Rare Justice: Judgements, Decisions and Answers to Difficult Questions part 1

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The Case of a Slave Who Claimed to be the Master of His Master

It has been described by Kulaini and Sheikh on the authority of Imam
Jafar Sadiq (AlahisSalam) that during the ‘Khilafat’ (Caliphate) of Hazrat Ali(AlahisSalam) two
men, a slave and his master, were traveling to Kufa after performing Haj
(Pilgrimage). The slave committed some mistake and the master beat him
for that. The slave said to his master: “You are my slave, but still you are
beating me for nothing.” Some other people wanted to decide between the
two, but the slave did not admit his mistake but went on repeating that he
was the master of the man accompanying him till they all entered Kufa. The
master then said to his slave: “Let us go to Ameer-ul-Momineen for a
judgement.”
To that the slave agreed and they both went to Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam), but while
giving their statements before him both claimed to be the master of each
other. The one who was actually the master stated weeping that he was the
real master and that his father had sent him on pilgrimage to Mecca. He had
taken a slave with him who had committed a mistake on his way back home
and he therefore beat him. By saying that he was the master he wanted to
take away all his possessions wrongfully. But the slave also repeated the
same story on oath. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) after hearing both, ordered them to
present themselves before him the next day. Meanwhile, he ordered two
holes to be made in a wall, each one large enough for the head of a man to
pass through. When the two men came to him on the following day, he
ordered each of them to put his head into the two holes. This done, he
ordered his personal servant “Cut off the head of the slave.” No sooner the
slave heard this order, he pulled out his head from the hole while the one
who was the master did not move even slightly. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) then
reprimanded the slave, who went away with his master hanging his head in
shame.

The Case of Two Women Each of Whom Claimed to be the Mother of
One and the Same Child
Sarui has described in Irshad that during the caliphate of Hazrat Omar
two women were produced before Hakim, the then Qazi of Medina. Both of
them claimed the same child to be their own. Hakim was puzzled and did not
know what to do. The case was, therefore, taken to Hazrat Omar (RA) for
decision, but he also could not decide it. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) was then requested
to decide the case. Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam) asked the women as to whether they had
any objection if the child were cut into two and one part given to each of
them. One of the woman agreed to it, but the other started crying. She said
to Hazrat Ali (AlahisSalam): “O’ Abul Hasan! I forego my claim. Give the child to this
woman.” Thus the child was restored to its real mother who started crying

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