The Arbaeen Husayni (A.S.)
(The 40th Day after the Martyrdom of Imam Husayn (A.S.)
Imam Husayn (A.S.): The Doyen of the Martyrs, The Grandson of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), The Chief of the Youth of Paradise who saved Islam from complete destruction by his great sacrifice at the battlefield of Karbala.
Honouring and commemorating the memories of Imam Husayn (A.S.) and 72 great martyrs of Karbala, who saved Islam by sacrificing their lives at the battlefield of Karbala (Iraq) on Ashura, 10th Muharram 61 Hijrah is in accordance with the commands and holy traditions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
On 20th Safar, 61 A.H. the aggrieved Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) arrived in Karbala after their release from the Yazid’s prison in Damascus (Syria) exactly on Arba’een day.[forty days after the martyrdom of Imam Husayn(A.S.)]. The aggrieved Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) wept bitterly, mourned and raised heart rending cries at the holy graves of Imam Husayn (A.S.) and other martyrs of Karbala. The women from the surrounding villages also joined them in mourning. Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) engaged themselves in heart rending and sorrowful mourning until three days were passed in this manner. After three days of mourning as per the instructions of Imam Sajjad(A.S.) they departed from Karbala to Madinah Munawwarah.
Thus, all the truth and freedom loving Muslims and people in the world and Shi’ites in particular commemorate the Arbaeen Husayni (A.S.) by conducting Majaalis(mourning ceremonies) and processions throughout the world in particular the massive, magnificent and great “Arba’een March” from Najaf Ashraf to Karbala.
In the great “Arba’een March” from Najaf Ashraf to Karbala in the year 2019 more 25 million mourners and lovers of Imam Husayn (A.S.), Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) and 72 great martyrs of Karbala belonging to all the religions from more than 140 countries in the world participated which was recorded as the greatest gathering and march in the world history. The hospitality for more than 25 million marchers who march for more than one week are provided free of cost mostly by the Iraqi people. In the great Arba’een March from Najaf Ashraf to Karbala in the year 2019 more than 20 million Iraqis and five million Iranians participated in this historical march.
Hazrat Sufi Irshaad Ali Chishty Nizami Habeebi Sahab Qiblah. From Khaanqah e Chishti Nizami Habeebi Soofie South Africa.:::
Arbaʽeen (الأربعين, – al-Arba‘īn,- ‘forty’), Chehelam or “the fortieth day” – is a international religious observance that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura. It commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Husayn ibn Ali عليه السلام, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who was martyred on the 10th day of the month of Muharram. Imam Husayn ibn Ali and 71 of his companions were martyred by Yazid’s army in the Battle of Karbala in 61 AH (680 CE). Arbaʽeen is one of the largest annual pilgrimage gatherings on Earth, in which up to 45 million people go to the city of Karbala in Iraq. According to tradition, the Arbaʽeen pilgrimage has been observed since the year 61 AH of the Islamic calendar (10 October 680) after the Battle of Karbala or the following year. According to tradition, the first such gathering took place when Jabir ibn Abd Allah, a sahabah and the first Arbaʽeen pilgrim, made a pilgrimage to the burial site of Husayn. He was accompanied by Atiyya ibn Sa’d because of his infirmity and probable blindness. According to tradition, his visit coincided with that of the surviving female members of Muhammad’s family and Husayn’s son and heir, Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin i عليه السلام, who had all been held captive in Damascus by Yazid I, the Umayyad Caliph. If you think this is Shia then is it not your prophet ﷺ’s grandchildren ? Where’s your Heart? It’s tonight, Tuesday after Maghrib in SouthAfrica and on Wednesday till Maghrib – At least read a Sura Yaseen and give some Niaz .
👥 Share With Your Friends & Family.
CHEHLUM IMAAM HUSSAIN (ALAIHIS SALAM) PAR SABEEL
Sarkar Aalam Panah Hazrat Haji Syed Waris Ali Shah Sahab (Rehmatullah Alaih) Ka Mamool Sharif Tha Ke Ayyam e Muharram Me Khususan Aap Imaam Bargaho Me Hazri Dete Aur Taziya Sharif Ki Ziyarat Ko Jate, Taziya Sharif Ki Ziyarat Ke Waqt Ak Ajeeb Kaifiyat Aapke Roo e Anwar Par Mulahiza Farmayi Jati Aur Deer Tak Aap Par Sukoot Ka Ak Aalam Taari Ho Jata, “AASHRA E MUHARRAM AUR CHEHLUM KE DIN KHUSUSAN AASTANA E AALIYA PAR SABEEL AUR LANNGAR KA AHTEMAAM HOTA” Aur Aap Shuru Muharram Se Lekar Ashre Tak Marsiye Bhi Sunte Aur Ahle Baith e Paak Ki Shujaat Aur Sabro Raza Ke Waqyaat Bhi Bayan Karte Aur Samaat Bhi Farmate…
📚 Reference 📚
1. Mishkatul Haqqaniya
2. Hayat e Waris
Islamic teaches us if somebody performs a good action continuously for forty days, it would be his close trait and result in descending of God’s Blessing. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:
“✨Whoever dedicates himself to God for forty days, will find springs of wisdom sprout out of his heart and flow on his tongue.✨”
[al-Dhahabi, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala (Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 1998), 8:109.]
The fortieth day of Imam Husayn عليه السلام’s martyrdom is called Arbaeen. Arba means “forty” in Arabic. 40 days after the Day of Ashura ( 10th Muharram) , the memorial of the shahadat by Imam Husayn Ibn Ali عليه السلام, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and 17 direct family members, 50+ followers falls on the 19/20th day of Safar.
Forty days is the normal extent of the time of settling of the soul, in its transition. Husayn ibn Ali عليه السلام was a 7th century revolutionary leader who undertook a protest march against Yazid ibn Muawiyah, an oppressive ruler who had unlawfully seized power and was violating the rudimentary rights and self-esteem of the people. Yazid wanted Imam Husayn عليه السلام to pledge loyalty to him, to give reliability to his own immoral rule. However Imam Husayn عليه السلام refused to do so, based on his moral ideals and values, and was brutally martyred by an army of over 30,000 whilst standing with a small number of 72.
After the Battle of Karbala, the armies of Yazid took the women and children of Imam Husayn عليه السلام’s family as enslaved captives. They walked in chains on the streets of Kufa (Iraq) and Damascus (Syria) – where they were ill-treated by multitudes, who didn’t know who they were, until ultimately presented to Yazid and placed in jail.
Imam Husayn عليه السلام’s , sister, The Pure Lady Zainab عليه السلام, and son Zain al-Abidīn عليه السلام challenged Yazid in his own courtyard through well-known sermons which frightened even his adjoining partners.
Finally, Yazid had no option but to free the prisoners as word spread across the region of the crime he had committed against Imam Husayn عليه السلام and his family.
It is believed that the Day of Arbaeen is the day when Imam Husayn عليه السلام’s family returned to the land of Karbala, to correctly offer supplications and honor their loved ones.
In the first Arbaeen, Hazrath Jabir Ibn Abdullah رضي الله عنه who had reported the Hadith of the cosmos being created by the light of Muhammad ﷺ and had initially buried the bodies of the martyrs
The survivors amongst the family of Sayiduna Imam Husayn عليه السلام included his sister Sayyida Zainab عليه السلام his infant daughter Sayida Sukayna عليه السلام his son Sayiduna Imam Zain al- Abidīn عليه السلام and other companions were tied with rope and chains and were marched in the hot desert 76 km to Kufa, then 925 km from Kufa to Damascus and thereafter 840 Km from Damascus to Karbala. Upon their departure from Damascus to return to Medina Sayida Zainab عليه السلام requested they stop in Karbala as she wished to see whether the bodies of the Martyrs were buried. On seeing the place where her family were martyred Sayida Zainab عليه السلام weeped and began to recall the events and pointed out to places on the ground were the bodies of her family had laid.
Sayiduna Imam Jafar Sadiq عليه السلام once asked a person by the name of Fuzail if they discuss the traditions and events of the Ahlul Bayt when sitting in people’s company and assemblies and he replied that they do. Sayiduna Imam Jafar Sādiq عليه السلام upon hearing this said:
✨ ” Whoever remembers our traditions or in whose presence we are discussed and a tear equal to the size of a wing of a fly is shed from his eyes, Allāh ﷻ will forgive such a person even if his sins be equal to the foam in the ocean”.✨
Hazrat Baba Farid Ganje Shakar رضي الله عنه said:
” ✨The Holy Prophet ﷺ asked Sayiduna Jibraeel عليه السلام ‘ When there is none of my family left who will remember them?’ ✨
Sayiduna Jibraeel عليه السلام replied:
💫O Prophet of Allah ﷺ your nation will remember your grandsons to such an extent that there are no words to describe it’ 💫”.
Today the Arbaeen is commemorated in Karbala attracting more than 40+ Million people from all over the world, from different religions, socio economic backgrounds, caste, creed, colour etc making it the largest assembly of people on earth all under the banner of “The love of Sayiduna Imam Husayn عليه السلام
The sayings and mannerisms of the Ahlul Bayt, peace be upon them all, have emphatically guided the believers to be involved in Karbala daily, to fight, protest or speak against exploitation and oppression ,
The commemoration of Arba‘een which we recite in Karbala and indeed from our homes has been narrated from a companion named Safwan al-Jammāl from Imam Ja’far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq, عليه السلام, in which the Imam told him to visit Imam Husayn and to recite a specific visitation formula on the afternoon of the Arba‘een.
The fact remains that the visitation of the blessed grave of Imam Husayn, peace be upon him, and his noble family and friends on the day of Arba‘een is extremely important and is something which each and every true believer will try and perform during his lifetime.
Al-A’mash narrates from ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfi, who said:
“I left with Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah al-Ansari, may Allah have mercy on him, to visit the grave of al-Husayn bin ‘Ali bin Abi Talib peace be upon him; and when we entered Karbala, Jabir came near the bank of River Euphrates, performed the major ablution (ghusl) and changed his clothes; then he opened his purse which contained su’d [a plant with sweet fragrance]. He spread the perfume over his body; thereafter he did not take a step save in the remembrance of Allah, until he neared the grave [of al-Husayn, peace be upon him].”
[Then] he said to me:
✨ “Make me touch the grave, and I made him do so. Thereupon he fell over the grave unconscious. I sprinkled some water on him, and he gained consciousness.
Then he cried three times:
يا حُسين، يا حُسين، يا حُسين….
Ya Husayn … Ya Husayn … Ya Husayn
Addressing al-Husayn, peace be upon him, he said:
✨ “Why is the beloved not responding to the call of the lover?
I bear witness that you are the offspring of the Prophets, and the son of the master of believers, and the offspring of the companion of piety, and the offspring of guidance, and the fifth member of the people of the cloak, and the son of the master of the chiefs, and the son of Fatimah, the mistress of the women; how can you not be so, while the hand of the Leader of the Apostles, peace be upon him and his family, fed you, and you were breast-fed from the breast of belief, and trained in the bosoms of pious people, your weaning accompanied the state of utter submission.
Hence you enjoyed a pleasant state both during your life time and after your death; however, the hearts of the believers are sorrowful due to your separation, and do not doubt about your great position. So upon you be Allah’s Peace and Approval. And I bear witness that you faced what your brother [Prophet] Yahya, peace be upon him, had faced.”✨
Jabir was blind at the time and he asked Ati’a, “Ati’a, what do you see?” Ati’a said:
✨ “I see from far away some people are coming.” ✨
“✨If it is Ibn Ziyad, then tell me, and if it is Imam Ali b. Hussein ( Zayn al-Abidīn) , also tell me:✨” Ati’a said, 💫“It is Imam Ali b. Hussein.” 💫
Thereafter Jabir felt the presence around the grave and said: “✨Peace be upon you and the spirits that have descended in the neighbourhood of al-Husayn, peace be upon him … I bear witness that you were steadfast in your prayers and gave the zakat and you commanded the good and prohibited the forbidden and struggled against the deniers of religion and you worshipped Allāh ﷻ until conviction came to you. I swear by the One Who sent Muhammad ﷺ as a Prophet with truth; surely we participated with you in what you encountered.”✨
‘Atiyyah (not understanding this powerful statement made by Jabir) says: I asked Jabir:
✨ “How can that be possible, while we did not descend on any valley, nor did we climb any mountainous area, nor did we fight with the sword, whereas the heads of the group of al-Husayn, peace be upon him, have been separated from their bodies, their children were made orphans and their women were made widows?”✨
“✨O ‘Atiyyah, I heard from my beloved, the Apostle of Allah, peace be upon him and his family, say:
💫 ‘Whosoever loves a nation, will be resurrected with them, and whosoever loves the deed of a nation, will be considered one who has participated in that deed (with them). I swear by the One Who Sent Muhammad as a Prophet in truth, surely my intention and the intention of my companions is according to the intention of al-Husayn and his companions.”💫
[Then Jabir said to ‘Atiyyah]:
✨“Take me towards the houses of Kufa.”✨
‘Atiyyah says: “When we reached a certain point on the way, Jabir said to me: ‘O ‘Atiyyah, may I advise you, for I do not think that I will meet you after this short journey? Love the lover of Aale Muhammad ﷺ as long as that person loves them, and have aversion for one who has aversion for Aale Muhammad ﷺ as long as that person has aversion for them; for if a person was to fast and stand in prayer frequently and befriend the lover of Aale Muhammad, then surely if one of their feet was to slip due to excess of sin, the other foot would be firm due to love of Aale Muhammad, for verily the lover of Aale Muhammad would return to Paradise and the one who has aversion for them will return to the Hell Fire.’”✨
When Jabir was taken to Imam Ali bin Husayn عليه السلام, Jabir wanted to know what happened at Karbala; Imam Ali b. Husayn عليه السلام proceeded by telling Jabir:
✨ “O Jabir, you do not know what they did to us in Karbala, nor at Kufa, nor at Sham.’’✨
Zayn ul-Abidīn” – the adornment of the worshippers. The Prophet ﷺ gave this name to him. When Imam Husayn عليه السلام was born, the Prophet ﷺ had Imam Husayn عليه السلام in his lap. He looked at Jabir b. Abdullah al-Ansari and said:
“O Jabir! This Husayn عليه السلام will have a son called Ali. On the Day of Judgment there will be a call which will say:
‘Where is Zayn ul-Abideen?’ and his son Ali will come forward and say, ‘Ana Zayn ul- Abideen.’”
Jabir b. Abdullah al- Ansari. Jabir was one of the oldest surviving companion of the Prophet ﷺ. He lived until the age of ninety, and some reports say until the age of ninety-three.
Jabir was so close to the Ahlul Bayt that hadith al-Kisa is narrated by Jabir b. Abdullah al-Ansari. Jabir was a companion of the Prophet ﷺ, Imam Ali عليه السلام, Imam al-Hasan (عليه السلام), Imam Husayn (عليه السلام) and Imam Zayn ul-Abidīn (عليه السلام). The Prophet ﷺ had said to him:
✨ “O Jabir, one day you will meet a young man whose name is my name, whose attributes are like my attributes, who has nūr (light) shining from his face and who has wisdom and knowledge like none other. His name is al-Baqir. Make sure you send my salam to him.”✨
Jabir would be sitting outside the masjid of the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, “Where is al-Baqir? Where is al-Baqir?” The people would walk by Jabir and say, “Jabir’s old age has gotten to him…Jabir is becoming insane… Jabir is just saying loud words!” Narrations tell us that one day Imam Zayn ul- Abideen (عليه السلام) brought Muhammad b. Ali (عليه السلام) and said to Jabir, “O Jabir, there is someone who wants to see you.” Jabir had become blind towards the end of his life. Jabir faced the direction from where the voice of the Imam was coming. When someone is blind, his or her other senses become sharper, and so Jabir touched him and said, “I felt the footsteps of the Prophet ﷺ coming towards me. Who is this?” Imam Zayn ul-Abideen (عليه السلام) said, “This is Muhammad b. Ali عليه السلام, the one you are calling al-Baqir.” Jabir took Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (عليه السلام) and placed him in his lap and said, “I want to kiss your hands and your feet. Your grandfather the Prophet ﷺ said to me, ‘O Jabir, send my salams to Muhammad al-Baqir عليه السلام and know that he is al-Baqir because he will split knowledge completely.’”
“Baqir” comes from the word “baqr.” When a farmer rips his farmland or rips open the soil, they call that process “baqr.” As Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (عليه السلام) ripped and split and scrutinized and spread knowledge, they called him “al-Baqir.” Sometimes they would call him “Baqir al-Uloom,” the one who splits, scrutinizes and spreads knowledge.
With acknowledgement to
Naeem Khan Sabiree ( Sabiree Chishty Research)
And after reading many books
And most importantly the knowledge passed from chest to chest
By my Grandmother, a Syed and daughter-in-law of #SoofieBawa of South Africa
Irshād Soofi Siddiqui
Chishti Nizami Soofie
PLEASE REPOST IN FULL . Don’t remove authors name or acknowledgements