Qasis ul Quran :: Hazrat Esa AlaihisSalam..

Mary Receives News of Jesus

While Mary was praying in the temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled with terror, she tried to flee, praying: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”

(The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”

She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?”

He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: That is easy for me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allah). Surah 19: 18-21

The Brith of Jesus

The angel’s visit caused Mary great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.

But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from wagging about her honor?

After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere.

She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She sat down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that she had brought him into the world without a father. She exclaimed: “I wish I had died before this happened and had vanished into nothingness!”

Suddenly, she heard a voice nearby: “Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below, and shake the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall. So eat and drink and regain the strength you have lost; and be of good cheer, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who made the dry palm tree regain life, in order to provide food for you.” For a while she was comforted by Allah’s miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.

Mary Returns to the City with Jesus

She decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell the people? As if sharing his mother’s worry, the baby began to speak: “If you meet any person say: ‘I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.”‘ With this miracle, Mary felt at ease.

As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity of the people. They scolded her: ‘This is a terrible sin that you have committed.” She put her finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: “How can we speak to a newborn baby?” To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: “I am Allah’s servant. Allah has given me the Book, and has made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I may be, and has enjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah has made me dutiful towards she who has borne me. He has not made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace unto me the day I was born, the day I die and the day I shall be raised alive.”

Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for if Allah wills something, He merely says “Be” and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby’s speech as a strange trick, but at least Mary could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.

Mary Receives News of Jesus – Qur’anic

Allah the Exalted revealed: And mention in the Book (the Qur’an, 0 Muhammad the story of) Mary, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.

She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”

(The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”

She said: “How can Ihave a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: ‘So (it will be), your Lord said: That is easy for Me (Allah): and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed. (by Allah).” Surah 19: 16-21

The Birth of Jesus – Qur’anic

So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (ie., Bethlehem valley, about four to six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”

Then (the babe “Jesus” or Gabriel) cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you; and shake the trunk of palm tree to wards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say. ‘Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day. Surah 22-26

Mary and Jesus Return to the City – Qur’anic

Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: “0 Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). 0 sister (i.e. the like) of Aaron (not the brother of Moses, but he was another pious man at the time of Mary)! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor was your mother an unchaste woman.”

Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?”

He (Jesus) said: “Verily! I am a slave of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet; And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer, and Zakat, as long as Ilive, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!” Surah 19: 27-33

Allah’s Message About Jesus – Qur’anic

Such is Jesus, son of Mary. (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing. He only says to it, “Be!” – and it is.

(Jesus said): ‘And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets).”

Then the sects differed (i.e., the Christians about Jesus), so woe unto the disbelievers (those who gave false witness saying that Jesus is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great Day (i.e., the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).

How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) today are in plain error. And warn them (0 Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not. Surah 19: 34-39

Some Stories About Mary’s Pregnancy

It was said that Joseph the Carpenter was greatly surprised when he knew the story, so he asked Mary: “Can a tree come to grow without a seed?” She said: “Yes, the one which Allah created for the first time.” He asked her again: “Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?” She said: “Yes, Allah created Adam without male or female!”

It was also said that, while pregnant, Mary went one day to her aunt, who reported that she felt as if she was pregnant. Mary in turn said that she, too, was feeling as if she was pregnant. Then her aunt said: “I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb.”

Jesus Upsets the Jews

The Jewish priests felt this child Jesus was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn their worship to Allah the Almighty alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently, they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Jesus’s speech in infancy as a secret and accused Mary of a great misdeed.

Jesus’s Ability to Debate

As Jesus grew, the signs of prophethood began to increase. He could tell his friends what kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was twelve years old, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lectures of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all adults, but he was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy’s boldness and puzzled by the questions he asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he ignored their attempts and continued to express his views. Jesus became so involved in this exchange that he forgot he was expected back home.

In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he might have gone back with relatives or friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he was not there, so she returned to the city to look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. He appeared to be quite at ease, as if he had been doing this all his life. Mary got angry with him for causing her worry. He tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the learned had made him forget the time.

Jesus Does Not Observe Sabbath

Jesus grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or extinguished, nor could females plait their hair. Moses had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews, hearts. Also, they thought that the Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.

They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards away and erected a temporary house so that from there they could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath day.

Jesus was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he reached out his hand to pick two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath law. He made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of the temple were full of them.

Jesus Receives His Prophethood

Jesus observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Jesus followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Saducees. Jesus was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?

On this blessed night, the two noble prophets John and Zechariah died, killed by the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Jesus . Allah the Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Jesus, the life of ease was closed, and the page of worship and struggle was opened.

Jesus’s Message

Like an opposing force, the message of Jesus came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and Saducees and to reinforce the Law of Moses. In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Jesus called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age.

Jesus’s call, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not to a closed system of rules laid down by society.

Jesus continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Jesus was in conflict with the Jews’ superficial interpretation of the Torah. He said that he did not come to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.

He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined. For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of killing: physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when it looks at anything with passion.

Jesus Denounces Materialism

Jesus was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy themselves with the affairs of the coming world because it would be everlasting.

Jesus told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshipers. The disbelievers care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world.

Jesus continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he invited them to purify the heart and soul.

Jewish Priests Try to Embarrass Jesus

His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Jesus was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds.

The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from the question of the occupation.

However, the priests started to plot against Jesus. They wanted to embarrass him and to prove that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Jesus: “Does not the law stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?” Jesus answered: “Yes.” They said: “This woman is an adulteress.” Jesus looked at the woman and then at the priests. He knew that they were more sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they understood that if he was going to apply Mosaic Law, he would be destroying his own rules of forgiveness and mercy.

Jesus understood their plan. He smiled and assented: “Whoever among you is sinless can stone her.” His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful.

As Jesus left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet with her hair. Jesus turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: “0 Lord, forgive her sins.” He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.

Jesus’s Brings the Dead to Life

Jesus continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on one another and to believe in Allah.

Jesus continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Qur’anic commentators said that Jesus brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman’s son, and a woman’s only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw this they said: “You only resurrect those who have died recently; perhaps they only fainted.” They asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Noah.

When he asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Jesus invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Noah came out from the grave gray-haired. Jesus asked: “How did you get gray hair, when there was no aging in your time?” He answered: “0, Spirit of Allah, I thought that the Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of that day my hair turned gray.”

The Miracles of Jesus – Qur’anic

Allah the Almighty said: (Remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): ‘O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My Favor to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus (Gabriel) so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity and when I taught you writing Al-Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Torah and the Gospel; and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.

And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of the disciples (of Jesus) to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims. ” Surah 5: 110-111

Jesus’s Abilities and Disciples – Qur’anic

Almighty Allah also revealed: And He (Allah) will teach him (Jesus) the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunna, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.

And will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me. Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.”

Then when Jesus came to know of their disbelief he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” The disciples said: “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”

Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger (Jesus); so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill Allah – none has the right to be worshiped but Allah).

And they (disbelievers) plotted (to kill Jesus), and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners. Surah 3: 48-54

Allah Sends the Disciples a Feast

Jesus continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called “the law of the Spirit.” Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Jesus saw that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, and the downtrodden, and their number was small.

Some of the miracles which Jesus performed had been requested by his disciples, such as their wish for a “holy table” to be sent down from heaven.

Allah the Exalted said: (Remember) when the disciples said: “0 Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” Jesus said: “Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers.” They said: “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.”

Jesus, son of Mary, said: “0 Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” Allah said: “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as Iha ye not inflicted on anyone among (all) the Alamin (mankind and jinn).” Surah 5: 112-116

It was related that Jesus commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they asked Jesus to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Jesus prayed to Allah after his disciples had doubted Allah’s power. The great table came down between two clouds, one above and one below, while the people watched. Jesus said: “0 Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of distress.” So it fell between Jesus’s hands, covered with a napkin.

Jesus suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance which they had never smelled before. Jesus said: ‘The one who is the most devout and most righteous may uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it.” They said: “0 Spirit of Allah, you are the most deserving.”

Jesus stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there was a roasted fish. The disciples said: “0 Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of Paradise?” Jesus said to his disciples: “Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine power of Allah the Almighty Who said: ‘Be,’ and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter.”

It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle was that the blind and lepers were cured.

The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Jesus. Later on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped Jesus as a god.

Allah’s Questions to Jesus

Almighty Allah asserted: And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “0 Jesus son of Mary! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?”‘ He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’, And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All-Mighty the All- Wise.”

Allah will say: ‘This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.” Surah 5: 116-120

The Jews Plot to Kill Jesus

Jesus went on with his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.

The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and eclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot against Jesus. The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Jesus’s call, they decided to kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Jesus.

While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, Judas Iscariot, went to them and asked: “What will you give me if I deliver him to you?” Judas bargained with them until they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture and murder of Jesus.

It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, claiming that Jesus had denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.

The Torture of Jesus

The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman governor that Jesus was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take immediate action against him. The governor ordered that Jesus be arrested.

According to the Book of Matthew, Jesus was arrested and the council of the high priests passed the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him.

It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate, the Roman governor, ordered that Jesus be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but the Romans had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Jesus was handed to the soldiers for crucifixion. They took off his clothes and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head to mock him. According to custom he carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.

Jesus’s Crucifixion – Bible Version

Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the cross, the soldiers gave Jesus a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.

Jesus’s Crucifixion – Qur’anic

But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extant gospels with regards to both the end of Jesus and his nature.

The Glorious Qur’an affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Jesus or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven. They never killed Jesus; they killed someone else.

Allah the Almighty declared: And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah Jesus, son of Mary the Messenger of Allah,” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Jesus, son of Mary): But Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, all- Wise.

And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (Jesus, son of Mary as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his (Jesus or a Jew’s or a Christian’s) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he (Jesus) will be a witness against them. Surah 4: 157-159

Almighty Allah also revealed: And (remember) when Allah said: “0 Jesus! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that Jesus is Allah son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Jesus, Moses, etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Qur’an) till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute. Surah 3: 55

Hazrat Isa (Jesus)

Translated by Fatima Zabeth Beenesh from the Farsi book “Tarikh i-Anbiya az Adam ta Khatam” by Husain Imadzadeh
Hazrat Isa a.s was the light of God and truth. God created him from the soul of the universe. He was an absolute divine favor and entirely clean of all evils. According to the definition of Quran this ethereal personality was the face of the world and hereafter.
Isa a.s was among the favorites in the divine sovereignty and in all-accomplished existence he was the absolute soul. The life of hazrat Isa a.s. was very strange and astonishing. His birth and at last his ascension to the the dwelling place of the God and angels, the Heaven.

The proclamation of his prophecy
Isa a.s was 29 years when he began his preaching a.s as a prophet and came before Bani Israil and said: O people I am the messenger of God and came as a prophet. Accept my sayings and obey me and do not say foul language about me. The Gracious God send me with numerous miracles to guide you.
Quran 3:49 And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): “I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe.”
They said: What miracles did you bring.
Isa a.s replied: I will make bird out of clay and blow life into it and it will also fly with thy permission.
They said: how will you do it.
Isa a.s immediately created a bird from clay and blow breath into it. After which the bird began to fly.
They said: What more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s replied: I can render sight to the blind by birth and can cure a leper. All these miracles are the sign of my prophecy.
A group of people believed him and many of them said that he was a magician.
Quran 5:110 Thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers.
Every day Isa a.s used to invite people towards the religion of God and recite the verses of Injeel to them.
One day when he was in Jordan ‘urdan’ he was addressed: O Isa I will make you immortal, bestow you the highest place, call you in the heaven and make you pure and unaffected from the Abhorrence and uncleanness of unbeliever.
When Isa a.s got this message from God he told his ‘Havari’ disciples: I have intention of going to ‘Baitul Muqaddas’ Jerusalem.

Migrated from the lands of Jordan towards Jerusalem
His disciples too followed him. On the way Isa a.s used to cure, old, blind and ailing people. When they reached near Jerusalem Isa a.s told his disciples ‘Havari’: Go towards this village where you will get a female donkey with a young one and bring them to me.
Till then he did not ride on back of any riding. His disciples bought the donkeys to their spiritual leader. Isa a.s spread his clothes on the animal and rode on it. When along with disciples reached Jerusalem all the blind and ailing people gathered around Isa a.s to get rid of their illness.
Some asked him: O prophet of God please inform us how and when it is the end of this world?
Isa a.s replied them: I give you the glad tiding of a prophet who will come after me. His name will be Ahmad a.s who will rise up when the earth will be filled with injustice and oppressions. He will layout the ground of justice and equity and in his period I will descend from heaven and the sign of my advent is known as Judgment Day. And be aware many will come by my name or will say that Isa a.s is on fourth sky or in some desert but never believe them.

Isa a.s giving life to death
In the period of Isa a.s medicine reached to its zenith. In spite of all the perfection in many treatments they used to be helpless in healing many ailments such as they could not bring sight to the congenitally blind people. Therefore his Highness Isa a.s said: I will cure a leper, give life to dead and bestow sight to blind healing many other ailing peoples.
As he used to give life to the dead he was told by the people to give life back to ‘Sam’ son of Hazrat Nuh a.s. as his dead body was thousand of years old.
The dead body of Sam was buried on a mountain so to make people believe in his prophecy he went on the mountain with people. When prophet Isa a.s said “O Sam son of Nuh a.s”, the mountain got split and Sam came out of it, wiping dust from his forehead.
Isa a.s said: O Sam, why you are so disturbed?
Sam replied: I thought the judgment day had arrived.
Isa a.s said: Do you want live again?
Sam replied: What will happen if I start living again?
Isa a.s said: At least dead is there.
Sam replied: Then death is better than life for me. As two thousand years have passed since my death and I do not want to live again. Then he returned back and died.
Bani Israil said: what more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s said: I will tell you what you eat and what you store in the houses.
Quran 3:49 And I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe.”
Quran 5:110 and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’
A group among them accepted Isa a.s whereas many of them rejected him by saying that it is sorcery and said that this man is born out of wedlock. Isa a.s felt extremely obnoxious and unpleasant and cursed them. After which they were deformed into swines.
When this report reached the king of Bani Israil he got terrified with Isa a.s.’s curse and summoned the chiefs of Bani Israil to kill Isa a.s. They gathered around Isa a.s and asked him questions. When they wanted to crucify hazrat Isa a.s. Jibril a.s ascended him from the aperture of the roof to the heaven. It was 31 miladi’of the Christian era’.
Quran 4:157 That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;-but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.
Quran 3:55 Behold! Allah said: “O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.”

The ascension of Isa a.s to heaven
They are dual definitions about the end of Isa a.s.
1- He was ascended to the heaven and is alive in the same mortal body and at the time during the appearance of Hazrat Muhammad Mahdi ibn Hasan Askari a.s he will come back into this world and bring happiness into this earth planet and will execute the customs of Hazrat Ibrahim a.s.
2- According to the information of ‘Mutavafik’ about the definition of Hazrat Isa’s a.s soul which was taken to the heaven. They say among the creatures of God there are two categories of people. One are those who had entrusted themselves to their passions and every type of wickedness is committed by them.
The second categories are those people who had submitted themselves to the wisdom and enlightenment. They are never engaged in any mischiefs and love to say the words of God.
God had taken away the elemental existence of hazrat Isa a.s from among the Yahudis and Nasranis. The meaning of this is not annihilation, destruction and death but Yahud and Nasara on this subject have diversity of opinions and believe of trinity. Some believed on cross and death of Christ and some have faith in trinity and ascension of Isa a.s from the grave.
Hazrat Ali ibn Moosa ar Reza declaration of objection before the Nasara defined about this matter which is written in the book of his biography categorically and permanently. In order just to give the awareness to the reader.

Injil in dictionary
In dictionary the meaning of injil is glad tiding and in the verses of Quran its meaning was manifested and made cleared. The word Injil occurs twelve times in the Qur’an (3:3, 3:43, 3:58; 5:50-51, 5:70, 5:72, 5:110; 7:156; 9:112; 48:29; 57:27)
Quran 3:3 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).
Nazzala AAalayka alkitaba bialhaqqimusaddiqan lima bayna yadayhi waanzala alttawratawaal-injeela
The Injil’s names are as follows:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
Unfortunately, Babylonian king Nabukatnazar (Bakht Nasr) destroyed ‘Taurat’ the book of Musa a.s. Today’s Injil is not the same Injil given by Isa a.s as it has many alterations.

The Injil of Barnaba
Among the present Injils the Injil of Barnaba is creditable and reliable. This book is translated by late Aga Sardar Kabuli in farsi. In this prescription some facts are present which were not altered which are not present in other prescriptions. In the past Injils whose names are mentions in general knowledge books are as follows:
1- Bible of Egyptians which was in second century of the Christian era.
2- Bible of Hebrew in first century of the Christian era.
3- Bible of peter in the second century.
4- Gospel of the Holy Twelve
5- Gospel of Andrew
6-Bible of Barnaba
7- Bartamus Bible
8- The Bible, King James Version
9- Tedious Bible
10- Elios Bible
11- Bobby Dallas Bible
12- Mantis Bible
13- Krintas Bible
14- Havana Bible
15- Yahuda Bible
16- Hayut Bible
17- Mary Magdalene Bible
18- Matyas Bible
19- kamal Bible
20- philip Bible
21- Thomas Bible
22- Rosty Bible
23- Markun Bible
24- Necodemus Bible

The Apostles of Hazrat Isa (A.S.)
3:52 When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: “Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah?” Said the disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: We believe in Allah, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims.
Hazrat Isa a.s when felt the power of blasphemy had reached its extent and he alone was not enough to encounter it .He too like hazrat Moosa a.s claimed an assistant and helper.He said: Is there any body who can protect and help me in my preachings and guiding the people in this holi cause?
The apostles said: We are ready to help you. And bring God as our witness and submit ourselves before your commandments.
There were twelve havari ‘apostles’of hazrat Isa a.s.His immediate successor was Shamoon a.s who was performing the miracles of Isa a.s like curing the lepers and giving life to death.All these miracles were with the permission of God. Shamoon a.s was true and loyal disciple of Isa a.s.Shamoon a.s moved towards people to guide them and killed.At the moment of his martyrdom he appointed prophet Zakaria a.s as his successor.
After Isa a.s. conflict of message appeared among the Havari. Many types of sections came into existence. The believe of trinity began to strengthen among the people.

QURAN APPROVED THE DIVINE LAWS OF ISA A.S AND MOOSA A.S
Certainly the facts of heavenly laws were proved to last extent to the mankind and the ambiguity and doubtfulness of people began to abolish. All this happened by means of Islam. Quran explained the rules and commandments of the past prophets and put to end those verdicts which were not suited for the progress of the mankind’s status level and against the perfection of human wisdom. Henceforth the reason for the perfection of the rules or abrogation of the past principles and laws were described and specified in stories of prophet’s. In the traditions of prophet muhammad’s (pbuh) family presented these anecdotes. The total facts and affairs which Quran had mentioned and brought out muslims from the obscurity and falsifications and educated them.
The Nasara believe that Isa a.s was killed and he was the son of God such as Yahudi have faith that prophet Uzaer a.s was son of God.
Quran 9:30 The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!
Waqalati alyahoodu AAuzayrun ibnu Allahiwaqalati alnnasara almaseehuibnu Allahi thalika qawluhum bi-afwahihim yudahi-oonaqawla allatheena kafaroo min qablu qatalahumu Allahuanna yu/fakoona
The traces of hazrat Isa’s a.s prophecy and religious law were abolishing ,which the Quran defined them .Hazrat Imam Reza a.s in the meeting of Mamun Abbasi in the presence of scholars made a declaration to Jasliq Nasara who was the most sensitive learned man in theoretical and religious epigrams among the common people.
Some of the discussion is narrated as follows: Jasliq:Do you have believe in hazrat Isa’s a.s prophecy and His divine laws.
Imam Reza a.s said: We have faith in Isa a.s for his prophecy and being the master of divine laws who gave the good tiding of uprising of the last messenger of God.
beside that there is not any other Isa a.s. And we stress upon this matter.
Jasliq: I am mentioning about Isa ibn Maryam a.s. on whom the Injil was descended.
Imam Reza a.s said: The very Isa a.s who gave the glad tiding of the prophecy of Islam.
Jasliq: Isa a.s never gave such a message.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove that Isa a.s declared the advent of the last messenger of God.
Jasliq: If you can prove and establish the authenticity of this matter i will become a muslim.
Imam Reza a.s: What do you say about the Yuhanna of Dailami.
Jasliq: I accept him ,he was one of the esteemed person of hazrat Isa a.s.
Imam Reza a.s: I will give you the promise of Isa a.s that you must tell the truth.Does Isa a.s did not said it in the Injil of Yuhanna: Isa a.s had told me “I am giving you the annunciation of “Farqaleet” who will come after me and had given this happy tiding to his apostles. On hearing this they too braught faith in his message.
Jasliq: It is true. But the time of the arrival of Farqaleet was not mentioned.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove it then after my establishing the truth will you bring faith?
Jasliq: Surely I will bring faith.
Imam Reza a.s: In the verses of the Injil written by Yuhanna dailami where Isa a.s, son of Maryam said about the mission of the prophet of islam, his family and his people.In such a way that Jasliq was ashamed but he did not accepted Islam.
When Jasliq was condemned Imam Reza a.s asked him: O Jasliq tell me about the Injil of Isa a.s son of Maryam.
Jasliq: One day the Injil of Isa a.s was lost. After that Nasara found it fresh in the possession of Matta and Yuhanna.
Imam Reza a.s: Your knowledge about Injil is very little .If the matter is so simple then why Nasara came across so much diversity of opinions?
Jasliq accepted the fact but did not replied.
Imam Reza a.s: keep in the mind “Alwaqa” was most learned among the ‘Havari’.There are three scholars of Injil.”Yuhanna”Akbar Naji ,”Yuhanna” of Dailami”Ibn Jarud,”Yuhanna” of Baqartelitan.
When the real Injil disappeared from them, the people of Nasara went to the scholars of Injil and demanded Injil from them. The Nasari scholars said: We are the retentive and preservers ‘hafiz’ of the Injil of Isa a.s. We will read for you chapters and chapters of it at any learning hours of the day.
To prove that Jasliq had believe Isa a.s worshiped the God, Imam Reza a.s told him: Isa a.s used to worship God very less.
Jasliq was embarrassed and said: You have no right to tell this. Isa a.s was very much devoted in the glorification of God.
Imam Reza a.s asked him: Whom he used to worship?
Jasliq said: He used to worship The one God.
And confessed that he was a creature of God was not the son of God.
Imam Reza a.s said: Injil of Barnaba is among the best Bibles in which there are less alterations .And Quran had proved its concept.

AS SAFF
61:6 And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of an Apostle to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, ” this is evident sorcery!”
Wa-ith qala AAeesa ibnumaryama ya banee isra-eela innee rasoolu Allahiilaykum musaddiqan lima bayna yadayya mina alttawratiwamubashshiran birasoolin ya/tee min baAAdee ismuhu ahmadufalamma jaahum bialbayyinati qaloohatha sihrun mubeenun
The other Injils also had confessed this fact that Ahmad, Muhammad and Mahmud is the last prophet by the name of ‘Farqaleet’. All the Nasari, Yahudi who were well – informed of language have given the name of Muhammad and Ahmad to the word ‘Farqaleet’.
Hazrat Isa a.s had educated twelve disciples from the school of Christianity and given them the name of apostle ‘havari’. After the ascension of hazrat Isa a.s.to the heaven, they came amidst the Bani Israil and invited the people towards the oneness of God and the religious laws of Isa a.s. and send letters and the representatives to the towns and countries around the world. The people in large number began to convert to Christianity. As the first Injil was lost the four havari among them wrote the Bible:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
1- The prophet Shamoon a.s was successor of Isa a.s who was inviting the people towards the religion of Christianity in Jerusalem. After the Ascension, of Isa a.s he went to Rome and for twenty five years he preached Christianity there. He was murdered by the command of the king of Rome ‘Farva’ and was buried there. He was martyred after 31 years of Isa’s a.s ascension.
2- ‘Andreas’ brother of Shamoon a.s went to the countries of North and Russia .There he invited people to the religion of Isa a.s and from there he went to Greek and preached the faith of Isa a.s.
The governor of Greek by the name “aaza” in the name of king was ruling upon the people, felt that he was disturbed in his affairs. He summoned him and put him into nails and pulled out the skin of his body.
3- The third apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was Yaqoob Zabdi who went to Spain and preached the people principles of Isa a.s.From there he came to Jerusalem and at last he was martyred there.
4- The fourth havari of hazrat Isa a.s was Yuhanna.He was the brother of Yaqoob Zabdi.He used to preach the faith of Isa a.s in Jerusalem.The king of Rome by the name ‘Wamishan’ called him And thrown him in the red hot boiling oil. After a while Yuhanna came out of the boiling oil alive, safe and sound.
When the king saw that incident, ordered to put him into exile in some of the islands of Rome.And appointed a group of people to guard him.Where Yuhanna wrote the book of ‘The divine presence till ‘Wamishan’ died.
Then Yuhanna left that island and went to the city of Afsar in Asia. There he wrote Injil .Where he died.
5- The fifth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Batuma’ who went to Azarbaijan and from there to India. Where he lived for a long period of time and preached the people the religion of Isa a.s. The natives of that place attacked ,killed and buried him there.
6- The sixth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Bartolma’ who went towards India and called the people towards the religious laws of Isa a.s.and passed the Gulf of Oman and travelling the entire country of Iran he reached Armanestan. ‘Palmebus’ was the king of that state.He accepted his faith and entered into Christianity.But his brother got displeased with him.He went to ‘Bartolma’ with a group of people and dragged out his skin and killed him
7- The seventh apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Felbus’ who went to Egypt and invited people towards Christianity, from there he went to Syria and persuade the natives the religion of Isa a.s. At last at the hands of Syrians he was stoned to death.
8- The eight havari and apostle of Hazrat Isa a.s was his disciple ‘Mata’ who for seven years wrote Bible in Hebrew. And leaving the holi land he went to Africa and resided in the country of ‘Habsha’. He invited the ruler towards the faith of Isa a.s. and to which he accepted his call but his brother remained an idol worshiper. Until his hostility began with Mata and with the association of other idolaters, he killed ‘Mata’.
9- The ninth havari of Isa a.s. was Yaqub bin Halqa. He was living in Jerusalem since long period.He was respectable person among the people.He was propagating the religious laws of Isa a.s. The Jews had thrown him from the high building ,braking all his bones into pieces. Meanwhile a jew hit him on his head with an anvil. So that he had fallen down and died.
10- The tenth havari and apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was ‘kabbie’by the title ‘Maddie’. In the beginning he travelled to Baghdad and Musel and invited the people towards christianity.Then he went to Iran and made famous and ennobled the name of Isa a.s in the cities and towns. Finally he was martyred along with ‘Shamoon Qanani’
11- ‘Shamoon Qanani’ in the beginning went to Egypt then to Iran and met Maddie .The non-Arabs gathered around them and killed them.
12- ‘Mitas’ was one of the apostles of Isa a.s. He came at the place of Yahuda Astakar Yuti. When Astakar Yuti got involved in a treason . As the result Shamoon a.s dismissed him from that status and appointed ‘Mitas’ as an apostle .This apostle first went to Antakia and then to Halab and from there to Russia. Every where he preached the teachings and religion of Isa a.s. Atlast they stoned him to death and drowned him in the sea.

THE ORIGINAL INJIL
The original Injil which was descended from God was in the Hebrew. The honorable Quran in Sure Ale Imran bespoke in the verse 50 such that: 3:50 “‘(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (Before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear Allah, and obey me.
Wamusaddiqan lima baynayadayya mina alttawrati wali-ohilla lakumbaAAda allathee hurrima AAalaykum waji/tukumbi-ayatin min rabbikum faittaqoo Allaha waateeAAooni
It means that Hazrat Isa a.s said: I came to make lawful or nullify those things, by the command of God which Taurat made them illegal.
The commentators defined the religious laws of Musa a.s those were unlawful which Isa a.s made them lawful were as follows:
Eating the fats of the sacrificed animal, eating its intestines, eating the stomach of the cattle and goat. Consumption of fish, camel meat and some birds. And prohibition of fishing on Saturday.
The religious laws of Isa a.s are as follows:
1- To suffice on one wife.
2- The divorced wife must not remarry again.
3- The man who divorced his wife must not marry again.
4- One can divorce his wife only in the case of adultery.
5- Earn lawfully else it is not permissible.
The differences of The religious laws of Musa a.s, Isa a.s and the holy religion of Islam: For Yahudi and Nasari it is necessary to worship a part of the prayers in Jerusalem .Like the practice of sacrifice.
The woman in periods and her uncleanness after giving birth of child, practice of cleaning themselves must be done there.
The water never make the dress of Yahudi and Nasrani clean. But they cut that part and burn it.
When a woman get unclean in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child .They must not have sexual relationship with their husband and not to speak with them more than necessity. Till they get out of the uncleanness. But have no such strict rules. The people can worship wherever they like except the usurped place. The woman can accompany her husband in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child only sexual relationship is unlawful and disapproved.
In Islam everything is cleaned by water. for getting clean the woman in periods or after giving birth to a child one need not to sacrifice any cattle.
In the religious laws of Moosa a.s when a person used to commit a sin sometime on his forehead or on his door the sin used to be written with the command of God. On the Saturdays for catching of fish they were deformed into swines and monkeys.
But in Islam through the last prophet the God made easy and convenient the commandments of religion. However the original Injil was lost.The Jews made Injil disappeared same like Taurat which was lost for a period of time.

Quran and Modern Science::SEMEN IS A COMPOUND

2- Verily, We created the human from a drop of a liquid
mixture in order to try him. Thus We made him a hearer
and a seer.
76-The Human, 2
Analyses in detail of organs and substances in the human body could
be made with the invention and development of the microscope.
These analyses showed that semen is composed of spermatozoa in
their nutrient plasma, secretions from the prostate, seminal vesicles
and various other glands. Citric acid, prostaglandin, flavins, ascorbic
acid, fructose, phosphorylcoline, cholesterol, phospholipids, fibrinolysin, zinc, acid phosphatase, and sperm are among the various constituents of the semen.
Our body is one of the best, the most beautiful and the most complicated of works. Thanks to it, we are able to see and hear, to perpetuate our lineage; thanks to the skills of this body we can design and
build machines, computers, bridges and airplanes and do paintings,
carve statues and compose music. Our body is the product of one of
the initial stages of creation, that entailed the creation of all the constituents of the semen. This was to be followed by the physiochemical
processes involved in the union of the male and female gametes to
form the zygote, the fertilized ovum before cleavage.
The explanation of only the sperm cord or the prostate gland
would take hundreds of pages. Our Creator refers in His book to a
“liquid mixture.” Our analysis of this mixture and its constituents
contributes to our increasing wonder at the presence of the miraculous creation of our body.Our odyssey, that began with the creation of this liquid compound,
led us to acquire such skills as seeing, hearing and other processes of
extreme complexity. No man within his senses can attribute his or her
perfect creation to the skills of a drop of a mixture and coincidences.
The Creator who is Omniscient, Omnipotent, who is exalted and
beyond all praise, is the Author of these things as stated in the Quran.
CREATION FROM A DROP
36- Does man think that he will be left uncontrolled?
37- Was he not a drop of semen emitted?
75-The Resurrection, 36-37
The Quran says that God who created man watches over him. In verse
37 it is stated that he is created from “a drop of semen.” Here again we
are in the presence of a scientific fact inaccessible at the time of the
Prophet. In this verse, the Arabic words “maney” (semen) and “nutfah”
(drop) are differentiated. “Nutfah” means what is left of a liquid in a
bucket whose contents have been emptied. Thus the expression refers to
a portion and not to all the semen. The semen contains in a single ejaculation, along with its other constituents, sperm numbering between
100 million and 200 million. One out of hundreds of millions of sperm
fertilizes the egg. In other words, the zygote, product of the union of
two gametes, is but the result of a small part of the semen. The sperm or
the spermatozoon, the male gamete, typically consisting of a head containing the nucleus, a middle piece containing a mitochondrion and a
comparatively long tail whose structure is similar to that of a flagellum.
Hundreds of millions of sperm, leaving the male’s organ, head for the
ovum waving their tails. The distance they cover in the woman’s organ
of reproduction involves a considerably long journey, if measured in
microns the length of a sperm (a micron is equal to one millionth of a
meter). To cover such a distance means to swim long distances, kilometers in fact. Many of the sperm die on the way and only a few succeed in
reaching the target. Of the multitude of sperm surrounding the egg, only
one is allowed to penetrate, barring the way to all others. Half of the
genetic data of this sperm is contained in a head of 5 microns. The other
genetic code is waiting in the mother’s womb. All these are the result of
many concurring details. God displays his artistry in every instance.

Maula Ali AlahisSalam in Quran Shareef part 1

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1 Sura al Fatiha (The Opening)

ayah 6 “Keep us on the straight path (siratul mustaqeem)”

Imam Sadiq (as) narrates, “Siratul Mustaqeem is Ameerul Momineen Ali

(asws) ibn Abi Talib (as).” 

2. Sura Baqarah (The Cow)
1. ayah 26 , “Surely Allah is not ashamed to set forth any parable, even
that of a gnat or anything above that; as for those who believe, they know
that it is the truth from their Lord,”
Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) narrates regarding this ayah”Allah mentioned the
example of gnat for Ameerul Momineen (asws) and the one who is above
that is RasoolAllah (saw). Allah says, “as for those who believe, they know
that it is the truth from their Lord,” and that truth is Ameerul Momineen
(asws).”
2. ayah 38 “We said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will
come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no
fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve”
Jabir narrates, “I asked Imam Abu Jafar (as) regarding this ayah, “so
surely there will come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows
My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.”, Imam
(as) said, “The guidance is Ali (asws) ibn Abi Talib (as).” 
3. ayah 40 “Be faithful to your promise with Me and I will fulfill My
promise with you” Sama bin Mahran narrates, “I asked Imam Abu Abdullah
Sadiq (as) regarding this ayah, Imam (as) said, “That promise of Allah is
wilayat e Ali (asws). It is wajib upon you from Allah. Fulfill it and Allah
will fulfill His promise of jannah with you.”
4. ayah 45 “And see assistance through patience and prayer, and most
surely it is a hard thing except for the submissive ones.”
Ibne Abbas (ra) narrates regarding this saying of Allah, “The most
submissive in the prayers are RasoolAllah (saw) and Ali (asws) ibn Abi
Talib (as).” 
5. ayah 58 “enter the door prostrate and say “Repentance”, We will
forgive you” Saeed Ilfalafri narrates I heard Imam Reza (as) say regarding
this ayah, “We are the door of repentance for you.” 
6. ayah 105 “Those who disbelieve from among the followers of the
Book do not like, nor do the polytheists, that the good should be sent down
to you from your Lord, and Allah chooses especially whom He pleases for
His mercy, and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.”
Abu Salih narrates from Hammar who narrates from Imam Reza (as)
who narrates from His Forefathers the saying of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as)
regarding this ayah, “Allah chooses especially whom He pleases for His
mercy” , Imam (as) said, “Allah has chosen His Prophet, His Successor, and
His Offspring for His mercy. Allah has 100 different kinds of mercy. 99 of
which are for Muhammad (saw), Ali (asws), and His Offspring. One is for
all of the believers”.
7. ayah 138 “We take our color from Allah and who is better than Allah
at coloring. We are His worshippers”

Imam Abu Abdullah Sadiq (as) narrates, “The color of Allah is in r
eference to the momin’s promise of allegiance regarding Ameerul
Momineen (asws).” 
8. ayah 143 “And thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye
may be witnesses against mankind and that the messenger may be a witness
against you”
Imam Muhammad Baqir (as) said regarding this ayah, ” There is always
a witness in every era from Us.  Every one of Us who invites towards
Allah.”
9. ayah 185 “The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was
revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the
distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast
therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like)
number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for
you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and
that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and
that you may give thanks.”
Yunus bin Yaqoub narrates from Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) regarding this
ayah, “Allah desires comfort for you, and He does not desire for you
difficulty”, Imam (as) said, “That comfort is Ali (asws) ibn Abi Talib (as).”
10. ayah 208 “O’ you who believe! Enter into submission” In Tafseer
Qumi, Imam (as) says regarding this ayah of Allah, “It means enter into the
Wilayat of Ameerul Momineen (asws)”. (Tafseer Furat pg 61)
11. ayah 238 “Be guardians of your prayers and of the middle prayer and
stand up with the devotion to Allah”
Zarara narrates from Abdul Rahman bin Kaseer who narrates from Imam
Sadiq (as) regarding this ayah, Imam (as) said, “The prayer is RasoolAllah
(saw), Ameerul Momineen (asws), Syeda (sa), Hasan (as) and Hussain (as).
The middle prayer is Ameerul Momineen (asws). “Stand up with devotion
to Allah” are those who are obedient to Imams (as).”
12. ayah 249 “Surely! Allah will try you with a river.” Ibne Abbas (ra)
narrates, “There is a name of Ameerul Momineen (asws) in the Book of
Allah that people are unaware of.” The people asked him, “What is that
name”? Ibne Abbas (ra) replied, “Nahr (river)”. Allah says in Quran, “Surely
Allah will try you with a river” 
13. ayah 256 “Whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah
he indeed has laid hold onto the firmest handle, which shall not break off,
and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.”
In the tafseer of this ayah, RasoolAllah (saw) says , “Whosoever wishes
to hold fast to that firm handle which will never break off should keep fast
held to the wilayat of My Brother and My Successor, Ali (as)ibn Abi Talib
(as). Because whosoever loves Him, Allah will never let Him end in loss.
Whosoever is jealous of Him, Allah will never give him any success.”

The people asked, “O’RasoolAllah (saw), what is the firmest handle?”
RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “The Wilayat of the Master of the Successors.”
The people asked, “O’RasoolAllah (saw), who is the Master of the
Successors?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “Ameerul Momineen (saw).” The
people asked, “O’RasoolAllah (saw), who is Ameerul Momineen (saw)?”
RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “The Master of Muslims and their Imam after
Me.” The people asked, “O’RasoolAllah (saw), who is the Master of
Muslims and their Imam after You?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “My
Brother, Ali (saw) ibn Abi Talib”

14. ayah 265 “And the parable of those who spend their property to seek
the pleasure of Allah and for the certainty ‘of their souls is as the parable of
a garden on an elevated ground, upon which heavy rain falls so it brings
forth its fruit twofold but if heavy rain does not fall upon it, then light rain
(is sufficient); and Allah sees what you do.”
In the tafseer of this ayah “And the parable of those who spend their
property to seek the pleasure of Allah”, Imam Sadiq (as) said, “This ayah
was revealed for Ameerul Momineen Ali (asws) ibn Abi Talib (as).”

 

CHAPTER 11 ON THE MUBAARAK RING OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WASALLAM

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(82) Hadith Number 1
Anas bin Maalik Radiyallahu ‘Anhu says that the ring of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam was ,made of silver and the gem stone was from Abyssinia.

Commentary
According to the majority of the ‘ulama it is permissible to wear a ring made made of silver. The Hanafis say it is not permissible to wear a ring made of bronze. iron, steel etc. In the early stages, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam did not have a ring made, until it was known that the kings of Persia and other countries did not accept or take into consideration letters that had no seal (stamp) on them. He had begun sending letters to.the kings inviting thern to Islaam. A seal (stamp) was made in the sixth or seventh year hijri. The ‘ulama give different opinions on the wearing of the ring. Some’ulama say that it is makruh for any person besides the king and judge to wear a ring. The research of the Hanafi ‘ulama (may Allah Increase their number and accept their efforts) in this matter, according to the saying of ‘Shaami’ is, that it is sunnah for the kings, judges, trustees and those who need a seal. Besides them it is permissible for others, but better not to use it. The reason is evident that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam only made one when it became necessary, before he began sending letters to the kings. This will be mentioned in hadith number six in this chapter. Abu Daawud and others have stated that besides the kings, others are prohibited from wearing a ring. Since it has been proven that many Sahaabah Radiyallahu ‘Anhum wore a ring in the presence of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, and in other ahaadith that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had permitted it, this prohibition will be taken as that which is contrary to a more meritorious and desired act.
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(83) Hadith Number 2
Hazrat Ibn Umar radiallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam had a ring made of silver. He used it as a seal (Stamp) on letters etc., but did not wear it.

COMMENTARY
Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam wore a ring as has been stated in the ahaadith. The ulama give a few explanations to this hadith. Some have explained that it meant that he did not wear it continuously. Some are of the opinion that Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam possessed two rings, one had the seal and was used to put a stamp on letters etc. and he did not wear this ring. The other ring was used for wearing. In the same manner, the ‘ulama have given many other explanations. According to this humble servant the most accepted explanation is that he did not wear it always.
It is reported in the hadith that Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam was once performing salaah, he was wearing a ring on the right hand. While performing salaah, his eyes fell on the ring. After that he stopped wearing the ring.
In the ahaadith a similar incident is mentioned regarding a printed cloth. While in salaah his sight fell on it. Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam removed this cloth and wore another one.
Since the ring was of importance it could not be discarded completely. Therefore he did not generally wear it. This is the nearest (most correct). It will be stated in the sixth hadith of the next chapter that the ring was mostly kept by Sayyidina Mu’ayqeeb radiallahu anhu.
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(84) Hadith Number 3
Hazrat Anas radiallahu anhu reports that Rasululah sallallahu alayhe wasallam had a ring made of silver and its (inlaid) gem was also of sliver.

COMMENTARY
This hadith seems to contradict the one where it is mentioned that an Abyssinian stone was inlaid.
Those who are of the opinion that Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam had two rings, say that this hadith in context is similar to it being two rings. Bayhaqi and others also hold the same view, and according to him there no is complication.
Those who are of the opinion that Sayyidina Rasulluahsallallahu alayhe wasallam had one ring, give the explanation, that by Habshi (Abyssinian) it is meant Habshi colour or Habshi style, or the maker of it was a Habshi.
According to this humble servant the explanation is that there was more than one ring seems correct, because from the hadith it has been proved that at different times Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam had different rings. Sayyidina Rasulluahsallallahu alayhe wasallam had a ring made for himself. His servant gave him one as a present as is evident from different narrations stated in the book of ‘Jam’ul Wasaa-Il’.
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(85) Hadith Number 4
Anas radiallahu anhu relates: “When Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam intended to write letters to the kings of ‘Ajam (non arabs), inviting them to Islam, the people said that they did not accept letters without a seal (stamp) on them. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam therefore had a ring made, the whiteness of which is still before my eyes.”

Commentary
The last sentence shows that he remembers this incident well. By whiteness the silver in the ring is referred to.
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(86) Hadith Number 5
It is related from Hazrat Anas radiallahu anhu that the inscription engraved on the ring of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhe wasallam was ‘Muhammad Rasullulah, of in the first line was engraved, in the second line ‘Rasul, and in the third line ‘Allah’.

Commentary
Some ‘ulama have written that ‘Muhammad Rasulullah’ was engraved in such a manner, that the word ‘Allah’ was engraved on the top. This stamp was round, and was read from the bottom. The muhaqqiqeen (research scholars) write that this is not proven from any hadith, but from the apparent words we find it was written thus:
Muhammad
Rasul
Allah

(87) Hadith Number 6
Anas Radiyallahu relates that: Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam made an intention to write letters to Kisra, Qaysur (Ceasar) and Najashi, inviting them to accept Islaam. The people said: ‘(O Rasulullah) those people do not accept letters without a stamp on it’. For this reason Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had a stamp made. The ring (loop) of which was silver, and had ‘Muhammad Rasulullah’ engraved on it”.

Commentary
Kisra is the title of the Persian kings. Qaysar (Ceasar) that of the Romans and Najaashi that of the Abyssinian kings. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam sent a letter to Kisra with Sayyidina Abdullah bin Hudhaa-fah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. Kisra tore the letter of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu- ‘Alayhi Wasallam to pieces. When Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam heard this he said. ‘May Allah tear his kingdom to pieces’, and so did it happen. The letter to the king of the Romans was sent with Sayyidina Dihyah bin Khalifah Kalbi Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. Although accepting the prophethood of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, he did not accept Islaam. The letter to Najaashi, the king of Abyssinia was sent with Sayyidina ‘Amr bin Urnayyah Damri Radiyallahu ‘Anhu, as is mentioned in ‘Mawaahib Ladunniyyah’ and other kitaabs. This is not the Najaashi that has been mentioned previously, and for whom Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had performed janaazah salaah. This was another Najaashi. It is not known whether he had accepted Islaam or not, as Mulla’Ali Qaari has written in his kitaab. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam wrote many letters which have been discussed in detail in the books of hadith and history. Special books have been written on this subject. In the above hadith, three letters are mentioned, of which a brief account seems appropriate here. One letter was written to Kisra, which is the title of the kings of Persia. The name of this Kisra was Aparvez, who was the grandson of Naw-sherwaan. The contents of the letter to him were as follows: In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful From Muhammad, Allah’s Messenger, to the great ruler of Persia. Peace be upon the one who follows (accepts) righteousness and reposes a faith (imaan) in Allah and His Rasul, and bears witness that none is to be worshipped besides Allah, Who has no partners and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. I call you towards Allah, for I am Allah’s true Messenger, who has been sent to the whole world to warn those whose hearts are alive (because they have a little understanding-a man without sense is like a dead person), and complete the proof of Allah (Allah’s existence) to non-believers (so that they may not say on the day of qiyaamah that we did not know). Accept Islaam so that you may live in peace. If you reject then the sin of all the fire-worshippers will be upon you, for they will be led astray by following you.
Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin Hudhaa-fah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu was given this letter and instructed to give it to a governor of Kisra who was living in Bahrain. The letter was to be sent to Kisra through him. It was then delivered to Kisra with the governor’s assistance. Kisra had this letter read out to him whereafter he tore it to pieces and threw it away. When Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam was informed of this he cursed Kisra. Later the son of Kisra, Sherwiyyah, killed him in a very brutal manner. This incident is written in the books of history. The second letter mentioned in the hadith was sent to Qaysar (Ceasar), the king of the Romans. According to historians his name was Hiraql. This letter was sent with Sayyidina Dihyah Kalbi Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. Although the Qaysar did not accept Islaam, he respected the letter and kept it safely. When Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam heard of this he said: ‘Kisra tore his country to pieces, and Qaysar guarded his’. The contents of the letter were as follows: In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful From Muhamrnad, Allah’s servant and Messenger, to Hiraql, the great (ruler) of the Romans. Peace be upon the one that follows righteousness. After praise and salutations, I call you towards the Kalimah (Laa liaha illlallah Muhamamdur Rasulullah) of Islaam. Accept Islaam that you may live in peace. Allah will grant you a double reward, (because the Ahlul-Kitaab will receive double reward if they accept Islaam, as is mentioned in the Qur-aan at the end of Surah Hadid), and if you reject then the sin of the tillers of the land (farmers) who are under you, will be upon you. Oh People of the Book, come towards the kalimah, that is the same between us and you, and that is tauheed (the oneness of Allah), that we shall not worship anyone besides Allah and shall not make any partner unto Him, and that we shall not make anyone from among ourselves a god besides Allah (like the monks and priests are made gods) and if they reject (Oh you Muslims) then say to them that bear witness that we are Muslims (we openly proclaim our religion and now you are responsible for yourselves). -Bukhaari, I’laamus Saa-i-leen. The portion from, ‘Oh People of the Book, come towards … to the end, is an aayah of the Qur-aan in Surah Aali ‘Imraan.
When Sayyidina Dihyah Kalbi Radiyallahu ‘Anhu delivered this letter and it was read before the Qaysar, his nephew who was present, became very angry, and began saying, give this letter to me. The uncle (Qaysar) asked: ‘What will you do with it?” He replied: ‘This letter is not worth reading, your name was not mentioned first in the letter, but that of his (Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam). Instead of emperor he addresses you as a ruler etc. etc’. The Qaysar replied: ‘You are stupid. Do you want me to throw away such a letter from a person to whom the Great Jibra-eel (‘Alayhis Salaam) comes. If he is a prophet then he should write like this’. Sayyidina Dibyah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu was accommodated with great honour and respect. The Qaysar was on a tour there at that time. When he was returning he called all the ministers of his kingdom, and said to them that, “I wish to bring vour, attention to such a thing that is full of goodness and prosperity. And is a means to keep your country for long. Verily this person ( i.e. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) is a prophet, follow him and pay allegiance to him”. He delivered this long speech in a room where all the doors and windows were closed and locked. The ministers and others became so rash with anger that they caused a commotion and began jumping about violently, trying to run out. Since all the doors and windows were locked, this situation carried on for a while. The Qaysar calmed all those present and delivered another speech, and said: ‘A person who has claimed prophethood has appeared. I was ‘testing your reaction that how firm are you on you religion, and now I have gauged it’. As was normal all began prostrating before him. Thereafter he praised them and let them leave. In some narrations it is stated that he kissed the letter and put it on his head. He then covered it with silk and put it safely away. He sent for the pope and discussed this matter with him. The pope said: ‘Verily this is the last of the Prophets, the good news of which has been mentioned in our Holy Books’. The Qaysar said: ‘I also believe this, but there is one problem, if I become a Muslim these people will kill me, and I will lose my kingdom’. I’laamus Saa-i-leen.
The Qaysar was on a pilgrimage to Baytul Muqaddas when this letter, reached him. A trading caravan from Makkah was also there at that time. To investigate this matter the Qaysar called the leader of the Makkan traders. Details of thiss event are mentioned in Bukhaari. This incident took place at the time when Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘alayhi, Wasallam had signed a peace treaty for a few years with the Makaans at Hudaybiyyah. An agreement was drawn up that there would be no war, between the Muslims and the Makkans. Abu Sufyaan, who had not yet; accepted lslaam, said: ‘I once went to Shaam (Syria) during this period, of peace. At that time Hiraql received Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s letter inviting him to accept Islaam. Upon receiving, this letter, which was delivered by Dihyah’ Kalbi, he asked the local people if there was anybody in the town who knew this person claiming prophethood. They said: ‘Yes, there are some people who have recently, arrived’. Thereupon we were asked to appear before the king. A few of my companions and myself from the Quraysh went to the king. He made us all sit near him and then asked: ‘Who of you is the nearest in relationship to the person that has claimed prophethood?’ I replied that I was the most closely related. He asked me to come nearer to him motioning my companions to sit behind me, and said to them: ‘I am to ask him some questions. If he gives false information, inform me. Abu Sufyaan had not yet accepted Islaam and was a staunch enemy of Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam. He said: ‘I swear that if I had not been afraid that the people would later say that I was a liar, and disgrace me, then I would have surely given false information, but fear of disgrace made me speak the truth’. He then began asking me through his interpreter the following questions:
Q. The person who has claimed prophethood, how is he regarded amongst you according to his family lineage?
A,. He hails from a great family and is of a noble lineage amongst us.
Q. Was anyone amongst his ancestors a king?
A. There was none.
Q. Before claiming prophethood, was he ever accused of falsehood?
A. Never.
Q. Those who follow him, are they from the elite, or are they from the ordinary people?
A. From the ordinary people.
Q. Are his followers increasing or decreasing?
A. They are increasing.
Q. Those who adopt his religion, does anyone among them become frustrated and turn away?
A. No.
Q. Did you go to war with him? A. yes.
Q. What were the results of the war?
A. Sometimes they were victorious, at other times we were victorious.
Q. Does he ever break his promises
A. No. These days we have an agreement between us. We do not know if he will fulfil it or not. Abu Sufyaan said: ‘I did not have a chance to say anything from my own side besides this sentence’. Q. Did anyone claim prophethood before him?
A. No.
In some narrations it stated that Hiraql asked Abu Sufyaan: ‘Why do you fear that he will dishonour the treaty?’ Abu Sufyaan replied: ‘My People have helped our allies against their allies’. Hiraql said you have been dishonest’. Thereafter Hiraql continued the conversation and said: ‘I asked you about his lineage. You replied that he was of noble lineage. The prophets are from the noble families of their people. I asked if any of his ancestors were kings? You said: ‘No’. I thought that he wanted to regain the control of kingship. I asked if his followers were from the high class or common and weak people. All those who followed the earlier prophets, were from among such people (The high class felt it a shame to follow others). Iasked if he was ever accused of falsehood before he claimed prophethood. You’ denied it. I thought that by lying to people he would begin to lie about Allah (Na’udhu billah). (The person who does not lie to people, how can he lie about Allah). I asked if anyone accepted his message and thereafter became disillusioned and turned away from it (became a murtad-apostate ). You replied in the negative. This is a peculiarity of imaan, that the love and happiness of it enters the heart. I enquired if their number increased or decreased? You replied that they were increasing. The peculiarity of good imaan is this till its completion. I asked about war against him? You said sometimes he gained victory, sometimes you. This was the case with all the prophets, but the best results were always in favour of them. I queried about his breaking promises? You said no. This is the quality of a prophet, for, he does not break promises. I asked did anyone claim, prophethood before him? You denied it. I thought if someone had claimed prophethood before, then he might be trying to imitate them. Hiraql thereafter asked these people: ‘What are his teachings?’ The people replied: ‘To perform salaah, give zakaah and to uphold relationship with one’s relatives. To keep one’s chastity and modesty’. Hiraql said: ‘If all that you have said is true, then verily he is a nabi (prophet). I was certain that he was to be born shortly, but not certain that he would be amongst you. If I were sure that I could go to him, I would surely have gone to meet him. (But cannot go because of the fear that I will lose my kingdom and my life). If I were in his presence I would have washed his feet. There is no doubt that his rule will reach till where I am’. There are many other incidents about Hiraql related in the books of hadith. He was well versed in their holy books and was also an expert in astronomy. He therefore thought on these lines, and did some research on it too. In some narrations it is related that he kept the letter of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam very carefully with respect in a golden case. This was kept safely by his children and then their offspring for many generations. The third letter which is mentioned in the above hadith was sent to Najaashi. It has already been stated that the Abyssinian kings were called. Najaashi. in the lifetime of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam there were two kings of Abyssinia. The name of the first was As-hamah who accepted Islaam. The Muslims had migrated to Abyssinia under his rule. At that time he had not yet accepted Islaam. This incident has been briefly narrated in the first chapter of ‘Stories of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu’. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam sent a letter to the second Najaashi with Sayyidina ‘Amr bin Umayyah Damri Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. The contents of the letter reads as follows: In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful. From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah to Najaashi, the king of Abyssinia. You love peace. I convey to you the praises of that Allah, besides whom there is none worthy of worship. He is the King, and is free from all faults. He is free from all shortcomings (or the creation is safe from His oppression). He grants peace; He guards (He saves the creation from all calamities); And I bear witness that ‘Eesa ‘Alayhis Salaam is one of Allah’s Ruhs, and was the Kalimah of Allah which was sent to the pure, clean and virgin Maryam, thus she conceived. Allah Ta’aala created ‘Eesa’Alayhis Salaam from one of his special ruh’s, and put life into him, as he had created Sayyidina Aadam ‘Alayhis Salaam with His hands (without a father). I call you towards the worship of the One Who is alone and has no partner and call you to assist in obeying His commands. I invite you to accept imaan (faith), and follow the shari’ah with which I am sent. Without doubt I am the Messenger of Allah. I invite you and your army towards Allah. I have conveyed the truth to you and have advised you. Accept my advice. Peace be on the one who follows the right path. A group among the muhadditheen have ascertained that this Najaashi had already accepted Islaam. After receiving this letter of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam he publicly declared that he was a Muslim. Some are of the opinion that he accepted Islaam after receiving the letter. He replied to the letter confirming that he had accepted Islaam, and that whatever was written of Sayyidina ‘Eesa ‘Alayhis Salaam was word for word, true. He sent the reply with his son, accompanied by a group of seventy people, to Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam, but unfortunately the boat that they were travelling in sank in the sea and none among them reached Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Najaashi passed away during the life-time of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wasallam. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam performed janaazah salaah for him. (To perform janaazah salaah for an absent person is a fiqhi mas-alah. Due to many reasons it had its peculiarities according to the Hanafis). After the death of this Najaashi, another Najaashi was crowned as a ruler. Another letter was written to him which read as follows: This letter is from Allah’s Nabi Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam to the, Najaashi, great (ruler) of Abyssinia. Peace be on the one that follows the straight path, and reposes his faith in Allah and His Rasul, and bears witness that none is worthy of worship save Allah; He is One; He has no partners nor any wife, nor any child; And also bears witness that Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam is His servant and Messenger. I invite you to the Kalimah (Laa ilaha illahah, Muhammadur Rasulullah) of Allah. Accept Islaam and you shall remain in peace. Oh People of the Book, come to the word that is common between us and you, that we shall not worship anyone besides Allah, and we shall not make anyone from amongst ourselves a god besides Allah. And if they reject (Oh Muslims) then say to them, bear witness that we are Muslims (openly announce their imaan). If you do not accept my invitation (to Islaam) and reject it, the sin of the Christians (as they are your followers) shall fall on you. At the beginning of the letter, as is customary, Bismillah must have been written. But Bismillah was not written in the copy from where I have taken this. It has not been confirmed whether this Najaashi had accepted lslaam or not, or what his name was. The opinion of the majority of the muhadditheen is that the third letter in this hadith, which is to Najaashi, is the same Najaashi. In some narrations with the name Najaashi, it is also stated that this was not the Najaashi for whom Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had performed janaazah salaah. This is a more correct explanation. A few muhadditheen have only mentioned the letter to the first Najaashi, and a few have only mentioned the second letter.
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(88) Hadith Number 7
Anas bin Maalik Radiyallahu ‘Anhu reports: “When Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam went to the toilet, he removed his ring”.

Commentary
As the name of Allah Jalla Jalaaluhu was engraved on it, he never went to the toilet with it. For this reason the ‘ulama have written that it is makruh to go to the toilet with anything that has a venerable name or sentence on it.
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(89) Hadith Number 8
Ibn ‘Umar Radiyallahu ‘Anhu says. “Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam kept his ring in his mubaarak hands (possession). Then it was kept by Abubakr Radiyallahu ‘Anhu, then by ‘Umar Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. Thereafter by ‘Uthmaan Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. In his (‘Uthmaan Radiyallahu ‘Anhu’s) time it fell in the Well of ‘Arees. The inscription on this ring was ‘Muhammadur Rasulullah”‘.

Commentary
Bir ‘Arees is a well near Masjid Quba. During the khilaafah of Sayyidina Uthrnaan Radiyallahu ‘Anhu the ring remained with him for six years, then accidently it fell into the well. Sayyidina ‘Uthmaan Radiyallahu ‘Anhu ordered a thorough search of the well. For two days water of the well was pulled out, but it could not be found. The ‘ulama write that from the time the ring fell in the well, mischief and revolt began, and increased in the later years of Sayyidina ‘Uthmaan Radiyallahu ‘Anhu’s khilaafah. In this hadith Sayyidina Ibn ‘Umar Radiyallahu ‘Anhu says, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam kept the ring in his mubaarak hands, and in another hadith in this chapter he denies that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam wore a ring. This has already been explained. A special answer to the apparent contradictions in this hadith is that the meaning of Sayyidina Rasuluilah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam kept the ring in his hands is, he kept it in his possession. It does not necessarily mean that he wore it. It is stated in the following chapter that the ring was kept by Sayyidina Mu’ayqeeb Radiyallahu ‘Anhu.

Hadith Translation of Sahih Bukhari::Witnesses

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Witnesses


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 805:

Narrated Urwa bin Al-Musayyab, Alqama bin Waqqas and Ubaidullah bin Abdullah:

About the story of ‘Aisha and their narrations were similar attesting each other, when the liars said what they invented about ‘Aisha, and the Divine Inspiration was delayed, Allah’s Apostle sent for ‘Ali and Usama to consult them in divorcing his wife (i.e. ‘Aisha). Usama said, “Keep your wife, as we know nothing about her except good.” Buraira said, “I cannot accuse her of any defect except that she is still a young girl who sleeps, neglecting her family’s dough which the domestic goats come to eat (i.e. she was too simpleminded to deceive her husband).” Allah’s Apostle said, “Who can help me to take revenge over the man who has harmed me by defaming the reputation of my family? By Allah, I have not known about my family-anything except good, and they mentioned (i.e. accused) a man about whom I did not know anything except good.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 806:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle and Ubai bin Kab Al-Ansari went to the garden where Ibn Saiyad used to live. When Allah’s Apostle entered (the garden), he (i.e. Allah’s Apostle ) started hiding himself behind the datepalms as he wanted to hear secretly the talk of Ibn Saiyad before the latter saw him. Ibn Saiyad wrapped with a soft decorated sheet was lying on his bed murmuring. Ibn Saiyad’s mother saw the Prophet hiding behind the stems of the date-palms. She addressed Ibn Saiyad saying, “O Saf, this is Muhammad.” Hearing that Ibn Saiyad stopped murmuring (or got cautious), the Prophet said, “If she had left him undisturbed, he would have revealed his reality.” (See Hadith No. 290, Vol 4 for details)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 807:

Narrated Aisha:

The wife of Rifa’a Al-Qurazi came to the Prophet and said, “I was Rifa’a’s wife, but he divorced me and it was a final irrevocable divorce. Then I married AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair but he is impotent.” The Prophet asked her ‘Do you want to remarry Rifa’a? You cannot unless you had a complete sexual relation with your present husband.” Abu Bakr was sitting with Allah’s Apostle and Khalid bin Said bin Al-‘As was at the door waiting to be admitted. He said, “O Abu Bakr! Do you hear what this (woman) is revealing frankly before the Prophet ?”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 808:

Narrated Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika from ‘Uqba bin Al-Harith:

Uqba married the daughter of Abu Ihab bin Aziz, and then a woman came and said, “I suckled ‘Uqba and his wife.” ‘Uqba said to her, “I do not know that you have suckled me, and you did not inform me.” He then sent someone to the house of Abu Ihab to enquire about that but they did not know that she had suckled their daughter. Then ‘Uqba went to the Prophet in Medina and asked him about it. The Prophet said to him, “How (can you keep your wife) after it has been said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?” So, he divorced her and she was married to another (husband).


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 809:

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

People were (sometimes) judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle but now there is no longer any more (new revelation). Now we judge you by the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust and favor the one who does good deeds in front of us, and we will not call him to account about what he is really doing in secret, for Allah will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe the one who presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his intentions were good.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 810:

Narrated Anas:

A funeral procession passed in front of the Prophet and the people praised the deceased. The Prophet said, “It has been affirmed (Paradise).” Then another funeral procession passed by and the people talked badly of the deceased. The Prophet said, “It has been affirmed (Hell).” Allah’s Apostle was asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! You said it has been affirmed for both?” The Prophet said, “The testimony of the people (is accepted), (for) the believer are Allah’s witnesses on the earth.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 811:

Narrated Abu Al-Aswad:

Once I went to Medina where there was an outbreak of disease and the people were dying rapidly. I was sitting with ‘Umar and a funeral procession passed by. The people praised the deceased. ‘Umar said, “It has been affirmed” (Paradise). Then another funeral procession passed by. The people praised the deceased. ‘Umar said, “It has been affirmed.” (Paradise). Then another funeral procession passed by. The people praised the deceased. ‘Umar said, “It has been affirmed (Paradise).” Then a third funeral procession passed by and the people talked badly of the deceased. ‘Umar said, “It has been affirmed (Hell).” I asked Umar, “O chief of the believers! What has been affirmed?” He said, “I have said what the Prophet said. He said, ‘Allah will admit into paradise any Muslim whose good character is attested by four persons.’ We asked the Prophet, ‘If there were three witnesses only?’ He said, ‘Even three.’ We asked, ‘If there were two only?’ He said, ‘Even two.’ But we did not ask him about one witness.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 812:

Narrated Aisha:

Aflah asked the permission to visit me but I did not allow him. He said, “Do you veil yourself before me although I am your uncle?” ‘Aisha said, “How is that?” Aflah replied, “You were suckled by my brother’s wife with my brother’s milk.” I asked Allah’s Apostle about it, and he said, “Allah is right, so permit him to visit you.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 813:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet said about Hamza’s daughter, “I am not legally permitted to marry her, as foster relations are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs). She is the daughter of my foster brother.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 814:

Narrated Amra bint ‘Abdur-Rahman:

That ‘Aisha the wife of the Prophet told her uncle that once, while the Prophet was in her house, she heard a man asking Hafsa’s permission to enter her house. ‘Aisha said, “I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! I think the man is Hafsa’s foster uncle.’ ” ‘Aisha added, “O Allah’s Apostle! There is a man asking the permission to enter your house.” Allah’s Apostle replied, “I think the man is Hafsa’s foster uncle.” ‘Aisha said, “If so-and-so were living (i.e. her foster uncle) would he be allowed to visit me?” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes, he would, as the foster relations are treated like blood relations (in marital affairs).”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 815:

Narrated Aisha:

Once the Prophet came to me while a man was in my house. He said, “O ‘Aisha! Who is this (man)?” I replied, “My foster brothers” He said, “O ‘Aisha! Be sure about your foster brothers, as fostership is only valid if it takes place in the suckling period (before two years of age).”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 816:

Narrated ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair:

A woman committed theft in the Ghazwa of the Conquest (of Mecca) and she was taken to the Prophet who ordered her hand to be cut off. ‘Aisha said, “Her repentance was perfect and she was married (later) and used to come to me (after that) and I would present her needs to Allah’s Apostle.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 817:

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid:

Allah’s Apostle ordered that an unmarried man who committed illegal sexual intercourse be scourged one hundred lashes and sent into exile for one year.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 818:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir:

My mother asked my father to present me a gift from his property; and he gave it to me after some hesitation. My mother said that she would not be satisfied unless the Prophet was made a witness to it. I being a young boy, my father held me by the hand and took me to the Prophet . He said to the Prophet, “His mother, bint Rawaha, requested me to give this boy a gift.” The Prophet said, “Do you have other sons besides him?” He said, “Yes.” The Prophet said, “Do not make me a witness for injustice.” Narrated Ash-Shabi that the Prophet said, “I will not become a witness for injustice.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 819:

Narrated Zahdam bin Mudrab:

I heard Imran bin Husain saying, “The Prophet said, ‘The best people are those living in my generation, then those coming after them, and then those coming after (the second generation).” Imran said “I do not know whether the Prophet mentioned two or three generations after your present generation. The Prophet added, ‘There will be some people after you, who will be dishonest and will not be trustworthy and will give witness (evidences) without being asked to give witness, and will vow but will not fulfill their vows, and fatness will appear among them.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 820:

Narrated Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “The people of my generation are the best, then those who follow them, and then whose who follow the latter. After that there will come some people whose witness will go ahead of their oaths, and their oaths will go ahead of their witness.” Ibrahim (a sub-narrator) said, “We used to be beaten for taking oaths by saying, ‘I bear witness by the Name of Allah or by the Covenant of Allah.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 821:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet was asked about the great sins He said, “They are:–

(1 ) To join others in worship with Allah,

(2) To be undutiful to one’s parents.

(3) To kill a person (which Allah has forbidden to kill) (i.e. to commit the crime of murdering).

(4) And to give a false witness.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 822:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

The Prophet said thrice, “Should I inform you out the greatest of the great sins?” They said, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle!” He said, “To join others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one’s parents.” The Prophet then sat up after he had been reclining (on a pillow) and said, “And I warn you against giving a false witness, and he kept on saying that warning till we thought he would not stop. (See Hadith No. 7, Vol. 8)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 823:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet heard a man (reciting Quran) in the Mosque, and he said, “May Allah bestow His Mercy upon him. No doubt, he made me remember such-and such Verses of such-and-such Sura which I dropped (from my memory).

Narrated Aisha: The Prophet performed the Tahajjud prayer in my house, and then he heard the voice of ‘Abbas who was praying in the Mosque, and said, “O ‘Aisha! Is this ‘Abbad’s voice?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “O Allah! Be merciful to ‘Abbas!”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 824:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

The Prophet said, “Bilal pronounces the Adhan when it is still night (before dawn), so eat and drink till the next Adhan is pronounced (or till you hear Ibn Um Maktum’s Adhan).” Ibn Um Maktum was a blind man who would not pronounce the Adhan till he was told that it was dawn.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 825:

Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:

Some outer garments were received the Prophet and my father (Makhrama) said to me, “Let us go to the Prophet so that he may give us something from the garments.” So, my father stood at the door and spoke. The Prophet recognized his voice and came out carrying a garment and telling Makhrama the good qualities of that garment, adding, “I have kept this for you, I have sent this for you.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 826:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “Isn’t the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?” The women said, “Yes.” He said, “This is because of the deficiency of a woman’s mind.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 827:

Narrated Uqba bin Al-Harith:

That he had married Um Yahya bint Abu Ihab. He said. “A black slave-lady came and said, ‘I suckled you both.’ I then mentioned that to the Prophet who turned his face aside.” Uqba further said, “I went to the other side and told the Prophet about it. He said, ‘How can you (keep her as your wife) when the lady has said that she suckled both of you (i.e. you and your wife?)” So, the Prophet ordered him to divorce her.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 828:

Narrated ‘Uqba bin Al-Harith:

I married a woman and later on a woman came and said, “I suckled you both.” So, I went to the Prophet (to ask him about it). He said, “How can you (keep her as a wife) when it has been said (that you were foster brother and sister)? Leave (divorce) her.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 829:

Narrated Aisha:

(the wife of the Prophet) “Whenever Allah’s Apostle intended to go on a journey, he would draw lots amongst his wives and would take with him the one upon whom the lot fell. During a Ghazwa of his, he drew lots amongst us and the lot fell upon me, and I proceeded with him after Allah had decreed the use of the veil by women. I was carried in a Howdah (on the camel) and dismounted while still in it. When Allah’s Apostle was through with his Ghazwa and returned home, and we approached the city of Medina, Allah’s Apostle ordered us to proceed at night. When the order of setting off was given, I walked till I was past the army to answer the call of nature. After finishing I returned (to the camp) to depart (with the others) and suddenly realized that my necklace over my chest was missing. So, I returned to look for it and was delayed because of that. The people who used to carry me on the camel, came to my Howdah and put it on the back of the camel, thinking that I was in it, as, at that time, women were light in weight, and thin and lean, and did not use to eat much. So, those people did not feel the difference in the heaviness of the Howdah while lifting it, and they put it over the camel. At that time I was a young lady. They set the camel moving and proceeded on. I found my necklace after the army had gone, and came to their camp to find nobody. So, I went to the place where I used to stay, thinking that they would discover my absence and come back in my search. While in that state, I felt sleepy and slept.

Safwan bin Mu’attal As-Sulami Adh-Dhakwani was behind the army and reached my abode in the morning. When he saw a sleeping person, he came to me, and he used to see me before veiling. So, I got up when I heard him saying, “Inna lil-lah-wa inn a ilaihi rajiun (We are for Allah, and we will return to Him).” He made his camel knell down. He got down from his camel, and put his leg on the front legs of the camel and then I rode and sat over it. Safwan set out walking, leading the camel by the rope till we reached the army who had halted to take rest at midday. Then whoever was meant for destruction, fell into destruction, (some people accused me falsely) and the leader of the false accusers was ‘Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. After that we returned to Medina, and I became ill for one month while the people were spreading the forged statements of the false accusers. I was feeling during my ailment as if I were not receiving the usual kindness from the Prophet which I used to receive from him when I got sick. But he would come, greet and say, ‘How is that (girl)?’ I did not know anything of what was going on till I recovered from my ailment and went out with Um Mistah to the Manasi where we used to answer the call of nature, and we used not to go to answer the call of nature except from night to night and that was before we had lavatories near to our houses. And this habit of ours was similar to the habit of the old ‘Arabs in the open country (or away from houses). So. I and Um Mistah bint Ruhm went out walking. Um Mistah stumbled because of her long dress and on that she said, ‘Let Mistah be ruined.’ I said, ‘You are saying a bad word. Why are you abusing a man who took part in (the battle of) Badr?’ She said, ‘O Hanata (you there) didn’t you hear what they said?’ Then she told me the rumors of the false accusers.

My sickness was aggravated, and when I returned home, Allah’s Apostle came to me, and after greeting he said, ‘How is that (girl)?’ I requested him to allow me to go to my parents. I wanted then to be sure of the news through them I Allah’s Apostle allowed me, and I went to my parents and asked my mother, ‘What are the people talking about?’ She said, ‘O my daughter! Don’t worry much about this matter. By Allah, never is there a charming woman loved by her husband who has other wives, but the women would forge false news about her.’ I said, ‘Glorified be Allah! Are the people really taking of this matter?’ That night I kept on weeping and could not sleep till morning. In the morning Allah’s Apostle called Ali bin Abu Talib and Usama bin Zaid when he saw the Divine Inspiration delayed, to consul them about divorcing his wife (i.e. ‘Aisha). Usama bin Zaid said what he knew of the good reputation of his wives and added, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Keep you wife, for, by Allah, we know nothing about her but good.’ ‘Ali bin Abu Talib said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Allah has no imposed restrictions on you, and there are many women other than she, yet you may ask the woman-servant who will tell you the truth.’ On that Allah’s Apostle called Buraira and said, ‘O Burair. Did you ever see anything which roused your suspicions about her?’ Buraira said, ‘No, by Allah Who has sent you with the Truth, I have never seen in her anything faulty except that she is a girl of immature age, who sometimes sleeps and leaves the dough for the goats to eat.’ On that day Allah’s Apostle ascended the pulpit and requested that somebody support him in punishing ‘Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Who will support me to punish that person (‘Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul) who has hurt me by slandering the reputation of my family? By Allah, I know nothing about my family but good, and they have accused a person about whom I know nothing except good, and he never entered my house except in my company.’

Sad bin Mu’adh got up and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! by Allah, I will relieve you from him. If that man is from the tribe of the Aus, then we will chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers, the Khazraj, then order us, and we will fulfill your order.’ On that Sad bin ‘Ubada, the chief of the Khazraj and before this incident, he had been a pious man, got up, motivated by his zeal for his tribe and said, ‘By Allah, you have told a lie; you cannot kill him, and you will never be able to kill him.’ On that Usaid bin Al-Hadir got up and said (to Sad bin ‘Ubada), ‘By Allah! you are a liar. By Allah, we will kill him; and you are a hypocrite, defending the hypocrites.’ On this the two tribes of Aus and Khazraj got excited and were about to fight each other, while Allah’s Apostle was standing on the pulpit. He got down and quietened them till they became silent and he kept quiet. On that day I kept on weeping so much so that neither did my tears stop, nor could I sleep.

In the morning my parents were with me and I had wept for two nights and a day, till I thought my liver would burst from weeping. While they were sitting with me and I was weeping, an Ansari woman asked my permission to enter, and I allowed her to come in. She sat down and started weeping with me. While we were in this state, Allah’s Apostle came and sat down and he had never sat with me since the day they forged the accusation. No revelation regarding my case came to him for a month. He recited Tashah-hud (i.e. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is His Apostle) and then said, ‘O ‘Aisha! I have been informed such-and-such about you; if you are innocent, then Allah will soon reveal your innocence, and if you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask Him to forgive you, for when a person confesses his sin and asks Allah for forgiveness, Allah accepts his repentance.’ When Allah’s Apostle finished his speech my tears ceased completely and there remained not even a single drop of it. I requested my father to reply to Allah’s Apostle on my behalf. My father said, By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah’s Apostle.’ I said to my mother, ‘Talk to Allah’s Apostle on my behalf.’ She said, ‘By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah’s Apostle.

I was a young girl and did not have much knowledge of the Quran. I said. ‘I know, by Allah, that you have listened to what people are saying and that has been planted in your minds and you have taken it as a truth. Now, if I told you that I am innocent and Allah knows that I am innocent, you would not believe me and if I confessed to you falsely that I am guilty, and Allah knows that I am innocent you would believe me. By Allah, I don’t compare my situation with you except to the situation of Joseph’s father (i.e. Jacob) who said, ‘So (for me) patience is most fitting against that which you assert and it is Allah (Alone) whose help can be sought.’ Then I turned to the other side of my bed hoping that Allah would prove my innocence. By Allah I never thought that Allah would reveal Divine Inspiration in my case, as I considered myself too inferior to be talked of in the Holy Qur’an. I had hoped that Allah’s Apostle might have a dream in which Allah would prove my innocence. By Allah, Allah’s Apostle had not got up and nobody had left the house before the Divine Inspiration came to Allah’s Apostle. So, there overtook him the same state which used to overtake him, (when he used to have, on being inspired divinely). He was sweating so much so that the drops of the sweat were dropping like pearls though it was a (cold) wintry day. When that state of Allah’s Apostle was over, he was smiling and the first word he said, ‘Aisha! Thank Allah, for Allah has declared your innocence.’ My mother told me to go to Allah’s Apostle . I replied, ‘By Allah I will not go to him and will not thank but Allah.’ So Allah revealed: “Verily! They who spread the slander are a gang among you . . .” (24.11)

When Allah gave the declaration of my Innocence, Abu Bakr, who used to provide for Mistah bin Uthatha for he was his relative, said, ‘By Allah, I will never provide Mistah with anything because of what he said about Aisha.’ But Allah later revealed: —

“And let not those who are good and wealthy among you swear not to help their kinsmen, those in need and those who left their homes in Allah’s Cause. Let them forgive and overlook. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? Verily! Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.” (24.22) After that Abu Bakr said, ‘Yes ! By Allah! I like that Allah should forgive me,’ and resumed helping Mistah whom he used to help before.

Allah’s Apostle also asked Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e. the Prophet’s wife about me saying, ‘What do you know and what did you see?’ She replied, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! I refrain to claim hearing or seeing what I have not heard or seen. By Allah, I know nothing except goodness about Aisha.” Aisha further added “Zainab was competing with me (in her beauty and the Prophet’s love), yet Allah protected her (from being malicious), for she had piety.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 830:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

A man praised another man in front of the Prophet . The Prophet said to him, “Woe to you, you have cut off your companion’s neck, you have cut off your companion’s neck,” repeating it several times and then added, “Whoever amongst you has to praise his brother should say, ‘I think that he is so and so, and Allah knows exactly the truth, and I do not confirm anybody’s good conduct before Allah, but I think him so and so,’ if he really knows what he says about him.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 831:

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:

The Prophet heard someone praising another and exaggerating in his praise. The Prophet said, “You have ruined or cut the man’s back (by praising him so much).


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 832:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle called me to present myself in front of him or the eve of the battle of Uhud, while I was fourteen years of age at that time, and he did not allow me to take part in that battle, but he called me in front of him on the eve of the battle of the Trench when I was fifteen years old, and he allowed me (to join the battle).” Nafi’ said, “I went to ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul Aziz who was Caliph at that time and related the above narration to him, He said, “This age (fifteen) is the limit between childhood and manhood,” and wrote to his governors to give salaries to those who reached the age of fifteen.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 833:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “Bath on Friday is compulsory for those who have attained the age of puberty.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 834:

Narrated Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If somebody takes a false oath in order to get the property of a Muslim (unjustly) by that oath, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.” Al-Ash’ath informed me, “By Allah! This was said regarding me. There was a dispute about a piece of land between me and a man from the Jews who denied my right. I took him to the Prophet. Allah’s Apostle asked me, ‘Do you have an evidence?’ I replied in the negative. He said to the Jew, ‘Take an oath.’ I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! He will surely take an oath and take my property unjustly.” So, Allah revealed: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . ” (3.77)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 835:

Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:

Ibn ‘Abbas wrote that the Prophet gave his verdict on the basis of the defendant’s oath.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 836:

Narrated Abu Wail:

Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) said, “Whoever takes a (false) oath in order to grab some property (unjustly), Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him. Allah confirmed that through His Divine Revelation: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . they will have a painful punishment.” (3.77)

Al-Ash’ath bin Qais came to us and asked, ‘What is Abu Abdur-Rahman (i.e. ‘Abdullah) telling you? ‘We told him what he was narrating to us. He said, ‘He was telling the truth; this Divine Verse was revealed in connection with me. There was a dispute between me and another man about something and the case was filed before Allah’s Apostle who said, ‘Produce your two witnesses or else the defendant is to take an oath.’ I said, The defendant will surely take a (false) oath caring for nothing.’ The Prophet said, ‘Whoever takes a false oath in order to grab (other’s) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.’ Then Allah revealed its confirmation. Al-Ashath then recited the above Divine Verse.” (3.77)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 837:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

Hilal bin Umaiya accused his wife before the Prophet of committing illegal sexual intercourse with Sharik bin Sahma.’ The Prophet said, “Produce a proof, or else you would get the legal punishment (by being lashed) on your back.” Hilal said, “O Allah’s Apostle! If anyone of us saw another man over his wife, would he go to search for a proof.” The Prophet went on saying, “Produce a proof or else you would get the legal punishment (by being lashed) on your back.” The Prophet then mentioned the narration of Lian (as in the Holy Book). (Surat-al-Nur: 24)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 838:

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “There are three persons whom Allah will neither talk to nor look at, nor purify from (the sins), and they will have a painful punishment. (They are):

(1) A man possessed superfluous water on a way and he withheld it from the travelers.

(2) a man who gives a pledge of allegiance to a Muslim ruler and gives it only for worldly gains. If the ruler gives him what he wants, he remains obedient to It, otherwise he does not abide by it, and

(3) a man bargains with another man after the Asr prayer and the latter takes a false oath in the Name of Allah) claiming that he has been offered so much for the thing and the former (believes him and) buys it.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 839:

Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:

The Prophet said, “Whoever takes a (false) oath in order to grab (others) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 840:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet asked some people to take an oath, and they hurried for it. The Prophet ordered that lots should be drawn amongst them as to who would take an oath first.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 841:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Aufa:

A man displayed some goods in the market and took a false oath that he had been offered so much for them though he was not offered that amount Then the following Divine Verse was revealed:– “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful punishment.” (3.77) Ibn Abu Aufa added, “Such person as described above is a treacherous Riba-eater (i.e. eater of usury).


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 842:

Narrated Abu Wail from Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “Whoever takes a false oath in order to grab another man’s (or his brother’s) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet him.” Then Allah confirmed this by revealing the Divine Verse: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful punishment.” (3.77) Al-Ash’ath met me and asked, “What did ‘Abdullah tell you today?” I said, “So and so.” He said, “The Verse was revealed regarding my case.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 843:

Narrated Talha bin ‘Ubaidullah:

A man came to Allah’s Apostle asking him about Islam, Allah’s Apostle said, “You have to offer five compulsory prayers in a day and a night (24 hours).” The man asked, “Is there any more compulsory prayers for me?” Allah’s Apostle said, “No, unless you like to offer Nawafil (i.e. optional prayers).” Allah’s Apostle then added, “You have to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.” The man said, “Am I to fast any other days?’ Allah’s Apostle said, “No, unless you wish to observe the optional fast voluntarily.” Then Allah’s Apostle told him about the compulsory Zakat. The man asked, “Do I have to give anything besides?” Allah’s Apostle said, “No, unless you wish to give in charity voluntarily.” So, the man departed saying, “By Allah I will neither do more nor less than that.” Allah’s Apostle said, “If he has said the truth he will be successful.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 844:

Narrated Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “Whoever has to take an oath should swear by Allah or remain silent.” (i.e. He should not swear by other than Allah.)


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 845:

Narrated Um Salama:

Once Allah’s Apostle said, “You people present your cases to me and some of you may be more eloquent and persuasive in presenting their argument. So, if I give some one’s right to another (wrongly) because of the latter’s (tricky) presentation of the case, I am really giving him a piece of fire; so he should not take it.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 846:

Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas:

Abu Sufyan told me that Heraclius said to him, “When I enquired you what he (i.e. Muhammad) ordered you, you replied that he ordered you to establish the prayer, to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises and to pay back trusts.” Then Heraclius added, “These are really the qualities of a prophet.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 847:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The signs of a hypocrite are three:

(1) whenever he speaks, he tells a lie,

(2) whenever he is entrusted, he proves to be dishonest,

(3) whenever he promises, he breaks his promise.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 848:

Narrated Muhammad bin Ali:

Jabir bin Abdullah said, “When the Prophet died, Abu Bakr received some property from Al-Ala bin Al-Hadrami. Abu Bakr said to the people, “Whoever has a money claim on the Prophet, or was promised something by him, should come to us (so that we may pay him his right).” Jabir added, “I said (to Abu Bakr), Allah’s Apostle promised me that he would give me this much, and this much, and this much (spreading his hands three times).” Jabir added, “Abu Bakr counted for me and handed me five-hundred (gold pieces), and then five-hundred, and then five-hundred.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 849:

Narrated Said bin Jubair:

A Jew from Hira asked me which one of the two periods Musa (i.e. Prophet Moses) completed. I said, “I don’t know, (but wait) till I see the most learned ‘Arab and enquire him about it.” So, I went to Ibn ‘Abbas and asked him. He replied, “Moses completed the longer and better period.” Ibn ‘Abbas added, “No doubt, an apostle of Allah always does what he says.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 850:

Narrated Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utba:

Ibn Abbas said, “O Muslims? How do you ask the people of the Scriptures, though your Book (i.e. the Quran) which was revealed to His Prophet is the most recent information from Allah and you recite it, the Book that has not been distorted? Allah has revealed to you that the people of the scriptures have changed with their own hands what was revealed to them and they have said (as regards their changed Scriptures): This is from Allah, in order to get some worldly benefit thereby.” Ibn Abbas added: “Isn’t the knowledge revealed to you sufficient to prevent you from asking them? By Allah I have never seen any one of them asking (Muslims) about what has been revealed to you.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 851:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir:

The Prophet said, “The example of the person abiding by Allah’s orders and limits (or the one who abides by the limits and regulations prescribed by Allah) in comparison to the one who do wrong and violate Allah’s limits and orders is like the example of people drawing lots for seats in a boat. Some of them got seats in the upper part while the others in the lower part ; those in the, lower part have to pass by those in the upper one to get water, and that troubled the latter. One of them (i.e. the people in the lower part) took an axe and started making a hole in the bottom of the boat. The people of the upper part came and asked him, (saying), ‘What is wrong with you?’ He replied, “You have been troubled much by my (coming up to you), and I have to get water.’ Now if they prevent him from doing that they will save him and themselves, but if they leave him (to do what he wants), they will destroy him and themselves.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 852:

Narrated Um Al-Ala:

That when the Ansar drew lots as to which of the emigrants should dwell with which of the Ansar, the name of Uthman bin Mazun came out (to be in their lot). Um Al-Ala further said, “Uthman stayed with us, and we nursed him when he got sick, but he died. We shrouded him in his clothes, and Allah’s Apostle came to our house and I said, (addressing the dead ‘Uthman), ‘O Abu As-Sa’ib! May Allah be merciful to you. I testify that Allah has blessed you.’ The Prophet said to me, “How do you know that Allah has blessed him?” I replied, ‘I do not know O Allah’s Apostle! May my parents be sacrificed for you.’ Allah’s Apostle said, ‘As regards Uthman, by Allah he has died and I really wish him every good, yet, by Allah, although I am Allah’s Apostle, I do not know what will be done to him.’ Um Al-Ala added, ‘By Allah I shall never attest the piety of anybody after him. And what Allah’s Apostles said made me sad.” Um Al-Ala further said, “Once I slept and saw in a dream, a flowing stream for Uthman. So I went to Allah’s Apostle and told him about it, he said, ‘That is (the symbol of) his deeds.”


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 853:

Narrated Aisha:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle intended to go on a journey, he used to draw lots among his wives and would take with him the one on whom the lot fell. He also used to fix for everyone of his wives a day and a night, but Sauda bint Zam’a gave her day and night to ‘Aisha, the wife of the Prophet intending thereby to please Allah’s Apostle.


Volume 3, Book 48, Number 854:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the people knew what is the reward of making the call (for the prayer) and (of being in) the first row (in the prayer), and if they found no other way to get this privilege except by casting lots, they would certainly cast lots for it. If they knew the reward of the noon prayer, they would race for it, and if they knew the reward of the morning (i.e. Fajr) and Isha prayers, they would present themselves for the prayer even if they had to crawl to reach there.