Khilafat-e-Murtazavi AlaihisSalam

Khilafat-e-Murtazavi AlaihisSalam took place during the dark age, full of revolts and riots. Severe oppositions came up during his time. But there were all disputes and quarrels, and there was an order to fight against that.

During the period of those fine conditions all over the society, the tug of war between right and wrong was seen everywhere. On one side, there was a Khalifa, a staunch lover and practitioner of truth, and on the other hand, there was a movement of the revenge of Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo murder. This created a whirl-wind against the Khalifa. The movements were going on in all four directions around the Khalifa but, one, i.e. Jange-Jamal was a unique one, for, it comprised of the big pillars like Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha Hazrat Talha Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Zubair Radiallahu anhoo. Due to some misguidance and misunderstandings, these gentries were adding fuel to the fire to the movement against the Khalifa. Of course, it was all in vain. This battle is known as a Jang-e-Jamal. That is because Jamal is an Arabic word for camel, and Hazrat Ayesha SalamUllahAlaiha it was riding on the camel. Their group was called Asaha’ab-e-Jamal. In Hadith, this group has been described as Nakishin meaning Bait Shikan (oathbreaker), because they had declared war against Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam by disconnecting themselves from the Bait-e-Hazrat Ali AlahisSalam

Another war was going on at the battle-field of Siffin where, Tulaqa Muavia was fighting against the representative of truth, i.e. Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, with his army. In Hadith, they are described as the rebels and Qasitin meaning Arbab-e-Zulm (Lords of Cruelty). Huzur it had ordered Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam to fight with the Nakishin (oathbreaker), Qasitin (unjust) and Marikin (obstinate) people.

Views of Ahl-e-Sunnat group towards these people

As Hadith has given a verdict, the truth was on the side of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam The people against him were on the wrong track. In the same way, the people of Ahl-e-Sunnat at large, state that Saiyadna Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was on the right path whereas, Asha’ab-e-Jamal along with Muavia Tulaqa and party were on the wrong path. Their fight against Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was sedition. Following four points were according to Islamic theology:

(i) Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was a proper person as Caliph (Khalifa); (ii) hence, those who fought against him were seditionists-traitors. Those who fought against Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam are the traitors of religion. (iii) Whatever negotiations took place between Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam and the traitors, were those, which were normally favourable towards the traitors. (iv) As Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was a respected person, his actions and behaviour should be, and was, absolutely according to the rules and regulations only. So, whatever actions he took against the traitors were considered to be based on the Islamic mandates of the constitution. It has been referred to in Kitab-us-Sair, Vol-1.

Translation: The children of traitors should neither be killed nor their property is distributed in the army because Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam had said on the day of Jamal-battle, “No traitors’ children should be captured nor their wives’ veil (hijab) should be lifted, nor their property should be snatched. In connection with the traitors, Hazrat Ali’space order will be the last word.”

It is Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam actual implementations and interpretations that give the essence about all the religious, theological and spiritual problems and any ambiguity about them, which he had narrated about the Asaha’ab-e. Jamal. Imam Sarkhasi has quoted so many such examples, each one with details, and as a proof of these, he has given testimony of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam life, beliefs and instructions. At many places, he has analysed these illustrations and wrote that the religious leader referred to above is Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam. These are the words of the writer:

1. With reference to the rebels, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam is a religious leader.

(Mabsut Vol. 1) II. With reference to the rebels, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam only is being followed.
(Mabsut Vol.1)

Based on these facts, some Sheikhs have noted that, had there not been Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, we would have never known how the revenge could be taken from the believers. Allama Shami writes in Radul Mukhtar Vol-3.

Some experts of Islamic philosophy (Mashaikh-e-Fiqh) have said that had there not been Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam we would have never known the relation between the battles and Ahl-e-Kibla (believers). We would never have known that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam and his companions were on the right path, whereas, the people who were against him, were the rebels.

Hazrat-e-Imam Hanifa said, (explanation of Islamic Philosophy (Fiqh) by Akbar Ali Qari):

Translation: Had there not been Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, we would never have come to know what type of line of action should be taken against the rebels.

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