Is Month of Safar unlucky ?

2
 

What does Islam say about taking something

as unlucky or inauspicious? What do the Holy

Quran and Hadith say about them month of

Safar, which many people believe is unlucky

Islam is a religion of truth and veracity. It has illuminated

the whole world with the radiance of monotheism and

Prophethood and has ended all kinds of fallacious and

polytheistic customs and rituals.

One among the fallacious beliefs of the days of ignorance

(the pre-Islamic) days was that people believed that the

month of Safar (the 2nd month in the Islamic calendar)

was unlucky. They actually believed that because of the

coming of this month, they would be entangled in

difficulties and their finances and livelihoods would be

affected as well. They held the belief that because of this

month, they would get diseases and that nothing new

should be started in this month.

With the coming of Islam, all these fallacious beliefs were

uprooted. Through the eternal bounty of faith, it gave the

message that difficulties and trials are not related to any

month or year, but that they are tests by Allah Most High

for His pious servants and for the erring ones, they are the

result of their own deeds. Allah Most High says in the

Holy Quran:

And whatever misfortune befalls you (comes upon you) as

a result of that (evil work) which your own hands have

done whilst He forgives most of your (misdoings). Surah

Shoora (42:30)

In the days of ignorance, people would take omens from

the flight of birds. If the bird flew to the right, then it was

taken as a good omen. If the bird flew straight up or

straight down, it was taken as a sign that that particular

task would be accomplished but would be delayed. If the

bird flew to the left, they would take it as an ill omen that

that task could never be accomplished. If they saw an

“‘Uqaab,” they would take it as an ill omen as the name

of this particular bird means punishment. If they saw a

crow they would take it as an omen for difficulties in

journey. If they saw a hoopoe, they would take it as an

omen of guidance.

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said in

negation of this fallacious beliefs:

Translation: No disease comes on its own, taking an ill

omen is impermissible and there is no inauspiciousness

in the month of Safar. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 5380;

Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 446)

Good and evil, and the will of Allah

In reality, Almighty Allah is the One who grants all good.

He is the One who endows comfort and solace. He is the

One who grants success to one and all. He grants

comfort and He showers mercy. Along with all this, the

Lord Almighty also tests His slaves. Sometimes He tests

them with His bounties and sometimes He tests them

through trials and difficulties to see which slave of His

turns to Him in times of plenty and quietude and who

distances oneself from Him. Almighty Allah makes it

clear whether the slave turns to Him with thankfulness or

turns away from His door, whether the slave is patient on

the trials and tribulations or despairs and swerves from

His path, whether the slave stays on the illumined paths

of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah or loses

himself/herself in the darkness of disobedience and

noncompliance. Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran:

And when We bestow upon man (some) blessing, he turns

away (from gratitude) and escapes, but when some

distress comes upon him, he despairs (i.e., he is neither

grateful nor patient). Say: ?Everyone acts according to his

own (respective) style and nature, and your Lord knows

full well who is best guided to the straight path. Surah

Bani Israil (17:83, 84)

It is the belief of every Muslim that good and evil are both

from Allah and that bounties are granted from His door.

Trials and tribulations are also by His design. Spring and

bloom are also from Him and storms and droughts are

also from Him, protection of life and wealth is also from

Him and danger to them is also from Him. Thus, He tests

His slaves in every manner. When we believe in Almighty

Allah and the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam),

we will surely be tested, as Almighty Allah says in the Holy

Quran:

Alif, Lam, Mim. (Only Allah and the Messenger [blessings

and peace be upon him] know the real meaning.) Do

people think that they will be released (just) on saying:

?We have believed,? and they will not be tried? Surah

Ankabut (29:1, 2)

Our blind beliefs impel us to think that the month of Safar

has come, God knows how these days will be spent, in

what difficulties will we be embroiled, what disease will

we be afflicted with?

It should be remembered that months and days don’t

bring difficulties; hardships don’t come because of a

particular month. If we reflect on this, we will understand

that these difficulties are a direct result of our bad deeds.

In the month of Safar, we should think over carefully

whether our blind beliefs haven’t led us to this end.

If we surrender all our affairs to Almighty Allah and His

glorious Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) then neither

will we fall prey to these suspicions nor will such thoughts

worry us.

The blind beliefs of the nation of Thamud

The Holy Quran mentions the blind beliefs of the nation of

Thamud that out of fear of hunger and thirst they rejected

the bounty of Almighty Allah. That dromedary that had

been sent to them as a sign of Allah’s power, they

slaughtered that dromedary, kept on disobeying Almighty

Allah and because of this, they were punished. They were

not prepared to let Hadhrat Saleh (May peace be upon

him) and his followers to even stay with them. They told

him that we consider you and your followers as

inauspicious that this difficulty has come on us because

of you. It is given in the Holy Quran:

They said: ?You have caused us misfortune, and so have

your companions.? (Salih) said: ?(The cause of) your

misfortune is (written) with Allah; you people have rather

been put to trial.? Surah Naml (27:47)

This verse of the Holy Quran shows us that difficulties are

a result on one’s own deeds. Holding others responsible

for them is not the practice of Muslims. It is in fact the

practice of those who deny Allah, as mentioned in this

verse of the Holy Quran:

And whatever misfortune befalls you (comes upon you) as

a result of that (evil work) which your own hands have

done whilst He forgives most of your (misdoings). Surah

Shoora (42:30)

Prohibition of taking an ill omen from something

As far as taking an ill omen is considered, the Holy

Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared this

very belief as wrong and negated it in the following words:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat

‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (May Allah be well pleased with

him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)

said: Taking an ill omen is similar to polytheism. He

repeated this thrice. (Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 1712;

Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 3912)

Hadhrat Mulla ‘Ali Qari (May Allah shower His mercy on

him) writes in the interpretation of this Hadith:

Translation: Taking something as an ill omen is Shirk

(associating things with Allah), as in the pre-Islamic days,

people used to believe that by acceding to the demand of

an ill omen, they will receive some benefit or that it

removes some hardship or difficulty and if they accede to

that demand then it is as if they have ascribed partners to

Allah and this is called Hidden Polytheism (Shirk Khafi)

and if a person holds the belief that there is something

other than Allah which can benefit and harm, which has

its own power, then they have committed Blatant

Polytheism (Shirk Jali). (Mirqaat Ul Mafateeh Sharh

Mishkaat Ul Masabeeh, Vol. 4, Pg. No. 522)

‘Allama Qazi Iyaz (May Allah shower His mercy on him)

says:

Translation: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa

sallam) declared this as polytheism because those kind of

people believe that that thing from which they take the ill

omen has the power to affect and acceding to these

things is generally Hidden Polytheism, especially when

ignorance and blind beliefs are also present, then it is all

the more obvious why this is Hidden Polytheism. (Mirqaat

Ul Mafateeh, Vol. 4, Pg. No. 522/523)

There is another Hadith in Sunan Abu Dawood:

Translation: Drawing omens using birds, taking

something as ill omen and drawing omens using pebbles

are all satanic activities. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No.

3909)

The month of Safar is not unlucky

There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari:

Translation: No disease comes on its own, taking

something as ill omen is prohibited and there is no

inauspiciousness in owl or in the month of Safar. (Sahih

Bukhari, Hadith No. 5380)

Muhaddith-e-Deccan Hadhrat Abul Hasanaat Syed

Abdullah Shah Sahab Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Qadri (May

Allah shower His mercy on him) writes in the explanatory

notes of this Hadith:

Translation: Imam Abu Dawood (May Allah shower His

mercy on him) writes in Sunan Abu Dawood that

Muhaddith Baqiya asked his teacher Muhammad bin

Rashid about this Hadith and he said: In the days of

ignorance, people used to consider the month of Safar

unlucky, so the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)

made it clear that Safar is not unlucky. Imam Qazi Iyaz

(May Allah shower His mercy on him) says: With this

Hadith, this superstition about the month of Safar is

negated, that difficulties descend more in Safar.

(Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 447)

With these lines, it becomes clear that considering the

month of Safar is unislamic. Not marrying in this month

or considering having celebrations as unreasonable is all

wrong and is a remnant of the days of ignorance. They

have no place in Islam.

Even if we look at the month of Safar historically, there is

a Hadith that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa

sallam) performed the marriage of the Lady of Jannah,

Hadhrat Fatima Zahra (May Allah be well pleased with

her) with Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah be well pleased with

him) in this month, although the famous narration is

about the month of Shawwal. This narration is in Subul Ul

Huda War Rashad, Vol. 12, Pg. No. 469:

Translation: Hadhrat Ja’afar bin Muhammad (May Allah

be well pleased with him) says: Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah

be well pleased with him) married Hadhrat Fatima Zahra

(May Allah be well pleased with her) in 2 Hijri in the

month of Safar and she came to live with him 22 months

after the Emigration in the beginning days of Dhul Qa’ada.

(Subul Ul Huda War Rashad, Vol. 12, Pg. No. 469)

Some people consider starting a journey in the month of

Safar as unlucky, although the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu

alaihi wa sallam) started for Madina from Makkah in the

last days of Safar, as given in Sharh Zurqani ‘Alal

Mawahib, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 102.

Safar – Month of success and victories

This month of Safar has proven to be a month of

extraordinary success and victories for Muslims and

Islam. This was the month, which had the Conquest of

Makkah concealed in it. In a way, the Hijrah in Safar

became the reason of propagation of Islam. That is why,

normally Safar is referred to as “Safar-e-Muzaffar,” Lit.

Safar, the one of victory.

Muslims should strictly refrain from entertaining such

superstitions. In the same way, keeping eggs, oil, etc. in

the name of “Tera Tezi” is also a useless act. Staying

away from these things is also necessary. If someone

wants to give charity, Sadqa, etc. to please Almighty Allah

, then like in other months, it is permissible and is an

established Sunnah.

Some people believe that on the last Wednesday of Safar,

we should go on picnics and walk on green grass, etc. If

this walking is done to remove difficulties (!), then there is

no concept of this in the canons of Islam. If you think that

on the last Wednesday, difficulties descend, then in this

case, instead of picnics, etc. you should pray and worship

Almighty Allah and give charity, as it removes the wrath

of Almighty Allah and the approval of Almighty Allah is

gained as mentioned in this Hadith of Jame’ Tirmidhi:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be well pleased with him), he

says: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

Verily charity and good deeds calms the wrath of Allah

and drive away a bad death. (Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No.

666; Shua’bul Iman, Hadith No. 3202)

Dua to recite in the month of Safar

There is a Hadith in Zujajatul Masabeeh on the authority

of Sunan Abu Dawood:

Translation of Hadith: It has been narrated on the

authority of Hadhrat ‘Urwa Bin A’amir (May Allah be well

pleased with him), he said that unluckiness, ill-omen, etc.

was mentioned before the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi

wa sallam). He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Good

omen is good, unluckiness, ill omen, etc. do not become

an obstacle in the work of any Muslim. Thus, if any one of

you sees anything which he (or she) does not like, recite:

Transliteration: Allahumma La Yaatee Bil Hasanaati Illa

Anta, Wa La Yadfa’auss Sayyiaati Illa Anta, Wa La Haula

Wa La Quwwata Illa Billah.

Translation: O Allah! You are the one who brings every

kind of good; You are the one who removes every kind of

evil, there is no strength to stay away from evil and there

is no strength to perform anything good except through

the help of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala). (Zujajatul

Masabeeh, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 445, Hadith No. 3921)

Wednesday is not unlucky

This is true that one day is better than others and one

period of time is better than others, but considering other

days/months, etc. as without blessings (Barakah) and

unlucky is not correct at all. As far as Wednesday is

concerned, its excellence is mentioned in the rigorouslyauthenticated

Hadith (Sahih Hadith). There is a Hadith in

Sahih Muslim on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Hurairah

(May Allah be well pleased with him):

Translation: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa

sallam) said: ………..and Allah Ta’ala created Noor on

Wednesday. (Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, Pg No. 371, Hadith

No. 7231; Musnad Imam Ahmed bin Hambal, Hadith No.

8563; Sunan Kubra Lil Baihaqui, Vol. 9, Pg. No. 3; Sunan

Kubra Lin Nasai, Hadith No. 11010; Mojam Al Ausat Lit

Tabarani, Hadith No. 3360)

This Hadith shows that Wednesday is that blessed day in

which Almighty Allah created Noor (radiance). Thus, this

belief that no important work should be done on this day

is wrong. Doing anything important on this day will, by

the will of Almighty Allah, be blessed.

Imam Sakhawi writes in Maqasid Hasanah:

Translation: It is mentioned on the authority of Burhan Ul

Islam from his book “Ta’aleem Al Muta’allim” who

narrates that his famous teacher, the author of Hidayah,

‘Allama Marghinani (May Allah shower His mercy on him),

would start a new lesson on Wednesday and would relate

a Hadith in this respect that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu

alaihi wa sallam) said: Whatever is begun on Wednesday

will come to fruition. (Maqasid Ul Hasanah, Harf Ul

Meem)

For this reason, in the world famous Islamic university

Jamia Nizamia, Hyderabad, lessons are begun on

Wednesday.

Repentance – Cure for all difficulties

If we Muslims establish the fear of Almighty Allah in our

hearts and seek the benevolence of Allah and shed tears

of regret on our present states, then Allah will surely

enrich our lives with blessings and our sorrow and cares

will be removed.

Here we present an anecdote from Tafseer Kabeer, the

exegesis of Imam Raadhi (May Allah shower His mercy on

him), which is very beneficial for us:

Translation: A person came to Hadhrat Imam Hasan Basri

(May Allah be well pleased with him) and complained of

insufficient rains. The Imam asked to repent. Some

other person came and complained of being poor,

somebody else complained of not having children and

somebody else complained about the fruits of his

orchards. Hadhrat Imam Hasan Basri (May Allah be well

pleased with him) instructed all of them to repent i.e. to

ask Allah for forgiveness. People were surprised at this.

They said: People came to you with different complaints

and you asked all of them to repent. In reply, Hadhrat

Hasan Basri (May Allah be well pleased with him) recited

this verse of the Holy Quran: Surah Nooh 10,12

Every moment spent in remembrance of Allah is

auspicious

Hadhrat Imam Hasan Basri (May Allah be well pleased

with him) has declared repentance as the cure for all

troubles and instructed the Ummah to turn to Allah.

Nowadays we have to ensure that our days and nights be

spent in the remembrance of Allah, that we follow the

Shariah and act upon the Holy Quran and the Hadith, that

we think over our actions, that we value our time, that we

don’t spend time in heedlessness as inauspiciousness will

enter our lives only when we become heedless of Allah

and His Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and disobey

them.

It is mentioned in Ruh Al Bayan in the exegesis of a verse

of the Holy Quran:

Translation: For a slave every moment spent in the

obedience of Allah is full of blessings and auspiciousness

and every moment spent in disobeying Allah is devoid of

blessings for him. The inauspiciousness is in fact in

committing sins. (Surah Tauba, 37)

Indeed the moments we spend in the remembrance of

Allah are full of blessings for us, the moments we spend

in acting upon Sunnah are auspicious for us, the

moments we spend in obeying the laws of Islam are full

of mercy for us.

May Allah, for the sake of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu

alaihi wa sallam), fill our hearts with the true beliefs of

Islam, guide us to perform virtuous deeds and make us

steadfast on the teachings of the Holy Quran and the

Hadith.

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