Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam was a descendant of Ibrahim tan through his son .العلة through Yaqub ال Ismail
Muhammad bin Ishaq has said on the authority of certain scholars and Wahb bin Munabbih that Sayyidina Dawud teosed was short statured had blue eyes and scant hair. He was good-hearted and a refined man.
We have already stated that when he killed Jalut, the Banu Isra’il developed a deep love and affection for him and preferred him as their king. The kingdom came into his hands and Allah bestowed on him Prophethood too, thus he had the best of the world and the Hereafter.
.ال * Allahthe Exalted, has said about Sayyidina Dawud
And certainly We gave Dawud bounty from Us (and said), “O mountains! Repeat Our praises with him, and the birds you too”. And We softened for him iron, (saying) “Make wide coats of mail, and measure well the links and do righteous deeds. Surely I am Seer of what you do”. (Saba, 3410-11)
And We subjeced the Mountains to glorify (Us) along with Dawud, and (also) the birds; and we were the Doers. And We taught him the making of the coats of (mail) for you, to protect you in your violence; will you then be grateful?
Allah had softened iron in his hands and he was the first one skilled in making armour from iron. He worked all-day and sold his produce.
Hadith emphasises: The best (food) man eats is that (he eats) out of his earnings and the Prophet of Allah, Dawud, ate from what he earned with his hands. Abu Dawud (3528), Nasa’i (4461), ibn Majah (2137), Bukhari (3417).
Sayyidina Dawud potential was bestowed upon with strength to obey and worship and be righteous. He used to keep vigil at night and fast during theday .و
Bukhari, (3420), Muslim (46)::. Indeed, a Hadith asserts Nabi Pakﷺ said, “The most loved Salah (prayer) in the sight of Allah is the salah of Dawud and the most loved of Saum (fasting) in the sight of Allah is the Saum of Dawud. He used to sleep for the first half of the night and offer prayer for one-third of it and sleep (again) for one-sixth of it. And he used to observe fast on alternate days. And when he encountered an enemy he never fled.
Allah had given him a very sweet voice such as he had not given to anyone. It was such a charming voice that when he recited the Book, the birds stood still in the air and glorified Allah with him. The mountains also did the same thing. This happened in the mornings and evenings. May blessings of Allah and peace be on him.
Birds and wild animals gathered round him and even died fo thirst and hunger, even the rivers stood motioneless!
Wahb bin Munabbih has said that no one heard him but swung to and fro in ecstasy. He used to recite the Zabur (Psalms) in a voice and we have not heard the azan like that. The jinns, human beings, birds and animals stood devotedly listening to him some of them died of hunger.
Imam Ahmad has transmitted a Hadith narrated by Sayyidah Ayshaha : تعالی عنها
Ahmad, 167, 345 ::The Nabi Pakﷺ heard Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari recite and he commented, “Indeed, Abu Musa is given the sweetness of Dawud”.
The Nabi Pakﷺ has been quoted by Abu Hurayrah as saying:
Recitation was made light for Dawud. He would instruct that his riding animals be saddled but he would finish reciting the Zabur before it was saddled. And he never ate except the earnings of his own hands.”. ‘Ahmad (314), Bukhari (3417)
The Qurān in this text means that Zabur which Allah had revealed to him. It was revealled in the month of Ramadan.
Besides, Allah had blessed him with a vast kingdom and a strong authority.
Ibn Jarir has transmitted on The authority of Ibn Abbas that two people came to him to decide their dispute about a cow. One of them alleged that the other had seized his cow but he denied the accusation. Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam fixed the hearing of the case on the night of the same day. At night he received a revelation from Allah that the prosecutor should be killed. In the morning Dawud AlahisSalam said to the man that Allah had revealed to him that he should slay him. He asked him to disclose the truth. He said, “By Alah, O Prophet of
The rightful in my claim but, before that, I had killed his father’. So, Dawud AlaihisSalam the man to death
The judgement was recognised by the Banu Isra’il considerably and they mold him in high esteem and respect.
so this way, two disputants had come to him. He passed his judgement in our of the complainant who had one ewe while the accused had ninety-nine also demanded the one the complainant had Sayyidina Dawud marked here.
Many parteners oppress one another save those who believe and do righteous deeds, and few are they!” (Sad, 38:24)
At this moment, he felt that he had been tried by Allah so he sought fregiveness of Him and fell down in prostration. Allah not only forgave him It also said.and surely for him is an access to Us and goodly resort. (Sad, 3825)
There are many Judaic fables in explanation of these verses but we have overlooked them on purpose. Allah guides whom He wills to the straight path. The scholars differ on the prostration on reciting the verse in the Surah Sad. Is it an obligatory sajdah, like the others in the Qurān or is it a sajdak in gratitude and not obligatory. There are two opinions.
And then said, “Your Prophet amongst those people who have been ordered to follow them (the preceding Messengers).
So, Sayyidina Dawud prostrated and the Nabi Pakﷺ also prostrated himself here.
2 Imam Ahmad has said that Ibn Abbas said about the sajdah that it was not obligatory to prostrate at the said verse though he had seen the Nabi Pakﷺ prostrate on reciting the verse,
Nasa’i has transmitted the narration of Ibn Abbas that the Nabi Pakﷺ said about the sajdah of Surah Sad:Dawud prostrated seeking forgiveness and in repentance while we prostrate in gratitude.”. Nasa’i (956).
Indeed, Allah had impressed upon Dawud AlaihisSalam that he should judge with truth and follow not personal whims lest he be lead astray.
And Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam was known for dispensing justice and for his devoted worship. There was not a moment during day or night that Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam and his family members spared without occupying themselves in worship.
Al-Hafiz Ibn Asakir has narrated many of the sayings of the Sayyidina Dawud vete, some of them are:
1: Behave with an orphan as though you are a merciful father. 2: Know that you will reap what you sow.
3: A foolish sermoniser calling upon his people is like a singer leading a funeral.
4: More repulsive than poverty after affluence is to stray after being guided, 5: If you detest that people talk of your faults then do not do those things when you are alone.
Muhammad bin Sa’d has narrated from Umar the Mawla of ‘Ufrah is that the Jews were very critical of the number of wives the Nabi Pakﷺ
took, and the most critical of them was Huyayy bin Akhtab. Allah made it clear that they were liars and informed the people of the favours and blessings He bestowed on His Prophets, may blessings of Allah and peace be on them.
Or are they jealous of the (other) people for that which Allah has given them of His bounty. (An-Nisa, 4:54)
Sayyidina Sulayman AlaihisSalam had many wives and Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam also had many wives, of them Ooriya (4331) mother of Sayyidina Sulayman . Their wives were more in number than the wives of Nabi Pakﷺ
Al-Hafiz has reported from Abu Hurayrah that someone asked Ibn Abbas Radiallahu anhoo about fasting. He told the man about the fasts observed by Sayyidina Dawud AlahisSalam and the word, of the Prophet that the most excellent of fasting is the fast observied by Sayyidina Dawud . The fasts observed by Sayyidina Sulayman were three days at the beginning of the month, three days in the middle of the month and three days at the end of the month. Sayyidina Eesa fasted all the time and his mother, Sayyidah Maryam fasted one day and did not fast two other days, then again she fasted for one day, and so on. Or, the fasting of the Prophet of Allah Nabi Pakﷺ : he fasted for three days every month and he said that it was like fasting perpetually.
DEATH OF SAYYIDINA DAWUD AlahisSalam
When Allah created Sayyidina Aadam AlaihisSalam he took out all his progeny from his back. Of course, there were Prophets among them too. Sayyidina Aadam AlaihisSalam observed one of them with a shining countenance and asked Allah about him. Allah told him that he was his son, Dawud. “What is his age,” Aadam asked. He was told his age but Aadam pleaded that he should be allowed to live more than that and willingly gave away forty years of his life for Dawud AlaihisSalam. However, when the Angel of death came to take out the soul of Aadam AlaihisSalam when his span was over, he protested that he still had forty years to live and forgot that he had given away those years to his son, Sayyidina Dawud AlaihisSalam. Nevertheless, Allah allowed him to live his full span of life, one thousand years, and without taking away forty years from his life gave those to Dawud still so he lived for a hundred years. from Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu anhoo that the
Imam Ahmad has transmitted a Hadith Messenger of Allah said,
“Dawud had great modesty so whenever he left his house, he locked it behind him. No one could therefore, enter his house until he returned. One
he went out locking the door as usual but his wife suddenly encountered a man in the middle of the house and she remarked to other members of the house, “How did this man enter the house? By Allah, Dawud will feel bad about it.
Sayyidina Dawud I came to the house and found the man in the midst of the house, so he asked him, “Who are you?” He said, “I am the one who does not ask Kings (for permission) and who is not prevented by barriers”.
Dawud said to him, “Then, by Allah, indeed, you are the Angel of Death. Welcome (and I submit) to Allah’s command”.
Then he lay still and his soul was taken away.
Then he was given a bath and shrouded. The sun rose and Sulayman said to the birds, ‘Shade Dawud,’ and it soon became dark. Sayyidina Sulayman then asked the birds to fling one wing. (and the Prophet showed by his hands how they did it).
The birds had concealed the sun completely so that it was pitch dark
Authentic narrators mention from Imam al-Baqir that Allah did not send, after Nuh any Messenger was also a king except Dhu’l-Qarnayn, Dawud, Sulayman and Yusuf. The kingdom of Dawud was from Syria to Istakhar in Iran.
It is mentioned in a reliable tradition from Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq that Dawud expired on a Sunday. Birds of the air shaded him with their wings. Allah has said,
And we gave wisdom and knowledge; and We made the mountains, and the birds to celebrate Our praise with Dawud; and We were the doers. (21:79)
Meaning: It was not beyond our Might and Power. Some say when he started remembrance and praise of Allah, the mountains and the birds also sang along with him in chorus. Some have said the birds in the air and the mountains used to walk with him.
And We taught him the making of coats of mail for you, that they might protect you in your wars; will you then be grateful? (21:78)
The first person to make an armor was Dawud. Before him, people used to join iron pieces on their body and were unable to fight due to their weight. So Allah made iron as soft as a paste in his hands and he was making armors with his own hands and which were light in weight and could also protect the body from weapons.
And certainly We gave to Dawud excellence from Us: O mountains! sing praises with him, and the birds; (34:10)
People have said that when Dawud was praising and remembering Allah, the Almighty used to make mountains and birds vocal (so they too sang with him in tune). Some have said Allah had put all of them under control of Dawud and consequently whatever he desired from the mountains possible, for example, coming out of minerals from the mines or digging of wells etc. similarly whatever he ordered to the birds his command was also carried out by them.
And We made the iron pliant to him, saying: Make ample (coats of mail), and assign a time to the making of coats of mail and do good; surely I am Seeing what you do. (34:10-11)
And He says at another place: And certainly We gave knowledge to Dawud and Sulayman, and they both said, Praise be to Allah, Who has made us to excel many of His believing servants. (27:15)
In a hadith it is mentioned that Imam al-Baqir said once Dawud was in his niche of worship when a red worm crawled to the spot of his prostration. Seeing it Dawud thought why did Allah created this tiny worm? In order to discipline him, Allah gave that insect the power of speaking and it, by the order of the Lord, spoke, “O Dawud! Could you hear my noise or see the signs of my steps on the hard rock?” He replied in the negative. The insect said, “Surely the Creator of the worlds hears the sound of my footsteps, my voice and even my breathing and He sees the marks of my footsteps on hard rocks. So lower your voice and do not complain so much in His presence.”
It is mentioned in reliable traditions that Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq said, Dawud arrived for hajj, attended Arafat, saw the huge gathering of people there and went on top of a hill and engaged himself in supplication in solitude. When he concluded the hajj rituals, Archangel Gabriel came to him and asked, “Why had you gone to the hill? Your Lord asks did you think that your voice would not reach Him due to the noise of the multitude.” Then Archangel Gabriel took Dawud to Jeddah and therefrom made him reach the bottom of the sea and to the depth of a 40 day journey, on land. Then they reached a rock. They split it and found a worm in it. Archangel Gabriel told Dawud, “Your Lord says, ‘I hear the voice of this little insect in the rock at the bottom of the sea and am not unconcerned of his needs (condition) and you imagined that I might not hear your voice due to the amalgamation of the voices of others!’”
According to another narration, two persons quarreled in the matter of a cow. Both tried to prove its ownership and both produced witnesses to that effect, Dawud prayed to Allah in his prayer niche: “My Lord! I am helpless in deciding this dispute so You give order.” Allah revealed, “Take away the rope of the cow from the hand holding it, give it to another person and cut off the head of the former. Dawud carried out the Divine commandment. The Israelites raised a hue and cry shouting what kind of a decision was it! Dawud returned to the Mihrab (prayer niche) and complained that The Israelites were not happy with this decision. Allah sent revelation that the man who was holding the cow had killed the father of another person and snatched the cow from him. “So henceforth, whenever you come across such a dispute, do make decision according to the apparent order of the case and do not ask Me for judgment. Leave My decision until the Day of Judgment.”
It is reported that Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq said, “A chain used to hang from the sky in the time of Dawud. People decided their disputes with its help. The hand of the truthful could reach the chain. The liar could not hold it. A man entrusted a pearl to another. The latter refused to return it on demand by the former. He had concealed it in his stick. The owner of the jewel said let us go to the chain to ascertain who is telling truth and who is a liar.” (He agreed and both reached the chain). First, the real owner of the pearl tried to hold the chain and it came in his hand (to indicate that he was truthful in his claim and that he had given his pearl to the other fellow). Then came the turn of another person. He gave his staff (which contained the pearl) to the other many saying him “just hold this so that I may catch the chain.” By this trick the chain came in his hand too because at that moment the pearl was in the staff which was then in the hand of the original owner. After such cheating tactic Allah pulled the chain up and commanded Dawud to decide disputes on the basis of witness and swearing.
Prophet Dawud (AS) also known as David in Jewish scriptures, was born in the 10th Century, in Jerusalem. He was known for defeating Goliath and becoming the King of Israel. The name of Prophet Dawood (AS) has been mentioned in the Quran for 16 times.
Prophet Dawud (pbuh) ruled Palestine for 40 years, 7 years of which was spent in Hebron and 33 years in Al-Quds (Jerusalem). He was known for wisdom, strength and devotion to Allah (swt).
Although the tomb of Prophet Dawud (pbuh) is said to be located outside the old city of Al-Quds on Mount Zion, Islamic tradition believes that rather being his tomb, the site is in fact a ‘maqam’, which marks the place where he had once stayed.
Prophet Dawud’s (pbuh) influence is considered hugely important to the religious architecture of Al-Quds (Jerusalem).
Miracles of the prophet Dawood (David) (A.S)
Allah bestowed numerous favours on Hazrat Dawood (A.S) in addition to the kingdom. Apart from prophet hood, knowledge, kingdom and a divine book like ‘Zaboor’, he was also blessed with a good voice. When he was engaged in Allah’s worship, the birds of the mountains and forests rushed towards him and joined him in divine remembrance in their own language. Even the mountains prayed along with him.
Hazrat Dawood’s (A.S) miracles mentioned in the Holy Quran are:
– The mountain glorified Allah, the Almighty, along with him.
– The birds too glorified Allah along with him.
– Allah made iron soft as wax for him, without any furnace and tools. Allah bestowed upon him the knowledge of constructing the armour. In fact, the armour was invented by him.
– Allah granted him a huge, stable and secure kingdom.
– Allah granted him the Zaboor, which he recited with pleasant recitation. In this manner he invited the people towards Allah.
HAZRAT DAWOOD A.S KI KHASIYAT/ QUALITY: (HIS VOICE)
4:11 AMHazrat Dawood A.S ko ibadat me quwat/ strength aur Islam me samjh boojh ata’a farmai gae thi. Hazoor Pak (PBUH) ka irshad hai: Allah k nazdeek sab se pasandedah namaz aur rozah Hazrat Dawood k hain. Nisf shab (half of the night) sotay phir 1/3 raat Bargah-e-khudawandi me kharay rehtay, phir 1/6 hissa dobara so jatay. aur aik din roza rakhtay aur aik din na rakhtay. aur jab dushman se samna hota,, tau kabhi rah-e-farar ikhtiyar na kartay…. Aur different jagah me mountains aur birds k ta’abey (obedient) honay ka jo zikr hai, iska matlab hai subah o sham ye aap k sath tasbeeh karty thay. Allah ne aap ko aisi sureli aur ounchi/ loud awaz ata’a farmai thi jo kisi ko nahi mili. Birds, jin aur wehshi janwar tak bhi aap k aaspaas jama ho jatay aur aap ki awaz k jadoo me aisy kho jatay k waheen bhook o piyas se marr jatay. aur nehrain/ lakes bhi aap ki awaz sunn kar thehar jati theen. Riwayat hai k Dawood ‘Sarangi’ (musical instrument) wagera bajatay aur phir tilawat kartay aur phir awaz goonjti (echo)… aur khud bhi rotay aur dosroun ko bhi rulatay. Hazoor-e-pak pBUH ne farmaya: “Dawood per qira’at (recitation) ko asan o halka kar dya gya tha.. Wo apnay janwar per ‘zen’ kasnay ka hukm farmatay (tie the cover), is se pehlay k Zen charhai jati, aap tilawat-e-kitabfarma laitay thay. aur aap sirf apnay hath ki kamai khatay thay..” Riwayat hai k, ye apka Mujazah/ miracle tha k bawajod intahai Sureeli awaz aur umdah tarannum wali awaz k, is qadar jald parh lya karty thay. Farman-e-Ilahi hai k, “Hum ne Dawood ko Zuboor di…”