ومن خطبة له (عليه السلام)
[وفيها يبيّن فضل الاسلام ويذكر الرسول الكريم ثمّ يلوم أصحابه]
الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي شَرَعَ الاِْسْلاَمَ فَسَهَّلَ شَرَائِعَهُ لِمَنْ وَرَدَهُ، وَأَعَزَّ أَرْكَانَهُ عَلَى مَنْ غَالَبَهُ، فَجَعَلَهُ أَمْناً لِمَنْ عَلِقَهُ ، وَسِلْماً لِمَنْ دَخَلَهُ، وَبُرْهَاناً لِمَنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ، وَشَاهِداً لِمَنْ خَاصَمَ بِهِ، وَنُوراً لِمَنِ اسْتَضَاءَ بِهِ، وَفَهْماً لِمَنْ عَقَلَ، وَلُبّاً لَمِنْ تَدَبَّرَ، وَآيَةً لِمَنْ تَوَسَّمَ، وَتَبْصِرَةً لِمَنْ عَزَمَ، وَعِبْرَةً لِمَنِ اتَّعَظَ، وَنَجَاةً
لِمَنْ صَدَّقَ، وَثِقَةً لِمَنْ تَوَكَّلَ، وَرَاحَةً لِمَنْ فَوَّضَ، وَجُنَّةً لِمَنْ صَبَرَ.
فَهُوَ أبْلَجُ الْمَنَاهجِ وَاضِحُ الْوَلاَئِجِ ، مُشْرَفُ الْمَنَارِ ، مُشْرِقُ الْجَوَادِّ ، مُضِيءُ الْمَصَابِيحِ، كَرَيمُ الْمِضْمارِ ، رَفِيعُ الْغَايَةِ، جَامِعُ الْحَلْبَةِ ، مُتَنَافِسُ السُّبْقَةِ ، شَرِيفُ الْفُرْسَانِ.
التَّصْدِيقُ مِنْهَاجُهُ، وَالصَّالِحَاتُ مَنَارُهُ، وَالْمَوْتُ غَايَتُهُ، وَالدُّنْيَا مِضْمارُهُ، وَالْقِيَامَةُ حَلْبَتُهُ، وَالْجَنَّةُ سُبْقَتُهُ.
منها: في ذكر النبي(صلى الله عليه وآله)
حَتَّى أَوْرَى قَبَساً لِقَابِس ، وَأَنَارَ عَلَماً لِحَابِس ، فَهُوَ أَمِينُكَ الْمَأْمُونُ، وَشَهِيدُكَ يَوْمَ الدِّينِ، وَبَعِيثُكَ نِعْمةً، وَرَسُولُكَ بِالْحقِّ رَحْمَةً.
اللَّهُمَّ اقْسِمْ لَهُ مَقْسَماً مِنْ عَدْلِكَ، وَاجْزِهِ مُضَعَّفَاتِ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعْلِ عَلَى بَنَاءِ الْبَانِينَ بَنَاءَهُ، وَأَكْرِمْ لَدَيْكَ نُزُلَهُ ، وَشَرِّفْ عِنْدَكَ مَنْزِلَهُ، وَآتِهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ، وَأَعْطِهِ السَّنَاءَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ، وَاحْشُرْنَا فِي زُمْرَتِهِ غَيْرَ خَزَايَا ، وَلاَ نَادِمِينَ، وَلاَ نَاكِبِينَ ، وَلاَ نَاكِثِينَ ، وَلاَ ضَالِّينَ، وَلاَ مَفْتُونِينَ.
وقد مضى هذا الكلام فيما تقدم، إلاّ أنّنا كرّرناه هاهنا لما في الروايتين من الاختلاف.
منها: في خطاب أصحابه
وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُمْ منْ كَرَامَةِ اللهِ لَكُمْ مَنْزِلَةً تُكْرَمُ بِهَا إِمَاؤُكُمْ، وَتُوصَلُ بِهَا جِيرَانُكُمْ، وَيُعَظِّمُكُمْ مَنْ لاَ فَضْلَ لَكُمْ عَلَيهِ، وَلاَ يَدَلَكُمْ عِنْدَهُ، وَيَهَابُكُمْ مَنْ لاَ يَخَافُ لَكُمْ سَطْوَةً، وَلاَ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِ إِمْرَةٌ، وَقَدْ تَرَوْنَ عُهُودَ اللهِ مَنْقُوضَةً فَلاَ تَغْضَبُونَ! وَأَنْتُمْ لِنَقْضِ ذِمَمِ آبَائِكُمْ تَأْنَفُونَ! وَكَانَتْ أَمُورُ اللهِ عَلَيْكُمْ تَرِدُ، وَعَنْكُمْ تَصْدُرُ، وَإِلَيْكُمْ تَرْجِعُ، فَمَكَّنْتُمُ الظَّلَمَةَ مِنْ مَنْزِلَتِكُمْ، وَأَلْقَيْتُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ أَزِمَّتَكُمْ، وَأَسْلَمْتُمْ أُمُورَ اللهِ فِي أَيْدِيهمْ، يَعْمَلُونَ بِالشُّبُهَاتِ، وَيَسِيرُونَ في الشَّهَوَاتِ، وَايْمُ اللهِ، لَوْ فَرَّقُوكُمْ تَحْتَ كُلِّ كَوْكَب، لَجَمَعَكُمُ اللهُ لِشَرِّ يَوْم لَهُمْ!
Praise be to Allah who established Islam and made it easy for those who approach it and gave strength to its columns against any one who tries to overpower it.
So Allah made it (a source of) peace for him who clings to it, safety for him who enters it, argument for him who speaks about it, witness for him who fights with its help, light for him who seeks light from it, understanding for him who provides it, sagacity for him who exerts, a sign (of guidance) for him who perceives, sight for him who resolves, lesson for him who seeks advice, salvation for him who testifies, confidence for him who trusts, pleasure for him who entrusts, and shield for him who endures.
It is the most bright of all paths, the clearest of all passages. It has dignified minarets, bright highways, burning laps, prestigious field of activity, and high objective. It has a collection of race horses. It is approached eagerly. Its riders are honourable.
Testimony (of Allah, Prophet etc.) is its way, good deeds are its minarets, death is its extremity, this world is its race-course, the Day of Judgement is its horses and Paradise is its point of approach.
A part of the same sermon about the Holy Prophet
The Prophet lighted flames for the seeker and put bright signs for the impeded. So he is Thy trustworthy trustee, Thy witness on the Day of Judgement, Thy deputy as a blessing and Thy messenger of truth as mercy. My Allah distribute to him a share from Thy Justice and award him multiples of good by Thy bounty.
My Allah heighten his construction over the constructions of others, honour him when he comes to Thee, dignify his position before Thee, give him honourable position, and award him glory and distinction, and bring us out (on the Day of Judgement) among his party, neither ashamed, nor repentant, nor deviators, nor pledge-breakers, nor strayers, nor misleaders. nor seduced.
as-Sayyid ar-Radi says: This sermon had already appeared earlier but we have repeated it here because of the difference between the two versions.
A part of the same sermon addressed to his followers
By bounty of Allah over you, you have acquired a position where even your slave maids are honoured, your neighbours are treated well. Even he over whom you enjoy no distinction or obligation honours you. Even those people fear you who had no apprehension of attack from you or any authority over you. You now see pledges to Allah being broken but do not feel enraged although you fret and frown on the breaking of the traditions of your forefathers.
Allah’s matters have been coming to you, and going from and again coming back to you; but you have made over your place to wrong-doers and thrown towards them your responsibilities, and have placed Allah’s affairs in their hands.
They act in doubts and tread in (fulfilment of) desires. By Allah, even if they disperse you under every star Allah would surely collect you on the day that would be worst for them.
Quran and Origin of Universe!
Mankind has always wondered about the Heavens, what is it, where did it come from. But only when science started to develop, humans started to find answers to these questions. One of the most important question humanity has always thought of, is the Origin of universe. Many different views came to surface over centuries but it really was in the early 20th century when advancement in optics and development of large telescopes led to the discovery that our universe is expanding, in fact accelerating more and more. This eventually led to the formation of the Big Bang theory, the scientific theory of origin of universe which now is accepted without any doubt as more and more proofs of it have been discovered over the years such as abundance of light elements, the cosmic microwave background (CMB), large-scale structure, etc. (InshaAllah we will look into all these in detail in coming articles).
Big Bang theory says, about 13.8 billion years ago our universe was an extremely small entity, a singularity, that for some reason started to expand with unbelievable speed. This expansion was soo fast that the tiny point expanded into the size of milky way (100000 light years across) within a billionth of a billionth of a second! The universe is expanding ever since and the speed of expansion is increasing with time even after 13.8 billion years.
Scientists and Cosmologists discovered all this in the last century. And really, all these things were impossible to know even in the 19th century! But amazingly, Quran mentioned the Big Bang: The origin of Universe, and its accelerating expansion, almost 1400 years ago!
Verse 30 of Quran’s Chapter 21 says:
“اَوَ لَمۡ یَرَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡۤا اَنَّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضَ کَانَتَا رَتۡقًا فَفَتَقۡنٰہُمَا ؕ وَ جَعَلۡنَا مِنَ الۡمَآءِ کُلَّ شَیۡءٍ حَیٍّ ؕ اَفَلَا یُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۳۰﴾
“And have the disbelievers not seen that the whole heavenly universe and the earth were (all) joined together as one unit (singularity), and then We split them apart? And We originated (the life of) living organism (on earth) from water. So do they not accept faith (even after learning these facts brought forth by the Qur’an)?
The Verse not only talks about the origin of universe, the Big Bang, rapid expansion of everything that we see today in the universe, but it also talks about the origin of life that life on earth began from water in water. Amoeba is known to be the first living organism to have lived on earth and it was in water.
Some scholars have also translated the first verse of Sulah Falak, chapter 113, as:
“قُلۡ اَعُوۡذُ بِرَبِّ الۡفَلَقِ ۙ﴿۱﴾
“Beseech: ‘I seek refuge with the Lord of FALAQ (i.e., Who brought the universe into existence with an explosion extremely fast).”
And Verse 47 of Chapter 51 mentions the “Accelerating Universe”
“وَ السَّمَآءَ بَنَیۡنٰہَا بِاَیۡىدٍ وَّ اِنَّا لَمُوۡسِعُوۡنَ ﴿۴۷﴾
“And We built the heavenly universe with great might. And surely, We are expanding (this universe) more and more.”
SubhanAllah, how a Book that is more than 1400 years old can have such incredible information which humanity was only able to know on its own just last century! Surely this Book has to have Divine origin and was Revealed to Prophet Muhammad [Blessings and Peace be upon Him & His Family], otherwise even the word ‘science’ didn’t exist 1400 years ago!
Another amazing thing, the Verse of Big Bang is talking to non-muslims, asking them have they not seen the evidence of big bang which We have mentioned in Quran centuries ago!
Meaning non-muslims will discover the evidence of an incredible event of beginning of universe known as big bang, and this is what happened!
Edwin Hubble discovered that distant galaxies are moving farther and farther from earth. Based on this info Georges Lemaître proposed the idea of a compact past of universe, this became the Big Bang theory as many other scientists worked and contributed to this over many decades.
Evidence of Big Bang can also be found in Hadith. The famous Hadith in Musannaf of Abdur Razzaq in which Prophet Muhammad [Blessings & Peace be Upon Him & His Family] said to His companion Jabir: “You Lord first created the Noor (Light) of your Prophet” and Hadith goes on to explain how everything was created from this Noor. Noor here can be considered as single entity.
InshaAllah, we will look into the amazing wonders of universe and the nature and development of universe itself, and what Quran said about all this 1400 years ago. This will certainly increase our Faith in Almighty Allah and if we become serious about Knowledge, hopefully our lost “Golden Age” will come back again.