His father was the infamous Abu Sufyan who joined the ranks of the Muslims after the conquest of Macca. If the prophet was born in year 570 and started preaching publicly at the age of 40 (year 610), and the conquest of Macca happened in year 630, this means Abu Sufyan spent about 20 years fighting against the prophet and his followers. He was a staunch enemy of the Islam. But in the end, he had no choice but to become a Muslim. All of those became Muslims during the conquest of Macca are called al-Tulaqa’. In my humble opinion and based on the big picture that I see, Abu Sufyan, his son Mua’awiya and his likes joined the ranks of the Muslims in order to destroy Islam from within, and not because of belief or conviction. This will become clear once you understand what this man has done to Islam and its followers, how he managed the affairs of the people, who his governors were and what they did.
His mother was the infamous Hind, who ordered one of her slaves to kill Hamzah, the uncle of the prophet, and to rip his liver off his dead body and bring it to her! Abu Sufyan’s hatred and enmity towards the prophet never ceased. His son Mua’awiyah, who is the product of Abu Sufyan, carried on his mission by opposing Ali during his legitimate caliphate and waging a war against him. Yazid, the son of Mua’awiyah and also his product, carried on the wicked mission by killing Imam Hussein and his followers in the battle of Karbala.
Yes! The enmity of Abu Sufyan never died, and how could it when their hatred for the prophet, his message and for Ali never stopped! These are the murderers of the progeny of the prophet that many Muslims dare to sympathize with and justify their satanic actions!
Mua’awiya ruled for about 19 years and died in 60 Hijra, then he forecefully secured the caliphate for his son Yazid through threats, bribery and coercion.
I could conclude this topic of Mua’awiya in few lines with clear evidence, in the following way: the first fact is that Mua’awiya established the practice of insulting Imam Ali on the pulpits of Bani Ummayya during every sermon, a practice that lasted 90 years and was abolished by Umar ibn Abdul Azziz. The second fact is that Mua’awiya and his governors turned the people of Damascus into hateful enemies of Imam Ali and his followers, enemies that reviled Imam Ali and wished his death. The third fact is that Mua’awiya fought the Imam of his time and the legitimate caliph of the Ummah. The fourth fact is that Mua’awiya continually persecuted the followers of Imam through his governors. The fifth fact is that Mua’awiya and his army are the rebellious and aggressive army that killed Ammar ibn Yassir:
Narrated ‘Ikrima: that Ibn ‘Abbas told him and ‘Ali bin ‘Abdullah to go to Abu Said and listen to some of his narrations; So they both went (and saw) Abu Said and his brother irrigating a garden belonging to them. When he saw them, he came up to them and sat down with his legs drawn up and wrapped in his garment and said, “(During the construction of the mosque of the Prophet) we carried the adobe of the mosque, one brick at a time while ‘Ammar used to carry two at a time. The Prophet passed by ‘Ammar and removed the dust off his head and said, “May Allah be merciful to ‘Ammar. He will be killed by a rebellious aggressive group. ‘Ammar will invite them to (obey) Allah and they will invite him to the (Hell) fire.”
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ لَهُ وَلِعَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ائْتِيَا أَبَا سَعِيدٍ فَاسْمَعَا مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ. فَأَتَيْنَاهُ وَهُوَ وَأَخُوهُ فِي حَائِطٍ لَهُمَا يَسْقِيَانِهِ، فَلَمَّا رَآنَا جَاءَ فَاحْتَبَى وَجَلَسَ فَقَالَ كُنَّا نَنْقُلُ لَبِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ لَبِنَةً لَبِنَةً، وَكَانَ عَمَّارٌ يَنْقُلُ لَبِنَتَيْنِ لَبِنَتَيْنِ، فَمَرَّ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَسَحَ عَنْ رَأْسِهِ الْغُبَارَ وَقَالَ “ وَيْحَ عَمَّارٍ، تَقْتُلُهُ الْفِئَةُ الْبَاغِيَةُ، عَمَّارٌ يَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَيَدْعُونَهُ إِلَى النَّارِ ”.
The sixth fact is that Mua’awiya and his followers invited Imam Ali and his followers to Hell while the latter group invited the former one to Heaven. To the clear mind, these facts prove that Mua’awiya hated Imam Ali and his followers. And about that, the prophet said:
Um Salama narrated that she heard the prophet say to Ali: “None will love you but a believer and none will hate you but a hypocrite.”
عن مساور الحميري عن أمه عن أم سلمة قالت: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول لعلي: لا يحبك إلا مؤمن، ولا يبغضك إلا منافق
The prophet also said:
Umm Salamat asked Shabeeb: “does the prophet get insulted in your gatherings?” He responded in the negative. Umm Salamat asked: “Ali ibn Abi Talib? I heard the messenger of Allah say: ‘He who insults Ali, insults me and he who insults me insults Allah.”
أبو جعفر احمد بن عبيد الحافظ بهمدان ثنا احمد بن موسى بن اسحاق التميمي ثنا جندل بن والق ثنا بكير بنعثمان البجلى قال سمعت ابا اسحاق التميمي يقول سمعت ابا عبد الله الجدلي يقول حججت وانا غلام فمررت بالمدينة وإذا الناس عنق واحد فاتبعتهم فدخلوا على ام سلمة زوج النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فسمعتها تقول: يا شبيب بن ربعىز فأجابها رجل: جلف جاف لبيكيا امتاه . قالت يسب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في ناديكم؟ قال: وانى ذلك؟ قالت فعلي بن ابي طالب قال: انا لنقول اشياء نريد عرض الدنيا. قالت فاني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: من سب عليا فقد سبنى ومن سبنى فقدسب الله تعالى
Another Hadith that is mutawatir is that of Ghadeer Khum:
al-Barra’ ibn A’azib narrated they were travelling with the prophet and stopped at Ghadeer Khum. We prayed in congregation the prayer of Noon time. He took the hand of Ali and said: “Do I not have more authority over you than you have over yourselves?” The people agreed. Then the prophet asked: “Do I not have more authority over every believer than he has over himself?” Then he took Ali by the hand and said: “Whomever I am his master, then this Ali is also his master. Oh Allah befriend who befriends him, be the enemy of his enemy.” Then Umar came and told him: “Congratulations to you O ibn Abi Talib. You have become the Mawla of every believer.”…
حدّثنا عفّان، حدّثنا حمّاد بن سلمة، أخبرنا عليّ بن زيد، عن عديّ بن ثابت، عن البّراء بن عازب قال: كنّا مع رسول الله(صلى الله عليه وآله) في سفر، فنزلنا بغدير خمّ، فنودي فينا الصلاة جامعة، وكُسح لرسول الله(صلى الله عليه وآله) تحت شجرتين، فصلّى الظهر وأخذ بيد علي(عليه السلام) فقال: ((أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمون أَنِّي أَوْلَى بِالُمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ))؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ((أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمون أَنِّي أَوْلَى بِكُلِّ ُمُؤْمِنٍ مِنْ نَفْسِهِ))؟ قالوا: بلى قال: فأخذ بيد عليّ فقال: ((مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلاَهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَـنْ وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ))، قال: فلقيه عمر بعد ذلك فقال: هنيئاً يَا ابن أبي طالب، أصبحت وأمسيت مولى كلّ مؤمن ومؤمنة. قال أبو عبد الرحمن: حدّثنا هدبة بن خالد، حدّثنا حمّاد بن سلمة، عن عليّ بن زيد، عن عديّ بن ثابت، عن البرّاء بن عازب، عن النبيّ(صلى الله عليه وآله) نحوه
Lastly, just to cut this short, there is Hadith al-Thaqalayn, which is also mutawatir:
The messenger of Allah said: “I am leaving for you two precious and weighty Symbols that if you adhere to BOTH of them you shall not go astray after me. They are, the Book of Allah, and my progeny, my Ahlul-Bayt. The Merciful has informed me that These two shall not separate from each other till they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise). Watch out how you treat them after me.”
al-Tirmidhi said the hadith is hasan Ghareeb and al-Albani said the hadith is sahih.
حدثنا علي بن المنذر كوفي حدثنا محمد بن فضيل قال حدثنا الأعمش عن عطية عن أبي سعيد والأعمش عن حبيب بن أبي ثابت عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنهما قالا قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إني تارك فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلوا بعدي أحدهما أعظم من الآخر كتاب الله حبل ممدود من السماء إلى الأرض وعترتي أهل بيتي ولن يتفرقا حتى يردا علي الحوض فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما قال هذا حديث حسن غريب قال الترمذي : حسن غريب قال الشيخ الألباني : صحيح
A man who hates Imam Ali is nothing but a hypocrite and this makes Mua’awiya a hypocrite. A man who insults Imam Ali also insults the prophet and Allah. Therefore, Mua’awiya has insulted the prophet and Allah, a practice that lasted 90 years! Muawiya was the enemy of the Imam Ali which makes him the enemy of Allah. Muaawiya did not hold fast to Ahlul Bayt but fiercely fought them until his last breath and persecuted their followers, which means he strayed a great stray. Every direction you look at, Mua’awiya has been despicable. Therefore, the verdict is clear and the abode of such people is surely clear.
If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.
وَمَنْ يَقْتُلْ مُؤْمِنًا مُتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَاؤُهُ جَهَنَّمُ خَالِدًا فِيهَا وَغَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَعَنَهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُ عَذَابًا عَظِيمًا
That is all there is to it. However, I am not satisfied with this because I want everyone in the world to know what this disgraceful and despicable man has done to the family of the prophet, to his companions and to Islam. I want everyone to know and understand why this individual deserves nothing but the wrath of Allah.
In Sahih Muslim (Book of Virtue, In-book reference: Book 45, Hadith 125):
Ibn Abbas reported: I was playing with children that Allah’s Messenger happened to pass by (us). I hid myself behind the door. He (the Prophet) came and patted my shoulders and said: Go and call Mu’awiya. I returned and said: He is busy in taking food. He again asked me to go and call Mu’awiya to him. I went (and came back) and said that he was busy in taking food, whereupon he said: May Allah not fill his belly! Ibn Muthanna, said: I asked Umm Umayya what he meant by the word Hatani. He said: It means “he patted my shoulders.”
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى الْعَنَزِيُّ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ بَشَّارٍ، – وَاللَّفْظُ لاِبْنِ الْمُثَنَّى – قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أُمَيَّةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الْقَصَّابِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَلْعَبُ مَعَ الصِّبْيَانِ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَتَوَارَيْتُ خَلْفَ بَابٍ – قَالَ – فَجَاءَ فَحَطَأَنِي حَطْأَةً وَقَالَ ” اذْهَبْ وَادْعُ لِي مُعَاوِيَةَ ” . قَالَ فَجِئْتُ فَقُلْتُ هُوَ يَأْكُلُ – قَالَ – ثُمَّ قَالَ لِيَ ” اذْهَبْ وَادْعُ لِي مُعَاوِيَةَ ” . قَالَ فَجِئْتُ فَقُلْتُ هُوَ يَأْكُلُ فَقَالَ ” لاَ أَشْبَعَ اللَّهُ بَطْنَهُ ” . قَالَ ابْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قُلْتُ لأُمَيَّةَ مَا حَطَأَنِي قَالَ قَفَدَنِي قَفْدَةً .
In this narration, ibn Abbas does not specify whether he informed Mua’awiya that the prophet needed him. Is it possible that each time, ibn Abbas found Mua’awiya eating, so he did not bother to ask and headed back to the prophet instead to tell him that Mua’wiya was eating? If this is the case, why would the prophet curse him?? Has the prophet been unjust?? Most likely, what happened is that ibn Abbas asked Mua’awiya to answer the prophet’s call, but the latter wanted to finish his meal.
Kill Mua’awiya if you see him on my pulpit
إذا رأيتم معاوية على منبري فاقتلوه
In Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal:
Abdullah ibn Amru ibn al-Aass who said: “we were sitting with the messenger of Allah when he said: ‘A man will appear on this mountain pass who will die on a path different from mine.’ I said (Abdullah ibn Amru): my father was dressing up inside so he can come out and I was afraid that he comes out, but someone else did.
عبدالله بن عمرو بن العاص قال : كنا جلوسا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : ( يطلع عليكم من هذا الفج رجل يموت يوم يموت على غير ملتي ) قال : وكنت تركت أبي يلبس ليخرج ، فخفت أن يطلع ، فطلع فـلان
al-Baladhari recorded the same exact hadith in his al-Tarikh al-Kabeer, which dates before Musnad ibn Hanbal, but the name of the person who appeared:
Abdullah ibn Amru ibn al-Aass who said: “we were sitting with the messenger of Allah when he said: ‘A man will appear on this mountain pass who will die on a path different from mine.’ I said (Abdullah ibn Amru): my father was dressing up inside so he can come out and I was afraid that he comes out, but Mua’awiya appeared.
قال: حدثني إسحاق ، حدثنا عبد الرزاق ، أنبأنا معمر ، عن ابن طاووس ، عن أبيه ، عن عبدالله بن عمرو بن العاص قال: كنت جالساً عند النبي(ص)فقال: يطلع عليكم من هذا الفج رجل يموت يوم يموت على غير ملتي ! قال: وتركت أبي يلبس ثيابه فخشيت أن يطلع فطلع معاوية
al-Hafedh Ahmad ibn al-Siddiq al-Ghumari commented on this Hadith in his book Ju’nat al-A’attar (جؤنة العطار) saying:
وهذا حديث صحيح على شرط مسلم ، وهو يرفع كل غمة عن المؤمن ، المتحير في شأن هذا الطاغية قبحه الله ، ويقضي على كل ما يموِّه به المموهون في حقه !