Negotiations between Amirul Momini AlahisSalam on one side and
Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Zubeir Radiallahu anhoo on the other side :: The negotiations about the peace-treaty were completed between Amir-ul Mominin AlahisSalam on one side and Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair on the other side. Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair got rid of the desire of Hazrat Uthman’s death’s revenge and accepted Amir-ul-Mominin’s views. It was decided to make the declaration of compromise on the next day. This was a great shock to Marwan and his party. When this party had left for Basra, at Mar’alzoharn, Saeed Ibn-e-Aas suggested, “If we want to take revenge of Hazrat Uthman’s murder, and then kill those persons who are present with you in the army.” The indication was that Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair should be killed, “because, these are the people who took objection against Hazrat Uthman, and they did not help Hazrat Uthman.” Marwan said, “We will make Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair fight with Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam The one who is defeated will be killed. And the one, who wins, will become weak, whom we can very easily defeat. ”Now, Marwan and his party had conspired a plan, to make Hazrat Ali fight with Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair and find out their way to establish their own governance. Marwan and his party, who had already decided to create quarrel between Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam on the one hand and Talha and Zubair on the other hand, now were bent upon to realize their purpose. They left no stone unturned to create such a situation. Marwan and his party instigated people and brought thousands of Iraqi in their favour by showing the importance of revenge of Hazrat Uthman murder. Now, they decided to attack the armies of Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo Hazrat Zubeir Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam during the dark night. The people who had encircled Hazrat Uthman’s residence also accepted this idea. They were convinced that action only guaranteed their safety. They thought that after the treaty of compromise, all the groups would be dispersed. And after that, the decisions about their deeds would be taken.As a result of these decisions, Marwan’s party, including the rebels attacked Hazrat Ali’s AlahisSalam army during the darkness of night. Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair’s armies also were attacked at the same time and in the same manner. Both the armies had come to know that the rebels have breached the ethics of war and, the fire of war spread all over the area. Swords were dancing in all the directions. The first thing that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam did was, to put great struggle and efforts to stop the fight. He immediately called Hazrat Zubair and said, “Abdullah, do you remember, Huzur best once had asked you whether you are Ali’s friend or not? You said, yes. He said, One day, you will fight with him for nothing. (Mustadarak V.III / Fazail-e-Zubair) Hazrat Zubair said, yes, I recollect it now.” Now, Hazrat Zubair Radiallahu anhoo in took himself away from the battle and told his son, Abdullah ibn-e-Zubair, “My son! Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam has reminded me of such a Hadith that now I cannot fight. The fact is that we are not on the right path. Now I am leaving the battle-field. You also cooperate with me.” But, Abdullah Ibn-e-Zubair did not follow his father’s instructions. Of course, Hazrat Talha withdrew himself from the battle-field and accompanied Hazrat Zubair Marwan thought if Hazrat Talha had left then, the army would think that the whole army was on the wrong path and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was on the right path. Again, he thought, Hazrat Talha had a great impact on the public of Basra, and he would tell the people that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was on the right path and they all were wrong. That would establish Hazrat Ali’s importance in the hearts of the people. That would increase their dominance. If that happened, they would not be able to realize their purpose and their dream of establishing their rule would have vanished. Therefore, Hazrat Talha should be killed. Thinking this, the rebel hit a poisoned arrow which took away his life, making him a martyr. Hafiz Ibne-Hajar has given an explanation in Fatah-ul-Bari Vol. VII, “This was the first death in this battle. This proved that Hazrat Zubair Radiallahu anhoo withdrew himself from the battle-field before any blood-shed started. This also proved that the first thing that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam did was to put up strenuous efforts to stop the fight.” After Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Zubair Radiallahu anhoo if there was anyone responsible in the battle-field according to the norms of war, it was Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha. The fight was going on, on all the four directions of her camel wherein, she was seated in a veiled palanquin. Hazrat Amir-ul-Mominin AlahisSalam foresaw that if the camel was made to sit, the fight might be ended. Due to this foresight, one of the warriors hit a sword on the leg of the camel. The camel bellowed and sat down. This placed Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha army out of the fight, which earned defeat for them. Amir-ul-Momini AlahisSalam told Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha brother, Hazrat Muhammad Bin Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo was one of the officers of the army, “Take your sister to the Abdullah Ibn-e-Khalf Khazai’s palace with the utmost care and manage to keep her there with all possible facilities and protection.” Hazrat Muhammad bin Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo managed it in the best possible form. Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Khalf Khazai respected Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha more than his mother, and in the palace, every person behaved with the due respect and honour.
The method that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam had accepted in the battle of Jamal clearly showed the difference between a victorious king and Khalifa-e-Rashida (Caliph). He prohibited certain actions by following orders:
(i) Do not chase the person who runs away. (ii) Do not kill the injured. (iii) Do not loot anybody’s property. (iv) Do not arrest any woman. (v) All those people who discard weapons are peace-loving people. (vi) All those people who shut the doors of their houses should be protected. (Daraya Ibn-e-Hajar Bahwala Ibn-e-Abi Shaiba)
The property of the rival’s army was collected in the Jama-e-Masjid, and it was declared that the same might be returned to the persons it belongs to, after proper identification and proof of ownership. People were afraid that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam would kill all the men of Basra and the women would be made maid slaves. But he, very forcefully, forbad that and ordered, “A person like me will never behave in that way with the Musalman.” And such a pleasant interaction was introduced with all the rivals that they were truly convinced that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was a Real Caliph! People realized that those only were the proper people who could sit on the seat of Caliph and preserve the inheritance of Huzur
Amir-ul-Mominin came to Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha and asked her well being with a high level of reception. After she rested for a few days, Hazrat Muhammad Ibn-e-Abu Bakr was ordered, “Take your sister to Medina with the great respect and honour.” He carried out the order. Amir-ulMominin AlahisSalam provided them with all the necessary facilities, money and other material. Forty respected women of Basra also were asked to escort her to Medina. In short, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha was sent to Medina with great respect and honour. During departure, Ummul Mominin told the people, “This war was purely a result of a misunderstanding. Otherwise, there was no difference of opinion between Ali AlaihisSalam and me. He is one of the best of my relatives.” In reply to this, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam said, “Ayesha speaks the truth. Between her and me, there was never bitterness. For me, in the world and even after that, she is a holy wife of Rasulallah it.” After a mutual talk between them with respect and honour, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha left for Medina Munawara. Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam also accompanied till a little distance to see them off along with Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam and Hazrat Imam Hussain AlahisSalam. On reaching Medina, Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha appreciated Hazrat Ali’s AlahisSalam behaviour with her and said, “There is always advancement in the grandeur of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam.” (Umda tul Qari)
Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha had been repenting throughout the life for going against Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. Whenever there was a discussion about this, she used to weep with sobs and said, “Had I died before twenty years, it would have been better.” (Musnad-e-Ahmad)
Imam Ahmad and Imam Bazzare in their creations and Imam Tabranim in “Mojam-e-Kabir,” presenting Hadith, say that Hazrat Rasulallah ﷺ is told Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, “There will be a dispute between you and Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha.” Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was taken aback and requested, “An issue between Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha and me?” Huzur ﷺ replied, “Yes.” Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam again requested politely, “Out of all the Saha’abaas, with me only?” Huzur ﷺ best replied, “Yes.” Now, Hazrat Alips said with sorrow, “Is it that among all the Saba’abaas, I am only unfortunate?” Huzur ﷺ said, “No. You are not unfortunate. But whenever this happens, send Ayesha to a protected and peaceful place.
The best management of Hazrat Ali in Jung-e-Jamal
Imam Behaki narrates that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, consecutively for three days invited the rivals for compromise. On the third day, Hasanain AlahisSalam and Abdullah-bin-Jafar requested that those people had injured many of their people. (These words implied that now permission should be granted for the preparations of the reciprocal attack.) He said, “I know each one of their moves.” After that he offered two Raka’at Namaz, completed Salam, raised his hands for the Dua and told his men,
“(i) If you win, do not chase the people who flee, (ii) Do not kill any injured. (iii) Yes, take away the armaments they have brought but, do not take away their property. The household property and belongings of those who are killed shall be given to their heirs.” (Neel ul Avatar)
Does any government undertake negotiations with their rebels that may be in the rival’s favour who attacked and injured their army? Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam v Caliphate Reign was such a unique government whose principle in every matter was only righteousness and self-negotiation. What noble orders he passed to his persons of (i) not chasing the one who flees, (ii) not killing any injured and (iii) not grabbing anybody’s household and other belongings!!! What a great example of self-negotiations and nobility! In Islamic philosophy, these ideals are given so much importance that henceforth, they were very strictly observed and followed by the victorious army in relation to the defeated ones. This point has been explained vividly. These are the principles given by Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam Because he was a Khalifa-e-Rashid (Caliphate), his principles were compulsory and inevitable. The discussion in its favour has been given above at a sufficient length.
कातिल की रिहाई
बगदाद के हाकिम इब्राहीम बिन इस्हाक ने एक रात ख्वाब में हुजूर अकरम सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम को देखा । हुजूर ने उससे फ़रमाया कातिल को रिहा कर दो । यह हुक्म सुनकर हाकिमे बग़दाद कांपता हुआ उठा और मातेहत अमला से पूछा कि क्या कोई ऐसा मुजरिम भी है जो कातिल है? उन्होंने बताया कि हां! एक ऐसा शख्स भी है जिस पर कत्ल का इल्जाम है। हाकिमे बगदाद ने कहाः उसे मेरे सामने लाओ। चुनांचे उसे लाया गया। हाकिमे बग़दाद ने पूछा कि सच सच बताओ वाकिया क्या है? उसने कहा सच कहूंगा, झूठ हरगिज़ न बोलूंगा। बात यह हुई कि हम चंद आदमी मिलकर एय्याशी व बदमाशी किया करते थे। एक बूढ़ी औरत को हमने मुकर्रर कर रखा था जो हर रात किसी बहाने से कोई न कोई औरत ले आती थी। एक रात वह एक ऐसी औरत को लाई जिसने मेरी दुनिया में इंकलाब बरपा कर दिया। बात यह हुई कि वह औरत जब हमारे सामने आई तो चीख मारकर बेहोश होकर गिर गई। मैंने उसे उठाकर एक दूसरे कमरे में लाकर उसे होश में लाने की कोशिश की। जब वह होश में आ गई तो उससे चीखने और बेहोश होने की वजह पूछी। वह बोलीः ऐ नौजवान मेरे हक में अल्लाह से डर । फिर कहती हूं कि अल्लाह से डर । यह बुढ़िया तो मुझे बहाने से इस जगह ले आई है। देख मैं एक शरीफ औरत हूं। सय्यदा हूं मेरे नाना रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम और मेरी मां फ़ातिमा जुहरा हैं। खबरदार! इस निस्बत का लिहाज़ रखना और मेरी तरफ बद- निगाही से न देखना।
मैंने जब उस पाक औरत से, जो सय्यदा थी यह बात सुनी तो, लरज़ गया और अपने दोस्तों के पास आकर उन्हें हकीकते हाल से आगाह किया। कहा कि अगर आकबत की खैर चाहते हो तो इस मुकर्रमा व मोअज्जमा खातून की बेअदबी न होने पाए। मेरे दोस्तों ने मेरी इस बात से यह समझा कि शायद मैं उनको हटाकर ख़ुद तंहा ही यह गुनाह करना चाहता हूं। उनसे धोखा कर रहा हूं। इसी ख्याल से वह मुझसे लड़ने पर आमादा हो गये। मैंने कहाः मैं तुम लोगों को किसी सूरत में इस गलत और बुरे काम की इजाजत न दूंगा। लडूंगा, मर जाऊंगा मगर इस सय्यदा की तरफ़ बद-निगाही मंजूर न करूंगा। चुनांचे वह मुझपर झपट पड़े और मुझे उनके हमले से एक ज़ख़्म इसी बीच में एक शख्स, जो उस सय्यदा के कमरा की तरफ जाना चाहता था, मेरे रोकने पर मुझ पर हमलावर हुआ तो मैंने उस पर छुरी से हमला कर दिया । उसे मार डाला। फिर उस सय्यदा को अपनी हिफाज़त में लेकर बाहर निकाला तो शोर मच गया। छुरी मेरे हाथ में थी | मैं पकड़ा गया और आज यह ब्यान दे रहा हूं।
हाकिमे बगदाद ने कहाः जाओ, तुम्हें रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम के हुक्म से रिहा किया जाता है।
(हुज्जतुल्लाह अलल-आलमीन सफज्ञ ८१३) सबक : हमारे हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम अपनी उम्मत के हर नेक व बद आदमी और हर नेक व बद अमल को जानते और देखते हैं। यह भी मालूम हुआ कि हुजूर की निस्बत के लिहाज़ व अदब से आदमी का अंजाम अच्छा हो जाता है। लिहाजा हर उस चीज़ का दिल में अदब व एहतराम रखना चाहिये जिसका हुजूर सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि वसल्लम से तअल्लुक हो।