SERMON 87 About the division of the community into factions

ومن خطبة له (عليه السلام)
[وفيها بيان للاسباب التي تهلك الناس]

أَمَّا بَعْدُ، فَإِنَّ اللهَ سُبْحانَهُ لَمْ يَقْصِمْ  جَبَّارِي دَهْر قَطُّ إِلاّ بَعْدَ تَمْهِيل وَرَخَاء، وَلَمْ يَجْبُرْ عَظْمَ  أَحَد مِنَ الاُْمَمِ إِلاَّ بَعْدَ أَزْل  وَبَلاَء، وَفِي دُونِ مَا اسْتَقْبَلْتُمْ مِنْ خَطْب وَاسْتَدْبَرْتُمْ مِنْ خَطْب مُعْتَبَرٌ! وَمَا كُلُّ ذِي قَلْب بَلَبِيب، وَلاَ كُلُّ ذِي سَمْع بِسَمِيع، وَلاَ كُلُّ ذِي نَاظِر بِبَصِير.

فَيَا عَجَباً! وَمَا لِيَ لاَ أَعْجَبُ مِنْ خَطَإِ هذِهِ الْفِرَقِ عَلَى اختِلاَفِ حُجَجِهَا فِي دِينِهَا! لاَ يَقْتَصُّونَ أَثَرَ نَبِيٍّ، وَلاَيَقْتَدُونَ بَعَمَلِ وَصِيٍّ، وَلاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بَغَيْب، وَلاَ يَعِفُّونَ  عَنْ عَيْب، يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الشُّبُهَاتِ، وَيَسِيرُونَ فِي الشَّهَوَاتِ، الْمَعْرُوفُ فِيهمْ مَا عَرَفُوا، وَالْمُنْكَرُ عِنْدَهُمْ مَا أَنْكَرُوا، مَفْزَعُهُمْ فِي

الْمُعْضِلاَتِ إِلَى أَنْفُسِهمْ، وَتَعْوِيلُهُمْ فِي المُبْهماتِ عَلَى آرَائِهِمْ، كَأَنَّ كُلَّ امْرِىء مِنْهُمْ إِمَامُ نَفْسِهِ، قَدْ أَخَذَ مِنْهَا فِيَما يَرَى بَعُرىً ثِقَات، وأَسْبَاب مُحْكَمَات.

 
SERMON 87
About the division of the community into factions
 

So now, certainly, Allah did not break the neck of any unruly tyrant in this world except after allowing him time and opportunity and did not join the broken bone of any people (ummah) until He did not inflict calamity and distress upon them. 

Even less than what sufferings and misfortunes have yet to fall upon you or have already befallen you are enough for giving lessons. Every man with a heart is not intelligent, every ear does not listen and every eye does not see. 

I wonder, and there is no reason why I should not wonder, about the faults of these groups who have introduced alterations in their religious pleas, who do not move on the footsteps of their Prophet nor follow the actions of the vicegerent. They do not believe in the unknown and do not avoid the evil. They act on the doubts and tread in (the way of) their passions. 

For them good is whatever they consider good and evil is whatever they consider evil. Their reliance for resolving distresses is on themselves. 

Their confidence in regard to dubious matters is on their own opinions as if every one of them is the Leader (Imam) of himself. Whatever he has decided himself he considers it to have been taken through reliable sources and strong factors.

Is Family Planning allowed in Islam?

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The question of family planning and birth control was discussed in detail by the Majma al-Fiqh al-Islami. They had twenty three scholars research this topic and present their findings on this matter. The participants involved represented many different trends and schools of thought. Among the participants were Muhammad Ali al-Baar, Ali al-Salus, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadan al-Buti, Abdullah al-Basam, Hasan Hathut and Muhammad Sayid Tantawi. Their proceedings, papers and discussions may be found in Part One of the Fifth Volume of Majallah Majma al-Fiqh al-Islami (1988/1409 A.H.). These proceedings are 748 pages all about the question of birth control and related issues.

The following are important points related to the issue of birth control in Islam. These were mentioned by some of the participants in the above program:

The institution of marriage and the want to have children was the custom of the best of creation, the Prophets and Messengers chosen by Allah. Allah says about them:

“And indeed We sent messengers before you and made for them wives and offspring”[Noble Quran 13:38]

The best example for the believers is the example of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), who married and had children. These Prophets and Messengers are the people whom Muslims should look to emulate. Allah says:

“They are those whom Allah has guided. So follow their guidance” [Noble Quran 6:90]

They should be emulated and not the disbelievers of the West, whose new lifestyles – mostly out of concern for enjoying this life or obtaining as many worldly goods as possible – discourage women from having more children.

Islam has forbidden celibacy, monasticism and castration for such purposes. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) made this clear when he told those companions who were considering acetic forms of life: “I pray and I sleep; I fast and I break my fast; and I marry women. Whoever turns away from my way of life is not from me.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) not only encouraged marriage but he encouraged marrying those women who are child-bearing. He stated: “Marry the loving, child-bearing women, for I shall have the largest numbers among the Prophets on the day of Resurrection.” (Recorded by Ahmad and ibn Hibban)

From the Islamic perspective, children are a gift and a blessing from Allah. Allah mentions some of the bounties that He has bestowed upon mankind in the following verse:

“And Allah has made for you spouses of your own kind and has made for you, from your wives, sons and grandsons, and has bestowed upon you good provisions.” [Noble Quran 16:72]

Allah also said:

“Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world.” [Noble Quran 18:46]

The only true provider for all mankind is Allah. If Muslims follow what Allah has prescribed for them, Allah will provide for them. Allah has warned about killing one’s children out of fear of poverty for either parents or the child. Allah says:

“Kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them”[Noble Quran 6:151]

Allah also says:

“And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We shall provide for them as well as for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin” [Noble Quran 17:31]

Hence, Muslims should never abort or kill their children out of fear of poverty. It is Allah who provides for them.

Based on the above points and numerous others, the scholars who participated in the research on this question came up with the following resolution:

It is not allowed to enact a general law that limits the freedom of spouses in having children.

It is forbidden to “permanently” end a man’s or a woman’s ability to produce children, such as by having a hysterectomy or vasectomy, as long as that is not called for by circumstances of necessity according to its Islamic framework.

It is permissible to control the timing of births with the intent of distancing the occurrences of pregnancy or to delay it for a specific amount of time, if there is some Shari’ah need for that in the opinion of the spouses, based on mutual consultation and agreement between them. However, this is conditioned by that not leading to any harm, by it being done by means that are approved in the Shari’ah and that it not do anything to oppose a current and existing pregnancy.

10 जनवरी, 1919 को मदीना शरीफ़ में उस्मानिया सल्तनत खातमा हो गया

10 जनवरी, 1919 को मदीना शरीफ़ में उस्मानिया सल्तनत खातमा हो गया था –
उस वक़्त वहा के गवर्नर फखरी पाशा थे
जो न चाह्ते हुये भी हथियार डाल के लिये मज़बूर थे!

10 जनवरी 1919 को ही उस्मानिया परचम मदीना मुनव्वरा से हटाया गया था!

पहली आलमी जन्ग के दौरान अन्ग्रेजी कुव्वतो ने बड़े ही शातिराना तरीके से रियासत ए उस्मानिया में बगावत पैदा की
और
हिज़ाज़ ए मुकद्दस को लेकर एक बहुत बड़ी घेराबन्दी की,
तब ये इलाका सल्तनत ए उस्मानिया का हिस्सा था।

अंग्रेजो के लिये मोहरा बने मक्का के शरीफ (हुसैन बिन अली) ने सल्तनत को धोखा दिया और रियासत के खिलाफ़ बगावत की!

तुर्की सल्तनत के खिलाफ बगावत करने के लिये शरीफ़ हुसैन को ब्रिटिश गवर्नर थॉमस एडवर्ड लारेंस (लॉरेंस ऑफ़ अरबिया) का साथ मिला
और
मक्का मे बगावत कर के उस्मानीया हुकूमत को कमजोर किया
उसके बाद इन्होनें मदीना शहर की घेराबन्दी की!

ये घेराबन्दी तारीख की लंबी घेराबंदी मे से एक थी –
जो जंग के बाद भी जारी रही तक़रीबन दो साल सात महीने तक चली,
इस घेराबंदी के दौरान फखरी पाशा ने मदीना का बचाव किया।

लेकिन बेगुनाहो के कत्लेआम और मुकद्दस जगह को खूँरेजी से बचाने के लिये
10 जनवरी, 1919 को, शेर ए सहरा फखरी पाशा अपने 456 अफसरान और
9,364 सिपाहियो के साथ #_रौज़ा_ए_रसूल_ﷺ मे आखिरी हाज़िरी को पहुचे!
और इन अल्फाज़ो के साथ सरेंडर कर दिया!

“तक़दीर ए इलाही, रज़ा ए पैगंबरी और इरादा बादशाही के सामने हम अपने सर तस्लीम खम करते हैं__ दिफा ए मदीना तय्यबा -ज़िन्दाबाद”

इसी के साथ “अहले सून्नत” का वह दोर जो मुसलसल चला आ रहा था –
खत्म कराने की ना’पाक कोशिश हुई,
( याद रहे आज भी सऊदी अरब में अहले सन्नत के अरबी सुन्नी वहा मौजुद है,)

और इस के बाद “अल हिजाज” का नाम बदलकर
आले सऊद के नाम से सऊदी अरेबिया नाम बदला गया,

यही से वहाबियत नजदीयत की शुरुआत हुई,

और यही सऊदी वहाबी नजदी हुकुमत ने आगे जा कर 1925 मे जन्नतूल बकी मे
अहले बैत ओर सहाबा ए किराम के पक्के मजारत को शहीद किये गये,