Mary Receives News of Jesus
While Mary was praying in the temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled with terror, she tried to flee, praying: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”
(The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”
She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?”
He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: That is easy for me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allah). Surah 19: 18-21
The Brith of Jesus
The angel’s visit caused Mary great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.
But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from wagging about her honor?
After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere.
She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She sat down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that she had brought him into the world without a father. She exclaimed: “I wish I had died before this happened and had vanished into nothingness!”
Suddenly, she heard a voice nearby: “Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below, and shake the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall. So eat and drink and regain the strength you have lost; and be of good cheer, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who made the dry palm tree regain life, in order to provide food for you.” For a while she was comforted by Allah’s miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.
Mary Returns to the City with Jesus
She decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell the people? As if sharing his mother’s worry, the baby began to speak: “If you meet any person say: ‘I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.”‘ With this miracle, Mary felt at ease.
As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity of the people. They scolded her: ‘This is a terrible sin that you have committed.” She put her finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: “How can we speak to a newborn baby?” To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: “I am Allah’s servant. Allah has given me the Book, and has made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I may be, and has enjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah has made me dutiful towards she who has borne me. He has not made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace unto me the day I was born, the day I die and the day I shall be raised alive.”
Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for if Allah wills something, He merely says “Be” and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby’s speech as a strange trick, but at least Mary could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.
Mary Receives News of Jesus – Qur’anic
Allah the Exalted revealed: And mention in the Book (the Qur’an, 0 Muhammad the story of) Mary, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.
She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”
(The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”
She said: “How can Ihave a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: ‘So (it will be), your Lord said: That is easy for Me (Allah): and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed. (by Allah).” Surah 19: 16-21
The Birth of Jesus – Qur’anic
So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (ie., Bethlehem valley, about four to six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”
Then (the babe “Jesus” or Gabriel) cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you; and shake the trunk of palm tree to wards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say. ‘Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day. Surah 22-26
Mary and Jesus Return to the City – Qur’anic
Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: “0 Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). 0 sister (i.e. the like) of Aaron (not the brother of Moses, but he was another pious man at the time of Mary)! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor was your mother an unchaste woman.”
Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?”
He (Jesus) said: “Verily! I am a slave of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet; And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer, and Zakat, as long as Ilive, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!” Surah 19: 27-33
Allah’s Message About Jesus – Qur’anic
Such is Jesus, son of Mary. (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing. He only says to it, “Be!” – and it is.
(Jesus said): ‘And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets).”
Then the sects differed (i.e., the Christians about Jesus), so woe unto the disbelievers (those who gave false witness saying that Jesus is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great Day (i.e., the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).
How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) today are in plain error. And warn them (0 Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not. Surah 19: 34-39
Some Stories About Mary’s Pregnancy
It was said that Joseph the Carpenter was greatly surprised when he knew the story, so he asked Mary: “Can a tree come to grow without a seed?” She said: “Yes, the one which Allah created for the first time.” He asked her again: “Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?” She said: “Yes, Allah created Adam without male or female!”
It was also said that, while pregnant, Mary went one day to her aunt, who reported that she felt as if she was pregnant. Mary in turn said that she, too, was feeling as if she was pregnant. Then her aunt said: “I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb.”
Jesus Upsets the Jews
The Jewish priests felt this child Jesus was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn their worship to Allah the Almighty alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently, they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Jesus’s speech in infancy as a secret and accused Mary of a great misdeed.
Jesus’s Ability to Debate
As Jesus grew, the signs of prophethood began to increase. He could tell his friends what kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was twelve years old, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lectures of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all adults, but he was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy’s boldness and puzzled by the questions he asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he ignored their attempts and continued to express his views. Jesus became so involved in this exchange that he forgot he was expected back home.
In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he might have gone back with relatives or friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he was not there, so she returned to the city to look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. He appeared to be quite at ease, as if he had been doing this all his life. Mary got angry with him for causing her worry. He tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the learned had made him forget the time.
Jesus Does Not Observe Sabbath
Jesus grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or extinguished, nor could females plait their hair. Moses had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews, hearts. Also, they thought that the Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.
They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards away and erected a temporary house so that from there they could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath day.
Jesus was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he reached out his hand to pick two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath law. He made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of the temple were full of them.
Jesus Receives His Prophethood
Jesus observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Jesus followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Saducees. Jesus was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?
On this blessed night, the two noble prophets John and Zechariah died, killed by the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Jesus . Allah the Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Jesus, the life of ease was closed, and the page of worship and struggle was opened.
Like an opposing force, the message of Jesus came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and Saducees and to reinforce the Law of Moses. In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Jesus called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age.
Jesus’s call, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not to a closed system of rules laid down by society.
Jesus continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Jesus was in conflict with the Jews’ superficial interpretation of the Torah. He said that he did not come to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.
He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined. For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of killing: physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when it looks at anything with passion.
Jesus Denounces Materialism
Jesus was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy themselves with the affairs of the coming world because it would be everlasting.
Jesus told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshipers. The disbelievers care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world.
Jesus continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he invited them to purify the heart and soul.
Jewish Priests Try to Embarrass Jesus
His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Jesus was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds.
The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from the question of the occupation.
However, the priests started to plot against Jesus. They wanted to embarrass him and to prove that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Jesus: “Does not the law stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?” Jesus answered: “Yes.” They said: “This woman is an adulteress.” Jesus looked at the woman and then at the priests. He knew that they were more sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they understood that if he was going to apply Mosaic Law, he would be destroying his own rules of forgiveness and mercy.
Jesus understood their plan. He smiled and assented: “Whoever among you is sinless can stone her.” His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful.
As Jesus left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet with her hair. Jesus turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: “0 Lord, forgive her sins.” He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.
Jesus’s Brings the Dead to Life
Jesus continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on one another and to believe in Allah.
Jesus continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Qur’anic commentators said that Jesus brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman’s son, and a woman’s only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw this they said: “You only resurrect those who have died recently; perhaps they only fainted.” They asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Noah.
When he asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Jesus invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Noah came out from the grave gray-haired. Jesus asked: “How did you get gray hair, when there was no aging in your time?” He answered: “0, Spirit of Allah, I thought that the Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of that day my hair turned gray.”
The Miracles of Jesus – Qur’anic
Allah the Almighty said: (Remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): ‘O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My Favor to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus (Gabriel) so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity and when I taught you writing Al-Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Torah and the Gospel; and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.
And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of the disciples (of Jesus) to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims. ” Surah 5: 110-111
Jesus’s Abilities and Disciples – Qur’anic
Almighty Allah also revealed: And He (Allah) will teach him (Jesus) the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunna, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.
And will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me. Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.”
Then when Jesus came to know of their disbelief he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” The disciples said: “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”
Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger (Jesus); so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill Allah – none has the right to be worshiped but Allah).
And they (disbelievers) plotted (to kill Jesus), and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners. Surah 3: 48-54
Allah Sends the Disciples a Feast
Jesus continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called “the law of the Spirit.” Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Jesus saw that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, and the downtrodden, and their number was small.
Some of the miracles which Jesus performed had been requested by his disciples, such as their wish for a “holy table” to be sent down from heaven.
Allah the Exalted said: (Remember) when the disciples said: “0 Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” Jesus said: “Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers.” They said: “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.”
Jesus, son of Mary, said: “0 Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” Allah said: “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as Iha ye not inflicted on anyone among (all) the Alamin (mankind and jinn).” Surah 5: 112-116
It was related that Jesus commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they asked Jesus to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Jesus prayed to Allah after his disciples had doubted Allah’s power. The great table came down between two clouds, one above and one below, while the people watched. Jesus said: “0 Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of distress.” So it fell between Jesus’s hands, covered with a napkin.
Jesus suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance which they had never smelled before. Jesus said: ‘The one who is the most devout and most righteous may uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it.” They said: “0 Spirit of Allah, you are the most deserving.”
Jesus stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there was a roasted fish. The disciples said: “0 Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of Paradise?” Jesus said to his disciples: “Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine power of Allah the Almighty Who said: ‘Be,’ and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter.”
It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle was that the blind and lepers were cured.
The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Jesus. Later on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped Jesus as a god.
Allah’s Questions to Jesus
Almighty Allah asserted: And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “0 Jesus son of Mary! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?”‘ He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’, And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All-Mighty the All- Wise.”
Allah will say: ‘This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.” Surah 5: 116-120
The Jews Plot to Kill Jesus
Jesus went on with his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.
The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and eclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot against Jesus. The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Jesus’s call, they decided to kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Jesus.
While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, Judas Iscariot, went to them and asked: “What will you give me if I deliver him to you?” Judas bargained with them until they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture and murder of Jesus.
It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, claiming that Jesus had denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.
The Torture of Jesus
The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman governor that Jesus was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take immediate action against him. The governor ordered that Jesus be arrested.
According to the Book of Matthew, Jesus was arrested and the council of the high priests passed the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him.
It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate, the Roman governor, ordered that Jesus be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but the Romans had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Jesus was handed to the soldiers for crucifixion. They took off his clothes and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head to mock him. According to custom he carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.
Jesus’s Crucifixion – Bible Version
Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the cross, the soldiers gave Jesus a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.
Jesus’s Crucifixion – Qur’anic
But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extant gospels with regards to both the end of Jesus and his nature.
The Glorious Qur’an affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Jesus or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven. They never killed Jesus; they killed someone else.
Allah the Almighty declared: And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah Jesus, son of Mary the Messenger of Allah,” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Jesus, son of Mary): But Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, all- Wise.
And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (Jesus, son of Mary as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his (Jesus or a Jew’s or a Christian’s) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he (Jesus) will be a witness against them. Surah 4: 157-159
Almighty Allah also revealed: And (remember) when Allah said: “0 Jesus! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that Jesus is Allah son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Jesus, Moses, etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Qur’an) till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute. Surah 3: 55
Hazrat Isa (Jesus)
Translated by Fatima Zabeth Beenesh from the Farsi book “Tarikh i-Anbiya az Adam ta Khatam” by Husain Imadzadeh
Hazrat Isa a.s was the light of God and truth. God created him from the soul of the universe. He was an absolute divine favor and entirely clean of all evils. According to the definition of Quran this ethereal personality was the face of the world and hereafter.
Isa a.s was among the favorites in the divine sovereignty and in all-accomplished existence he was the absolute soul. The life of hazrat Isa a.s. was very strange and astonishing. His birth and at last his ascension to the the dwelling place of the God and angels, the Heaven.
The proclamation of his prophecy
Isa a.s was 29 years when he began his preaching a.s as a prophet and came before Bani Israil and said: O people I am the messenger of God and came as a prophet. Accept my sayings and obey me and do not say foul language about me. The Gracious God send me with numerous miracles to guide you.
Quran 3:49 And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): “I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe.”
They said: What miracles did you bring.
Isa a.s replied: I will make bird out of clay and blow life into it and it will also fly with thy permission.
They said: how will you do it.
Isa a.s immediately created a bird from clay and blow breath into it. After which the bird began to fly.
They said: What more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s replied: I can render sight to the blind by birth and can cure a leper. All these miracles are the sign of my prophecy.
A group of people believed him and many of them said that he was a magician.
Quran 5:110 Thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers.
Every day Isa a.s used to invite people towards the religion of God and recite the verses of Injeel to them.
One day when he was in Jordan ‘urdan’ he was addressed: O Isa I will make you immortal, bestow you the highest place, call you in the heaven and make you pure and unaffected from the Abhorrence and uncleanness of unbeliever.
When Isa a.s got this message from God he told his ‘Havari’ disciples: I have intention of going to ‘Baitul Muqaddas’ Jerusalem.
Migrated from the lands of Jordan towards Jerusalem
His disciples too followed him. On the way Isa a.s used to cure, old, blind and ailing people. When they reached near Jerusalem Isa a.s told his disciples ‘Havari’: Go towards this village where you will get a female donkey with a young one and bring them to me.
Till then he did not ride on back of any riding. His disciples bought the donkeys to their spiritual leader. Isa a.s spread his clothes on the animal and rode on it. When along with disciples reached Jerusalem all the blind and ailing people gathered around Isa a.s to get rid of their illness.
Some asked him: O prophet of God please inform us how and when it is the end of this world?
Isa a.s replied them: I give you the glad tiding of a prophet who will come after me. His name will be Ahmad a.s who will rise up when the earth will be filled with injustice and oppressions. He will layout the ground of justice and equity and in his period I will descend from heaven and the sign of my advent is known as Judgment Day. And be aware many will come by my name or will say that Isa a.s is on fourth sky or in some desert but never believe them.
Isa a.s giving life to death
In the period of Isa a.s medicine reached to its zenith. In spite of all the perfection in many treatments they used to be helpless in healing many ailments such as they could not bring sight to the congenitally blind people. Therefore his Highness Isa a.s said: I will cure a leper, give life to dead and bestow sight to blind healing many other ailing peoples.
As he used to give life to the dead he was told by the people to give life back to ‘Sam’ son of Hazrat Nuh a.s. as his dead body was thousand of years old.
The dead body of Sam was buried on a mountain so to make people believe in his prophecy he went on the mountain with people. When prophet Isa a.s said “O Sam son of Nuh a.s”, the mountain got split and Sam came out of it, wiping dust from his forehead.
Isa a.s said: O Sam, why you are so disturbed?
Sam replied: I thought the judgment day had arrived.
Isa a.s said: Do you want live again?
Sam replied: What will happen if I start living again?
Isa a.s said: At least dead is there.
Sam replied: Then death is better than life for me. As two thousand years have passed since my death and I do not want to live again. Then he returned back and died.
Bani Israil said: what more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s said: I will tell you what you eat and what you store in the houses.
Quran 3:49 And I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe.”
Quran 5:110 and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’
A group among them accepted Isa a.s whereas many of them rejected him by saying that it is sorcery and said that this man is born out of wedlock. Isa a.s felt extremely obnoxious and unpleasant and cursed them. After which they were deformed into swines.
When this report reached the king of Bani Israil he got terrified with Isa a.s.’s curse and summoned the chiefs of Bani Israil to kill Isa a.s. They gathered around Isa a.s and asked him questions. When they wanted to crucify hazrat Isa a.s. Jibril a.s ascended him from the aperture of the roof to the heaven. It was 31 miladi’of the Christian era’.
Quran 4:157 That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;-but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.
Quran 3:55 Behold! Allah said: “O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.”
The ascension of Isa a.s to heaven
They are dual definitions about the end of Isa a.s.
1- He was ascended to the heaven and is alive in the same mortal body and at the time during the appearance of Hazrat Muhammad Mahdi ibn Hasan Askari a.s he will come back into this world and bring happiness into this earth planet and will execute the customs of Hazrat Ibrahim a.s.
2- According to the information of ‘Mutavafik’ about the definition of Hazrat Isa’s a.s soul which was taken to the heaven. They say among the creatures of God there are two categories of people. One are those who had entrusted themselves to their passions and every type of wickedness is committed by them.
The second categories are those people who had submitted themselves to the wisdom and enlightenment. They are never engaged in any mischiefs and love to say the words of God.
God had taken away the elemental existence of hazrat Isa a.s from among the Yahudis and Nasranis. The meaning of this is not annihilation, destruction and death but Yahud and Nasara on this subject have diversity of opinions and believe of trinity. Some believed on cross and death of Christ and some have faith in trinity and ascension of Isa a.s from the grave.
Hazrat Ali ibn Moosa ar Reza declaration of objection before the Nasara defined about this matter which is written in the book of his biography categorically and permanently. In order just to give the awareness to the reader.
Injil in dictionary
In dictionary the meaning of injil is glad tiding and in the verses of Quran its meaning was manifested and made cleared. The word Injil occurs twelve times in the Qur’an (3:3, 3:43, 3:58; 5:50-51, 5:70, 5:72, 5:110; 7:156; 9:112; 48:29; 57:27)
Quran 3:3 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).
Nazzala AAalayka alkitaba bialhaqqimusaddiqan lima bayna yadayhi waanzala alttawratawaal-injeela
The Injil’s names are as follows:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
Unfortunately, Babylonian king Nabukatnazar (Bakht Nasr) destroyed ‘Taurat’ the book of Musa a.s. Today’s Injil is not the same Injil given by Isa a.s as it has many alterations.
The Injil of Barnaba
Among the present Injils the Injil of Barnaba is creditable and reliable. This book is translated by late Aga Sardar Kabuli in farsi. In this prescription some facts are present which were not altered which are not present in other prescriptions. In the past Injils whose names are mentions in general knowledge books are as follows:
1- Bible of Egyptians which was in second century of the Christian era.
2- Bible of Hebrew in first century of the Christian era.
3- Bible of peter in the second century.
4- Gospel of the Holy Twelve
5- Gospel of Andrew
6-Bible of Barnaba
7- Bartamus Bible
8- The Bible, King James Version
9- Tedious Bible
10- Elios Bible
11- Bobby Dallas Bible
12- Mantis Bible
13- Krintas Bible
14- Havana Bible
15- Yahuda Bible
16- Hayut Bible
17- Mary Magdalene Bible
18- Matyas Bible
19- kamal Bible
20- philip Bible
21- Thomas Bible
22- Rosty Bible
23- Markun Bible
24- Necodemus Bible
The Apostles of Hazrat Isa (A.S.)
3:52 When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: “Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah?” Said the disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: We believe in Allah, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims.
Hazrat Isa a.s when felt the power of blasphemy had reached its extent and he alone was not enough to encounter it .He too like hazrat Moosa a.s claimed an assistant and helper.He said: Is there any body who can protect and help me in my preachings and guiding the people in this holi cause?
The apostles said: We are ready to help you. And bring God as our witness and submit ourselves before your commandments.
There were twelve havari ‘apostles’of hazrat Isa a.s.His immediate successor was Shamoon a.s who was performing the miracles of Isa a.s like curing the lepers and giving life to death.All these miracles were with the permission of God. Shamoon a.s was true and loyal disciple of Isa a.s.Shamoon a.s moved towards people to guide them and killed.At the moment of his martyrdom he appointed prophet Zakaria a.s as his successor.
After Isa a.s. conflict of message appeared among the Havari. Many types of sections came into existence. The believe of trinity began to strengthen among the people.
QURAN APPROVED THE DIVINE LAWS OF ISA A.S AND MOOSA A.S
Certainly the facts of heavenly laws were proved to last extent to the mankind and the ambiguity and doubtfulness of people began to abolish. All this happened by means of Islam. Quran explained the rules and commandments of the past prophets and put to end those verdicts which were not suited for the progress of the mankind’s status level and against the perfection of human wisdom. Henceforth the reason for the perfection of the rules or abrogation of the past principles and laws were described and specified in stories of prophet’s. In the traditions of prophet muhammad’s (pbuh) family presented these anecdotes. The total facts and affairs which Quran had mentioned and brought out muslims from the obscurity and falsifications and educated them.
The Nasara believe that Isa a.s was killed and he was the son of God such as Yahudi have faith that prophet Uzaer a.s was son of God.
Quran 9:30 The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!
Waqalati alyahoodu AAuzayrun ibnu Allahiwaqalati alnnasara almaseehuibnu Allahi thalika qawluhum bi-afwahihim yudahi-oonaqawla allatheena kafaroo min qablu qatalahumu Allahuanna yu/fakoona
The traces of hazrat Isa’s a.s prophecy and religious law were abolishing ,which the Quran defined them .Hazrat Imam Reza a.s in the meeting of Mamun Abbasi in the presence of scholars made a declaration to Jasliq Nasara who was the most sensitive learned man in theoretical and religious epigrams among the common people.
Some of the discussion is narrated as follows: Jasliq:Do you have believe in hazrat Isa’s a.s prophecy and His divine laws.
Imam Reza a.s said: We have faith in Isa a.s for his prophecy and being the master of divine laws who gave the good tiding of uprising of the last messenger of God.
beside that there is not any other Isa a.s. And we stress upon this matter.
Jasliq: I am mentioning about Isa ibn Maryam a.s. on whom the Injil was descended.
Imam Reza a.s said: The very Isa a.s who gave the glad tiding of the prophecy of Islam.
Jasliq: Isa a.s never gave such a message.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove that Isa a.s declared the advent of the last messenger of God.
Jasliq: If you can prove and establish the authenticity of this matter i will become a muslim.
Imam Reza a.s: What do you say about the Yuhanna of Dailami.
Jasliq: I accept him ,he was one of the esteemed person of hazrat Isa a.s.
Imam Reza a.s: I will give you the promise of Isa a.s that you must tell the truth.Does Isa a.s did not said it in the Injil of Yuhanna: Isa a.s had told me “I am giving you the annunciation of “Farqaleet” who will come after me and had given this happy tiding to his apostles. On hearing this they too braught faith in his message.
Jasliq: It is true. But the time of the arrival of Farqaleet was not mentioned.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove it then after my establishing the truth will you bring faith?
Jasliq: Surely I will bring faith.
Imam Reza a.s: In the verses of the Injil written by Yuhanna dailami where Isa a.s, son of Maryam said about the mission of the prophet of islam, his family and his people.In such a way that Jasliq was ashamed but he did not accepted Islam.
When Jasliq was condemned Imam Reza a.s asked him: O Jasliq tell me about the Injil of Isa a.s son of Maryam.
Jasliq: One day the Injil of Isa a.s was lost. After that Nasara found it fresh in the possession of Matta and Yuhanna.
Imam Reza a.s: Your knowledge about Injil is very little .If the matter is so simple then why Nasara came across so much diversity of opinions?
Jasliq accepted the fact but did not replied.
Imam Reza a.s: keep in the mind “Alwaqa” was most learned among the ‘Havari’.There are three scholars of Injil.”Yuhanna”Akbar Naji ,”Yuhanna” of Dailami”Ibn Jarud,”Yuhanna” of Baqartelitan.
When the real Injil disappeared from them, the people of Nasara went to the scholars of Injil and demanded Injil from them. The Nasari scholars said: We are the retentive and preservers ‘hafiz’ of the Injil of Isa a.s. We will read for you chapters and chapters of it at any learning hours of the day.
To prove that Jasliq had believe Isa a.s worshiped the God, Imam Reza a.s told him: Isa a.s used to worship God very less.
Jasliq was embarrassed and said: You have no right to tell this. Isa a.s was very much devoted in the glorification of God.
Imam Reza a.s asked him: Whom he used to worship?
Jasliq said: He used to worship The one God.
And confessed that he was a creature of God was not the son of God.
Imam Reza a.s said: Injil of Barnaba is among the best Bibles in which there are less alterations .And Quran had proved its concept.
61:6 And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of an Apostle to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, ” this is evident sorcery!”
Wa-ith qala AAeesa ibnumaryama ya banee isra-eela innee rasoolu Allahiilaykum musaddiqan lima bayna yadayya mina alttawratiwamubashshiran birasoolin ya/tee min baAAdee ismuhu ahmadufalamma jaahum bialbayyinati qaloohatha sihrun mubeenun
The other Injils also had confessed this fact that Ahmad, Muhammad and Mahmud is the last prophet by the name of ‘Farqaleet’. All the Nasari, Yahudi who were well – informed of language have given the name of Muhammad and Ahmad to the word ‘Farqaleet’.
Hazrat Isa a.s had educated twelve disciples from the school of Christianity and given them the name of apostle ‘havari’. After the ascension of hazrat Isa a.s.to the heaven, they came amidst the Bani Israil and invited the people towards the oneness of God and the religious laws of Isa a.s. and send letters and the representatives to the towns and countries around the world. The people in large number began to convert to Christianity. As the first Injil was lost the four havari among them wrote the Bible:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
1- The prophet Shamoon a.s was successor of Isa a.s who was inviting the people towards the religion of Christianity in Jerusalem. After the Ascension, of Isa a.s he went to Rome and for twenty five years he preached Christianity there. He was murdered by the command of the king of Rome ‘Farva’ and was buried there. He was martyred after 31 years of Isa’s a.s ascension.
2- ‘Andreas’ brother of Shamoon a.s went to the countries of North and Russia .There he invited people to the religion of Isa a.s and from there he went to Greek and preached the faith of Isa a.s.
The governor of Greek by the name “aaza” in the name of king was ruling upon the people, felt that he was disturbed in his affairs. He summoned him and put him into nails and pulled out the skin of his body.
3- The third apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was Yaqoob Zabdi who went to Spain and preached the people principles of Isa a.s.From there he came to Jerusalem and at last he was martyred there.
4- The fourth havari of hazrat Isa a.s was Yuhanna.He was the brother of Yaqoob Zabdi.He used to preach the faith of Isa a.s in Jerusalem.The king of Rome by the name ‘Wamishan’ called him And thrown him in the red hot boiling oil. After a while Yuhanna came out of the boiling oil alive, safe and sound.
When the king saw that incident, ordered to put him into exile in some of the islands of Rome.And appointed a group of people to guard him.Where Yuhanna wrote the book of ‘The divine presence till ‘Wamishan’ died.
Then Yuhanna left that island and went to the city of Afsar in Asia. There he wrote Injil .Where he died.
5- The fifth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Batuma’ who went to Azarbaijan and from there to India. Where he lived for a long period of time and preached the people the religion of Isa a.s. The natives of that place attacked ,killed and buried him there.
6- The sixth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Bartolma’ who went towards India and called the people towards the religious laws of Isa a.s.and passed the Gulf of Oman and travelling the entire country of Iran he reached Armanestan. ‘Palmebus’ was the king of that state.He accepted his faith and entered into Christianity.But his brother got displeased with him.He went to ‘Bartolma’ with a group of people and dragged out his skin and killed him
7- The seventh apostle of Isa a.s was ‘Felbus’ who went to Egypt and invited people towards Christianity, from there he went to Syria and persuade the natives the religion of Isa a.s. At last at the hands of Syrians he was stoned to death.
8- The eight havari and apostle of Hazrat Isa a.s was his disciple ‘Mata’ who for seven years wrote Bible in Hebrew. And leaving the holi land he went to Africa and resided in the country of ‘Habsha’. He invited the ruler towards the faith of Isa a.s. and to which he accepted his call but his brother remained an idol worshiper. Until his hostility began with Mata and with the association of other idolaters, he killed ‘Mata’.
9- The ninth havari of Isa a.s. was Yaqub bin Halqa. He was living in Jerusalem since long period.He was respectable person among the people.He was propagating the religious laws of Isa a.s. The Jews had thrown him from the high building ,braking all his bones into pieces. Meanwhile a jew hit him on his head with an anvil. So that he had fallen down and died.
10- The tenth havari and apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was ‘kabbie’by the title ‘Maddie’. In the beginning he travelled to Baghdad and Musel and invited the people towards christianity.Then he went to Iran and made famous and ennobled the name of Isa a.s in the cities and towns. Finally he was martyred along with ‘Shamoon Qanani’
11- ‘Shamoon Qanani’ in the beginning went to Egypt then to Iran and met Maddie .The non-Arabs gathered around them and killed them.
12- ‘Mitas’ was one of the apostles of Isa a.s. He came at the place of Yahuda Astakar Yuti. When Astakar Yuti got involved in a treason . As the result Shamoon a.s dismissed him from that status and appointed ‘Mitas’ as an apostle .This apostle first went to Antakia and then to Halab and from there to Russia. Every where he preached the teachings and religion of Isa a.s. Atlast they stoned him to death and drowned him in the sea.
THE ORIGINAL INJIL
The original Injil which was descended from God was in the Hebrew. The honorable Quran in Sure Ale Imran bespoke in the verse 50 such that: 3:50 “‘(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (Before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear Allah, and obey me.
Wamusaddiqan lima baynayadayya mina alttawrati wali-ohilla lakumbaAAda allathee hurrima AAalaykum waji/tukumbi-ayatin min rabbikum faittaqoo Allaha waateeAAooni
It means that Hazrat Isa a.s said: I came to make lawful or nullify those things, by the command of God which Taurat made them illegal.
The commentators defined the religious laws of Musa a.s those were unlawful which Isa a.s made them lawful were as follows:
Eating the fats of the sacrificed animal, eating its intestines, eating the stomach of the cattle and goat. Consumption of fish, camel meat and some birds. And prohibition of fishing on Saturday.
The religious laws of Isa a.s are as follows:
1- To suffice on one wife.
2- The divorced wife must not remarry again.
3- The man who divorced his wife must not marry again.
4- One can divorce his wife only in the case of adultery.
5- Earn lawfully else it is not permissible.
The differences of The religious laws of Musa a.s, Isa a.s and the holy religion of Islam: For Yahudi and Nasari it is necessary to worship a part of the prayers in Jerusalem .Like the practice of sacrifice.
The woman in periods and her uncleanness after giving birth of child, practice of cleaning themselves must be done there.
The water never make the dress of Yahudi and Nasrani clean. But they cut that part and burn it.
When a woman get unclean in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child .They must not have sexual relationship with their husband and not to speak with them more than necessity. Till they get out of the uncleanness. But have no such strict rules. The people can worship wherever they like except the usurped place. The woman can accompany her husband in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child only sexual relationship is unlawful and disapproved.
In Islam everything is cleaned by water. for getting clean the woman in periods or after giving birth to a child one need not to sacrifice any cattle.
In the religious laws of Moosa a.s when a person used to commit a sin sometime on his forehead or on his door the sin used to be written with the command of God. On the Saturdays for catching of fish they were deformed into swines and monkeys.
But in Islam through the last prophet the God made easy and convenient the commandments of religion. However the original Injil was lost.The Jews made Injil disappeared same like Taurat which was lost for a period of time.