“It is narrated by ‘Alī ((AlahisSalam) himself) that the Prophet
) said on the day of Ghadīr Khum: One who has me as
his master has ‘Alī as his master.”
Ahmad bin Hambal related it with a sound chain of authorities in
al-Musnad (1:152), and Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:705 # 1206); Ibn
Abī ‘Āsim, as-Sunnah (p.604 # 1369); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ulawsat (7:448 # 6878); Hindī, Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:77, 168 # 32950,
36511); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:161, 162, 163);
and Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:171).
Haythamī, copying it in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:107), has
commented that its narrators are credible (rijāluhū thiqah).
“‘Abdullāh bin Buray dah al-Aslamī ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ))
r elates that the Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) said: ‘Alī is indeed his
guardian whose guardian I am.
“Another tradition is attributed to him (that the
) said): ‘Alī is his guardian whose guardian I
Hākim related it in al-Mustadrak (2:129, 130 # 2589); Ahmad bin
Hambal, al-Musnad (5:350, 358, 361); Nasā’ī, Khasā’is amīr-ilmu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp. 85, 86 # 77); ‘Abd-ur-Razzāq, alMusannaf (11:225 # 20388); Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:84
# 12181); and Manāwī in Fayd-ul-qadīr (6:218).
Hākim is of the view that this tradition is quite compatible
with the requirements of Bukhārī and Muslim for a sahīh (sound)
hadīth, and narrated the tradition through another chain of
transmission on the authority ofSa‘d bin ‘Ubaydah () who has
relied on the narration of Abū ‘Awānah. He has also narrated it
briefly on the authority of Buraydah al-Aslamī () at another
place in al-Mustadrak (3:110 # 4578).
Abū Nu‘aym related it briefly with the words — ولاه م ت كن ن م
مولاه فعلي (one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master —in
Hilyat-ul-awliyā’ wa tabaqāt-ul-asfiyā’ (4:23).
Ibn ‘Asākir related it in Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:76).
Haythamī copied it in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:108) and said:
Bazzar narrated it and its men are those of sound hadīth (rijīluhū sahīh)
من كنت مولاه فعل ي م ولاه — Hindī related it briefly with the words
(one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master) — in Kanzul-‘ummāl (11:602 # 32905).
The same tradition is narrated by Ibn Buraydah ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) on the
authority of his father in slightly different words that the
) said:“What will happen to the people who show rudeness to
‘Alī! (Beware) that anyone who is rude to ‘Alī is rude to
me, and anyone who parted from ‘Alī parted from me.
Surely ‘Alī is from me and I am from ‘Alī. He has been
created from my clay and I have been created from
Ibrāhīm’s clay and I have an edge over Ibrahīm. Some of
us are the children of others and Allāh hears and
knows all these things… An He is the guardian of all of
you after me. (Buray dah ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) describes that) I said: O
Messenger of Allāh! Spare some of your time and extend
your hand. I want to take the oath of reaffirming Islam at
your hand. An d I did not part from him, so much so that I
reaffirmed my faith in Islam.
Tabarānī narrated it in al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (7:49, 50 # 6081); and
Haythamī in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:128).