority of Zirr Ibn Hubaysh, he on the authority of Hudhayfah; he said:

I heard the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), saying in a lane of Madinah: I am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Hashir, al-Muqaffi (the last) and Nabi al-Rahmah (prophet of peace).

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Ubayd al-Tanafisi, Abu Nu’aym al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn, Kathir Ibn Hashim and Hashim Ibn al-Qŕsim al-Kinani informed us; they said: al-Mas’udi related to us on the authority of Amr Ibn Murrah, he on the authority of Abu `Ubaydah, he on the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash`ari; he said:

The Apostle of Allah(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) repeated before us his names, some of which we retained in memory, and he said: I am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Muqaffi, al-Hashir, Nabi al-Rahmah, Tawbah (repentence) and al-Malhamah (battles).

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: `Abd Allah Ibn Numayr informed us on the authority of Malik i.e. Ibn Mighwal, he on the authority of Abu Husayn, he on the authority of Mujahid, he on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ); he said:

I am Muhammad and Ahmad, I am Rasul al-Rahmah, I am Rasul al-Malhamah, I am al-Muqaffi and a1-Hashir; I have been raised for Jihad and I am not raised for tillage.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ma’n 1bn Isa al-Ashja`i informed us: Malik lbn Anas informed us on the authority of Ibn Shihab, he on the authority of Ibn Jubayr Ibn Mut`im, he on the authority of his father: Verily the Apostle of Allah(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

Mine are five names, 1 am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Mahi because Allah will efface blasphemy, I am a1-Hashir, because people will be assembled on the Day of Judgement after my footsteps; and I am al-`Aqib

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn informed us on the authority of Sufyan 1bn ‘Uyaynah, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority of Muhammad Ibn Jubayr Ibn Mut’im, he on the authority of his father, he on the authority of the Prophet as above narrated, with the addition:

I am al-`Aqib, and after me there will be no Prophet.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Abu `Umar Hujayn lbn al-Muthanna, the comrade of al-Lulu, informed us: al-Layth lbn Sa`d informed us on the authority of Khalid Ibn Yazid, he on the authority of Sa’d i.e. Ibn Abi Hilál, he on the authority of ‘Utbah lbn Muslim, he oat the authority of Nafi` Ibn Jubayr:

Verily he was presented before `Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwán who asked him: Do you know all the names of the Prophet, which Jubayr i.e. Ibn Mut’im repeated? He said: Yes ! they are six, Muhammad, Ahmad, Khŕtim, Hashir, ‘Aqib and Mahi. He is Háshir, because he was raised as a warner of severe torment on the day of resurrection, as regards al-Aqib, verily he came after the Prophet; as regards al-Mahi, verily Allah effaced the evil deeds of his followers because of him.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Abu Damrah Anas Ibn`Iyád al-Laythi informed us; he said: [P. 66] Al-Hŕrith Ibn `Abd al-Rahman Ibn Abi Dhubáb related to me on the authority of ‘Ata Ibn Mina, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), said: O servants of Allah ! look as to how Allah removes their (referring to the Quraysh) abuses and damnation from me. They (Companions) said: How? 0 Apostle of Allah? He said: They abuse and damn (the person who is); Mudhammam and I am Muhammad.