Ashab al-Qaryah

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Ashab al-Qaryah

According to some tafseer expert, Ashab Al-
Qaryah (a country) is about the people of
Antakiya (now known as Antioch). It’s about
three servants of Allah who were tortured,
killed and imprisoned by the wicked
inhabitants of a place somewhere in Syria
today. Its about a King named Anticus bin
Anticus Bin Anticus (3rd generation, the King’s
name were the same) who worshiped
idols. Antioch was originally located in the
territory of Turkey during the Ottoman Empire
but was later became Syria territory
after World War I.
If you read the Tafsir of Baidhawi Jamal
(Sheikh Abdul Rauf Fansuri), this event is said
to occur in Rome. It should be noted that
Rome means the province of the Eastern
Roman Antakiyah which was part of Eastern
Roman Empire region based in Constantinople.
God sent three envoys (Prophets of Allah),
named Saiq, Saduq and third prophet named
Shalom. There are also reports which say that
their name is Syamu’n (Samson) and Yohana
and his assistant named Paul. In Arabic the
name is pronounced as Syamu’n, Juhana and
Baulush. But the second story is more told
by Christians in the New Testament (Bible).
In the book of Imam Ghazali Muqasyafatul
Quloob, related that the Prophet gathered his
companions in the holy month of Ramadan to
give his usrah. In the usrah the Prophet told
them about the Prophet of Allah SWT named
Syamu’n. Prophet Muhammad named him
as Sam’un Ghazil. Prophet Syamu’n was not
told anywhere in the Qur’an but his name had
been narrated in the book Qisasul Anbiya ‘(the
story of the Prophet). In the old books, it was
mentioned how suddenly the Prophet smiled so
invited strange feelings by the companions.
Then a companion of the Prophet asked: “Why
are you smiling, O Prophet of Allah?” Prophet
immediately replied I was shown during our
Judgement day in Padang Masyhar, a prophet
with a sword (who does not have even a single
follower), go into heaven. He is Syamu’n
(Samson).
According to Jewish teachings, Prophet
Syamu’n was not a prophet but only Qadi
(Judge) of those being associated with the story
of Samson and Delaila. According to the study
of history, the events of the Prophet
on presence ground of Antakiya occurred in 39
AD. Even Christian historians believe that the
presence of the messenger is to spread the
teachings of Christians led by Barnabas and
Paul. If true, Antakiyah Barnabas was sent
to spread the teachings of monotheism, there
might be some logic as to the present
teachings of Barnabas associated with uni-
divine teachings of a single god that keeps the
original teachings of Prophet Isa (Jesus).
However, the teachings of Paul were
dubious, because he was amongst individuals
who mixed original Christian teachings with the
teachings of paganism (idolatry) when leading
the Christians during the Roman civilization.
Clear contradiction existed in the teachings of
Paul and we as Muslims should names
mentioned by Christian scholars but it is
enough to know that there was a messenger
sent to spread the gospel of God to people
of Antakiyah. Sources says that one of the
messenger was Paul was from Ibn Juraij (Ben
Gregory). Ibn Juraij born from a family with
Christian tradition. Descendants named
Gregory (in Arabic called Juraij) are Romans
who are also Christians. His father converted
to Islam and was named Abdul Aziz, is a
scholar. According to Imam Ahmad, said that
he was the first person to write religious texts.
He died in 767 AD. Ibn Juraij very close to the
tradition of Christian due to his family lineage.
Perhaps this influence led him to interpret that
one of the three envoys was Paul.
For the messenger named Barnabas, he was
Joseph but was called by the apostles as
Barnabas (according to Christian sources).
Barnabas meaning is “young artist”. Barnabas
was a Jew descended from the tribe of Levi
who came from Cyprus. Barnabas first saw
Paul (Paul) when Paul traveled to Jerusalem.
Along with Paul, Barnabas was sent by the
seniors to Antokiya to preach the gospel to
non-Hews. Then John (Juhana) together
join them to preach the Gospel to Cyprus.
Coming back to the story of three Prophets
aabove, this event was said to occur
approximately 9 years after the Prophet Yahya
was killed by King Herod II in Palestine. King
Herod II was the son of King Herod the Great
who loves his niece, the daughter of
Aristobulus IV and cannot accept non-married
nephew fatwa issued by the Prophet Yahya.
Also note that attitude Antakiah when receiving
missionary;
Yasin (36: 13-14)
Yasin (36: 15-16)
Yasin (36:17)
Yasin (36:18)
In verse 18, it was clear that the people
there rejected the truth, and will try to find
the reasons and arguments against the truth.
Like Today, we also see similar things
happening, those who preaches the true about
Islam are being defamed, accused of breaking
the communities and so on. Antakiya race
slammed the messenger of Allah by associating
their difficulties like natural disasters, loss of
crops, etc. due to the presence of the
Prophets which coincides with the calamity
that they faced
11. The people of Tubbas
Ad Dukhan – The Smoke (44:37)
Al Qaf – The letter Qaf (50:14)
Taken from tafsir ibn kathir :
The Tubba` were Arab descendants of Qahtan,
just as these people (Quraysh) were Arab
descendants of `Adnan. Among the people of
Himyar — who are also known as Saba’ — when
a man became their king, they called him
Tubba`, just as the title Chosroes was given to
the king of Persia, Caesar to the king of the
Romans, Fir`awn to the disbelieving ruler of
Egypt, Negus to the king of Ethiopia, and so on
among other nations.
But it so happened that one of the Tubba` left
Yemen and went on a journey of conquest until
he reached Samarkand, expanding his kingdom
and domain. He is the one who founded Al-
Hirah. It is agreed that he passed through Al-
Madinah during the days of Jahiliyyah. He
fought its inhabitants but they resisted him;
they fought him by day and supplied him with
food by night, so he felt ashamed before them
and refrained from harming them.
He was accompanied by two Jewish rabbis who
advised him and told him that he would never
prevail over this city, for it would be the place
to which a Prophet would migrate towards the
end of time. So he retreated and took them
(the two rabbis) with him to Yemen. When he
passed by Makkah, he wanted to destroy the
Ka`bah, but they told him not to do that
either. They told him about the significance of
this House, that it had been built by Ibrahim
Al-Khalil, peace be upon him, and that it would
become of great importance through that
Prophet who would be sent towards the end of
time. So he respected it, performed Tawaf
around it, and covered it with a fine cloth.
Then he returned to Yemen and invited its
people to follow the religion of guidance along
with him. At that time, the religion of Musa,
peace be upon him, was the religion followed
by those who were guided, before the coming
of the Messiah, peace be upon him. So the
people of Yemen accepted the religion of
guidance along with him. `Abdur-Razzaq
recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be
pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah
said “I do not know whether Tubba` was a
Prophet or not.) It was narrated that Tamim
bin `Abdur-Rahman said:” `Ata’ bin Abi Rabah
said, `Do not revile Tubba`, for the Messenger
of Allah forbade reviling him.”’ .
After his death the people went astray and
reverted to idolatry and fire-worship. This
brought down on them the Divine wrath, the
details of which are available in Surah Saba’.
And Allah knows best
Youtube version:
The People of Tubbas
Story about the people of Tubba’
12. People of Sheba
An authentic hadith of Ibn ‘Abbas explained
that Allah’s Messenger asked someone, “What
is Saba, a state or a person’s name?” The
Prophet said, “He is a man who begets ten
children. Six lived in Yemen and four in Syria.
In Yemen were Mudzhij, Kindah, Alazad,
Asa’ariyum, Anmar and Himyar while in Syria
were Lakham, Judzam, Amilah and Ghassan. “
Their ancestors are said to derive from the
Arab tribes of Yemen. The origin of their
residence named Saba, later became the name
of the state or government to the capital of
Maarib.
Saba government was led by a queen named
Sheba. This showed, even during the old days,
a woman can involved and play a role in
managing the countryy. Saba was mentioned
in the Qur’an (Surah Saba: 15) has bestowed
land with very fertile land.
Allah bestowed the people of Saba by giving
them two gardens that were very fertile. But
because they do not appreciate the blessings
that have been given by God, God replaces the
trees in the garden with bitter fruit trees, the
tree of Asl and Sidr. Asl is firmly rooted tree
so hard to plug. As for the Sidr, the fruits are
not suitablel to eat.
Allah blessed their land but yet they denied
Allah. The people of Sheba were punished by
big flood.
Al Naml – The Ants (27:44)
The Christian archaeologist Werner Keller,
writer of ” Und Die Bible Hat Doch Recht ” (The
Holy Book Was Right), accepted that the flood
of Arim occurred according to the description
of the Qur’an and wrote that the existence of
such a dam and the destruction of the whole
country by its collapse proves that the
example given in the Qur’an about the people
of the garden was indeed true.
After the disaster of the Arim flood, the region
started to turn into a desert and the Sabaean
people lost their most important source of
income. Their lands, which had been
agricultural havens of prosperity and financial
strength, disappeared. The people, who had
not heeded the call of Allah to believe in Him
and to be grateful to Him, were in the end
punished with this disaster.

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