What do the Muslims mean when they slaughter sacrifices for the Awlia during Niaz or so? is it not sacrificing for ghairullah which is prohibited.
Where the prohibition for “The sacrifice of animal for any one besides Allah” is mentioned, refers to the offerings made by non-believers/people from pre-Islamic era to their false gods & graves who associate them with divinity.
On contrary, in Islam every Muslim who slaughters a sacrifice for a Prophet or a wali, does not mean anything other but sadaqa of that thing on their behalf and conveyance of its reward to them. Such is among the gifts of the living to the one who passed away from the physical world which are commanded by law.
Furthermore, at every sacrifice, may it is during the Eid-ul-Adha, Aqiqa or passing on rewards to the deceased, only the name of Allah is pronounced during the slaughter. When the offering is related to Eid-ul-Adha, we say this animal is on behalf of (or in name of) my wife, my father, my son or so on, and similarly in sacrifice of animal for Aqiqah it is related to the new born which does not mean the animal is sacrificed/slaughtered with their name, does any body call these as sacrifice for ghairulllah/shirk and prohibit it?? No, it means scarifying for Allah on behalf of so and so (the related names).
Given below or few proofs of such offerings
1. Prophet sacrificed cow on behalf of seven persons:
Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We performed Hajj along with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and we sacrificed a camel on behalf of seven persons, and a cow on behalf of seven persons.[Sahih Muslim Book 7 Hadith 3026 ]
2. Sayyidina Ali (RA) always sacrificed two rams, one on behalf of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and one on his own account. Someone asked him, Why do you do that? He said, ‘The Prophet (peace be upon him) had commanded me to do it. So I will never neglect it.”. [Abu Dawud ,Book 15 ,Hadith 2784 [ under heading of sarficing for deceased/those in graves]
3. Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings and had been castrated. When he made them face the qiblah, he said: I have turned my face towards Him. Who created the heavens and the earth, following Abraham’s religion, the true in faith, and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I was commanded to do, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah it comes from Thee and is given to Thee FROM MUHAMMAD AND HIS PEOPLE (ummah). IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, and Allah is Most Great. He then made sacrifice. (Abu Dawood, Book #15, Hadith #2789)
4. Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah, Sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and he is given name. [Abu dawood, Book of sacrifice 13, Hadith 2832]
5. Narrated Salman bin ‘Amir Ad-Dabbi: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “‘aqiqa is to be offered for a (newly born) boy, so slaughter (an animal) for him, and relieve him of his suffering.” (Note: It has been quoted in Fateh-AL-Bari that the majority of the Religious Scholars agrees to the Hadith narrated in Sahih At-TlRMlZY that the Prophet was asked about aqiqa and he ordered 2 sheep for a boy and one sheep for a girl and that is his tradition “SUNNA”.) (Sahi Bukhari, Book of Aqiqa (sacrifice on birth)66, Hadith 380)
6. Narrated Thabit ibn ad-Dahhak: In the time of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) a man took a vow to slaughter a camel at buwanah. So he came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: I have taken a vow to sacrifice a camel at buwanah. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) asked: Did the place contain any idol worshipped in pre-Islamic times? They (the people) said: No. He asked: Was any pre-Islamic festival observed there? They replied: No. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Fulfil your vow, for a vow to do an act of disobedience to Allah must not be fulfilled, neither must one do something over which a human being has no control. (Abu dawood, Book Oaths and Vows 21, Hadith 3307)
The Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, therefore, did not forbid them from slaughtering over a grave except in the pre-Islamic sense. In the latter, prohibited sense, any sacrifice is forbidden regardless of its location, as per the hadith in Sahih Muslim: “Allah Most High curses whosoever slaughters a sacrifice for any one besides Allah.
” Otherwise he allowed it, specifically in the sense of benefiting others not only by feeding the living but also conveying reward to others, as mentioned in above given ahadith.
Misquoting Ahadith in wrong contest, misguiding ummah and relating Muslims with people from days of jahiliyya is sheer misguidance. May Allah save us guide to right path, the path of those whom he has favored and save from misguidance and hell fire – Ameen.
refer to permissibility of Esal-e-Sawab and various methods of Esal-e-Sawab under Articles section