The Final Phase of the Diplomacy of Negotiation

The Final Phase of the Diplomacy of Negotiation

Allâh’s Messenger ﷺthe left his confinement and went on preaching his Faith as usual. Quraish, likewise, cancelled the boycott but went on in their atrocities and oppression on the Muslims. Hazrat Abu Talib Radiallahu anhoo, then having reached eighty years of age, was still keen on shielding his nephew . No sooner than he had emerged victorious from the inhuman boycott, he was caught in a persistent illness and physical weakness. Prophetﷺ once more and submit some concessions previously withheld. They then delegated some representatives to see Hazrat Abu Talib and discuss the issue with him. Ibn Ishaq and others reported that when a serious illness caught Hazrat Abu Talib, the people of Quraish began to think about the situation and reviewed the main features that characterized that period, which included the conversion of ‘Umar and Hamzah to Islam, coupled with the tremendous stir that Hazrat Muhammadﷺ had created among all the tribes of the Quraish. They then considered it necessary to see Hazrat Abu Talib Radiallahu anhoo before he died to pressure his nephew to negotiate a compromise on the various disputed points. They were afraid that the other Arabs might attribute to them the charge of opportunism. The delegation of Quraish comprised 25 men including notables like ‘Utbah bin Rabi’ah, Shaibah bin Rabi’ah, Abu Jahl bin Hisham, Umaiyah bin Khalaf and Abu Sufyan bin Harb. They first paid tribute to him and confirmed their high esteem of his character and position among them. They then shifted to the new give-and take policy that they claimed they wanted to follow. To

materialize their argument, they proposed that they would refrain from intervening in his religion if he did the same. Hazrat Abu Talib summoned his nephew and informed him of the minutes of his meeting with them.Allâh’s Messenger ﷺturned to them saying:

“I will guide you to the means by which you will gain control over both the Arabs and non-Arabs.”

It is really something incredible.” On their way out, they said to one another, “By Allâh this man will never give up, nor will he offer any concessions. Let us hold fast to the religion of our forefathers, and Allâh will in due course deliver judgment and settle the dispute between us and him.” About this incident Allâh revealed the following Verses:

“Sad: [These letters (Sad, etc.) are one of the miracles of the Qur’ân and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings). By the Qur’ân full of reminding. Nay, those who disbelieve are in false pride and opposition. How many a generation We have destroyed before them, and they cried out when there was no longer time for escape! And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad ) has come to them from among themselves! And the disbelievers say. ‘This (Prophet Muhammad Muh) is a sorcerer, a liar. Has he made the gods (all) into One God (Allâh). Verily, this is a curious thing!’ And the leaders among them went about (saying): ‘Go on, and remain constant to your gods! Verily, this is a thing designed (against vou)We have not heard (the like) of this among the people of these later days. This is nothing but an invention.”” (38:1-7]”}

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