Hazrat Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Radiallahu anhoo Shahdat on 14 Safar

14Safar

Hazrat Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضي الله عنه‎)

Sahabi e Rasool

Khalifah e Awwal Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضي الله عنه‎) Ke Farzand e Anjuman

Hazrat Asma binte Umais (رضي الله عنه‎) Ke Jigar Gosha

Ummul Momineen Sayyidah Ayesha Siddiqah (سلام الله علیها) Ke Bhai .
.
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضي الله عنه‎) Ke Wisal Ke Baad Maula e Kayenat (عليه السلام) ne Hazrat Asma binte Umais (رضي الله عنه‎) Se Nikah Kiya Aur Hazrat Muhammad (رضي الله عنه‎) Ameerul Momineen Imam Maula Ali (عليه السلام) Ki Nigrani Mein Badein Huwe.
.
Maula Ali (عليه السلام) Ke Sath Hi Raha Karte The Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه‎) aur Ameerul Momineen Imam Ali (عليه السلام) Ke Sath Jung Mein Sharik Huwa Karte .. Maula Ali Paak (عليه السلام) Ki Khilafat Mein Apko Misr Ka Ameer Banaya Gaya Tha.
.
Sahaba Ikram Ke Apsi ikhtelaf Mein Hi ..
.
Ameer e Sham Ki Fauj Ne Hazrat Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr Ki Taraf Khurooj Kiya aur Apko Shaheed 💔 Kiya .
.
Tareekh Mein Aata Hai Ke Apko Pakadne Ke Baad Shaheed Kiya Gaya aur Phir Gadhe Ki Khal Mein Apke Jism Mubarak Ko Dal Kar Jala Diya Gaya 😞
.
Hazrat Muhammd ibn Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه‎) Ki Mazaar Misr Mein Maujood Hai

Hazrat Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه‎) Ke Bete Ka Naam Hazrat Qasim Tha.
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضي الله عنه‎) Ke Ek aur Bete Jinka Naam Hazrat Abdur Rahman (رضي الله عنه‎) Tha.

Hazrat Muhammad Ke Bete Qasim aur Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ki Beti Asma Ka Nikah Hua Jissey Ek Beti Huwi Jinka Naam Hazrat Umme Farwah Huwa.. .
.
Aur Hazrat Umme Farwah Binte Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr Ka Nikah 5we Tajdar e Imamat o Wilayat Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir (عليه السلام) Se Hua .

Hazrat Umme Farwah 6we Tajdar e Imamat o Wilayat Hazrat Imam Jafar Sadiq (عليه السلام) Ki Ammi Jaan Hai .
.
In Tamam Paak Hastiyoon Par Behad Durood o Salaam Ho.
.

Abu Al-Qasim, Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him and his father), was from the tribe of Taym, a sub-clan of the tribe of Quraysh. He was the Amir of Egypt and the son of the first caliph, Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq. His mother, Asma’ Bint Umais of the tribe of Khathaam, gave birth to him in Dhul Hulifa, located between Makkah and Madinah, in 10 AH, during the Farewell Pilgrimage. He was raised by Ali Bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, who married his mother after the death of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, who died when Muhammad was about two and a half years old.

Hazrat Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr was known as “Aabid Quraysh” (the “worshipper” of Quraysh). He was brothers with Abdullah, Muhammad, and Awn (the sons of Ja’far Al-Tayyar), and with Yahya (the son of Ali Bin Abi Talib), all of whom had the same mother, Asma’ Bint Umais. He was also the brother of Umm Al-Mu’mineen, Aisha, the “Mother of the Believers.” Two other wives of the Prophet were his maternal aunts: “Umm Al-Mu’mineen” Maymuna Bint Al-Harith Al-Hilaliya, and “Umm Al-Mu’mineen” Zaynab Bint Khuzayma Al-Hilaliya, who were both half-sisters of his mother (Asma’ Bint Umais) via the same mother.

Hazrat Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr had a special status with Hazrat Ali Bin Abi Talib Alahissalam They took part together in two battles, the Battle of Siffin and the Battle of the Camel. Ali also appointed Muhammad governor of Egypt. He went there in Ramadan of 37 AH, succeeding Malik Bin Al-Ashtar Al-Nakha’i and Qais Bin Sa’d Bin Ubada Al-Khazraji. He governed Egypt for five months, until the army of Muawiyah Bin Abi Sufyan, led by ‘Amr Bin Al-‘As, arrived.

Hazrat Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr only governed Egypt for five months before he was killed there at the age of 28, on the 14th of Safar in 38 AH.

After the Battle of Siffin, Ali ibn Abi Talib appointed Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr as the Governor of Egypt, then a newly conquered province of the Islamic empire. In 658 CE (38 A.H.), Muawiyah sent his general Amr ibn al-As and six thousand soldiers against Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr.

Muhammad asked Ali ibn Abi Talib for help. Ali is said to have instructed his foster son to hand the governorship over to his best general and childhood friend, Malik al-Ashtar, whom he judged better capable of resisting Amr ibn al-As.

However, Malik died on his way to Egypt. Wilferd Madelung(1) believe that Malik was poisoned by Muawiyah .

Ibn Abi Bakr was easily defeated by Amr. Amr’s soldiers were ordered to capture him and bring him, alive, to Muawiyah . However, a soldier named, Muawiya ibn Hudayj, is said to have quarreled with the prisoner and killed him out of hand.

Ibn Hudayj was so incensed at Ibn Abi Bakr that he put his body into the skin of a dead donkey and burned both corpses together, so that nothing should survive of his enemy. However, Shi’a accounts say that the Muawiyah who later became caliph was the actual killer of Ibn Abi Bakr.

It was mentioned by both Muwaffaq Al-Din Al-Shari’i in Murshid Al-Zuwar and Al-Maqrizi in Al-Mawaiz wa Al-‘I’tibar that

Mu’awiya Bin Hudayj then approached him and struck his neck with his sword. After that, he stuffed his dead body into the hide of the carcass of a dead donkey and burned it! It was also reported that he actually stuffed him into the donkey’s hide while he was still alive and then set them both on fire. He was buried in the same spot where he was killed. A year later, his servant-boy, Zimam, dug up his grave but only found his head, so he buried it in [the mosque currently known as Zimam Mosque]. It was also reported that the head was buried at the site of the mirhab.

Regarding the incident of Muhammad’s murder, Ibn Taghribirdi said the following:

Mu’awiya Bin Hudayj went out in search of Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr, asking a group of local residents on the way: “Have you seen a man who looks like such-and-such?” One of them said: “He went into that dilapidated structure.” So they went inside, where a man was sitting. Mu’awiya Bin Hudayj said: “By the Lord of the Ka’bah, this is him.” So they went in and brought him out. He was nearly dying of thirst. They then brought him to Fustat

Muhammad then said: “Give me a drink of water,” whereupon Mu’awiya Bin Hudayj responded: “ By Allah, I will kill you, O son of Abu Bakr, so that Allah may give you a drink from Hellfire.” Muhammad then told Mu’awiya: “O son of your mother, the Jewish weaver, that is not up to you. I swear by Allah, if I had my sword in my hand, you would not have trapped me this way.” Mu’awiya then told him: “Do you know what I will do with you? I will stuff you into the hide of a donkey and set both of you on fire,” whereupon Muhammad responded: “If you do that, may you be damned to do that to the allies of Almighty Allah.” After that, they spoke for a while until Mu’awiya took Muhammad and flung him into the carcass of a dead donkey and set it on fire. It was also reported that he beheaded him and sent his head to Muawiyah Bin Abi Sufyan in Damascus, where it was paraded around, making it the first head to be paraded around in the history of Islam.

Regarding the site of Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr’s murder, it was reported that he was killed in Kum Sharik, near Alexandria. This was mentioned by Emad Al-Din Al-Isfahani in Al-Bustan Al-Jameh. Kum Sharik is currently located in Markaz Kum Hamada in the governorate of Beheira.

When Asma’ Bint Umais, may Allah be pleased with her, was informed of the news of her son, Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr, being murdered and set on fire, she went to her mosque and sat in it, suppressing her anger until blood flowed forth from her breasts.

When Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, was informed of the murder, he, too, experienced tremendous grief. He delivered a speech in which he first praised Almighty Allah and then said: “Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr has been killed. May Allah have mercy on him. We ask Allah to grant us patience [over his death]. By Allah, he was, as I observed, someone who believed in justice and worked [hard for the promise of] reward. [The Almighty] loves this believer and hates the ways of the wicked.”

Someone said to Ali, may Allah be pleased with him: “You have grieved over Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr greatly.” He said: “Yes, by Allah. I raised him and considered him a son of mine.” Another report states that when he was informed of Muhammad’s murder, he wept over him and said: “By Allah, he was a righteous young man, a strong pillar of support, and sharp as a sword. He was beloved to us and an enemy to them, and what makes me grieve over him is their gloating over him.”

When Ali was informed that they had said that Muhammad was disobedient to his parents, he said: “By Allah, he was devoted to his parents, and I ask Allah to grant me patience [over his death].” He also said: “No one ever pledged his allegiance to me however I deemed appropriate except for Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr. He always promised me his loyalty, following whichever path I deemed appropriate.”

From the time Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr was killed and his body set on fire until the day Aisha, the Mother of the Believers, died, she never ate roasted meat and would always cry if she happened to see it. She, may Allah be pleased with her, used to say: “I considered him both a son and a brother.”

Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr was among those who witnessed the assassination of Uthman Bin Affan, who is often referred to as Dhu al-Nurayn (“The Possessor of Two Lights”), may Allah be pleased with him. It was reported that he took part in his murder. A group of scholars refuted this, however, and said that when Muhammad entered the house of Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him, Uthman told him: “If your father could see you, he would not accept this from you.” Upon hearing this, Muhammad left him alone, and those who did kill him entered upon him. It was also reported that Muhammad gave a signal to the people with him to kill Uthman.

With respect to the assassination of Uthman Bin Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, Ibn Abd al-Barr said (2):

Asad Bin Musa narrated that: Muhammad Bin Talha told us: “Kenana, the servant of Safiyyah Bint Huyayy (who was present on the day of the incident at the house) told us that Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr had nothing to do with the murder of Uthman. So, I asked Kenana: ‘Then why was it reported that he killed him?’ He said: ‘It is impossible that he would kill him. Rather, he entered his house and Uthman told him: ‘O son of my brother, you are not the one who should be after me,’ and he told him a few other things, so he left and had nothing to do with his murder.’ So I asked Kenana: ‘Then who killed him?’ He said: ‘A man from Egypt called Jabalah Bin Al-Aiham.’”

Ibn Abd al-Barr also said: Ali used to praise Muhammad and favor him. He was a pious and devoted worshipper—and when Aisha was informed of his murder, she was very sad over him and assumed responsibility for raising his son, Al-Qasim. He grew up under her care and thus became among the best of his generation.

Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr had two sons: Abdullah, who was martyred in the Battle of Al-Harrah, and Al-Qasim, the son of a concubine who later became a noble jurist of the Hejaz. Al-Qasim Bin Muhammad had two children of his own: a son, Abdel-Rahman Bin Al-Qasim, and a daughter, Umm Farwah Bint Al-Qasim, who married Muhammad Al-Baqir Bin Ali Bin Al-Husayn Bin Ali Bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him and his descendants, and bore him Ja’far Al-Sadiq.

In Al-Khitat Al-Tawfiqiya, Ali Basha Mubarak mentioned the Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Mosque in Cairo, saying: This mosque is in Misr Al-Qadimah (Old Cairo) on Bab Al-Wada’a Street near the gate to the left (if you are heading east) of Bab Al-Wada’a, next to the ruins of a tomb known as Al-Kurdi. This mosque is also known as Jameh Al-Saghir or Jameh Zimam and is the site of the Al-Shaa’ir Shrine, which is supported through endowments under the supervision of some of the residents there. [The mosque] was also named Abi Al-Qasim Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Al-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, because his head is buried there.

The site is also known as Masjid Zimam (Zimam Mosque). In Tuhfat Al-Ahbab, Al-Sakhawi said: Outside of Cairo is the grave of Abi Al-Qasim Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Al-Siddiq Bin Abi Quhafa, who is said to have been set on fire and buried in that location. A year later, Zimam, the servant of Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr, went to the site to dig up his grave but only found the head—so he took it to the mosque [currently] known as Zimam Mosque and buried it there, constructing the mosque over it. It is believed that the head is at the site of the mirhab, and this is why it was called Zimam Mosque.

It was also reported that when some of the foundations of the house belonging to Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr cracked, the remains of a head with the lower jaw missing were found there, so it became rumored amongst the people that it was the head of Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Al-Siddiq. Upon hearing this, people came and tore down the wall and its location as the mirhab for the old mosque there. They dug up the mirhab of Zimam Mosque and searched for the head but did not find it. They also dug up the eastern corner of this mosque, the old mirhab next to it, and the western corner of the mosque, but did not find anything. This head was well-known among the Kiman of Egypt (3).

Source: Kitab Al-Sulala Al-Bakria As-Siddiqia – Part II, by Ahmed Farghal Al-De’abassi Al-Bakri

(1) Al-Isti’ab fi Ma’rifat Al-Ashab 3/ 1367, Marefat Al-Sahaba, by Abi Nu’aym 1/ 168, Usdul Ghabah, El-Elmia Ed. 5/ 97, Siyar A’lam Al-Nubala’, Al-Hadith Ed. 4/ 467, Al-Isaba fi Tamyiz Al-Sahaba 6/ 193-194, Al-Bidaya Wal Nihaya, Al-Fikr Ed. 7/ 318, Tahdhib Al-Kamal fi Asma’ Al-Rijal 24/ 543, Al-Thiqat, by Ibn Hibban 3/ 368, Bada’i Al-Zuhur fi Waqa’i Al-Duhur 1-1/ 115-116, Al-Mawaiz wa Al-‘I’tibar bi Dhikr Al-Khitat wa Al-‘Athar 4/ 156, Murshid Al-Zuwar ila Qubur Al-Abrar 1/ 662-664, Tarikh Al-Khamis fi Ahwal Anfus Al-Nafis2/ 239, Samt Al-Nojoum Al-Awali fi Anbaa Al-Awa’il wal Tawali 2/ 463, Kitab Al-Wulah wa Kitab Al-Qudah, by Al-Kindi 1/ 26, Al-Maaref, by Ibn Qutaiba 1/ 175, Nihayat Al-Arab fi Funun Al-Adab 7/ 167, Al-Nujum Al-Zahira fi Muluk Misr wa Al-Qahira 1/ 110, Al-Bustan Al-Jameh Lejameeh Tawarikh Ahl Al-Zaman pg. 122, Tarikh Ibn Khaldun 2/ 642, Jamharat Nasab Quraysh wa Akhbariha 2/ 605, Al-Tabieen fi Ansab Al-Qurashieen 1/ 279, Lisan Al-Mizan 4/ 136, Masajid Misr wa-Awliyauha Al-Salihun 2/ 20-25, Bayt Al-Siddiq pp. 264-265, Maraqid Al-Ma’arif 2/ 244-249

(2) Al-Isti’ab fi Ma’rifat Al-Ashab 3/ 1367

(3) Al-Khitat Al-Tawfiqiya 5/ 102

Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr was a pious Muslim who supported the Rightly Guided Caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib. He had spent considerable time in Egypt and was part of the delegation that complained about the activities of the governor of Egypt to the third Caliph Uthman ibn Affan. The Caliph promised to immediately dismiss the Egyptian governor and replace him with Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. However, after sensing betrayal from Uthman ibn Affan (but actually perpetrated by Marwan ibn al-Hakam) against the Muslim petitioners from Egypt, Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr rushed back with the petitioners to Madinah where he initially took part in the uprising against Uthman ibn Affan. After realizing his error in getting involved in the Siege of Uthman, he repented and withdrew from the uprising, although he had already led the group of rebels inside Uthman ibn Affan’s residence.

The history is related as follows:

A group of seven hundred Egyptians came to complain to Caliph Uthman ibn Affan about their governor Ibn Abi Sarh’s tyranny, so Uthman ibn Affan said: “Choose someone to govern you.” They chose Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, so Uthman ibn Affan wrote credentials for him and they returned. On their way back, at three days’ distance from Madinah, a messenger caught up with them with the news that he carried orders from Uthman ibn Affan to the governor of Egypt. They searched him and found a message from Uthman ibn Affan to ibn Abu Sarh ordering the death of Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr and some of his friends. They returned to Madinah and besieged Uthman ibn Affan. Uthman ibn Affan acknowledged that the camel, the servant, and the seal on the letter belonged to him, but he swore that he had never written nor ordered the letter to be written. It was discovered that the letter had been hand-written by Marwan ibn al-Hakam.

Openly opposed Muawiya

Both of Abu Bakr’s sons Abdu’l-Rahman ibn Abu Bakr and Mohammed ibn Abu Bakr openly opposed Muawiya

The appointment of Yazid was unpopular in Madina. Sahih Al Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 352, Narrated by Yusuf bin Mahak:

Marwan had been appointed as the governor of Hijaz by Muawiya. He delivered a sermon and mentioned Yazid bin Muawiya so that the people might take the oath of allegiance to him as the successor of his father (Muawiya). Then ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr told him something whereupon Marwan ordered that he be arrested. But ‘Abdur-Rahman entered ‘Aisha’s house and they could not arrest him. Marwan said, “It is he (‘AbdurRahman) about whom Allah revealed this Verse: ‘And the one who says to his parents: ‘Fie on you! Do you hold out the promise to me..?'” On that, ‘Aisha said from behind a screen, “Allah did not reveal anything from the Qur’an about us except what was connected with the declaration of my innocence (of the slander).”

Ibn Katheer wrote in his book the Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah that “in the year 56 AH Muawiyah called on the people including those within the outlying territories to pledge allegiance to his son, Yazeed, to be his heir to the Caliphate after him. Almost all the subjects offered their allegiance, with the exception of Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr (the son of Abu Bakr), Abdullah ibn Umar (the son of Umar), al-Husain bin Ali (the son of Ali), Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (The grandson of Abu Bakr) and Abdullah ibn Abbas (Ali’s cousin). Because of this Muawiyah passed through al-Madinah on his way back from Makkah upon completion of his Umrah Pilgrimage where he summoned each one of the five aforementioned individuals and threatened them. The speaker who addressed Muawiyah sharply with the greatest firmness amongst them was Abdurrahman bin Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq, while Abdullah bin Umar bin al-Khattab was the most soft-spoken amongst them.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s