The Third Stage
Calling unto Islam beyond Makkah
In Shawwal (in the end of May or the beginning of June 619 C.E.) the Prophetﷺ set out on foot towards At-Ta’if, about 60 kilometers from Makkah, in the company of his freed slave Zaid bin Harithah inviting people to Islam.
Contrary to his expectations, the general atmosphere was terribly hostile. He approached the family of ‘Umair, who were reckoned among the nobility of the town. But, to his disappointment, all of them turned deaf ear to his message and used abusive language as regards the noble cause he had been striving for. Three brothers from the chieftains of Thaqif – ‘Abd Yalil, Mas’ud and Habib – sons of ‘Amr bin ‘Umair Ath-Thaqafi met the Prophet centrewho invited them to embrace Islam and worship Allâh, but they daringly mocked at him and refused his invitation. “He is tearing the cloths of Al-Ka’bah; is it true that Allâh has sent you as a Messenger?” said one of them. “Has not Allâh found someone else to entrust him with His Message?” said the second. “I swear by Allâh that I will never speak to you. If you are really the Messenger of Allâh, then you are too important to be speaking to me. If you are lying against Allâh, then I should never speak to you,” said the third. Allâh’s Messenger ﷺthe finding that they were hopeless cases, stood up and left them saying:
“Since you are behaving this way, please do not disclose my presence
here.” For ten days he stayed there delivering his message to all of the noble people, one after another, but all to no avail. Stirred up to hasten the departure of the unwelcome visitor, the foolish and their servants hooted him through the narrow lanes, pelted him with stones and obliged him to flee from the city pursued by a merciless crowd. Blood flowed down both his legs: and Zaid.
trying to shield him, was wounded in the head. The crowd did not cease until they had chased him two or three miles across the sandy plains to the foot of the surrounding hills. There, tired and exhausted, he took refuge in one of the numerous fruit farms, and ested against the wall of a vineyard.
Rabi’ah’s two sons, wealthy Makkans, were moved on grounds of kinship and compassion, and sent to him one of their Christian servants with a tray of grapes. The Prophet met accepted the fruit with pious invocation:
“In the Name of Allâh.” The Christian servant ‘Addas was greatly impressed by these words and said: “These are words which people in this land do not generally use.” The Prophet ﷺasked:
“What land are you from, and what is your religion?”
‘Addas replied: “I am a Christian by faith and come from Nineveh.” The Prophetﷺ in then said:
“You belong to the city of the righteous Yunus, son of
Matta.” ‘Addas asked him anxiously if he knew anything about Jonah. The Prophetﷺ this significantly remarked:
“He is my brother. He was a Prophet and so am I.” Thereupon ‘Addas paid homage to Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ and kissed his head, his hands and his feet. One of the brothers said to the other “Look at your slave dishonoring you.” When ‘Addas came back
to them they said: “What was that for?” He said, “O my master There is nothing on the earth better than this man. He has informed me about a matter that only a Prophet would know.” They angrily said: “What is wrong with you ‘Addas? Do not leave your religion, certainly your religion is better than his religion.” When Prophetﷺ reached Qarn Al-Manazil, Allâh the Almighty sent to him Gabriel se together with the angel of mountains. The latter asked the Prophet ﷺ for permission to bury Makkah between Al-Akhshabain the mountains of Abu Qubais and Qu’aiqi’an. Al-Bukhari has recorded the details of this event with a chain from ‘Urwah bin Az-Zubair that ‘Aishah Radiallahu anhoo narrated to him that she asked the Prophet ﷺ”Have you ever experienced a worse day than Uhud.” He answered:
“Your tribes have troubled me a lot, and the worst trouble was the trouble on the day of ‘Aqabah when I presented myself to Ibn ‘Abd Yalil bin ‘Abd Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So, I departed, overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and proceeded on, and could not relax till I found myself at Qarn Ath-Tha’alib, where I lifted my head toward the sky to see a cloud shading me unexpectedly. I
looked up and saw Gabriel in it. He called me saying, ‘Allâh has heard what your people said to you, and their reply to you. Allâh has sent the angel of the mountains to you so that you may order him to do whatever you wish to these people.’ The angel of the mountains called upon me and greeted me, and then said, ‘O Nabiﷺ ! Order what you
wish. If you like. I will let Al-Akhshabain fall on them.” The Prophet ﷺhe said:
“No, I hope that Allâh will let them beget children who will worship Allâh Alone, and will worship none besides
Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ was then refreshed and his heart was set at rest in the light of that invisible Divinely provided aid. He proceeded to Wadi Nakhlah where he stayed for a few days. During his stay there, Allâh sent him a company of jinns who listened to him reciting the Noble Qur’ân:
“And (remember) when We sent towards
you (Muhammadﷺ ) Nafran (three to ten persons) of the jinns, (quietly) listening to the Qur’ân, when they stood in the presence thereof, they said: ‘Listen in silence!’ And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. They said: ‘O our people! Verily, we have heard a Book (this Qur’ân) sent down after Moses, confirming what
came before it, it guides to the Truth and to a Straight Path (1.e., Islam). O our peoplel Respond (with obedience) to Allâh’s Caller (i.e., Allâh’s Messenger Muhammad ﷺ), and believe in him (i.e., believe in that which Hazrat Muhammadﷺ has brought from Allâh and follow him). He (Allâh) will forgive you of your sins, and will save you from a painful
torment (i.e., Hell-fire).”” [46:29-31] The same incident is referred to in Surat Al-Jinn:
“Say (O Muhammad ): It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns listened (to this Qur’ân). They said: ‘Verily, we have heard a wonderful Recitation (this Qur’ân)! It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah).” [72:1,2] … till the end of
“And whosoever does not respond to Allâh’s Caller, he cannot escape on earth, and there will be no Auliya (protectors) for him besides Allâh (from Allâh’s punish
ment). Those are in manifest error.” [46:32]
When Nabi ﷺwas a short distance from Makkah, he retired to Hira’ Cave. Whence he dispatched a man from Khuza’ah tribe to AlAkhnas bin Shuraiq seeking his protection. The latter answered that he was Quraish’s ally and in no position to offer protection. He dispatched the messenger to Suhail bin ‘Amr, but to no avail, either. Al-Mut’im bin ‘Adi, a notable in Makkah, however, volunteered to respond to the Prophet’s appeal for shelter. He asked his people to prepare themselves fully armed and then asked Hazrat Muhammadﷺ enter into the town and directly into the Sacred Mosque. The Prophet observed a two-Rak’ah prayer and left for his house guarded by the heavily-armed vigilant Mut’im bin ‘Adi and his sons until he reached his door. It has been reported that later Abu Jahl, the archenemy of Islam, asked Mut’im if his behavior suggested protection or conversion, the latter replied it was merely protection. Abu Jahl was relieved and said that he would give Hazrat Muhammadﷺ protection for his
,Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ never forgot Mut’im’s favor. At the conclusion of the battle of Badr, he said:
“If Mut’im bin ‘Adi were living and had asked me for the release of these rotten people, then I would have given them to him.