General Description of the Personality of the Most Perfect and Beautiful Human: The Holy Prophet Muhammad(صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)-part 3

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74.HIS MERCY TOWARDS PRISONERS: Ab‰ M‰s¥ g reported that
the Messenger of God a said: “Set prisoners free, feed the
hungry and visit the sick.”2
75. HIS MERCY TOWARDS THE SICK: Thawb¥n g reported that
the Messenger of God a said: “Whoever visits a sick person
remains among the khurfa of Paradise until he returns
[from his visit].”
Someone asked, “O Messenger of God, what is the
khurfa of Paradise?” He a replied, “[The khurfa of
Paradise] is its fruits.3 “Fruits” here is a metaphor for the
rewards one earns for visiting his sick Muslim brother.
¢AlÏ g reported that he heard the Messenger of God
a say: “Whenever any Muslim visits a sick Muslim at the
beginning of the day, then seventy-thousand angels will
continue to send prayers upon him until the evening. And
if he visits him in the early evening, then seventy-thousand
angels will continue to send prayers upon him until the
morning, and he will have a garden in Paradise.”4
76. HIS MERCY TOWARDS ANIMALS: Ab‰ Hurayra g related
from the Prophet a the story of a man who found a dog
that was so thirsty that it was eating wet soil. The man
gave something to drink to the dog, and as a result of his
generous and merciful action, God u forgave him (his
sins). Ab‰ Hurayra g further related that after the Prophet
a told this story, his Companions l asked, “O Messenger
1 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 5:2047 §5038. •al-TirmidhÏ in
al-Sunan, 4:346 §1969.
2 Set forth by •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 3:187 §3105. •al-Nas¥√Ï in
al-Sunan, 5:202 §8666.
3 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:1989 §2568. •A^mad b. ±anbal in
al-Musnad, 5:277 §22443.
4 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 1:118 §955. •al-Tir-
midhÏ in al-Sunan, 3:300 §969.

of God, are there rewards for us even in animals (i.e. even
in helping animals)?” The Prophet a said: “There is a
reward for each wet liver.” That is, a Muslim will receive
reward for helping anything that has a wet liver—or in
other words, anything that is alive and that has a spirit.1
According to Imam Ibn ±ibb¥n’s wording of this hadith,
the Prophet a said: “God forgave him and admitted him
into Paradise.”2
Ab‰ Hurayra g reported that the Prophet a said:
“An adulteress was forgiven (for her sins). This occurred
because, one day, she passed by a dog that was seated at
the head of a well, a dog whose thirst almost resulted in its
death. The adulteress removed her shoe, tied it to her veil,
and then lowered the shoe in to the well in order to draw
out some water for the dog.”3
¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Umar g related that the Messenger of
God a said: “A woman was punished because of a cat
that she kept confined until it died of hunger. As a result
of what she did, she entered the Hellfire. That is because
she neither fed the cat nor gave it something to drink when
she confined it; nor did she leave it [to roam free] so that it
could eat from the vermin of the earth.”4
Shadd¥d b. Aws g related that the Messenger of God a
said: “Verily, God has written excellence (doing something
in an excellent manner). So, if you slaughter (an animal),
then slaughter (it) in an excellent manner: Sharpen your
1 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:833 §2234, 2:870 §2334. •Mus-
lim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:1761 §2244.
2 Set forth by •Ibn ±ibb¥n in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:301 §543.
3 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 3:1279 §3280. •Muslim in al-
ßa^Ï^, 4:1761 §2245. •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 2:510 §10629.
4 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:834 §2236. •Muslim in al-
ßa^Ï^, 4:1760 §2242. •al-D¥rimÏ in al-Sunan, 2:426 §2814.

blade and thus make matters easy and more comfortable
for the animal you are slaughtering.”1
¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Amr g reported that the Messenger of
God a said: “If anyone kills a sparrow or anything above
it (in size or significance), without having the right to do
so, then God, the Possessor of Might, will ask him about
that (deed) on the Day of Resurrection.”2
77. ¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Amr b. al-¢®| k reported that God’s
Messenger a said: “Indeed, your body has a right over
you; your eyes have a right over you; your wife has a right
over you; and your neighbour has a right over you.”3
78. In another narration, ¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Amr b. al-¢®| k related
that Allah’s Messenger a said: “The best of companions,
in the sight of Allah, is the one who treats his companion
best, and the best of neighbours, in the sight of Allah, is the
one who treats his neighbour best!”4
79. Reported by Burayda b. al-¤a|Ïb g, God’s Messenger a
said: “Stick to the moderate way! Stick to the moderate
way! Stick to the moderate way, for no one makes the
religion hard on himself save that it will overcome him.”5
80. According to ¢Abd All¥h b. Mas¢‰d g, God’s Messenger a
said thrice: “The extremists have perished.”6
1 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 3:1548 §1955. •al-D¥rimÏ in al-Su-
nan, 4:123, 125 §17154, 17179.
2 Set forth by •al-Nas¥√Ï in al-Sunan, 7:206 §4349. •al-±¥kim in
al-Mustadrak, 4:261 §7574.
3 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:697 §1874. •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in
al-Sunan, 4:338 §5151–5152.
4 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 2:167 §6566. •al-Tir-
midhÏ in al-Sunan, 4:333 §1944.
5 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 5:350 §23013. •Ibn
Khuzayma in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:199 §1179.
6 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:2055 §2670. •A^mad b. ±anbal in
al-Musnad, 1:386 §3655. •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 4:201 §4608.

81. According to Ibn ¢Abb¥s k, the Prophet a narrated from
his Lord. He said, “God decreed the good deeds and the
bad deeds and explained them. So whoever intends to do
a good deed but does not do it, God shall write for him a
single complete good deed. If he intends to do a good deed
and then does it, God shall write for him ten good deeds,
up to seven hundred good deeds, or even multiplied beyond
that. And whoever wants to do a bad deed but does not do
it, God shall write for him a single good deed. If he intends
to do a bad deed and then does it, Allah shall write for him
only one bad deed.”1
82. According to ¢®√isha j, God’s Messenger a said: “God
loves gentleness in all things.”2
83. He further said in another narration: “O ¢®√isha! God is
Gentle and He loves gentleness in all things.”3
84. According to JarÏr b. ¢Abd All¥h k, the Prophet a said:
“He who is denied gentleness is denied all good.”4
85. According to ¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Umar k: “One day, a man
came to the Prophet a and submitted: “O Messenger of
God! Among all the people, who is dearest to God Most
High?” The Messenger of God a said: ‘The one who
benefits others the most is dearest to God Most High.’ He
further said: ‘Whoever stops his anger, God Most High
will protect his honour; whoever endures his anger, even
though he has power, then God Most High will cause
his heart to be in bliss on the Day of Resurrection. And
whoever walks with his brother to attend to and meet the
needs of his brother, then God Most High will keep him
1 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 5:2380 §6126. •Muslim in al-
ßa^Ï^, 1:118 §131.
2 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 5:2242 §5678. •Muslim in al-
ßa^Ï^, 4:1706 §2165.
3 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 6:2539 §6528. •Ibn M¥jah in
al-Sunan, 2:1216 §3689.
4 Set forth by •Ibn AbÏ Shayba in al-Mu|annaf, 5:209 §25303.

steadfast on the Day (of Resurrection) when steps would be
slipping.’”1
86. ¢Abd Allah b. ¢Abb¥s k heard the Messenger of God a
saying: “If a Muslim clothes another Muslim, he will
remain in the protection of God until a shred of that cloth
is left on him.”2
87. According to ¢Umar b. al-Kha~~¥b g: “The Messenger of
God a was asked: ‘Which deeds are the best?’ He said:
‘(The most excellent deed is) your provision of contentment
to a believer by warding off his hunger or clothing him to
cover his nakedness or meeting any of his needs.’”3
88. According to Ab‰ Hurayra g: “The Messenger of God a
said: ‘Whoever grants respite to a deprived one or excuses
his loans, God will keep him under the shade of His throne
on the Day of Resurrection, when there will be no shade
that Day except His shade of mercy.’”4
He further said: “He who wants his supplication
answered and his troubles removed should make easiness
for the deprived (or for a borrower).”5
At another occasion, God’s Messenger a said:
“Charitable donation does not in any way decrease the
wealth, and the servant who forgives, God Most High adds
to his honour, and the one who adopts humility for the
pleasure of God Most High, Allah elevates his rank.”6
89. According to ¢Abd Allah b. ¢Umar k: “A man came to the
Prophet a and submitted: ‘O Messenger of God! How
often shall I forgive a servant?’ He gave no reply, so the
man repeated what he had said, but he still kept silence.
1 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-Awsa~, 6:139–140 §6026.
2 Set forth by •al-TirmidhÏ in al-Sunan, 4:651 §2484. •al->abar¥nÏ in
al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 12:97 §12591.
3 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-Awsa~, 5:202 §5081.
4 Set forth by •al-TirmidhÏ in al-Sunan, 3:599 §1306.
5 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 3:1196 §1563.
6 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:2001 §2588.

When he asked a third time, he replied: ‘Forgive him
seventy times daily.’”1
90. Ab‰ Jurayy al-HujaymÏ g reported: “I submitted to the
Messenger of God a: ‘We are from villages, teach us an
act which, when we perform, God Most High rewards us.’
He said: ‘Do not despise any good act whether it is pouring
water out of your pail to the pail of someone thirsty, and
when you talk to your brother have a smile on your face
for him.’”2
91. The Holy Prophet a said: “When someone supplicates for
his brother in his absence, the angel says: ‘May you be
credited with the equivalent (of what you have prayed for
your brother)!”3
And according to ¢Abd Allah b. ¢Abb¥s g: “God’s
Messenger a said: ‘Two supplications are such as there is
no screen between them and God Most High: a supplication
of an oppressed one, and a supplication of a person for his
brother in his absence.’”4
92. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet a said: “If someone
covers the faults of anyone in this world, God will cover
his faults in the Hereafter.”5
Imam al-±asan al-Ba|rÏ explained this hadith saying:
“It is a betrayal if you disclose your brother’s secret.”6
93. According to ¢Uqba b. ®mir g: “The Messenger of God
a said: ‘The best excellence is to join the ties with the one
1 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 2:111 §5899. •Ab‰
D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 4:341 §5164.
2 Set forth by •Ibn ±ibb¥n in al-ßa^Ï^, 2:281 §522. •al->abar¥nÏ in
al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 7:62 §6383.
3 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:2094 §2732.
4 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 11:119 §11232.
5 Set forth by •Muslim in al-ßa^Ï^, 4:2002 §2590.
6 Set forth by •Ibn AbÏ al-Duny¥ in al-ßamt wa ®d¥b al-Lis¥n, p. 214
§404.

who breaks up with you and grant him who refuses you
and overlook the ones who call you bad names.’”1
94. According to Ab‰ Bakr g: “On the Day of Resurrection,
God Most High will command a herald. Thus, he will
proclaim: ‘Arise those who have any reward left with God
Most High.’ Then the people of forgiveness will arise and
God Most High will overlook (their faults) in recompense
of theirs.”2
95. According to Ab‰ M‰s¥ al-Ash¢arÏ g: “The Prophet a
said, ‘Charity is incumbent on every Muslim.’ They (the
Companions l) submitted, “What if one has nothing
(to spend in the way of God)?’ He said, ‘He should work
with his hands (spend his physical and mental energy) so
that he may benefit himself and donate to charity.’ They
submitted, ‘What if one does not have (bodily) strength or
he cannot do it?’ He said, ‘Then he should help the helpless
and needy (by word or action or both).’ They submitted,
‘If he is unable to do even that?’ He said, ‘Then he should
enjoin good,’ or said, ‘he should ordain pious practice.’
They said, ‘If he could not do that?’ He said, ‘Then he
should refrain from doing anything wrong; that will be
considered charity donated by him.’”3
96. According to J¥bir b. ¢Abd All¥h g: “The Messenger of
Allah a said: ‘Every act of righteousness is a charitable
donation. Your meeting with your brother with a smiling
face, and pouring from your pail into your brother’s pail,
is also piousness.’”4
1 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 4:158 §17488.
2 Set forth by •al-MarwazÏ in Musnad AbÏ Bakr, p. 73 §21. •A^mad b.
±anbal in Fa\¥√il al-ßa^¥ba, 1:439 §700.
3 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 5:2241 §5676. •Muslim in al-
ßa^Ï^, 2:699 §1008.
4 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 3:360 §14920. •al-
TirmidhÏ in al-Sunan, 4:347 §1970.

97. And according to Ab‰ Dharr g: “God’s Messenger a said:
‘Your smiling in your brother’s face is a charity to your
credit. Your enjoining what is right and forbidding what is
wrong is a charitable donation to your credit. Your guiding
the man who has lost his way is a charitable donation to
your credit. Your leading the poor-sighted man to his
path is a charitable donation to your credit. Your clearing
the stone, the thorn and the bone from the path is also
a charitable donation to your credit. Your pouring from
your pail into your brother’s pail is a charitable donation
to your credit.’”1
98. According to Anas b. M¥lik g: “God’s Messenger a said:
‘Charity surely cools the wrath of the Lord and wards off
an evil death.’”2
99. According to Maym‰na, the daughter of Sa¢d j: “I
submitted: ‘O God’s Messenger! Inform us about charity.’
He said: ‘Whoever gives to charity with the intention to
seek the reward and the pleasure of God Most High, it
barricades him from Hellfire.’”3
100. According to R¥fi¢ b. KhadÏj g: “The Messenger of God
a said: ‘The charity locks seventy doors of evil.’”4
101. And in a tradition, Ab‰ Hurayra g narrated: “The
Messenger of God a said: ‘Indeed, (firstly) one of the
virtuous deeds for which reward continues reaching a
believer after his death is the knowledge that he teaches
and disseminates; (secondly) the pious son, his successor;
(thirdly) the copy of the Qurôn that he bequeaths;
(fourthly) the mosque that he erects; (fifthly) the inn he
builds for wayfarers; (sixthly) the waterway that he brings
about and commissions; (and seventhly) the alms he gives
1 Set forth by •al-TirmidhÏ in al-Sunan, 4:339 §1956.
2 Set forth by •al-TirmidhÏ in al-Sunan, 3:52 §664. •Ibn ±ibb¥n in al-
ßa^Ï^, 8:103 §3309.
3 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 25:35 §62.
4 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 4:274 §4402.

away from his wealth during his lifetime in fine fettle. The
reward of all these pious acts continues reaching him after
his death as well.’”1
102. According to Mu¢¥dh b. Anas g, the Prophet a said:
“Whoever teaches knowledge will get the reward of the
one who practises it, without any deduction from his (the
doer’s) reward.”2
103. According to Ab‰ al-Dard¥√ g: “The Messenger of God
a said: ‘Shall I not inform you of something more excellent
in degree than fasting, prayer and alms-due (Zak¥t)? The
people submitted: ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘The act of reconciliation
amongst people, while creating discord amongst them
eliminates safety.’”3
104. According to ¢Abd All¥h b. ¢Amr k: “The Messenger
of God a said: ‘The best charity is to bring reconciliation
between two close relatives.”4
105. According to Ab‰ Um¥ma g: “The Messenger of God a
said to Ab‰ Ayy‰b b. Zayd: ‘Shall I not inform you about
an act that pleases God and His Prophet?’ He submitted:
‘Why not, O Messenger of God!’ He said: ‘When people
fight, bring reconciliation amongst them and when distance
occurs, create nearness amongst them.”5
106. HIS ACTS OF REMEMBRANCE
(1) When he encountered something pleasing to him, he said:
“Praise is due to God through whose grace good tidings
are brought to earth.” When he encountered something
unpleasant, he said: “Praise is due to God under all
1 Set forth by •Ibn M¥jah in al-Sunan, 1:88 §242.
2 Set forth by •Ibn M¥jah in al-Sunan, 1:88 §240. •al->abar¥nÏ in al-
Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 20:198 §446.
3 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 6:444 §27548. •Ab‰
D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 4:280 §4919.
4 Set forth by •al-Qu\¥¢Ï in Musnad al-Shih¥b, 2:244 §1280. •¢Abd b.
±umayd in al-Musnad, 1:135 §335.
5 Set forth by •al->abar¥nÏ in al-Mu¢jam al-KabÏr, 8:257 §7999.

circumstances.”1 When he swore an oath, he often said: “By
Him who holds the life of Ab‰ al-Q¥sim in His hands.”2
(2) When he would lie down to sleep, he would put his hand
under his cheek and say: “In Your name, O God, I live and
in Your name I die.”3 When he used to go to bed, he would
say: “In the name of God I lie down upon my side. O God,
forgive my sins, and drive away my personal devil. Redeem
my pledge and make my good deeds weigh heavy in the
scale and set me in the Highest Assembly.”4
(3) When he sent someone to work and fight for God’s sake,
he would say: “Unto God I commend your religion, your
trust, and the completion of your work.”5
(4) On starting a trip he would say: “O God, with You I go to
battle, with You I depart, and with You I travel.”6
(5) When he prayed for rain, he said: “O God, give Your
servants drink, shower all with Your mercy and bring
to life Your dead land,” and “O God, bestow blessings,
adornments and dwellings in this land, and provide our
sustenance, You are the best of sustainers.”7
(6) When the north wind blew hard, he would say: “O God, I
seek refuge in You from the evil that has befallen.”8
(7) When he was saddened, he would say: “The Lord is not in
need of worship. The Creator is not in need of the creation.
The Sustainer is not in need of the sustained. Sufficient unto
me is He Who is sufficient unto me. God is sufficient untome, and how excellent a guardian is He! God is sufficient
unto me; there is not god but He. On Him I rely, and He is
the Lord of the glorious throne.

1 Set forth by •Ibn M¥jah in al-Sunan, 2:1250 §3803.
2 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 3:48 §11462. •Ab‰
D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 3:225 §3264.
3 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 5:2327 §5955.
4 Set forth by •al-Bukh¥rÏ in al-ßa^Ï^, 6:2691 §6958.
5 Set forth by •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 3:34 §2600–2601. •al-TirmidhÏ
in al-Sunan, 5:499 §3442–3443.
6 Set forth by •A^mad b. ±anbal in al-Musnad, 1:150 §1295.
7 Set forth by •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 1:305 §1176.
8 Set forth by •Ab‰ D¥w‰d in al-Sunan, 4:326 §5099.

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