The Vanguard of Migration

The Vanguard of Migration

After the endorsement of the Second ‘Aqabah Pledge and the establishment of a small Muslim state in a vast desert surging with disbelief and ignorance the most serious gain in terms of Islam – the Prophetﷺ gave his leave for the Muslims to migrate to Madinah, the emerging Muslim state. Migration to Madinah, in terms of personal interests, was no more than giving up material things and sacrifice of wealth, all in return for personal safety only. Even here, the migrant could not expect full security; he was liable to be robbed or even killed either at the beginning or end of his departure. Bearing all this in mind, the Muslims began to migrate, while the polytheists spared no effort in hindering and debarring them, knowing beforehand that such a move implied unimaginable threats and unthinkable destructive dangers to their whole society The first one to migrate was Abu Salamah unter a year before the Great Aqabah Pledge – according to what Ibn Ishaq said. When he had made up his mind to leave Makkah, his in-laws, in a desperate attempt to raise obstacles, detained his wife and snatched his son and dislocated his hand. Umm Salamah . after the departure of her husband and the loss of her son spent a year by herself weeping and lamenting. A relative of hers eventually had pity on her and exhorted the others to release her son and let her join her husband. She then set out on a journey of 500 kilometers with no help whatsoever. At a spot called At-Tan’im, ‘Uthman bin Talhah came across her and offered to give a ride to Madinah. She, along with her son, joined Abu Salamah lite in the village of Quba’, a suburb of Madinah.’

Another instance of the atrocities of the polytheist Makkans, as regards migration, is Suhaib bin Sinan Ar-Rumi . This man expressed his wish to migrate and of course this was a source of offense to the disbelievers. They began to insult him claiming that he had come into Makkah as a worthless beggar, but their town was gracious enough and thanks to them he managed to make a lot of money and become wealthy. They gave orders that he would not leave. Seeing this, he offered to give away all his wealth to them. They eventually agreed to release him on that condition, The Prophetﷺ heard this story and commented on it saying:”Suhaib has profited, Suhaib has profited.”

Then, there was the story of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, ‘Aiyash bin Abi Rabi’ah and Hisham bin Al-‘Asi bin Wa’il is, who agreed to meet at a certain place one morning in order to leave for Madinah; ‘Umar and ‘Aiyash came but Hisham arena was detained by the Makkans. Shortly afterwards Abu Jahl and his brother Al-Harith came to Madinah to see their third brother ‘Aiyash. They cunningly tried to touch the most sensitive area in man, i.e., his relation with his mother. They addressed him claiming that his mother had sworn she would never comb her hair, nor shade herself from the sun unless she had seen him. ‘Aiyash took pity on his mother, but ‘Umar was intelligent enough to understand that they wanted to entice ‘Aiyash away from Islam so he cautioned him against their tricks, and added “your mother would comb her hair if lice pestered her, and would shade herself if the sun of Makkah became too hot for her.” In spite of these words, ‘Aiyash was determined to go and see his mother, so ‘Umar gave him his manageable tame camel advising him to stick to its back because it would provide rescue for him if he perceived anything suspicious on their part. The party of three then set off towards Makkah. As soon as they covered part of the distance, Abu Jahl complained about his camel and requested ‘Aiyash to allow him to ride behind

him on his camel. When they knelt down to the level of the ground, the two polytheists fell upon ‘Aiyash and tied him. They rode into Makkah shouting to the people to follow their example with respect to ‘fools’ These are just three self-explanatory models of the Makkans’ reaction towards anyone intending to migrate. The believers still managed to escape in successive groups so rapidly that within two months of the Second ‘Aqabah Pledge, entire quarters of Makkah were deserted. Almost all the followers of Hazrat Muhammad ﷺhad migrated to their new abode, except Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo, ‘ Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam the Prophet ﷺ himself, and those helpless souls who had been detained in confinement or were unable to escape. The Prophetﷺ together with Abu Bakr and ‘Ali, made all the necessary preparations for migration but was waiting for the order from Allah. Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of ‘Aishah Radiallahu anhoo that Allâh’s Messengerﷺ said the Muslims:

“In a dream I have been shown the place of your emigration,

a land of date-palm trees between two mountains.” So some people emigrated to Madinah, and most of those people who previously emigrated to the land of Ethiopia returned to Madinah. Abu Bakr action also prepared to leave for Madinah but Allâh’s Messenger said to him:

“Wait for a while, because I hope that I will be allowed to emigrate also.”

Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo asked, “Do you hope that…?” He replied in yes. So Abu Bakr actions did not emigrate for the sake of Allâh’s Messenger ﷺin order to accompany him. He fed two shecamels for four months from leaves he had from a Samur tree that had fallen.

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