It is a severe mistake to call a civil war, to the battle that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam fought, against the Traitors (Ahl-e-Bagha’avat)
It is obligatory to fight against the traitors, and it is the duty of the (Ummat) the lineage to stand with the Imam. The duties regarding this have been narrated and made compulsory for the followers of Islam in the Holy Book:
Translation: (Al-Hujurat) But if one group of the people oppresses the other group, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance (i.e. to respect the Khalifa) of Allah.
It is the order from Allah, the Almighty that “give a fight to the rebels.” And, the real implication of this order is that its implementation is compulsory. On this point, all the experts on Islamic Jurisprudence say that the fight with the rebels is obligatory. Imam Sarkhasi has proved this with the help of arguments. He had detailed discussions with other experts on this subject.
Usually, it was obligatory on all the Caliphs to give a fight to the rebels, and those who, without any reason, created obstacles in the way of Caliph. But in this respect, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam responsibility was much more than that of others, because he had been given ecial orders by Huzur ﷺ to challenge and fight with the rebels who were against Islam and Caliph. By quoting Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam words, Imam Sarkhasi says, “I am ordered to fight against the rebels, agitators and non-believers.”
This Hadith has been described in innumerable ways and with different meanings. The experts of Hadith have extensively discussed and stated this Hadith with reference to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam in their works, e. g. Imam Tabrani in Moajam Awsat, Muhaddith Ibn-e-Adi in Al-Kamil, Hafiz Abdul Gani Ibn-e-Saeed in Izah-ul-Ashkal, Imam Abu Naeem in Kitab-ul Hijja, Hafiz Ibn-e-Munda in Gharaib-e-Sho’aba and Hafiz Ibn-e-Asakir in Muta’addad Turuq wa Asnad, have given sufficient room in their works as seen above. But, Imam Bazzar in his work and Imam Tabrani in Moajam-e-Awsat, have given this Hadith more importance than others. Following are the words:
Translation: Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam has stated that Huzurﷺ had taken a promise from me that I should fight with the agitators, enemies and the rebels of Islam.’ Now a deep thought should be given to the fact that how serious Huzur site must be regarding this, that, he made Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam pledge that he would fight with the enemies, agitators and the rebels of Islam. Hence, to fight against them has great religious importance. Now, think over the following words:
i. This battle is the order of Allah, the Almighty. It has been stated in the Quran that the rebels should be fought against.
Looking to this fact, to declare war against the mutineers is the duty of a true Muslim. Not to do this would be a misdeed or a sin.
Huzurﷺ also had ordered Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam as it has been given in the Hadith. Thus, it is one of the most important commands.
iv. Huzurﷺ also had taken a commitment of its implementation from Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. To the infringement of the commitment made to Huzur ﷺ was great disobedience and its consequences were very unpalatable. Huzur ﷺ taking a commitment from the people showed what a great importance the war against the unbelievers а was in his eyes.
Now let us see who is a true Muslim. Is the person who does not stand shoulder to shoulder with Hazrat Alids in the mission of denying the path of rebels and rogues who are bent upon misleading people from the path of Allah? Or will a Muslim also describe this war as merely a war and consequently will spoil his life after death? Let us see one more Hadith on this war wherein the characteristics of rebels and atheists have been fully explained:
Translation: Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam gave an explanation that, “I have been ordered to fight against three types of people, and they are the unjust or cruel (Qasitin), oathbreakers or rebels (Nakishin) and people creating obstacles in the way of Allah (Marikin).” Qasitin were the people from Ahl-e-Sham (Syrian). He had also explained who the Nakishin were. Marikin were the people of Neharvan, i. e. they were Harvi people.