Hadith Most Beloved to Holy Prophet ﷺ

Jumai bin Umair Taymi Raziallahu anhu narrates that he visited
Ayesha Salam Ullah alaiha in the company of his paternal aunt
and asked her, “Who was the most beloved to the Holy Prophet? (Peace be upon him and his beloved family), The Mother of the Believers Salam Ullah alaiha replied, “Fatimah”.“And who from among the men”?, she was asked again . She replied, “Her husband. Asfar as I know he fasts a great deal and he often stays awake at length during nights in order to worship Allah.

Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:701#3874)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403,404#1008, 1009)
3. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:171#4744)
4. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.77)
5. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:219)
6. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubala (2:125)
7. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (4:512)
8. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah

Buraidah Raziallahu anhu narrates that from women Fatimah Salam Ullah alaiha was the most beloved to the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him and his beloved family and from the men
Ali Alaihisalam was most dear to him.

Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:698#3868)
2. Nasai narrated this tradition in as-Sunan-ul-kubra
(5:140# 8498) with different words.
3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:199#7262)

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّد

Jung-e-Jamal part 1


Jumada Al-Akhirah Hijri 36

After the martyrdom of Amir-ul-Mominin Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo the people of Bani Umaiyya who were very quarrelsome fled from Medina Munawara to Mecca-e-Muazzama. After coming to Mecca, they presented the stories of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo killing, in such a way that in the people of Mecca, there arise a very powerful sentimental force to take revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu murder. Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha, while going to Medina-eMunawara after performing Hajj-the holy pilgrimage, received the news of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo martyrdom and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam selection as Caliph. But, there was unrest in Medina. After receiving this news, she returned to Mecca. The reports she received about the atmosphere prevalent at Medina, were only the fake descriptions from Marwan and his quarrelsome people who had fled from Medina. Due to these descriptions, the people of Mecca were bent upon taking the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder. In the same way, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha also came under the impression of all this and became very much sentimental for taking revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo eye murder, forgetting that Huzurﷺ wives should not take part in politics, neither should they act according to the popular talks which are full of subjective prejudices and are results of vested interests. They should be confined to their home only. It is said in the Holy Quran: Translation: “You,
please sit silently in your houses and do not try to exhibit yourself like other uncultured and raw women.” (Surah-e-Ahzab)

But Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha was so much impressed by those people that she announced, “O people! Take the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder and save Islam’s reputation.” (Tabarani) During this period, Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Zubeir Radiallahu anhoo also came down to Mecca. From them, also the news of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder was confirmed to Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha. Now, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha started inviting people for the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo killing. Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Zubeir Radiallahu anhoo also joined this movement of revenge.

Here, all these gentries jointly committed a mistake. And very few people are saved from making such mistakes. These older people mistook a path of revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo assassination. For, the revenge (or justice) is the duty of the state government. The public has no right to take the law in their hands. Hence, to take revenge of ‘eye for an eye’ justice by the people is a fundamental misdeed.

People to be invited by Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha, for an ‘eye for an eye’ revenge for the victimized Caliph, was not an ordinary thing. Thousands of people were prepared to fight and sacrifice their lives. Abdullah Ibn-e-Aamir Hazarami was the first to come forward with an announcement, “Whoever is ready to join us in this movement and fight, please come forward. If you do not have arms and armaments, we will provide that.” Weapons, including expenses, were made available for the riders, wherein Yala Ibne-Umaiyya presented a significant amount. Marwan and his nuisance companions who had fled from Medina and came to Mecca also joined this movement, nay, they were among the leaders of the whole mission. They were adding fuel to the fire. The movement initiated by Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha single-handedly, now, had become the movement of thousands of people.

The real facts of this movement. It should be very well remembered that the purpose of this movement was to take revenge for the murder of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo. Hazrat Talha, Hazrat
Zubair Radiallahu anhoo and their companions had no enmity with Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, nor they wanted to fight with him. They did not move ahead for the war against Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam (Aini Vol. 7)

Departure towards Basra

Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha wished to move towards Medina, for, the killer of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo was there, and he should be punished. No it had been known that Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubeir Radiallahu anhoo purpose was not to fight with Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam The verdict of the people was that Hazrat’s line of thinking was the same as that of the Ummul Mominin. But now, thousands of communities were in support which abandoned the whole tradition of Ummul Mominin. They all forced to go to Basra and convinced the real leaders, “Unless we have ample money, sufficient arms and armaments, in addition to man-power, we would not be able to take the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder. In Basra, there is a treasure of Iraq which is full of gold and other wealth. First of all, let us take away the Bait-ulMaal and increase our monetary power so that we will be able to employ more paid people and consequently, enhancing our powers.”

How could Hazrat Talha, Hazrat Zubeir and other great gentries accept such a malicious plan? But the impression of this thought was so strong that thousands of people were drawn away by a turbulent flow. The mass was full of sentiments of revenge. And, when a man is sentimental, his understanding and thinking faculty is dumb-founded. By sentimental blackmailing, the people with vested interest poisoned the ears of the people with a variety of fake stories. They might have told that except the loot of Basra’s wealth, there was no other option of taking revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo assassination. They might have said,

“We believe ‘eye for an eye’ justice for the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo killing. For us, it is the service to religion. Hence, unless we follow this line of action, the movement of revenge can never be successful. Our not can never following this course of action will deprive us of the opportunity to serve the religion. Thus, looting Bait-ul-Maal is not loot, but it is a service to religion.

Whatever may be the situation, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha event army left for Basra . from Mecca during the month of Safar of Hijri 35. This was not an ordinary matter. What would be the repercussions of this? All the wise and intelligent people of Mecca-e-Muazzama were against this step. They were so sad about this departure that each one of them was weeping with sobs. Never before, had they wept so much, as they did now thinking about the loss to Islam. The weeping was so significant that henceforth, the day was recognized and stamped as “a day of weeping (Yowm ulNaheeb).” (Tibri Vol-VI)

The people like Marvan etc. who have vested interests only out of their selfish purposes, usually join together; here too they all joined the revolutionary movements. Their main task was to add fuel to the fire. On the way, they found a place with water which is known as Haw’ab. It is said that Hazrat Ayeshabitant heard the barking of dogs. On asking, it was found that its name was (Haw’ab). She said,

“Let me go back. Huzur ﷺ has told me that I should not join with the people on whom the dogs are barking.”

And she firmly insisted that she would not go further. This was the pious annihilation of the ego. She was very much in favour of taking revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder. But when she remembered Hadith and found that her going with those people was wrong, she was bent upon going back. But the selfish people betrayed her and forty people declared on oath that the name of the place was not (Haw’ab). How can the oath of so many people be falsified? Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha it had to agree and had to go ahead with them.

When the army was nearby Basra, for the protection of Bait ul Maal, Basra’s Hakem, Hazrat Uthman-bin-Hanif prevented Hazrat Ayesha’s army. The war was declared, and the army of Basra was defeated. Many people of Basra, including Uthman-bin-Hanif, were arrested. Uthman was released, but many people of Basra were killed with the conviction that they belonged to the group of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo are killer. The bitter result of this was that many people were hostile and went against Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha movement.

ख्वाब का दूध

ख्वाब का दूध

हज़रत शैख़ अबू अब्दुल्लाह फ़रमाते हैं कि एक मर्तबा हम मदीना मुनव्वरा हाज़िर हुए रजवी किताब घर तो मस्जिद नब्बी में मेहराब के पास एक बुजुर्ग आदमी को सोए हुए देखा। थोड़ी देर में वह जागे । जागते ही रौज़ए अनवर के पास जाकर हुजूर अनवर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम पर सलाम अर्ज किया और फिर मुस्कुराते हुए लौटे। एक खादिम ने उनसे इस मुस्कराहट की वजह पूछी तो बोलेः मैं सख़्त भूखा था। इसी आलम में मैंने रौज़ए अनवर पर हाजिर होकर भूख की शिकायत की तो ख़्वाब में मैंने हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम को देखा। आपने मुझे एक प्याला दूध अता फ्रमाया। मैंने खूब पेट भरकर दूध पिया। फिर उस बुजुर्ग ने अपनी हथेली पर मुंह से थूक कर दिखाया तो हमने देखा कि हथेली पर वाकई दूध ही था।.. (हुज्जतुल्लाह अलल आलमीन सफा ८०४)

सबक : हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम को ख़्वाब में देखने वाला हुजूर ही को देखता है। हुजूर की ख़्वाब में भी जो अता हो वह वाकई अता होती है। यह भी मालूम हुआ कि हुजूर आज भी वैसे ही जिन्दा हैं जैसे पहले थे।

रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम का पैगाम एक मजूसी के नाम

रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम का
पैगाम एक मजूसी के नाम

शीराज़ के एक बुजुर्ग हज़रत फ़ाश फ़रमाते हैं कि मेरे यहां एक बच्चा पैदा हुआ। मेरे पास खर्च करने के लिए कुछ भी न था। वह मौसम इंतिहाई सर्द था। मैं इसी फिक्र में सो गया तो ख्वाब में हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम की ज़्यारत नसीब हुई। आपने फ़रमायाः क्या बात है? मैंने अर्ज कियाः हुजूर खर्च के लिए मेरे पास कुछ भी नहीं। बस इसी फ़िक्र में था। हुजूर ने फ़रमायाः दिन चढ़े तो फ़ला मजूसी के घर जाना और उससे कहना कि रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम ने तुझे कहा है कि बीस दीनार तुझे दे दे। हज़रत फ़ाश सुबह उठे तो हैरान हुए कि एक मजूसी के घर कैसे जाऊं और रसूलुल्लाह का हुक्म वहां कैसे सुनाऊं? फिर यह बात भी दुरुस्त है कि ख्वाब में हुजूर नज़र आयें तो वह हुजूर ही होते हैं। इसी शश-व-पंज में वह दिन भी गुजर गया। दूसरी रात फिर हुजूर की ज्यारत हुई। हुजूर ने फ्रमायाः तुम इस ख्याल को छोड़ दो और उस मजूसी के पास जाकर मेरा पैगाम पहुंचा दो। चुनांचे हज़रते फ़ाश सुबह उठे और उस मजूसी के घर चल पड़े। क्या देखते हैं कि वह मजूसी अपने हाथ में कुछ लिए हुए दरवाजे पर खड़ा है। जब उसके पास पहुंचे तो चूंकि वह उनको जानता न था। यह पहली मर्तबा उनके पास आए थे। इसलिए शर्मा गये। वह मजूसी खुद ही बोल पड़ा, बड़े मिया! क्या कुछ हाजत है? हज़रत फाश बोलेः हां! मुझे रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम ने तुम्हारे पास भेजा है कि तुम मुझे बीस दीनार दे दो। उस मजूसी ने अपना हाथ खोला और कहा ले लीजिये। यह बीस दीनार मैंने आप ही के लिए निकाल कर रखे थे। आपकी राह देख रहा था। हज़रत फाश ने वह दीनार लिए और उस मजूसी से पूछा भाई मैं तो भला रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम को ख्वाब में देखकर यहां आया हूं। मगर तुझे मेरे आने का कैसे इल्म हो गया? वह बोला मैंने रात को इस शक्ल व सूरत के एक नूरानी बुजुर्ग को ख्वाब में देखा है जिन्होंने मुझे फ़रमाया कि एक शख्स साहिबे हाजत है और वह कल तुम्हारे पास पहुंचेगा उसे बीस दीनार दे देना । चुनांचे मैं यह बीस दीनार लेकर तुम्हारे ही इंतज़ार में था। हज़रत फ़ाश ने जब उसकी ज़बानी रात को मिलने वाले नूरानी बुजुर्ग का हुलिया सुना तो वह हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम का था। चुनांचे हज़रत फ़ाश ने उससे कहा यही रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम हैं। वह मजूसी यह वाकिया सुनकर थोड़ी देर ठहरा और फिर कहा मुझे अपने घर ले चलो। चुनांचे वह हज़रत फ़ाश के के घर आया और कलिमा पढ़कर मुसलमान हो गया। फिर उसकी बीवी, बहन और उसकी औलाद भी मुसलमान हो गई। (शवाहिदुल हक सफा १६६)

सबक : हमारे हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम की नज़रे रहमत जिस पर भी पड़ जाये उसका बेड़ा पार हो जाता है। यह भी मालूम हुआ कि हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम अपने मोहताज गुलामों की फ़रयाद सुनते हैं और विसाल शरीफ़ के बाद भी मोहताजों की मदद फ़रमाते हैं।