History of the Cemetery Of Jannat Al-Baqi

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The Origins of Al-Baqi

Literally “Al-Baqi” means a tree garden. It is also known as “Jannat Al-Baqi” due to its sanctity, since in it are buried many of our Prophet’s relatives and companions.

The first companion buried in Al-Baqi was Uthman Ibn Madhoon who died on the 3rd of Sha’ban in the 3rd year of Hijrah. The Prophet (s) ordered certain trees to be felled, and in its midst, he buried his dear companion, placing two stones over the grave.

On the following years, the Prophet’s son Ibrahim, who died in infancy and over whom the Prophet (s) wept bitterly, was also buried there. The people of Madina then began to use that site for the burial of their own dead, because the Prophet (s) used to greet those who were buried in Al-Baqi by saying, “Peace be upon you, O abode of the faithful! God willing, we should soon join you. O’ Allah, forgive the fellows of al-Baqi”.

The site of the burial ground at al-Baqi was gradually extended. Nearly seven thousand companions of the Holy Prophet (s) were buried there, not to mention those of the Ahlul Bayt (a). Imam Hasan Ibn Ali (a), Imam Ali Ibn Al-Husayn (a), Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir (a), and Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (a) were all buried there.

Among other relatives of the Prophet (s) who were buried at al-Baqi are: his aunts Safiya and Aatika, and his aunt Fatima Bint Al-Asad, the mother of Imam Ali (a). The third caliph Uthman was buried outside al-Baqi, but with later extensions, his grave was included in the area. In later years, great Muslim scholars like Malik Ibn Anas and many others, were buried there too. Thus, did al-Baqi become a well-known place of great historic significance to all Muslims.

Al-Baqi as viewed by historians

Umar Ibn Jubair describes Al-Baqi as he saw it during his travel to Madina, saying “Al-Baqi is situated to the east of Madina. You enter it through the gate known as the gate of al-Baqi. As you enter, the first grave you see on your left is that of Safiya, the Prophet’s aunt, and further still is the grave of Malik bin Anas, the Imam of Madina. On his grave is raised a small dome.

In front of it is the grave of Ibrahim son of our Prophet (s) with a white dome over it, and next to it on the right is the grave of Abdul-Rahman son of Umar bin Al-Khattab, popularly known as Abu Shahma, whose father had kept punishing him till death overtook him. Facing it are the graves of Aqeel bin Abi Talib and Abdullah bin Ja’far Al-Tayyar. There, facing those graves is a small shrine containing the graves of the Prophet’s wives, following by a shrine of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib.

The grave of Hasan bin Ali (a), situated near the gate to it’s right hand, has an elevated dome over it. His head lies at the feet of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, and both graves are raised high above the ground, their walls are paneled with yellow plates and studded with beautiful star-shaped nails. This is how the grave of Ibrahim, son of the Prophet (s) has also been adorned. Behind the shrine of Abbas there is the house attributed to Fatima, daughter of our Prophet (s), known as “Bayt Al-Ahzaan” (the house of grief) because it is the house she used to frequent in order to mourn the death of her father, the chosen one, peace be upon him. At the farthest end of al-Baqi is the grave of the caliph Uthman, with a small dome over it, and there, next to it, is the grave of Fatima bint Asad, mother of Ali b. Abi Talib (a)”

After a century and a half, the famous traveller Ibn Batuta came to describe al-Baqi in a way which does not in any way differ from the description given by Ibn Jubair. He adds saying, “At al-Baqi are the graves of numerous Muhajirin and Ansar and many companions of the Prophet (s), except that most of their names are unknown.”

Thus, over the centuries, al-Baqi remained a sacred site with renovations being carried out as and when needed till the Wahhabis rose to power in the early nineteenth century. The latter desecrated the tombs and demonstrated disrespect to the martyrs and the companions of the Prophet (s) buried there. Muslims who disagreed with them were branded as “infidels” and were subsequently killed.

The First Destruction of Al-Baqi

The Wahhabis believed that visiting the graves and the shrines of the Prophets, the Imams, or the saints was a form of idolatry and totally un-Islamic. Those who did not conform with their belief were killed and their property was confiscated. Since their first invasion of Iraq, and till nowadays, in fact, the Wahhabis, as well as other rulers of the Gulf States, having been carrying out massacres from which no Muslim who disagreed with them was spared. Obviously, the rest of the Islamic World viewed those graves with deep reverence. Had it not been so, the two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar would not have expressed their desire for burial near the grave of the Prophet (s).

From 1205 AH to 1217 AH, the Wahhabis made several attempts to gain a foothold in Hijaz but failed. Finally, in 1217 AH, they somehow emerged victorious in Taif where they spilled the innocent blood of Muslims. In 1218 AH, they entered Makkah and destroyed all sacred places and domes there, including the one which served as a canopy over the well of Zamzam.

In 1221, the Wahhabis entered Madina to desecrate al-Baqi as well as every mosque they came across. An attempt was even made to demolish the Prophet’s tomb, but for one reason or another, the idea was abandoned. In subsequent years, Muslims from Iraq, Syria, and Egypt were refused entry into Makkah for Hajj. King Al-Saud set a precondition that those who wished to perform the pilgrimage would have to accept Wahhabism or else be branded as non-Muslims, becoming ineligible for entry into the Haram.

Al-Baqi was razed to the ground, with no sign of any grave or tomb whatsoever. But the Saudis were still not quite satisfied with doing all of that. Their king ordered three black attendants at the Prophet’s shrine to show him where the treasure of valuable gifts were stored. The Wahhabis plundered the treasure for their own use.

Thousands of Muslims fled Makkah and Madina in a bid to save their lives and escape from the mounting pressure and persecution at the hands of the Wahhabis. Muslims from all over the world denounced this Saudi savagery and exhorted the Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire to save the sacred shrines from total destruction.

Then, as it is known, Muhammad Ali Basha attacked Hijaz and, with the support of local tribes, managed to restore law and order in Madina and Makkah, dislodging the Al-Saud clansmen. The entire Muslim world celebrated this victory with great fanfare and rejoicing. In Cairo, the celebrations continued for five days. No doubt, the joy was due to the fact that pilgrims were once more allowed freely to go for Hajj, and the sacred shrines were once again restored.

In 1818 AD, the Ottaman Caliph Abdul Majid and his successors, Caliphs Abdul Hamid and Mohammed, carried out the reconstruction of all sacred places, restoring the Islamic heritage at all important sites. In 1848 and 1860 AD, further renovations were made at the expense of nearly seven hundred thousand pounds, most of which came from the donations collected at the Prophet’s tomb.

The second plunder by the Wahhabis

The Ottoman Empire had added to the splendor of Madina and Makkah by building religious structures of great beauty and architectural value. Richard Burton, who visited the holy shrines in 1853 AD disguised as an Afghan Muslim and adopting the Muslim name Abdullah, speaks of Madina boasting 55 mosques and holy shrines. Another English adventurer who visited Madina in 1877-1878 AD describes it as a small beautiful city resembling Istanbul. He writes about its white walls, golden slender minarets and green fields.

1924 AD Wahhabis entered Hijaz for a second time and carried out another merciless plunder and massacre. People in streets were killed. Houses were razed to the ground. Women and children too were not spared.

Awn bin Hashim (Shairf of Makkah) writes: “Before me, a valley appeared to have been paved with corpses, dried blood staining everywhere all around. There was hardly a tree which didn’t have one or two dead bodies near its roots.”

1925 Madina surrendered to the Wahhabi onslaught. All Islamic heritage were destroyed. The only shrine that remained intact was that of the Holy Prophet (s).

Ibn Jabhan says: “We know that the tomb standing on the Prophet’s grave is against our principles, and to have his grave in a mosque is an abominable sin.”

Tombs of Hamza and other martyrs were demolished at Uhud. The Prophet’s mosque was bombarded. On protest by Muslims, assurances were given by Ibn Saud that it will be restored but the promise was never fulfilled. A promise was given that Hijaz will have an Islamic multinational government. This was also abandoned.

1925 AD Jannat Al-Mu’alla, the sacred cemetery at Makkah was destroyed along with the house where the Holy Prophet (s) was born. Since then, this day is a day of mourning for all Muslims.

Is it not strange that the Wahhabis find it offensive to have the tombs, shrines and other places of importance preserved, while the remains of their Saudi kings are being guarded at the expense of millions of dollars?

Protest from Indian Muslims

1926, protest gatherings were held by shocked Muslims all over the world. Resolutions were passed and a statement outlining the crimes perpetrated by Wahhabis was issued and included the following:

1. The destruction and desecration of the holy places i.e. the birth place of the Holy Prophet [s], the graves of Banu Hashim in Makkah and in Jannat al-Baqi (Madinah), the refusal of the Wahhabis to allow Muslims to recite Ziyarah or Surah Al-Fatiha at those graves.

2. The destruction of the places of worship i.e. Masjid Hamza, Masjid Abu Rasheed, in addition to the tombs of Imams and Sahaba (Prophet’s companions).

3. Interference in the performance of Hajj rituals.

4. Forcing the Muslims to follow the Wahhabis innovations and to abandon their own ways according to the guidance of the Imams they follow.

5. The massacre of Sayyids in Taif, Madina, Ahsa, and Qatif.

6. The demolition of the grave of the Imams at al-Baqi which deeply offended and grieved all Shias.

Protest from other countries

Similar protests were lodged by Muslims in Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Indonesia, and Turkey. All of them condemn the Saudi Wahhabis for their barbaric acts. Some scholars wrote tracts and books to tell the world the fact that what was happening in Hijaz was actually a conspiracy plotted by the Jews against Islam, under the guise of Tawheed. The idea was to eradicate the Islamic legacy and heritage and to systematically remove all its vestiges so that in the days to come, Muslims will have no affiliation with their religious history.

A partial list of the demolished graves and shrines

• Al-Mualla graveyard in Makkah which includes the grave of Sayyida Khadija bint Khuwailid (a), wife of the Prophet (s), the grave of Amina bint Wahab, mother of the Prophet (s), the grave of Abu Talib, father of Imam Ali (a), and the grave of Abdul Muttalib, grandfather of the Prophet (s)

• The grave of Hawa (Eve) in Jeddah

• The grave of the father of the Prophet (s) in Madina

• The house of sorrows (Bayt Al-Ahzan) of Sayyida Fatima (a) in Madina

• The Salman al-Farsi mosque in Madina

• The Raj’at ash-Shams mosque in Madina

• The house of the Prophet (s) in Madina, where he lived after migrating from Makkah

• The house of Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (a) in Madina

• The complex (mahhalla) of Banu Hashim in Madina

• The house of Imam Ali (a) where Imam Hasan (a) and Imam Husayn (a) were born

• The house of Hamza and the graves of the martyrs of Uhud (a)

Hadith on Essal e Sawab

 
Hadees No: 1
Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas Radiallahu Anhu Se Riwayat Hai Ki Ek Shakhs Ne Bargah-E-Risalat Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Se Arz Kiya:
Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ! Meri Waalida Faut Ho Chuki Hai Agar Mein Unke Taraf Se Sadqa Doo’n To Kya Woh Use Koi Nafa Dega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya : Ha’n !
Usne Arz Kiya :
Mere Paas Ek Baag (Garden) Hai Aap Gawaah Rahein Mein Ne Yah Baag Us Ki Taraf Se Sadqa Kar Diya.”
(Sunan Tirmizi, Volume : 02, Page : 56, Kitab Az ZakatBaab No 33, Hadees : 669)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Page : 118, Kitab No 18 – Kitabal WasayaHadees : 2882)
Albani Ne Bhi Abu Dawood Ki Hadees
Ko Sahi Kaha Hai.
(Sunan Nasai Volume : 06, Page : 252, Kitab No 30, Kitab Al WasayaBaab No 07, Hadees : 3655)
(Imam Nasai Sunan Al Kubra Volume : 04, Page : 110, Hadees : 6482)
 
Hadees No: 2
Hazrat  Abdullah ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu Se Rivayat Hai Ki Kabeela Juhayna Ki Ek Khatoon Ne Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki
Bargaah Me Haajir Hokar Arz Kiya : Meri Walida Ne Hajj Ki Mannat Maani Thi Lekin Wo Hajj Na Kar Saki Yaha Tak Ki Faut Ho Gayi.
Kya Mai Unki Taraf se Hajj Karo’on? Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya,
Ha’n Tum Uski Taraf Se Hajj Karo.  Bhala Batao Kya Tumhari Walida Par Qarz Hota To Kya Tum Ada Na Karti ?
Phir ALLAH AJWAZAL Ka Haq Ada Karo Wo Zyada Haqdaar Hai Ke Uska Haq Ada Kiya Jaaye.
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 05, Kitab 24 Kitabul Hajj, Baab No 07 -Faut Shuda Logo Ke Badle Hajj Ka Bayan Jo Hajj Ki Mannat Rakhte The, Page : 116, Hadees : 2632)
(Sunan Al Kubra Volume : 02, Page : 322, Hadees : 3612)
(Imam Tabrani Al Muajamul Kabir, Volume : 12, Page : 50, Hadees : 12443)
 
Hadees No: 3
Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu Se Marwi Hai Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya :
Jab Insan Mar Jaata Hai To Us Ke Aamaal Ka Silsila Khatm Ho Jaata Hai Siwaye Teen Cheezon Ke (Unka Ajr Use Barabar Milta Rahta Hai) Ek Woh Saqda Jiska Nafa Jaari Rahe,
Dusra Woh Ilm Jisse Faayda Uthaaya
Jaaye, Teesra Woh Nek Awlaad Jo Us Ke Liye Duaa Kare.
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 03, Kitab No 25 – Kitabul Wasaya, Page : 1255, Hadees : 1631)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Kitab No 18 –Kitab Al Wasaya, Page : 117, Hadees : 2880)
(Imam Bukhari ne Al Adab Ul Mufrad, Volume : 01, Page : 28, Baab No 19 – Barril Walidain Baadl MautameenHadees : 38)
 
Hadees No: 4
“Hazrat Abu Hurrairah Radiallahu Anhu Riwayat Karte Hain Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki Khidmat Me Ek Shakhs Ne Arz Kiya :
Ya Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam !
Mera Baap Faut Ho Gaya Hai Aur Us Ne Maal Chhoda Hai Aur Waseeyat Bhi Nahi Ki Agar Mein Uske Taraf Se Sadqa Karoo’n To Kya Yah (Sadqa) Us Ke Gunaahon Ka Qaffara Ho Jaayega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya : Haa’n.
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 03, Page : 1254, Kitab No 25 – Al WasayiatBaab No 02 – Sadakat Ke Sawab Ka Shudagan Tak PahuchnaHadees: 1630)
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 06, Page : 251, Kitab 30, Kitabul WasayaBaab No 02, Shudagan Ke Badle Sadkat Karne Ke FazailHadees : 3625)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume : 02, Page : 206, Kitab No 22 – Kitab Al WasayaHadees : 2716)
 
Hadees No: 5
Umool Momineen Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqua Tahira Radiallaho Anha Se Rivayat Hai Ke Ek Shaks Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki
Bargaah Me Haajir Huwa Aur Arz Kiya:
Meri Walida Achanak Faut Hogyi Hai Aur Mera Khayal Hai Ki Agar Wo (Bawakte Naz’a) Guftgoo Kar Sakti To Sadke (Ki Adaygi Ka Hukm) Karti,
Agar Mein Uske Taraf Se Khairat Karoo’n To Kya Use Sawab pahuchega ? Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya ‘Haan.’
(Sahi Bukhari Volume : 03, Kitab 55 – Kitabul WasayaBaab No 19 – Sadakat Ke Sawab ka Shudagan Tak PahuchneHadees : 2760)
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 02, Kitab 12 :  Al ZakatBaab No 15 : Sadakat Ke Sawab Ka Shudagan Tak PahuchnaHadees : 1004)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Kitab No 18 : Kitabul WasayaBaab No : 1068 Page : 118, Hadees : 2881)
Albani Ne Bhi Isko Sahi Likha
Hai
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 06, Kitab No 30 : Kitabul WasayaBaab No : 07 Kisi Shaks Ki Maut Par Uske Gharwaalo Ke Sadke Karne Ka Bayan, Page : 250, Hadees : 3649)
(Imam Nasai Sunan Al Kubra, Volume 04, Pg : 109, Hadees – 6476)
 
 
Hadees No: 6
Umme Saad Ke Liye KUN’WA (WALL):
“Hazrat Saad Bin Ubada Radiallahu Anhu Arz Karte Hai YA RASOOLALLAH Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Meri Maa Wisal Kar Gayi, Mai Unki Taraf Se Sadka Karna Chahta Hu Konsa Sadka Afzal Rahega, Sarkar Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya, PAANI.
Chunance Unhone Ek KUN’WA (Wall)
Khudwaya Aur Kaha ‘ ﻫَﺬِﻩِ ﻷُﻡِّ ﺳَﻌْﺪٍ ’ Yaani Ye Umme Saad Ke Liye ”
(Sunan Abu Dawood Volume : 02, Kitab 09 : Al ZakatBaab 561 : Paani Pahuchane Ke Fazail, Page : 180, Hadees : 1681)
(Mishkat Al Masabih Volume : 01, Page : 362, Hadees : 1912)
(Imam Munzir ne At Targhib Wa Tarhib, Volume : 02, Page : 41, Hadees : 1424)
 
Yahi Riwayat Imam Nasai Ne Is Tarah Likhi Hai,
Hazrat Sa’d Bin Ubaada Radiallahu Anhu Riwayat Karte Hain Ki Unki Waalida Faut Ho Gayi. Unhone Arz Kiya :
Ya Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ! Meri Waalida Faut Ho Gayi Hain, Kya Mein Uske Taraf Se Sadqa Kar Sakta Hoo’n?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne
Farmaya :
Ha’n.
Unhone Arz Kiya : To Koun Sa Sadqa Behtar Rahega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya :
Paani Pilaana.
(To Unhone Eik Kuwa’n Kharid Kar
Musalmanon Ke Liye Waqf Kar Diya)
Phir Yah Kuwa’n Madinah Munawwarah Me Sa’d Ya Aale Sa’d Ke Paani Ke Sabeel (Ke Naam Se Mash’hoor Tha).”
(Imam Nasai , Sunan Nasai Volume : 06, Page : 255, Kitab No 30 – Kitab Al WasayaBaab No 9 :Zikreel Ektelafi Ala SufyanHadees : 2666)
(Imam NasaiSunan Al Kubra Volume : 04, Page : 112, Hadees : 6491)
(Musnad-E-Ahmad Ibn Hambal Volume : 05, Page : 284, Hadees : 22512)
(Imam Tabrani Majmaul Kabir Volume : 06, Page : 20, Hadees : 5379)
 
 
Hadees No: 7
Hazrat Anas Radiallahu Anhu Farmate Hai Jab Nabi-E-Paak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Hazrat Zainab Radiallaho Anha Se Nikah Kiya To Meri Walda Hazrat Umme Sulaim Radi Allaho Anha Ne Hais (Sattu, Ghee, Or Khazoor Se Bana Huwa Khana) Bana Kar Ek Tabaq Me Rakha Or Mujhe Kaha Ise Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki Khidmat-E-Aqdas Me Le Jao Main Khidmat-E-Aqdas Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Me Hazir Huwa To Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya Jao Or Musalmano Me Se Tumhe Jo Mile Usse Bula Lao Mujhe Jo Mila Bula Laaya Or Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Dua Padha Or Jo Kuch Rab Ko Manzoor Tha Wo Aapne Dua Me Padha Phir Log Ghar Me Dakhil Hote Khana Khate Aur Nikal Jaate Sab Ne Sair Hokar Khaya Or Chale Gaye Kuch Log Baithe Rahe Unho Ne Lambi Baatein Shuru Kardi Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Unhe Kuch Kehne Se Haya Karte The Nabi-E-Paak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ghar Se Bahar Tashrif Le Gaye Magar Woh Log Wahin
Bethe Rahe. Us Wakt ALLAH Ta’ala Ne Ye Aayat Nazil Farmaya.
“Aye Imaanwaalo Nabi-E-Pak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ke Ghar Me Begair Izazat Dakhil Na Huwa Karo, Na Khane Ke Wakt Taktey Raha Karo. Haa Agar Tumhe Khane Pe Bulaya Jao To Jarur Aao Lekin Khana Khane Ke Baad Chale Jaya Karo. Baatein Karne Me Na Lage Raho Tumhari Ye Harkatein Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ko Taklif Deti Hai Magar Wo Sharm Ki Wajah Se Tumhe Kuch Nahi Kehte Or ALLAH Ta’ala Haq Baat Kehne Me Sharm Nahi Karta
(Surah AhzaabPara 21, Ayat 53, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 02 , Kitab No 16
Kitabun NikahBaab : Ummul Momineen Zainab Bint Jahsh Ke Nikah Ka Bayan Aur Hizab Ke Mutaalik Nuzool-E-Wahi Ka BayanHadees : 1428)
(Jamai Tirmizi Kitab No 47 Kitabut
TafseerHadees : 3524)
 
 
Hadees No: 8
Umool Momineen Hazrat Ayesha
Siddiqua Tahira Radiallaho Anha Se
Rivayat Hai Ke Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Halwa (Sheerni) Aur Shahed (Honey) Pasand Farmate The.
(Sahi Bukhari, Volume : 02, Kitab No 76 Al TibbHadees :5682)
(Sahi Bukhari, Volume : 02 ,Kitab No 74 AL Taam’at (Food), Hadees : 5431/5599)
(Sunan Ibn MajahKitab No 29 AL
Taam’at (Food), Hadees : 3448)
(Imam Tirmizi Ne Shama’il-E-Muhammadiya Kitab No 26, Hadees :
163)
 
Hadees No: 9
Jo Qabristan Me 11 Martaba Surah
Ekhlaas Padhke Tamam Ahle Qaboor Ko Isaale Sawab Karde To Sabke Barabar Isaale Sawab Karne Ka Azr Karnewaale Ko Milega”
(Jami’ Jawami‘ Al-Suyuti, Volume 08 Page : 280, Hadees : 23102)
 
Agar Itni Daleel Dene Ke Bawazood Bhi Kisiko Fatiha Haraam Lagti Hai To Wo Yaha Gour Kare.
“Tum Farmaao Laao Apne Wo Gawaah Jo Gawahi De Ki ALLAH Ne Use Haraam Kiya”
(Surah AnamPara 7, Aayat 150, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
 
Hadees No: 10
“Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab Radiallahu Anhu Se Marwi Hai Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya
“Aamaal Ka Daaromadaar Niyyat Par Hai Aur Har Shakhs Ke Liye Wahi Hai Jiski Usne Niyyat Ki.”
(Sahi Al Bukhari, Volume : 01,Kitab Ul ImaanHadees : 54)
 
Hadees No: 11
Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Irshad Farmaya, “Musalmaan Ki Niyyat Uske Amal Se
Behtar Hai”
(Al Majmaul Kabir Lil Tabrani Volume : 06, Page : 180, Hadees : 5942)
 
Hadees No: 12
Huzoor-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ka Farmaan-E-Aalishan Hai Acchi Niyat Bande Ko Jannat Me Daakhil Kar Deti Hai”
(Imam Suyuti Al Jaaame Sageer ,v
Volume : 01, Page : 800, Hadees : 1326, Darool Kitab Beirut)

Esaal-e-Sawaab Ka Saboot..

ALLAH Tabarak Wa Ta’ala Quran-E-Kareem Me Farmata Hai,
“Aur Wo Jo Unke Baad Aaye Arz Karte Hai. Aye Hamare Rab ! Hume Baksh De Aur Hamare Bhaiyo Ko Jo Hum Se Pehle Imaan Laaye Aur Hamare Imaanwaalo Ki Taraf Se Keena Na Rakh, Aye Hamare Rab ! Beshak
Tu Hi Bahot Meharbaan Rahemwaala Hai”
(Surah Al HashrPara 28, Ayat 10, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
 
“Aye Hamare Rab Mujhe Baksh De Aur
Mere Maa Baap Ko Aur Sab Musalmaan Ko Jis Din Hisab Kayam Hoga”
(Surah Ibrahim, Para 13, Ayat 41, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
 
In Aayato Me ALLAH Ne Musalmano Ke Is Dua Ko Bataur-E-Tareef Bayan Farama Raha Jo Musalman Apne Guzre Hue Musalman Bhaiyo Ke Liye Dua-E-Bakshish-O-Magfirat Maag Rahe Hai Agar Wisal Ho Chuke Logo Ko Zindo Se Koi Nafa Na Pahuchta To Quran Hargeez Usko Bataur Tareef-O-Istehsan Bayan Na Karta Dua To Ek Shaks Ne Maanga Par Iska Faida Sabko Pahucha Khwah Wo Zindo Ho Ya Murda.
“Tera Rab Khoob Janta Hai Kaun Bahka Hai Uski Raah Se Aur Wo Khoob Janta Hai Hidayatwalo Ko To Khao Us Me Se Jis Par ALLAH Ka Naam Liya Gaya Agar Tum Uski Aayate Mante Ho
Aur Tumhe Kya Hua Ki Tum Unme Se Na Khao Jis Par ALLAH Ka Naam Liya Gaya”
(Sure An’aamPara- 7, Aayat 117,118,119, Ruku 14, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
 
Ye Aayat Se Khoob Roshan Hao Gaya Ki Fatiha Jaiz Hai. ALLAH TA’ALA Khud Quran-E-Kareem Me Farma Raha Hai Ki Khao Jis Par ALLAH Ka Naam Liya Gaya. Ab Aap Hi Faisla Karle. Hum Fatiha Me Kya Padhte Hai? Sure Fatiha, Sure Ikhlas, Sure Kousar, Sure Qadr, Sure Naas, Aayatul Qursi, Sure Lahab, Durood Shareef Aur Bhi Kai Sure Ki Tilawat Karte Hai. Ab Koi Agar Kehde Ke Fatiha Ka Khana HARAAM Hai. Mazallah To Kya Wo Musalman Raha? Kise Haraam Bol Raha Hai. Jis Par Kalaam-E-Ilaahi Ki Tilawat Ki Gayi Ho Wo Kaise Haraam Ho Sakta Hai?
 
Ab Aaiye Hum Hadees Shareef Ki Roshni Me Isaale Sawab Par Nazar Dale.
 
Hadees No: 1
Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas Radiallahu Anhu Se Riwayat Hai Ki Ek Shakhs Ne Bargah-E-Risalat Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Se Arz Kiya:
Ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ! Meri Waalida Faut Ho Chuki Hai Agar Mein Unke Taraf Se Sadqa Doo’n To Kya Woh Use Koi Nafa Dega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya : Ha’n !
Usne Arz Kiya :
Mere Paas Ek Baag (Garden) Hai Aap Gawaah Rahein Mein Ne Yah Baag Us Ki Taraf Se Sadqa Kar Diya.”
(Sunan Tirmizi, Volume : 02, Page : 56, Kitab Az ZakatBaab No 33, Hadees : 669)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Page : 118, Kitab No 18 – Kitabal WasayaHadees : 2882)
Albani Ne Bhi Abu Dawood Ki Hadees
Ko Sahi Kaha Hai.
(Sunan Nasai Volume : 06, Page : 252, Kitab No 30, Kitab Al WasayaBaab No 07, Hadees : 3655)
(Imam Nasai Sunan Al Kubra Volume : 04, Page : 110, Hadees : 6482)
 
Hadees No: 2
Hazrat  Abdullah ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu Se Rivayat Hai Ki Kabeela Juhayna Ki Ek Khatoon Ne Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki
Bargaah Me Haajir Hokar Arz Kiya : Meri Walida Ne Hajj Ki Mannat Maani Thi Lekin Wo Hajj Na Kar Saki Yaha Tak Ki Faut Ho Gayi.
Kya Mai Unki Taraf se Hajj Karo’on? Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya,
Ha’n Tum Uski Taraf Se Hajj Karo.  Bhala Batao Kya Tumhari Walida Par Qarz Hota To Kya Tum Ada Na Karti ?
Phir ALLAH AJWAZAL Ka Haq Ada Karo Wo Zyada Haqdaar Hai Ke Uska Haq Ada Kiya Jaaye.
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 05, Kitab 24 Kitabul Hajj, Baab No 07 -Faut Shuda Logo Ke Badle Hajj Ka Bayan Jo Hajj Ki Mannat Rakhte The, Page : 116, Hadees : 2632)
(Sunan Al Kubra Volume : 02, Page : 322, Hadees : 3612)
(Imam Tabrani Al Muajamul Kabir, Volume : 12, Page : 50, Hadees : 12443)
 
Hadees No: 3
Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu Se Marwi Hai Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya :
Jab Insan Mar Jaata Hai To Us Ke Aamaal Ka Silsila Khatm Ho Jaata Hai Siwaye Teen Cheezon Ke (Unka Ajr Use Barabar Milta Rahta Hai) Ek Woh Saqda Jiska Nafa Jaari Rahe,
Dusra Woh Ilm Jisse Faayda Uthaaya
Jaaye, Teesra Woh Nek Awlaad Jo Us Ke Liye Duaa Kare.
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 03, Kitab No 25 – Kitabul Wasaya, Page : 1255, Hadees : 1631)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Kitab No 18 –Kitab Al Wasaya, Page : 117, Hadees : 2880)
(Imam Bukhari ne Al Adab Ul Mufrad, Volume : 01, Page : 28, Baab No 19 – Barril Walidain Baadl MautameenHadees : 38)
 
Hadees No: 4
“Hazrat Abu Hurrairah Radiallahu Anhu Riwayat Karte Hain Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki Khidmat Me Ek Shakhs Ne Arz Kiya :
Ya Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam !
Mera Baap Faut Ho Gaya Hai Aur Us Ne Maal Chhoda Hai Aur Waseeyat Bhi Nahi Ki Agar Mein Uske Taraf Se Sadqa Karoo’n To Kya Yah (Sadqa) Us Ke Gunaahon Ka Qaffara Ho Jaayega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya : Haa’n.
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 03, Page : 1254, Kitab No 25 – Al WasayiatBaab No 02 – Sadakat Ke Sawab Ka Shudagan Tak PahuchnaHadees: 1630)
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 06, Page : 251, Kitab 30, Kitabul WasayaBaab No 02, Shudagan Ke Badle Sadkat Karne Ke FazailHadees : 3625)
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume : 02, Page : 206, Kitab No 22 – Kitab Al WasayaHadees : 2716)
 
Hadees No: 5
Umool Momineen Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqua Tahira Radiallaho Anha Se Rivayat Hai Ke Ek Shaks Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki
Bargaah Me Haajir Huwa Aur Arz Kiya:
Meri Walida Achanak Faut Hogyi Hai Aur Mera Khayal Hai Ki Agar Wo (Bawakte Naz’a) Guftgoo Kar Sakti To Sadke (Ki Adaygi Ka Hukm) Karti,
Agar Mein Uske Taraf Se Khairat Karoo’n To Kya Use Sawab pahuchega ? Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya ‘Haan.’
(Sahi Bukhari Volume : 03, Kitab 55 – Kitabul WasayaBaab No 19 – Sadakat Ke Sawab ka Shudagan Tak PahuchneHadees : 2760)
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 02, Kitab 12 :  Al ZakatBaab No 15 : Sadakat Ke Sawab Ka Shudagan Tak PahuchnaHadees : 1004)
(Sunan Abu Dawood, Volume : 03, Kitab No 18 : Kitabul WasayaBaab No : 1068 Page : 118, Hadees : 2881)
Albani Ne Bhi Isko Sahi Likha
Hai
(Sunan Nasai, Volume : 06, Kitab No 30 : Kitabul WasayaBaab No : 07 Kisi Shaks Ki Maut Par Uske Gharwaalo Ke Sadke Karne Ka Bayan, Page : 250, Hadees : 3649)
(Imam Nasai Sunan Al Kubra, Volume 04, Pg : 109, Hadees – 6476)
 
 
Hadees No: 6
Umme Saad Ke Liye KUN’WA (WALL):
“Hazrat Saad Bin Ubada Radiallahu Anhu Arz Karte Hai YA RASOOLALLAH Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Meri Maa Wisal Kar Gayi, Mai Unki Taraf Se Sadka Karna Chahta Hu Konsa Sadka Afzal Rahega, Sarkar Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya, PAANI.
Chunance Unhone Ek KUN’WA (Wall)
Khudwaya Aur Kaha ‘ ﻫَﺬِﻩِ ﻷُﻡِّ ﺳَﻌْﺪٍ ’ Yaani Ye Umme Saad Ke Liye ”
(Sunan Abu Dawood Volume : 02, Kitab 09 : Al ZakatBaab 561 : Paani Pahuchane Ke Fazail, Page : 180, Hadees : 1681)
(Mishkat Al Masabih Volume : 01, Page : 362, Hadees : 1912)
(Imam Munzir ne At Targhib Wa Tarhib, Volume : 02, Page : 41, Hadees : 1424)
 
Yahi Riwayat Imam Nasai Ne Is Tarah Likhi Hai,
Hazrat Sa’d Bin Ubaada Radiallahu Anhu Riwayat Karte Hain Ki Unki Waalida Faut Ho Gayi. Unhone Arz Kiya :
Ya Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ! Meri Waalida Faut Ho Gayi Hain, Kya Mein Uske Taraf Se Sadqa Kar Sakta Hoo’n?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne
Farmaya :
Ha’n.
Unhone Arz Kiya : To Koun Sa Sadqa Behtar Rahega?
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya :
Paani Pilaana.
(To Unhone Eik Kuwa’n Kharid Kar
Musalmanon Ke Liye Waqf Kar Diya)
Phir Yah Kuwa’n Madinah Munawwarah Me Sa’d Ya Aale Sa’d Ke Paani Ke Sabeel (Ke Naam Se Mash’hoor Tha).”
(Imam Nasai , Sunan Nasai Volume : 06, Page : 255, Kitab No 30 – Kitab Al WasayaBaab No 9 :Zikreel Ektelafi Ala SufyanHadees : 2666)
(Imam NasaiSunan Al Kubra Volume : 04, Page : 112, Hadees : 6491)
(Musnad-E-Ahmad Ibn Hambal Volume : 05, Page : 284, Hadees : 22512)
(Imam Tabrani Majmaul Kabir Volume : 06, Page : 20, Hadees : 5379)
 
 
 
Hadees No: 7
Hazrat Anas Radiallahu Anhu Farmate Hai Jab Nabi-E-Paak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Hazrat Zainab Radiallaho Anha Se Nikah Kiya To Meri Walda Hazrat Umme Sulaim Radi Allaho Anha Ne Hais (Sattu, Ghee, Or Khazoor Se Bana Huwa Khana) Bana Kar Ek Tabaq Me Rakha Or Mujhe Kaha Ise Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ki Khidmat-E-Aqdas Me Le Jao Main Khidmat-E-Aqdas Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Me Hazir Huwa To Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya Jao Or Musalmano Me Se Tumhe Jo Mile Usse Bula Lao Mujhe Jo Mila Bula Laaya Or Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Dua Padha Or Jo Kuch Rab Ko Manzoor Tha Wo Aapne Dua Me Padha Phir Log Ghar Me Dakhil Hote Khana Khate Aur Nikal Jaate Sab Ne Sair Hokar Khaya Or Chale Gaye Kuch Log Baithe Rahe Unho Ne Lambi Baatein Shuru Kardi Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Unhe Kuch Kehne Se Haya Karte The Nabi-E-Paak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ghar Se Bahar Tashrif Le Gaye Magar Woh Log Wahin
Bethe Rahe. Us Wakt ALLAH Ta’ala Ne Ye Aayat Nazil Farmaya.
“Aye Imaanwaalo Nabi-E-Pak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ke Ghar Me Begair Izazat Dakhil Na Huwa Karo, Na Khane Ke Wakt Taktey Raha Karo. Haa Agar Tumhe Khane Pe Bulaya Jao To Jarur Aao Lekin Khana Khane Ke Baad Chale Jaya Karo. Baatein Karne Me Na Lage Raho Tumhari Ye Harkatein Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ko Taklif Deti Hai Magar Wo Sharm Ki Wajah Se Tumhe Kuch Nahi Kehte Or ALLAH Ta’ala Haq Baat Kehne Me Sharm Nahi Karta
(Surah AhzaabPara 21, Ayat 53, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
(Sahi Muslim Volume : 02 , Kitab No 16
Kitabun NikahBaab : Ummul Momineen Zainab Bint Jahsh Ke Nikah Ka Bayan Aur Hizab Ke Mutaalik Nuzool-E-Wahi Ka BayanHadees : 1428)
(Jamai Tirmizi Kitab No 47 Kitabut
TafseerHadees : 3524)
 
 
 
Hadees No: 8
Umool Momineen Hazrat Ayesha
Siddiqua Tahira Radiallaho Anha Se
Rivayat Hai Ke Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Halwa (Sheerni) Aur Shahed (Honey) Pasand Farmate The.
(Sahi Bukhari, Volume : 02, Kitab No 76 Al TibbHadees :5682)
(Sahi Bukhari, Volume : 02 ,Kitab No 74 AL Taam’at (Food), Hadees : 5431/5599)
(Sunan Ibn MajahKitab No 29 AL
Taam’at (Food), Hadees : 3448)
(Imam Tirmizi Ne Shama’il-E-Muhammadiya Kitab No 26, Hadees :
163)
 
Pata Chala Halwa To Khud Huzoor Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ko Pasand Tha Isliye Ahle Sunnat Khoob Khate Hai Ab Khud Faisla Karlo Jo Cheez Aaqa Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ko Pasand Hai Tum Uska Mazaak Udhaao To Tum Kaun Ho?
Aur Ab Tumhe Kawwe Gadho Pe Pyaar
Aaya Hai To Hum Kya Kare? Aur Ek Ahem Baat Halwa Khana Haraam Shirk Biddat Bolte Hai. Aur Jarur Khane Pehle Aate Hai. Isliye Hamare Imam Aalahazrat Azeemul Barkat Rehmatullah Alaihi Kya Khoob Farmate Hai
 
Hadees No: 9
Jo Qabristan Me 11 Martaba Surah
Ekhlaas Padhke Tamam Ahle Qaboor Ko Isaale Sawab Karde To Sabke Barabar Isaale Sawab Karne Ka Azr Karnewaale Ko Milega”
(Jami’ Jawami‘ Al-Suyuti, Volume 08 Page : 280, Hadees : 23102)
 
Agar Itni Daleel Dene Ke Bawazood Bhi Kisiko Fatiha Haraam Lagti Hai To Wo Yaha Gour Kare.
“Tum Farmaao Laao Apne Wo Gawaah Jo Gawahi De Ki ALLAH Ne Use Haraam Kiya”
(Surah AnamPara 7, Aayat 150, Tarzuma Kanzul Imaan)
 
Hadees No: 10
“Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab Radiallahu Anhu Se Marwi Hai Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya
“Aamaal Ka Daaromadaar Niyyat Par Hai Aur Har Shakhs Ke Liye Wahi Hai Jiski Usne Niyyat Ki.”
(Sahi Al Bukhari, Volume : 01,Kitab Ul ImaanHadees : 54)
 
Hadees No: 11
Nabi-E-Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Irshad Farmaya, “Musalmaan Ki Niyyat Uske Amal Se
Behtar Hai”
(Al Majmaul Kabir Lil Tabrani Volume : 06, Page : 180, Hadees : 5942)
 
Hadees No: 12
Huzoor-E-Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ka Farmaan-E-Aalishan Hai Acchi Niyat Bande Ko Jannat Me Daakhil Kar Deti Hai”
(Imam Suyuti Al Jaaame Sageer ,v
Volume : 01, Page : 800, Hadees : 1326, Darool Kitab Beirut)

CHAPTER 4 ON THE COMBING OF THE HAIR OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH (SALLALLAHU ALAIHE WASALLAM)

It is mustahab to comb the hair. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) has urged us to do so. He used to comb his own hair too. Imam Tirmidhi has written five Ahadith in this chapter.

(31) Hadith Number 1
Hazrat Aisha (Radiallahu anha) says, “I used to comb the hair of
Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam), even when I was
in the state of menstruation.”

Commentary
The Ulama prove from this Hadith that it permissible for a woman in her periods to look after and serve her husband. Because of the menstruation the whole body of a woman does not become najis (naapak-unclean). It is forbidden to have intercourse with her
during her menstruation.
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(32) Hadith Number 2
Hazrat Anas (Radiallahu anhu) reports, “Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) often rubbed oil in his head and also often combed his beard. He put a cloth over his head, which became like an oil cloth due to the frequent use of oil.”

Commentary
The clothing becomes oiled due to the use of oil, and this was against the noble habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam), who liked cleanliness. He put a cloth over his head so that the amaamah (turban) etc. did not become stained.
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(33) Hadith Number 3
Hazrat Aisha (Radiallahu anha) says, ” Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) liked to begin with the right while combing his hair; while performing ablution (wudhu) and when putting on his shoes. (Also in every other deed, he first began with the right then the left).

Commentary
This (beginning from the right) is not confined to the three acts mentioned in this Hadith. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) began everything with the right, that is why every other deed’ has been added in the translation of the Hadith. The basic rule is, that all those things that reflect dignity and elegance, while putting on these the right is preferred, and when removing them the left is begun with, as when putting on clothes, shoes etc. When one enters the Masjid, one enters with the right foot and leaves with the left foot first, as this is the place of dignity and greatness. Contrary to this, in those things that do not have elegance in them, for instance when entering the toilet.
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(34) Hadith Number 4
Hazrat Abdullah Mughaffal (Radiallahu anhu) reports, ” Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) prohibited the combing of hair, but allowed it to be does occasionally.”

Commentary
Qazi Iyaz says that occasionally means after every three days. In Abu Daud a Hadith has been reported, wherein Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) prohibited the combing of hair daily. The Ulama have written that it is prohibited at such times when
there is no necessity for it, otherwise there is no harm in it. The prohibition is karahate tanzihi. It is specially for the hair that has no dirt in it and does not need grooming. When the hair is dirty, there is no karaaha (i.e. not makruh) in combing the hair daily.
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(35) Hadith Number 5
Hazrat Humayd bin Abdurrahman (Radiallahu anhu) relates form a Sahabi that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) combed his hair occasionally.