हज़रत अली (अलैहिस्सलाम) के कथन (381 – 400)
वाणी जब तक तुम ने उसे कहा नहीं तुम्हारी बन्धक है और जब तुम ने कह दिया तो तुम उस के बन्धक हो। अतः अपनी ज़बान की उसी तरह रक्षा करो जिस तरह अपने सोने चाँदी की करते हो क्यूँकि बहुत सी बातें ऐसी होती हैं जो किसी बड़ी नेमत को छीन लेती हैं और विपत्ति को बुलावा देती हैं।
जो नहीं जानते उसे न कहो बल्कि जो जानते हो वो भी सब का सब मत कहो क्यूँकि अल्लाह ने तुम्हारे अंगों पर कुछ कर्तव्य लागू किए हैं जिन के द्वारा क़यामत के दिन वो तुम्हारे ऊपर हुज्जत लाए गा।
इस बात से डरो कि अल्लाह तुम को अपनी अवज्ञा के समय देखे और अपनी आज्ञा के पालन के समय अनुपस्थित पाए और तुम को घाटा उठाने वालों में गिना जाए। अतः यदि ख़ुद को शक्तिशालि दिखाना हो तो अपनी शक्ति को पाक परवरदिगार के आज्ञा पालन में लगाओ और यदि कमज़ोर होना हो तो अल्लाह की अवहेलना करने में कमज़ोरी दिखाओ।
दुनिया की अस्थिरता को देखते हुए उस की ओर झुकना मूर्खता है और पुण्य प्राप्त होने का विश्वास होने के बावजूद नेक काम करने में कोताही का अर्थ घाटा उठाना है और परखे बिना हर एक पर भरोसा कर लेना कमज़ोरी की निशानी है।
अल्लाह के नज़दीक दुनिया की तुच्छता के लिए यही काफ़ी है कि अगर अल्लाह के आदेशों की अवहेलना होती है तो इसी दुनिया में और अगर अल्लाह की ओर से नेमतें प्राप्त होती हैं तो इसी दुनिया को छोड़ने पर।
कोई व्यक्ति अगर किसी चीज़ को हासिल करने की कोशिश करता है तो उस को या उस के कुछ हिस्से को पा लेता है।
आप (अ.स.) ने फ़रमायाः वो भलाई, भलाई नहीं जिस के बाद नरक की आग हो और वो बुराई, बुराई नहीं जिस के बाद स्वर्ग मिले। स्वर्ग के सामने हर नेमत छोटी है और नरक के सामने हर मुसीबत आराम है।
जान लो कि अगर खाने के लिए कुछ न हो तो यह एक मुसीबत है। इस से भी बड़ी मुसीबत शरीर की बीमारी है और शारीरिक बीमारियों मे सब से बड़ी बीमारी दिल की बीमारी है। और जान लो कि नेमतों में सब से बड़ी नेमत धन की अधिकता है और धन की अधिकता से भी अच्छा शरीर का निरोग होना है और शरीर के निरोग होने से अच्छा दिल का पाप से सुरक्षित होना है।
जिसे उस का कर्म पीछे हटा देता है उसे उस का कुल आगे नहीं बढ़ा सकता।
एक दूसरी रिवायत में इस तरह आया है।
जिस के अपने अन्दर कोई ख़ूबी न हो उसे उस के पूर्वजों की महानता से कोई लाभ नहीं होता।
मोमिन का समय तीन भागों में विभाजित होता है। एक भाग में तो वो अपने परवरदिगार से बातें करता है, एक भाग में वो अपनी जीविका की व्यवस्था करता है और एक भाग में वो हलाल और पवित्र स्वादों का स्वाद लेने के लिए अपने आप को स्वतंत्र छोड़ देता है। और बुद्धिमान को शोभा नहीं देता कि वो तीन चीज़ों के अलावा किसी और चीज़ के पीछे भागे। अपने रोज़गार का प्रबन्ध करना या परलोक की ओर क़दम बढ़ाने के लिए काम करना और या ऐसी चीज़ो से स्वाद लेना जो हराम न हों।
दुनिया से दिल न लगओ, अल्लाह तुम को दुनिया की ख़राबियाँ दिखा देगा और बेपरवा न रहो क्यूँकि तुम्हारी ओर से बेपरवा नहीं रहा जाए गा।
आप (अ.स.) ने फ़रमायाः बात करो ताकि पहचाने जाओ क्यूँकि इंसान अपनी ज़ुबान के नीचे छिपा है।
दुनिया से तुम को जो हासिल हो ले लो और जो चीज़ तुम से मुँह मोड़ ले तुम भी उस से मुँह मोड़ लो। और अगर ऐसा नहीं कर सकते तो फिर दुनिया माँगने व हासिल करने में संतुलन स्थापित करो।
बहुत से वाक्य आक्रमण से अधिक प्रभाव रखते हैं।
जिस चीज़ पर संतोष कर लिया जाए वही काफ़ी है।
मौत आ जाए किन्तु अपमान न हो। कम मिले किन्तु दूसरे के द्वारा न मिले। जिसे कोई चीज़ आसानी से नहीं मिलती वो चीज़ उसे कोशिश कर के भी नहीं मिलती। काल दो दिनों पर विभाजित है। एक दिन तुम्हारे पक्ष में है और एक दिन तुम्हारे विपक्ष में। जब काल तुम्हारे पक्ष में हो तो इतरओ मत और जब विपक्ष में हो तो धैर्य से काम लो।
सब से अच्छी सुगन्ध मुश्क है जिस का पात्र हलका और जिस की महक मस्तिष्क के लिए अच्छी है।
गर्व करना छोड़ दो, अहंकार को ख़त्म कर दो और क़ब्र को याद रखो।
आप (अ.स.) ने फ़रमायाः पुत्र का पिता पर एक हक़ है और पिता का पुत्र पर एक हक़ है। पिता का पुत्र पर यह हक़ है कि पुत्र पाक परवरदिगार की अवज्ञा के अतिरिक्त हर चीज़ में उस के आदेश का पालन करे। पुत्र का हक़ पिता पर यह है कि उस का अच्छा नाम रखे और उस को क़ुरान की शिक्षा दे।
बुरी नज़र, टोना टोटका, जादू और अच्छा शगुन होता है, मगर अपशगुन कोई चीज़ नहीं है और एक की बीमारी दूसरे को लग जाना ग़लत है। ख़ुशबू लगाना और शहद खाना बीमारी में लाभदायक है। सवारी करना और हरियाली पर नज़र करना दुख, शोक, क्षोभ एवं व्याकुलता को दूर करता है।
In Islam there is absolutely no difference between men and women as far as their relationship to Allah is concerned, as both are promised the same reward for good conduct and the same punishment for evil conduct. The Quran says:
“And for women are rights over men similar to those of men over women.” [Noble Quran 2:228]
The Quran, in addressing the believers, often uses the expression, ‘believing men and women’ to emphasize the equality of men and women in regard to their respective duties, rights, virtues and merits. It says:
“For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.” [Noble Quran 33:35]
This clearly contradicts the assertion of the Christian Fathers that women do not possess souls and that they will exist as sexless beings in the next life. The Quran says that women have souls in exactly the same way as men and will enter Paradise if they do good:
“Enter into Paradise, you and your wives, with delight.” [Noble Quran 43:70]
“Who so does that which is right, and believes, whether male or female, him or her will We quicken to happy life.” [Noble Quran 16:97]
The Quran admonishes those men who oppress or ill-treat women:
“O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dowry you have given them – except when they have become guilty of open lewdness. On the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If you take a dislike to them, it may be that you dislike something and Allah will bring about through it a great deal of good.” [Noble Quran 4:19]
Considering the fact that before the advent of Islam the pagan Arabs used to bury their female children alive, make women dance naked in the vicinity of the Ka’bah during their annual fairs, and treat women as mere chattels and objects of sexual pleasure possessing no rights or position whatsoever, these teachings of the Noble Quran were revolutionary. Unlike other religions, which regarded women as being possessed of inherent sin and wickedness and men as being possessed of inherent virtue and nobility, Islam regards men and women as being of the same essence created from a single soul. The Quran declares:
“O mankind! Reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, his mate, and from this pair scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Reverence Allah, through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and reverence the wombs (that bore you); for Allah ever watches over you.” [Noble Quran 4:1]
The Prophet of Islam (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Women are the twin halves of men.” The Quran emphasizes the essential unity of men and women in a most beautiful simile:
“They (your wives) are your garment and you are a garment for them.” [Noble Quran 2:187]
Just as a garment hides our nakedness, so do husband and wife, by entering into the relationship of marriage, secure each other’s chastity. The garment gives comfort to the body; so does the husband find comfort in his wife’s company and she in his. “The garment is the grace, the beauty, the embellishment of the body, so too are wives to their husbands as their husbands are to them.” Islam does not consider woman “an instrument of the Devil”, but rather the Quran calls her Muhsana – a fortress against Satan because a good woman, by marrying a man, helps him keep to the path of rectitude in his life. It is for this reason that marriage was considered by the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as a most virtuous act. He said: “When a man marries, he has completed one half of his religion.” He enjoined matrimony on Muslims by saying: “Marriage is part of my way and whoever keeps away from my way is not from me (i.e. is not my follower).” The Quran has given the raison d’�tre of marriage in the following words:
“And among His signs is this, that He has created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them; and He has put love and mercy between you. Verily in that are signs for those who reflect.” [Noble Quran 30:21]
The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was full of praise for virtuous and chaste women. He said:
“The world and all things in the world are precious but the most precious thing in the world is a virtuous woman. He once told the future khalifah, ‘Umar: “Shall I not inform you about the best treasure a man can hoard? It is a virtuous wife who pleases him whenever he looks towards her, and who guards herself when he is absent from her.”
On other occasions the Prophet said:
“The best property a man can have is a remembering tongue (about Allah), a grateful heart and a believing wife who helps him in his faith.” And again: “The world, the whole of it, is a commodity and the best of the commodities of the world is a virtuous wife.”
Before the advent of Islam women were often treated worse than animals. The Prophet wanted to put a stop to all cruelties to women. He preached kindness towards them. He told the Muslims: “Fear Allah in respect of women.” And: “The best of you are they who behave best to their wives.” And: “A Muslim must not hate his wife, and if he be displeased with one bad quality in her, let him be pleased with one that is good.” And: “The more civil and kind a Muslim is to his wife, the more perfect in faith he is.”
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was most emphatic in enjoining upon Muslims to be kind to their women when he delivered his famous khutbah on the Mount of Mercy at Arafat in the presence of one hundred and twenty-four thousand of his Companions who had gathered there for the Hajj al-Wada (Farewell Pilgrimage). In it he ordered those present, and through them all those Muslims who were to come later, to be respectful and kind towards women. He said:
“Fear Allah regarding women. Verily you have married them with the trust of Allah, and made their bodies lawful with the word of Allah. You have got (rights) over them, and they have got (rights) over you in respect of their food and clothing according to your means.”
In Islam a woman is a completely independent personality. She can make any contract or bequest in her own name. She is entitled to inherit in her position as mother, as wife, as sister and as daughter. She has perfect liberty to choose her husband. The pagan society of pre-Islamic Arabia had an irrational prejudice against their female children whom they used to bury alive. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) was totally opposed to this practice. He showed them that supporting their female children would act as a screen for them against the fire of Hell:
It is narrated by the Prophet’s wife, Ayshah, that a woman entered her house with two of her daughters. She asked for charity but Ayshah could not find anything except a date, which was given to her. The woman divided it between her two daughters and did not eat any herself. Then she got up and left. When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) came to the house, Ayshah told him about what had happened and he declared that when the woman was brought to account (on the Day of Judgment) about her two daughters they would act as a screen for her from the fires of Hell.
The worst calamity for a woman is when her husband passes away and, as a widow, the responsibility of maintaining the children falls upon her. In the Eastern World, where a woman does not always go out to earn her living, the problems of widowhood are indescribable. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) upheld the cause of widows. Most of his wives were widows. In an age when widows were rarely permitted to remarry, the Prophet encouraged his followers to marry them. He was always ready to help widows and exhorted his followers to do the same. Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet said: “One who makes efforts (to help) the widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) in the path of Allah, or like one who stands up for prayers in the night and fasts in the day.”
Woman as mother commands great respect in Islam. The Noble Quran speaks of the rights of the mother in a number of verses. It enjoins Muslims to show respect to their mothers and serve them well even if they are still unbelievers. The Prophet states emphatically that the rights of the mother are paramount. Abu Hurayrah reported that a man came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) and asked: “O Messenger of Allah, who is the person who has the greatest right on me with regards to kindness and attention?” He replied, “Your mother.” “Then who?” He replied, “Your mother.” “Then who?” He replied, “Your mother.” “Then who?” He replied, “Your father.”
In another tradition, the Prophet advised a believer not to join the war against the Quraish in defense of Islam, but to look after his mother, saying that his service to his mother would be a cause of his salvation. Mu’awiyah, the son of Jahimah, reported that Jahimah came to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and said, “Messenger of Allah! I want to join the fighting (in the path of Allah) and I have come to seek your advice.” He said, “Then remain in your mother’s service, because Paradise is under her feet.”
The Prophet’s followers accepted his teachings and brought about a revolution in their social attitude towards women. They no longer considered women as mere chattels, but as an integral part of society. For the first time women were given the right to have a share in inheritance. In the new social climate, women rediscovered themselves and became highly active members of society rendering useful service during the wars which the pagan Arabs forced on the emerging Muslim Ummah. They carried provisions for the soldiers, nursed them, and even fought alongside them if it was necessary. It became a common sight to see women helping their husbands in the fields, carrying on trade and business independently, and going out of their homes to satisfy their needs.
Ayshah reported that Saudah bint Zam’ah went out one night. ‘Umar saw her and recognized her and said, “By God, O Saudah, why do you not hide yourself from us?” She went back to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and told him about it while he was having supper in her room, and he said, “It is permitted by Allah for you to go out for your needs.” The predominant idea in the teachings of Islam with regard to men and women is that a husband and wife should be full-fledged partners in making their home a happy and prosperous place, that they should be loyal and faithful to one another, and genuinely interested in each other’s welfare and the welfare of their children. A woman is expected to exercise a humanizing influence over her husband and to soften the sternness inherent in his nature. A man is enjoined to educate the women in his care so that they cultivate the qualities in which they, by their very nature, excel.
These aspects were much emphasized by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). He exhorted men to marry women of piety and women to be faithful to their husbands and kind to their children. He said:
“Among my followers the best of men are those who are best to their wives, and the best of women are those who are best to their husbands. To each of such women is set down a reward equivalent to the reward of a thousand martyrs. Among my followers, again, the best of women are those who assist their husbands in their work, and love them dearly for everything, save what is a transgression of Allah’s laws.”
Once Mu’awiyah asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “What are the rights that a wife has over her husband?” The Prophet replied, “Feed her when you take your food, give her clothes to wear when you wear clothes, refrain from giving her a slap on the face or abusing her, and do not separate from your wife, except within the house.” Once a woman came to the Prophet with a complaint against her husband. He told her: “There is no woman who removes something to replace it in its proper place, with a view to tidying her husband’s house, but that Allah sets it down as a virtue for her. Nor is there a man who walks with his wife hand-in-hand, but that Allah sets it down as a virtue for him; and if he puts his arm round her shoulder in love, his virtue is increased tenfold.” Once he was heard praising the women of the tribe of Quraish, “…because they are the kindest to their children while they are infants and because they keep a careful watch over the belongings of their husbands.”
The Shari’ah regards women as the spiritual and intellectual equals of men. The main distinction it makes between them is in the physical realm based on the equitable principle of fair division of labor. It allots the more strenuous work to the man and makes him responsible for the maintenance of the family. It allots the work of managing the home and the upbringing and training of children to the woman, work which has the greatest importance in the task of building a healthy and prosperous society.
It is a fact, however, that sound administration within the domestic field is impossible without a unified policy. For this reason the Shari’ah requires a man, as head of the family, to consult with his family and then to have the final say in decisions concerning it. In doing so he must not abuse his prerogative to cause any injury to his wife. Any transgression of this principle involves for him the risk of losing the favor of Allah, because his wife is not his subordinate but she is, to use the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), ‘the queen of her house’, and this is the position a true believer is expected to give his wife. In contrast to these enlightened teachings of Islam in respect of women, Western talk of women’s liberation or emancipation is actually a disguised form of exploitation of her body, deprivation of her honor, and degradation of her soul!
Rasolullah Sallal Laho Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wa Sallam Nay Farmaya Mujhay Ye Hukam Diya Gaya Hai Kay Mein Logon Say Uss Waqt Tak Jang Karoon Jab Tak Kay Wo Iss Baat Ki Gawahi Na Denay Lagain Kay Allah Kay Siwa Koi Mabood Nahi Aur Ye Kay Muhammad Allah Kay Rusool Hain Aur Namazain Parhnay Lagain Aur Zakat Dain, Pas Jab Ye Kaam Karnay Lagain To Mujh Say Unkay Jaan-o-Maal Mehfooz Ho Jayen Gay, Ilawa Uss Saza Kay Jo Islam Nay Kisi Jurm May Un Par Muqarrar Kar Di Hai Aur Unka Hisab-o-Kitab Allah Kay Zimmay Hai.
Sahih Bukhari : Jild No.1 : Hadees No. 24
Hadees Mutwatir, Hadees Marfooh : Mukarrarat 2 : Muttafiq Alaih 2
English Translation :
Narrated Ibn ‘umar: Allah’s Apostle Said: “i Have Been Ordered (by Allah) To Fight Against The People Until They Testify That None Has The Right To Be Worshipped But Allah And That Muhammad Is Allah’s Apostle, And Offer The Prayers Perfectly And Give The Obligatory Charity, So If They Perform That, Then They Save Their Lives And Property From Me Except For Islamic Laws And Then Their Reckoning (accounts) Will Be Done By Allah.”
Hazrat Aboo Ja’far Bayan Karte Hain Ki Imam Mahdi عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام Ka Isha Ke Waqt Makkah Me Zahoor Hoga Aur Un Ke Saath Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) Ka (Ata Kardah) Jhanda Aur Aap (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) Ka Kurta Mubarak Aur Talwar Hogi (Is Ke Ilaawah Digar) Alaamaat, Noor Aur Waazeh Bayan Hoga..
Pas Aap Jab Isha Ke Namaz Ada Kar Lenge Ba-Aawaz-E-Buland Needa Denge :
Aye Logo’n !
Mein Tumhein Allah Aur Us Ke Huzoor Tumhare Khade Hone Kee Yaad Dilaata Hoo’n.
Jis Ne Apni Shaan Ke Laaik Apne Maqam Ko Laazim Pakada Aur (Logo’n Ke Islaah Ke Liye) Anbiya’ Mab’oos Kiye Aur Kitabein Naazil Kee’n Aur Mein Tumhein Hukm Deta Hoo’n Ki Us Allah ﷻ Ka Kisi Ko Sharik Na Thehraao Aur Us Kee Aur Us Ke Rasool (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) Kee Ita’at Ko Laazim Pakado Aur Us Tariqe Ko Zindah Karo Jise Qur’an Ne Zindah Kiya Aur Us Tariqe Ko Khatam Karo Jise Qur’an Ne Khatam Kiya Hai Aur Hidaayat Ke Raaste Me Aik Dusare Ke Madadgaar Ho Jaao Aur Taqwa Ke Kaamon Me Aik Doosare Ke Ma’aadin Ban Jaao .
Pas BeShak Duniya Tabaahi Aur Barbaadi Ke Dahaane Par Hai Aur Mein Tumhein Har Taraf Se Kat Kar Aik Allah ﷻ Aur Us Ke Rasool (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) Aur Un Kee Kitab Par Amal Karne, Baatil Ko Khatam Karne, Sunnat Ko Zinda Karne Kee Taraf Bulaata Hoo’n.
Pas Aap عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام Ka Zahoor As’hab-E-Badr Kee Ta’dad Ke Baraabar Teen Sou Terah Logo’n Me Hoga Jo Bagair Kisi Muayyanah Waqt Ke Aaeinge Aue Kharif Ke Patto’n Kee Tarah Dunya Me Bikhare Huwe Honge Jo Raat Ke Waqt Raahon Kee Tarah Honge Lekin Din Ke Waqt Sheron Kee Tarah Honge.
Pas Allah Ta’ala Imam Mahdi عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام Ke Liye Arz-E-Hijaaz Ko Fatah Karega Aur Woh Banu Haashim Ke Nau-Jawanon Ko Apne Saath Jihaad Ke Liye Nikaalenge.
Aur Woh Siyaah Jhanadon Ke Saath Sar-Zameen-E-Kufa Me Utarenge.
Pas Allah Ta’ala Imam Mahdi Ko Izn-E-Bay’at Ata’ Farmayega Aur Woh Apne Lashkaron Ko Poori Dunya Me Phaila Denge Aur Zulm Aur Zaalimon Ko Khatam Karenge.
Pas Tamam Mumaalik Un Ke Zer-E-Saayah Ho Jaaeinge Aur Allah Ta’ala Un Ke Haath Qustuntayniyah Ko Fatah Karega.”
Is Hadith Ko Imam Ibn Hammad Aur Suyooti Ne Bayan Kiya Hai.