The Life of Imam Hasan AlahisSalam part-2



Without doubt, righteous education plays an important role in forming the child and in developing
his or her mental faculties. Likewise, the parents’ conduct has a great effect on developing their
children’s cleverness and general behavior. All these vital elements were available to al‐Hasan
(a.s) during his childhood. The Prophet () took great care of educating his grandson and gave
him his noble qualities. Imam Ali, the Commander of the faithful (a.s) supplied him with his wise
maxims and ideals. Fatima, the principal of all women, planted in her son virtue and perfection.
Accordingly, al‐Hasan’s childhood was high and a model of human perfection, a title of highness
and education, a symbol of  genius.

Imam al‐Hasan (a.s) was the first person in his mental and moral
qualities, for he grew up in the House of the Revelation and was brought up in the School of the
monotheism. Moreover, he saw his grandfather, who was the most perfect person in the world,
always build an edifice for justice, virtue, and perfection. He encompassed people with his noble
moral traits, gathered them around the word of Oneness (of Allah). That impressed al‐Hasan, the
Prophet’s grandson, and he followed the deeds of his grandfather in advising and guiding the
During their childhood, al‐Hasan and al‐Husayn (a.s) passed by an old man. The old man
could not perform the ritual ablution well. So their high soul and their kindness did not let them
leave the old man ignorant of performing the ritual ablution well. They made an informal dispute
and they said to each other: “You do not perform the ritual ablution well!” Then they calmly
turned to the old man and appointed him as an arbitrator between them. They said to him: “O
(i.e., an old man), each of us will perform the ritual ablution before you, and you decide which of
the two ablutions is better.” They performed the ablution before him, and he carefully considered
it. Accordingly, the old man paid attention to his mistake without any disdain, and then he said to
them: “My masters, you both perform the ritual ablution well. However, I am an ignorant old
man. I do not perform the ablution well. I have learned it from you and repented at your
This deed clearly shows us that the Prophet () guided the people through sound ways and
noble moral traits. This way impressed al‐Hasan (a.s) during his childhood, to the extent that it
became among his qualities and natures.
Some psychologists believe that individual manner is inherited, that it has an important effect on
forming man’s ethics, and that it is not less in importance than imitation. Heksil says: “All effects
and qualities of the organic being belong to heredity or to environment. Hereditary formation
determines the bounds of that which is possible. And the environment decides that this possibility
will be achieved. Therefore, the hereditary formation is mere the ability to react with any
environment through a special way.”

Jinjiz has confirmed this theory, saying: “Everyone has hidden hereditary forces, but the
appearance of each of them depends on the circumstances surrounding these forces during their
The rule of heredity decides that Imam al‐Hasan (a.s) was on top of those who got this
phenomenon. He inherited the spiritual forces and the great, reformative wealth of his
grandfather (a.s). Besides, the righteous environment his family and the good, righteous Muslims
created had an influence on him.
Due to his heredity, Imam al‐Hasan (a.s) got genius and high reflection that none had got. The
narrators have reported traditions on his early genius, saying: “Al‐Hasan memorized all things he
read. He attended the meetings of his grandfather (a.s) and memorized the Revelation. Then he
went to his mother and told her about it. She told Imam Ali (a.s) and he admired that and asked
“From where have you brought this (revelation)?”
“From your son, al‐Hasan!’”

His Memorizing of Traditions
Though al‐Hasan (a.s) was four years old, he memorized many traditions he heard from his
grandfather () . We will mention some traditions he narrated from his grandfather:
1. He (a.s) has said: “Allah’s Apostle () taught me some words to say during the (prayer of al‐
Witr): ‘O Allah, guide me through him whom You guided! Make me well through him You made
well! Look after me through him after whom You looked! Bless that which You have given to me!
Protect me from the evil of that which You have decreed! You decree, and none decrees against
You. (The one) whom You support is not abased, Blessed and Most High You are, O Lord!”
2.Umar bin Ma’mun narrated, saying: “I have heard al‐Hasan, son of Ali (a.s) say: ‘Whoever offers
the morning prayer and sits in his place of praying until the sun rises shall have a veil from the
Fire.” Or he said: “A curtain from the Fire.”
3. A companion of his asked him: “What do you remember of Allah’s Apostle () ?” He (a.s)
replied: “I took one of the dates given as zakat. I put it into my mouth. He (the Prophet) took it out
(of my mouth). So I asked him: ‘What is the matter with this date?’ ‘It is not lawful for us,
Muhammad’s family, to take something given as zakat.”
4. He (a.s) was asked about what he heard from Allah’s Apostle () and he replied: “I heard him
saying to some man: “Leave that which fills you with doubt for that which does not fill you with
doubt. That is because evil is
[1] Ibn Shahrashub, al‐Manaqib, vol. 2, p. 148. Bihar al‐Anwar, vol. 10, p. 93.
[2] Al‐Turmidhi, Saheeh, vol. 1, p. 93. Ibn ‘Asakir, Tarikh, vol. 1, p. 20. Al‐Hakim, Mustadrak, vol. 3,
p. 172.
[3] Usd al‐Ghaba, vol. 2, p. 11.
[4] Ibid. 
5. He (a.s) related to his companions about the ethics and behavior of his grandfather, the
Prophet () . He said to them: “When someone asked Allah’s Apostle () to grant his need, he
responded to him with nothing except through granting it or through some soft words.”
6. He (a.s) has said: “I heard Allah’s Apostle () saying, “Call out the master of the Arabs (Imam
Ali).” So A’isha asked him: “Are you not the master of the Arabs?” “I am the master of Adam’s
children,” he replied, “and Ali is the master of the Arabs.” Imam Ali was summoned. When he was
before him, he sent for the Ansar. When they stood before him, he said to them: “O people of
Ansar, shall I show you a thing, if you keep to it, you will never go astray?” “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle
() ” they replied. So he said: “This is Ali; therefore, love him for the sake of the love for me, and
honor him for the sake of honoring me. It is Gabriel that has told me from Allah, the great and
Almighty, about what I told you.”
[1] Al‐Ya‘qubi, Tarikh, vol. 2, p. 20. In his book al‐Musnad, vol. 1, p. 200, Ahmed has mentioned:
“He (al‐Hasan), peace be on him, said: ‘I heard Allah’s Apostle (a.s.) say: ‘Leave that which fills you
with doubt for that which does not fill you with doubt. That is because truthfulness is tranquility;
and lying is suspicion.’”

Hasan bin Ali narrated on the authority of the Prophet () who said:
‘Call out the master of the Arabs.’ He meant Ali. So Aa’isha asked him: ‘Are you not the master of
the Arabs.’ And he replied: ‘I am the master of Adam’s children, and Ali is the master of the

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