Laylatu al-Qadr

Laylatu al-Qadr kī faz̤īlat

Allāh Taʻālá ne Qurā’ne Majīd meṅ Laylatu al-Qadr kī
faz̤īlat ke bayān meṅ pūrī sūrat nāzil farmā’ī. Irshāde hotā hai:
̇Be-shakk ham ne is (Qur’ān) ko Shabe Qadr men” . سَلٰمٌ قف هِيَ حَتّٰي مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ o اَمْر ٍ وَالرُّوْحُ فِيُهَا بِاِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ ج مِّنْ کُلِّ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلٰئِکَةُ o لَيُلَةُ الْقَدْرِخَيٌُر مِّنْ اَلْفِ شَهْر ٍ o وَمَا اَ ْدرٰکَ مَا لَيُلَةُ الْقَدْرِ o اِنَّا اَنْزَلَنٰهُ فِيُ لَيُلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
utārā hai. Aur Āp kyā samajhe haiṅ (keh) Shabe Qadr kyā hai?
Shabe Qadr (faz̤īlat-o barakat aur ajr-o s̲awāb meṅ) hazār
mahīnoṅ se behtar hai. Is (rāt) meṅ firishte aur Rūḥ al-Amīn
(Jibrā’īl) apne Rabb ke ḥukm se (ḳhair-o barakat ke) har amr
ke sāth utarte haiṅ. Yeh (rāt) ṭulūʻe fajr tak (sarāsar) salāmatī
hai.”
[Al-Qadr, 97: 01_05.]
Laylatu al-Qadr kī faz̤īlat meṅ kutube ḥadīs̲ bŏhat-sī
riwāyāte maz̲kūr haiṅ. Z̲ail meṅ chand ek aḥādīs̲ kā
taz̲kirah kiyā jātā hai.
1. Ḥaz̤rat Abū Hurayrah raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu se marwī
hai keh Ḥuz̤ūr Nabīye Akram ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihī
wa-sallam ne irshād farmāyā:
. س َ ابًا غُِفِ َ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّم َ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ مَنْ قَام َ لَيُلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيُمَانًا وَّاحْت ِ
“Jo shaḳhṣ Laylatu al-Qadr meṅ ḥālate īmān aur s̲awāb
kī nīyat se qiyām kartā haim us ke sābiqah gunāh muʻāf kar
diye jāte hain.”
[Buḳhārī fī al-Ṣaḥīḥ, 02: 709, raqam: 1910.]
2. Ḥaz̤rat Anas bin Mālik raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu se marwī
hai keh ek martabah Ramaḍānu al-mubārak kī āmad par Ḥuz̤ūr
Nabīye Akram ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihī wa-sallam ne
farmāyā:
“Yeh māh jo tum par āyā hai, is meṅ ek aisī rāt hai jo
hazār mahīnoṅ se afz̤al hai. Jo shaḳhṣ is rāt se măḥrūm răh
gayā, goyā woh sārī ḳhair se măḥrūm rahā. Aur is rāt kī bhalā’ī
se wohī shaḳhṣ măḥrūm răh saktā hai jo wāqeʻatan măḥrūm
ho.”
[Ibn Mājah fī al-Sunan, 02: 309, raqam: 1644.]
3. Ḥaz̤rat Anas raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu se marwī hai keh
Ḥuz̤ūr Nabīye Akram ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihī wa-sallam
ne Laylatu al-Qadr kī faz̤īlat bayān karte huwe irshād farmāyā:
“Shabe Qadr ko Jibrā’īl Amīn firishtoṅ ke jhurmut̥meṅ
zamīn par utar āte haiṅ. Woh har us shaḳhṣ ke liye duʻā’e
maġhfirat karte haiṅ jo khar̥e bait̥he (kisī ḥāl meṅ) Allāh ko
yād kar rahā ho.”
[Bayhaqī fī Shuʻab al-īmān, 03: 343, raqam: 3717.]
Ramaḍānu al-mubārak ke āḳhirī ʻashrah kī ṭāq rāteṅ
kaun-sī hoti hai?
Ramaḍānu al-mubārak ke āḳhirī ʻashrah kī ikkīswīṅ,
te’īswīṅ, pachchīswīṅ, sattā’īswīṅ aur unattīswīṅ rāteṅ, ṭāq
rateṅ kăhlātī haiṅ. Ḥaz̤rat ʻUbādah bin Ṣāmit raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu bayān
karte haiṅ keh unhoṅ ne Ḥuz̤ūr Nabīye Akram ṣallá Allāhu
‘alayhi wa-Ālihī wa-sallam se Laylatu al-Qadr ke mutaʻalliq
sawāl kiyā to Āp ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihī wa-sallam ne
farmāyā:
. ثُمَّ وُفِّقَتْ لَهُ، غُِفِ َلَهُ مَاتَقَدَّم َ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَْخ َّ َ تِسْ عِ وَ عِْش ْ ِيُنَ، اَوْ فِي ٰاْخ ِ ِ لَيُلَةِ، فَمَنْ قَامَهَا ابْتِغَائَ هَا إِيُمَانًا وَاحْتِس َ ابًا، خَمْس ٍ وَعِْش ْ ِيُنَ، اوَ سَبْعٍ وَّ عِْش ْ ِيُنَ، اَوْ ْش ْ ِيُنَ، اَوْ فِي رَمَض َ انَ، فَالْتَمِسُوْهَا فِي الْعَْش ِ ا ْلْ َوَاْخ ِ ِ فَإِنَّهَا فِي وَتْر ٍ، فِي إِحْدَي وَ عِْش ْ ِيُنَ، أَوْ ثَـَل َ ثٍ وَع ِ
“Woh Ramaḍān meṅ hai so tum use āḳhirī ʻashrah meṅ
talāsh karo. Laylatu al-Qadr ikkīswīṅ yā te’īswīṅ yā
pachchīswīṅ yā sattā’īswīṅ yā unattīswīṅ ṭāq rātoṅ meṅ hai yā
Ramaḍān kī āḳhirī rāt hai. Jis shaḳhṣ ne Laylatu al-Qadr meṅ ḥālate īmān aur ṭalabe s̲awāb ke sāth qiyām kiyā, phir use sārī
rāt kī taufīq dī ga’ī to us ke agle aur pic̥hle gunāh baḳhsh diye
jāte haiṅ.”
[Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal fī al-Musnad, 05: 319, raqam: 22713.]

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