Hazrat Saiyedna Imam Zain-ul-A’abedin AlaihisSalam part 4


During a particular year, Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin went to Mecca Mu’azzama to perform the pilgrimage. Hisham-Ibne-Abdulmalik-binMarvan also went there with the same purpose. After completing the holy rounds (Tava’af), he thought to kiss the holy Black Stone (Hajr-e-Asvad). But there was so much rush of people that he could not do it. Then, he climbed over the dais and started delivering the sermon. At that very moment, Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin entered into the Masjid-e-Haram. With a moon-like face, shining cheeks and fragrant dress, he started taking rounds. When he reached the Holy Black Stone, to honour him, people moved aside and gave him the way so that, he could easily and comfortably kiss the Stone. When one of the Syrian saw this scene, heenquired of Hisham and asked, “O’ Amir-ul-Mominin, though you are the Caliph, people did not give you a way to the Holy Stone. Whereas, when that young man came, all the people respected him and went aside with a view to giving him the way.” Hisham said, ‘I do not know him.’ (Of course, he knew him very well). His idea was that people of Syria should not come to know him, lest, they would start respecting him and he wished that Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin should not become Amir-ul-Mominin. Farazdiq, a poet was present. He said, “I know him.” People said, “Then, O Abu Fara’as (Farazdiq-his lineage name), let us know who is that person with so much of dignity and splendour?”

Farazdiq said, “Now listen. I am presenting his name, lineage and dynasty in poetry.” After that, he recited a long eulogy (Qasida) which is one of the best eulogies of Arabi language. The whole poem is quoted in Kashaful-Mahjjub and other such outstanding books. Here, only two couplets of them are stated,

“These are those holy foot-prints who are recognized by the people of Batha, All members of the Haram Mosque know them.” He added,

“He is the descendant of the best among all the worshipers of Allah, the Almighty. He is well known for his purity, self-control and piety.”

Farazdik recited many such other couplets in praise of Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin and the holy relatives. Hisham was very much annoyed on this and ordered his people to imprison Farazdik in Isfaan prison which is situated between Mecca and Medina. Then, the people conveyed all these messages to Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin. After listening to it, he said, “Let these twelve thousand Dirhams be sent to him. O’ Abu Faras please forgive us now for, at present, we are passing through a test, and we cannot give you more than this.’

Farazdik k returned the amount by saying, “O’ descendant of Rasul-eKhuda, for money, I have written so many poems and couplets full of exaggeration and lies. But this composition I have presented before you just for my forgiveness, under the pious recommendation from your holy

grand-father and yourself.” When the Dirhams and the poet’s stand reached to Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin, he returned the amount, saying, “Anyhow, give this amount to him and tell him that if he loves us, then, let this amount, which has already been brought from our treasure, not be returned to us.” (Kashaf-ul-Mahjjub)

Dignity and Respect for the Caliphs

cable Some Iraqis came forward in service to Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedin and said something bad about Amir-ul-Mominin Saiyedna Abu Bakr Siddiqui, Amir-ul-Mominin Saiyedna Umar Faruq and Amir-ulMominin Usman Ghani. When they stopped, he asked them, “Let me know whether you are from the first lot of the migrants regarding whom Allah, the Almighty has said, ‘Those who are kicked out of their houses and are robbed of their belongings, and, who pray Allah for help are only the real people.’ (Kanzul-Iman) >>

When people heard this, they said, “We are not from those people.” Then he said, “Are you from those people about whom Allah, the Almighty has said, ‘And those who have made this house their dwelling place, made friends to the migrants who came towards and cherished no wish in their hearts? Are you from those people who are ready to sacrifice their lives if needed?’ “”

The indication is towards the Ansars. The people of Iraq heard this and disagreed to it. Then he said, “I stay witness of the fact that you are not the people who are in the vicinity of Allah.” Those who came after them, prayed, “O’ our Allah, kindly forgives us and our brothers who accepted Islam before us. Please remove hatred for us from the hearts of the Believers. You are the kindest of the kinds.” After that, he ordered, “All of you go away from here.”

In the final sermon, he said, “O’ people of Iraq, O’ the people who criticize the Caliphs, Allah, the Almighty has sent this verse (A’ayat), ‘You are neither from the migrants nor from the Ansars. You are not the supporters of the Truth. In fact, those who consider them to be believers should always accept the truth. Looking at this, you are the worst people.



The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ treated people fairly. He did not allow Muslims to oppress non-Muslims and get away with it. He said: “If a Muslim kills a Christian, he will be killed (in retaliation).”1

On another occasion, a woman from the powerful tribes of Mecca was found guilty of stealing. So, the Holy Prophet ﷺpassed judgement that she would be punished. However, some of the Companions tried to plead with the Prophet not to punish her because she came from a rich family. But the Prophet instead got up and addressed his Companions, saying: “Those before were destroyed because when the elites among them stole (i.e. committed a crime), they would let them off, but if some poor person stole they would punish him (for his crime). By God, if Fățima, the daughter of Muhammad, stole, I would cut her hand also (i.e. punish her for her crime).”

From this anecdote we can see the principle of equality before the law that no one is above the law. The Prophet’s justice and fairness was so great that he would not allow the elite to get away with their crimes and punish only the common people. He declared that even his own family must abide by the law and got contravene it.

1 Set forth by al-Shafi’i in al-Musnad, p. 343. al-Bayhaqî in al-Sunan al-Kubra, 8:30 S15696.

2 Set forth by al-Bukhărī in al-Şaḥīḥ, 3:1366 $3526. Muslim in alŞahih, 3:1315 S1688.